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)6-1908 
)S357 



REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/registeroflynnhn10n12lynn 



THE PEGISTEIi 



l-UBTi Historical Sociefy, 



LYNM, MASSACHLlSm TS, 



^-Tt-^ 



/4?. /^ 



rOR THI: YEAR I90(i.-ii 




LYNN, MASS.: 
Frank S. Whittex, Printer. 



1608357 



OFFICERS FOR THE YEAR 1907. 



President. 

BENJAMIN N. JOHNSON. 

Vice-President. 

GEORGE H. MARTIN. 

Recording Secretary. 

HOWARD MUDGE NEWHALL, 

Corresponding Secretary. 

-WILLIAM S. BURRILL. 

Treasurer. 

CHARLES S. VI ALL. 



MEMBERS OF THE COUNCIL. 

Bexjamin N.Johnson. Charles H. Newhall. 

George H. Martin. Howard Mudge Newhall. 

John Albree. Ja.mes S. Newhall. 

Charles Neal Barney. John L. Parker. 
George S. Bliss. Charles F. Peirce. 

William S. Burrill. Eugene A. Putnam. 

William E. Dorman. William Stone. 

Nathan M. Hawkes. Henry F. Tapley. 
RuFUs Kimball. Charles S. V'iall. 

Earl A. Mower. Charles J. H. Woodbury 

LuciNDA M. LuMMUs. Sallie H. Hacker. 
Ellen Mudge Burrill. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



COMMITTEES. 



William S. Burrill. 
John Albree. 
George S. Bliss. 



Custodian.^. 



Dr. John J. Mangan. 
Anthony Earle. 
Earl A. Mower. 



BEN7AMIN N. Johnson. 
Micajah p. Clough. 
Luther S. Johnson. 



Finance. 



Charles H. Newhall. 
Henry B. Sprague. 
Charles S. Viall. 



On Publication of Old Toxvn Records. 



Charles J. H. Woodbury. 
John Albree. 
Charles H. Bangs. 
Charles Xeal Barney 
RoLLiN E. Harmon. 



Nathan M. Hawkes. 
Harriet L. Matthews. 
Charles H. Newhall. 
Thaxter N. Trh'p. 
John Woodbury. 



George H. Martin. 
Isabel M. Breed. 
William S. Burrili 
Sallie H. Hacker. 



Lectures and Public Meetings. 

Howard Mudge Newhall 
Eugene A. Putnam. 
May L. Sheldon. 
Charles J. H. Woodblry. 



Nathan M. Hawkes. 
RuFUS Kimball. 



Necrology. 

George H. Martin. 
Israel A. Newhall. 
Wilbur F. Newhall. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Reception. 



LUCINDA M. LUMMl S. 

Ella D. Bartlett. 
^L Nellie Bibier. 
Anna L. Dlnn. 
Addie G- Fuller. 
Sallie H. Hacker. 
Marl\ B. Harmon. 
Lydia M. Johnson. 
Mary M. Johnson. 
Virginia N. Johnson. 



Kittie M. Newhall. 
Lucy E. B. Newhall. 
Marion W. Newhall. 
Katharine M. Parsons. 
Nellie O. Pevear. 
Anna R. Phillips. 
Sarah F. Smith. 
Ida J. Tapley. 
Ellen L. Warner. 
Maria B. Woodbury. 



and Members of the Council. 

Plan of Graves, Western Burial Grou fid. 

Henry H. Green. William Stone. 

John Albree. 

Publication of Quaker Records. 
Nathan M. Hawkes. Harriet L. Matthews. 

John L. Parker. 



Ellen Mudge Burrill. 
John Albree. 
Luther Atwood. 
Harriet K. Clough. 
Nathan M. Hawkes. 



Genealogy. 



Ruth Wood. 



Harriet L. Matthews. 
Emma F. P. Mower. 
Harriet Fitts Parker. 
John L. Parker. 
Mary A. Parsons. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



BY-LAWS 



ARTICLE I. 

MEMBERS. 

Membership shall consist of the present members of 
the voluntary association known as the Lynx Historical 
Society, of the signers of the agreement of association, 
and such persons as shall hereafter be elected by the Coun- 
cil. The Council shall have authority to drop members 
from the rolls for non-payment of dues for two years. 

Any member who shall pay to the Treasurer the sum 
of fifty dollars in one payment, and who is not indebted to 
the Society for dues or otherwise, may become a life mem- 
ber, and be released from the payment of further dues. 

ARTICLE II. 

MEETLNGS. 

The annual meeting shall be held on the second 
Wednesday evening in January, time and place to be 
determined by the Council. Twenty members shall con- 
stitute a quorum for the transaction of business. A less 
number may adjourn. Special meetings may be called by 
direction of the Council or President, and shall be called 
upon the written request of twenty members. 

ARTICLE III. 

COUNCIL. 

There shall be elected by ballot annually a Council of 
twenty. The Council shall have the entire executive con- 
trol and management of the affairs, property, and finances 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 7 

of the society, and shall carry out all its votes. The 
Council shall appoint all committees for special work, and 
all subordinate otHcers and agents, and make all necessary 
rules and regulations for itself and them. 

ARTICLE IV. 

OFFICERS. 

The officers shall consist of President, Vice-Presi- 
dent, Recording Secretary, Corresponding Secretary, and 
Treasurer, who shall be elected annually by ballot, from 
the members of the Council. They shall perform the 
usual duties of such officers, and such other duties as the 
Council may require. 

In case of the occurrence of any vacancy in office, or 
in the Council, from any cause whatsoever, the Council 
shall at their next meeting fill the vacancy for the unex- 
pired term by election by ballot. 

Article v. 

DUES. 

The admission fee shall be one dollar, and the annual 
assessment shall be t\vo dollars, payable on July first of 
each year. 

ARTICLE VI. 

AMENDMENTS. 

These B3'-Laws may be amended at any meeting 
regularly called, by a vote of two-thirds of the members 
present. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



TENTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE LYNN 

SOCITEY. 



HISTORICAL 



The tenth anniversary of the Society was observed on 
Tuesday, December i8, 1906, at Oxford Club Hall, 
Washington square, where the formative meetings of the 
Society w^ere held in 1896-7. The anniversary was 
observed in the following manner : — 

PROGRAM. 

Historical Sketch of the Society, 

Mr. Howard Mudge Newhall, Secretary. 



Music : 

"The Two Grenadiers " 

" The Friar of Orders Gray " ..... 

Mr. Romilly Johnson. 
Address : The Last Ten Years in the History of Lynn, 

His Honor Mayor Charles Neal Barney. 
Music : 

*' Who is Sylvia?" 

•' Hark, Hark, the Lark" 

Miss Louise Woodbury. 
Greetings : 

From the Massachusetts Historical Society, 

Prof. Albert Bushnell Hart. 
From the Essex Institute, 

Hon. Abner C. Goodell. 
Music : 

"Alone upon the Housetops" 

" The Gypsy Trail" . . . . . . . 

Miss Isabella Pinkham. 
Address : An Apology for Antiquarian Research, 
Hon. Robert S. Rantoul. 
Music : 

Quartette from " Rigoletto " 

Miss Woodbury, Miss Pinkham. 

Mr. Burrill, Mr. Johnson. 

Accompanist, 

Miss Mabel Whitman. 



Schumann 
Shield 



Schubert 
Schubert 



Gallov.ay 
Gallov:ay 



Verdi 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 9 

The audience is requested to rise and join in singing '"America." 

Refreshments will be served in the Banquet Hall at the close of the 
exercises. 

AMERICA. 

My country ! 'tis of thee, 
Sweet land of liberty, 

Of thee I sing ; 
- -" Land where my fathers died I 

Land of the Pilgrim's pride ! 
From every mountain side 

Let freedom ring I 

Our father's God ! to thee, 
Author of liberty, 

To thee we sing : 
Long may our land be bright 
With freedom's holy light ; 
Protect us by thy might, 

Great God, our Kinsrl 



lO I.YNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



TEN YEARS OF THE LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 

A Sketch prepared and read by Howard Mi:dge Xewhall, Recording Secretary. 



Ten years ago this evening, in the room in which we are 
now gathered, on Friday evening, December iS, 1S96, about 
one hundred gentlemen met to consider the advisability of a 
Lynn Historical Society. Mr. Philip A. Chase who was chosen 
chairman was afterward elected as the first President of the 
Society. The meeting chose temporary officers, appointed com- 
mittees to perfect the organization of the Society to report at an 
adjourned meeting, and the vSociety had begun. 

Hon. Abner C. Goodell was present, and especially advised 
the members to make photograpliy a prominent feature of the 
work. He so impressed the thought, that while a great deal 
might be written about localities, landmarks and individuals, 
photographs carried their history with them and it became an 
important feature of the Society's work from the start. And a 
valuable collection of photographs and lantern slides has been 
accumulated as a result. 

This meeting of gentlemen did a wise thing. It was voted 
that the ladies should be invited to attend the next meeting, and 
all succeeding meetinos, and much of the success of the Societv 
has been due to this wise action and the interest the ladies have 
taken in the iSociety. 

The Committee to prepare By-Laws, at an adjourned meet- 
ing on January 13, 1S97, recommended having a few, simple 
by-laws plainly stated. They reported six by-laws which were 
adopted, and only four slight additions and changes have been 
found advisable since adoption. 

The Society received a certificate of incorporation from the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts on April 27, 1S97, and on 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. II 

^lay 4 the voluntary association accepted the same and voted to 
make permanent the officers, by-laws, and all proceedings of the 
voluntary association. 

The early meetings of the Council were held at the homes 
of the members, but afterwards at a room in the building of the 
Lynn Gas and Electric Company, Xo. 90 Exchange street. 
This room being small, and also required for other purposes, the 
Society rented rooms in the Bank building, Xo. 25 Exchange 
street, where they remained until five years ago, when the present 
commodious rooms at Xo. 90 Exchange street, became the home 
of the Society. 

The Society is gradually collecting at its rooms, articles of 
historic value and has been fortunate in the many gifts it has 
received. It endeavors to carry out the purpose stated in the 
act of incorporation, ''To investigate, record and perpetuate the 
history of the town of Lynn, and to collect, hold, and preserve 
documents, books, memoirs, relics, and all matters illustrating 
its history or that of individuals identified with it." The present 
membership of the Society is five hundred and fifty. Eighty- 
one members have died during the ten years. 

At its meetings the Society has confined its proceedings ver}- 
closely to the consideration of locol topics. Interesting papers 
have been given on such subjects as the '* Iron Works," ''Saugus 
River," '^ Pine. Hill," '• Lynn Harbor," •' The Geological Story 
of Lynn," '• Remembrances of Lynn Streets and Lynn People 
of Fifty Years Ago," '•'' Ebenezer Breed," '• Broad and Lewis 
Streets," " Old-Time Shoemaker's Shops," '' Central Square in 
Early Days," '' The Social Laws and Customs of the Qjiiakers," 
"- The Established Church of Massachusetts," ••' The Qiiakers 
the Authors of Religious Liberty in Massachusetts," '*The 
Public Services of ^Strawberry Brook," and many other subjects 
equally interesting. Type-written copies of all the-e and other 
papers are to be found in the Society's rooms. One of the most 
notable meetings of the Society was that of June 17, 1904, the 
occasion of the dedication of the memorial stones provided b\- 
the United States Government which had been placed at the 



12 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

graves of Lynn's Revolutionary Soldiers. The observance of 
this Revolutionary Day was in connection with the Sons of the 
American Revolution, the successful arrangements and plans for 
which were made and carried out under the patriotic inspiration 
of the late Hon. Howard Kendall Sanderson. It was one of 
the most creditable and inspiring meetings, in every detail, ever 
held in Lynn. 

One of the most important pieces of historical work has 
been done by the Committee on the Publication of Old Town 
Records. This committee worked untiringly, supplementing 
the public records with those found in churches, family bibles. 
private records, old samplers, and on grave stones, with such 
success that they were enabled to find three hundred and seven- 
teen records, containing about thirty-seven hundred names, six 
hundred and fifteen of which were additional to the public vital 
Records. One valuable record was rescued from an ash barrel 
on the curbstone. Such a result means work, and the people of 
Lynn, and former Lynn people in distant states, owe a debt of 
gratitude to the voluntary and thorough work of this committee, 
which has established a stiindard for such work. 

The ladies have made the social work of the Society sucess- 
ful. "Monday afternoon teas during the winter, when the mem- 
bers of the Society, gentlemen and ladies, have met together 
and talked over local history and genealogy, and the needs of 
the Society, have been interesting. The reunions of old Lynn 
families on different Monday afternoons, and the annual invitation 
to the clergfvmen of the citv to meet too^ether at the rooms, have 
been pleasant and profitable. 

The Lynn Historical Society stands for all that is good in 
our city. It has brought together, with a purpose, men and 
women from all parts of Lynn, and has been valuable, histori- 
cally, intellectually, and socially. Lynn is better for it. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. I3 



ANNUAL REPORT OF 
HOWARD MUDGE NEWHALL, Recording Secretary 

Of the Lynn Historical Society at the Annual Meeting-, on Wednesday 
Evening, January 9tli, 1907. 



At the opening of the October meeting of the Society 
the President said that the Historical Society stood as a 
"protest" to represent the old Lynn, and its people, with 
all its history and recollections, against the invasion of 
the incoming population who care nothing for its tra- 
ditions or honorable past. It is a part of the work of 
our Society to keep this honorable past in remembrance, 
and if possible make it in a measure interesting to our 
newer citizens. The public work of the Society has 
always been along this line. The Committee on Lectures 
and Public Meetings has pursued the policy of trying to 
arrange papers, as far as possible, on distinctively local 
subjects. The great amount of information thus preserved 
will be of much value in the future. 

In the year 1906 the President himself contributed the 
first paper on February 8, on the subject of ''Saugus 
River," a subject in which he was much interested, and' 
which he made interesting for the members of the Society. 

On February 23, William Stone described "Central 
Square in early days." 

Mr. Stone was one of Master King's schoolboys, and 
the members of that association had been invited to be 
present and participate in the meeting. The old bell used 
by Master King was presented by them to the Society. 
Oliver G. Pearson presented Barbour's History of Massa- 



14 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

chusetts in behalf of the late Eben Stocker and Charles G. 
Stone presented the firemen's trumpet of old »Silver Gray 
Fire Engine Company. James X. Pillsbury recited some 
of the old declamations then in vogue, and it was a very 
pleasant old-time evening. 

On March 8, Rev. Samuel B. Stewart, of Balston 
Spa, New York, and pastor emeritus of the Unitarian 
Church of Lynn read two papers. One being a bio- 
graphical sketch of the late Rev. Charles C. Shackford 
of the Unitarian Church, and the other of the late Rev. 
Samuel Johnson, of the Free Church of Lynn. In pre- 
senting Rev. Mr. Stewart, the President spoke of the 
warm regard in which he w^as held by the people of Lynn, 
and of his long pastorate at the Unitarian Church. 

On- x\pril 12, Sidney Perley, Esq., of Salem," editor 
of the Essex Antiquarian gave a valuable talk on the sub- 
ject of "How to Study Local History." 

On June 17 the Society, in connection with the Sons 
of the American Revolution, went to Saugus, and assisted 
in the dedication of the memorial stones which had been 
placed at the graves of Revolutionary soldiers in that part 
of the town. There w^ere appropriate exercises at the old 
cemetery, and commemorative and patriotic exercises at 
the Town Hall. Revolutionary Day in a similar manner 
was observed at Lynn, June 17, 1904, at Lynntield, 
June 17, 1905, and at Saugus, June 17, 1906. 

On October 11, William D. Thompson gave a paper 
on the subject of "Anti-Slavery Days in Lynn." 

On November 8 there was an Ingalls family even- 
ing. Edwin W. Tngalls gave a paper on "The Ingalls 
Family and Reminiscences." Members of the Ingalls 
family had been invited to be present, and the occason was 
much enjoyed. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. I5 

On December iS, the tenth anniversary of tlie tirst 
meeting of the Society was observed at Oxford Chib Hall, 
about 300 members being present. The President pre- 
sided. The Recording Secretary gave a brief liistorical 
sketch of the ten years. Prof. i\lbert Bushnell Hart 
brought greetings from the Massachusetts Historical Soci- 
ety. Hon. Abner C. Goodell brought greetings from the. 
Essex Institute. Hon. Charles Neal Barney, Mayor of 
Lynn, gave a paper on the '^The Last Ten Years in the 
Histor}^ of Lynn," and Hon. Robert S. Rantoul gave an 
address on ^' An Apology for Antiquarian Research." 
Music was furnished by Miss Louise Woodbury, Miss 
Isabella Pinkham, Miss Mabel Whitcomb, Harrison P. 
Burrill and Romilly Johnson. 

Januar}^ i, 1906, a largely attended reception was 
given, in charge of the ladies of the Reception Committee. 

On May 10, occurred the annual spring reception. 

The ladies of the Reception Committee also arranged 
four very enjoyable and interesting afternoon teas. 

On Monday afternoon, February 5, the ladies invited 
members of the Johnson family to meet scciallv at the 
rooms. A large number came in from Lynn and neigh- 
boring towns. Each member of the Johnson family was 
given a rosette as a distinguishing mark. 

On Mondav afternoon, March =;, the Newhall family 
were special guests, and on Monday afternoon, April 2, 
the Breed famil}^ were special guests. A great many 
were descendants of two of the families, and some were 
descendants of all three. 

On Monday afternoon, March 19, the clergymen and 
their wives, of Lynn, Saugus, Swampscott and Xahant, 
were invited guests, and were again invited on Monday 
afternoon, January 7, 1907. 



l6 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

The ladies have planned for the Attwill, Mud<re, Bur- 
rill and Brown families for the present season, and also an 
afternoon for the Superintendent and teachers of the pub- 
lic schools. 

On Wednesday, August 8, the members of the Society 
enjoyed a steamboat sail on the Merrimack river from New- 
buryport to Haverhill. By invitation of Mrs. Harriet 
Prescott Spofford, the members visited her home and 
grounds which are on an island in the Merrimack river. 
She was unexpectedly prevented from receiving the visit- 
ors, in person, and sent her regrets, but the privilege was 
very much enjoyed by those who had accepted the invita- 
tion. 

The Society has been favored by manv gifts during 
the past year, and those who have not visited the rooms 
recently will find an increased collection. Several valu- 
able paintings and photographs of old landmarks and of 
former well-known citizens have been among the gifts, 
and also a valuable cabinet from the estate of the late Dr. 
Edward Newhall. 

On Saturday, June 20, a large number attended the 
annual meeting of the Bay State Historical League at Ips- 
wich. The visitors were received at the rare old house of 
the Ipswich Historical Society, and afterwards attended 
the annual meeting of the League at the Congregational 
Church. An historical address was given by Rev. 
T. Frank Waters. A visit to historic spots in Ipswich 
could not be taken as planned, on account of a severe and 
prolonged thunder shower. 

A meeting of representatives of the societies connected 
with the League was held at Medford, by invitation of Med- 
ford Historical Society, on Saturday afternoon, November 
24. The different plans adopted by different societies for 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 1 7 

making the work interesting and profitable were discussed 
and explained, and the meeting was of especial benefit to 
many of the societies. 

The ladies of the Medford Historical Society furnished 
a bountiful supper for those present from out of town. 
The Hyde Park Society has invited the league to hold a 
meeting at H3'de Park, on April 19, 1907. 

Our Society has at present three life members and five 
hundred and fifty-seven members. Twelve members of 
the Society have died during the year, Joseph E. Burrows, 
Alfred Cross, Charles Svlvester Fuller, Isaac K. Harris, 
Esther H.' Hawks, David X. Johnson, Lucilla P. Pease, 
James H. Richards, Walter E. Symonds, Georgiana B. 
Tebbetts, Ivers L. Witherell and Jane Mansfield, who was 
a:n honorary member. 

The Committee on Lectures and Public meetings have 
planned profitable evenings for the second Thursdays of 
February, March, April and May. The First Congrega- 
tional parish has invited the Society to take part in its 275th 
anniversary exercises, on June 9, 1907, and a committee 
from the Society will be appointed to co-operate on the 
occasion. 

The committees of the Society have done their usual 
valuable work, reports of which will be made this evening, 
for all of which the Society should be appreciative, and 
especially of the faithful and time-consuming work of the 
Chairman of the Custodians, and the Treasurer of the 
Society. 

We enter on another ten years to-night. May it be 
as profitable, harmonious, pleasant and valuable to us, to 
the people of Lynn, and to the field of local history in the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts as the first ten years have 
been. 



l8 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETV 



TREASURER'S REPORT. 



CHARLES S. VIALL, Treasurer, 
In account with LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Dr. 

Jan. I. 1906. 

Balance on hand 

Reserve fund 

Life membership fund 

Jan. I 1907. 

Receipts for dues and admission, fees for 1906 
Receipts for portraits in register for 1906 . . 
Receipts for life membership for 1906 .... 
Receipts for interest for 1906 . . 



$437 


28 


671 


79 


104 40 


1,156 


00 


105 


00 


50 


00 


28 


H 



$360 


00 


29 


13 


I II 


97 


$501 


to 


194 


00 



$2,552 6] 



Cr. 

Hali. and Rooms Account : 

Lynn Gas & Electric Co., rent . . . . 
Lynn Gas & Elecrric Co., lighting . . 
W. S. Burrill, expense of cleaning, etc. 



Less rent received from W. S. Burrill .... 

Net cost .... $307 10 

Expense Account : 

G. M. Goodridge, clerical services ...... 

Clerical services for treasurer 

W. S. Burrill, insurance 

E. L. Proctor 

Amounts carried forivard^ $54 95 $30; 



$23 


55 


I.S 


00 


9 40 


7 


00 



I.VNN HISTORICAL SOCIKTV 



19 



15 


40 


5 


25 


2 


50 


X 


00 


18 


50 


3S 


41 


10 


^'4 



26 


70 


275 


55 


73 


20 


44 


50 


20 


00 



Ainoufi/s carried for-vord, $54 95 $307 10 

Anthony Earle 

B. X. Robidou . . 

E. A. Green 

Bav State Historical League 

North Shore Express Co 

Campbell Bros 

II. B. Falls 

Total 146 65 

Printing, Postage and Supplies : 

Stamped envelopes and stamps %7^2 86 

II. M. Newhall, postage 

F. S. Whitten. Register 

F. S. Whitten, printing and postal cards . . 
Thomas P. Nichols 

G. II. & A. L. Nichols 

Total 472 Si 

Entertainment : 

A. Schlehuber 

Ethel M. Aldrich . 

Mrs. G. E. Libbev 

Mrs. L. M. Lummus, expense 

Mrs. B. N. Johnson, expense 

Armstrong & Perrv 

S. Perley . . . . ' 

Boys' Club Press, Endicott Re..diiig .... 

Guy Newhall " " 

Oxford Club '• '• 

T. P. Nichols " '• 

C. A. Marston " " 

A. Kendrick '• *• 

J. B. Blood & Co 

Arthur B. Keene .....* 

Burrows & Sanbotn 

E. S. Young 

Louise Woodburv 

R. S. Rantoul 

Total 

Atnoiint carried forrcard, $1,253 59 



$194 78 




10 00 




9 3S 




7 15 


. 


10 60 




362 




5 00 




9 40 




7 20 




14 00 




I 25 




2 50 




I 00 




3 24 




15 00 




2 00 




2 II 




25 00 




3S0 






327 03 





20 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Amount brought for-i.vard, $1,253 59 

Lectures and Public Meetings : 

Committee (balance of appropriation Jan. i, 
1906, $21.20.) 

E. P. Newhall $13 26 

Expended in 1906 13 24 

Photograph Committee : 

(Balance of appropriation Jan. i, 1906, $25.45) 

L. C. Nevvhall $4 20 

C. F. Pollard 5 00 

A. B. Corrin 11 60 

Expended in 1906 20 80 

Reserve Fund deposited as follows : 

Ljnn Institution for Savings $242 86 

Commonwealth Savings Bank 227 79 

Lynn Five Cents Savings Bank 224 79 

Total ... 695 46 

Life Membership Fund deposited with Lynn 

Institution for Savings $i.sS 07 

Total — 158 07 

Balance of cash on. hand deposited with Essex 

Trust Co ... $411 45 

— 4" 45 



$2,552 61 



The committee appointed by the Council of the Lynn 
Historical Society to audit the books of the Treasurer for the 
year ending December 31, 1906, have attended to their duty and 
report that they have examined the books and vouchers, and 
they appear to be correct. 

f. l. bubier, 
William S. Burrill, 

Lynx, January 9, 1907. Auditors. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIKTV. 21 



REPORT 'OF THE COMMITTEE ON COLLECTION OF 
HISTORICAL RELICS. 

For the Year Ending, Januaiy loth, 1907. 



The following gifts have been made to the Society 
since the last annual meeting : 

379 
From Ipswich Historical Society, "The Simple Cobbler of 

Agawam." 

380 
From Clinton Historical Society, '■' The Holder Memorial." 

381 
From John J. Mangan, A. M. M. D., Life of Rev. Jeremiah 
Shepard (third minister of Lynn, 16S0-1730). 

382 

From Merrill Fillmore Delnow, Hymn Book, used by Dr. 
Cooke. 

383 

From Oliver G. Pearson in memory of the late Eben Stocker. 
Historical Collection — every town in Mass., by John 
Warner Barber, 1S39. 

384 

From Rev. J. C. Labaree, discourse delivered Feb. 4. 1S03, at 
the funeral of Rev. Joseph Roby, A. ^L, Pastor of Second 
Church. 



2 2 LYXX HISTORIC-\I- SOCIETi'. 

A sermon delivered at Lynn. General Fast Dav. Mav 3. 17S1. 
by Rev. Joseph Roby. A. M. 

3S6 
Frotn Mrs. Lucinda Mudge Lummus. Dzirzl-e: •• Hutchinson 
Family." 

3S7 

From Maria L. Johnson, discourse •• Character uroi>rr to a 
Christian Society'' delivered ar the open"ng of the Second 
Congregational Church in Lvnn. April 30. 1S23 bv Hecrv 
Colman. 

388 

From Mrs. Mary J. Pope, a !erter vvr:r:e:: ':y William Gray. 
Januarv 2*;. 1S21 to ^Ir. Sinfrrsi". 

389 

From Hon. Nathan M. Hawkes. Notarv Pnbliz Recirf :f 
Beniarnin Oliver fron: zSz^-iS^o. 

39S 

•• The Great \V::^? of Lyan." 1905. 

390 
From RoV-en T. Swan. Commissioner. iSth Report on the 

custody a!:J condition of the Public Records of Pari she-. 

Towns and Counties. 

450 

Park Commissioners Report, 1905. 

Twenty -eighth Ann'xal Report of the Trustees of Abbott Public 
Library. 1905 -1906. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 23 

From George S. Burgess, Secretary, Annual Report of tlie 
School department of the City of Lynn, ending December 
3^ 1905- 

393 
Trustees Report of the Salem Public Library, 1905. 

From Katharine Bailey, very old book, '' Qiiaker Discipline." 

396 
Hymn Book, compiled by Samuel Longfellow and Rev. Samuel 
Johnson. 

395 
From Charles F. Peirce, Poems of Alonzo Lewis, published in 
1831. ^ 

397 
From James H. Emmerton, Auditing Report, March 4, 1S40. 

399 
N. E. Historical and Genealogical Register, 1906. 

400 
Annual Report of the Trustees of Woburn Public Library, year 
ending 190^. 

401 
From Somerville Historical Society, '' Historical Leaves." 



454 
From vSomer\ille Historical Society, '* Historical Leaves." 



455 
From Somerville Historical Societv, '^ Historical Leaves." 



24 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

402 
From Mrs. Adaline B. Bcal, Carriers Address to the Patrons of 
the Lynn Record, 1S33. 

403 
Trial of Albert J. Tirrell, 1S47. 

404 

Discourse preached to the Central Congregational Church, 
Lawrence, April 7, 1S50, in reference to the conviction of 
Prof. J. W. Webster for murder of George Parkman, M. D. 

405 
Pictures of Hon. Benjamin F. Mudge, Mayor. 

406 
Picture of James R. Xevvhall. - 

407 
Picture of Hon. George Hood, ist Mayor. 

408 
Picture of Alonzo Lewis. 

409 
Complaint that Enoch Soule was a drunkard, May 29, 1S34. 

410 

Council of Seven Churches, in regard to conduct of Rev. John 
Whitney. 

412 
Address, poems and speeches at the semi-centennial of the 
Second Congregational Society of Lynn, April 30, 1S73.' 

afy A. Par; 
MDCCLH. 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



-0 



Book — Complete Works of Hannah More. 

414 
Book — Elements of Greek Grammar. 1S17. 

415 
Book — English Grammar. 1S21 by Lindley Murray. 

437 
Book — Town Officers, guide by Johny Bacon, 1S25. 

416 

Book — Memoir of Rev. Levi Parsons, 1S24. 

417 
Hook — National Spelling Book by D. B. Emerson. 1S3S. 

' • 426 

Book — Latin Syntax. 

418 

From Harriet L. Matthews. Librarian. 43rd Annual Report of 
the Trustees of the Public Library- of the City of Lynn. 
December. 31, 1905. 

420 
From Mrs. E. L. Littlefield, book — --Life and Age of Man." 

421 
From Edward B. Xewhall. book — •• Sketches of Swampscott," 
Thompson. 

422 
liook — "Havvvard's New England Gazetteer." 



■+-J 
Book — ••Studies of Essex Flora." 



26 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Book — ''Pigeon Cove and Vicinity." 

425 
Book — "Memoirs of Rev. George Whitefielcl." 

427 
Book — "Visitors' Guide to Salem." 

428 
Book —''Gazetteer of Mass." 

430 
From Ellen Mudge Burrill, book — "Public Libraries of Mass." 

431 
From Sarah A. Xewhall, book — "French Grammar." 

438 

Survey of Union street from Liberty square to Silsbee street by 
Alonzo Lewis, 1855. 

440 
Book — "Richard Baxter's Catholic Theologie," printed in Lon- 
don, MDCLXXV. 

441 

Monthly Review or Literary Journal, printed in London, 1754. 

439 
B. W. Rovvell, book — 32nd Annual Proceedings of the Imperial 
Council Ancient Arabic Order Nobles of the Mystic Shrine 
of North America. 

442 
From Mrs. Harriet F.Parker, book — Bronsdon and Box Families 
written by herself. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 27 

From Susie W. Hall, bible, published in 1769, was the property 
of Robert W. Trevett, one of the first lawyers to settle in 
Lynn. 

447 
Book — ''The whole duty of Man," 1775. 

448 

From George C. Herbert, picture, burning of the ''Mechanics 
Steam Mill," Broad street, March 12, 1S60. 

449 
From Lewis D. Dunn,, forty-five Stereoscopic Views of Lynn 
and Vicinity, formerly owned by Ivers Wetherell. 

452 
Pamphlet — "200th Anniversary of the birth of Benjamin Frank- 
lin," January 17, 1906. 

456 
From Secretary of the Commonw^ealth, book — The 3rd Mass. 
Regiment, 1S61-1863. Mass. Soldiers and Sailors of the 
Revolution. 



411 
Essex Institute Historical Collections. 



435 
Essex Institute Historical Collections. 



' 451 
Essex Institute Historical Collections. 



453 
Essex Institute Historical Collections, 



28 ' LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

419 - 

Publication of the Sharon Historical Society, No. 3, April, 1906. 

457 
Twelfth Annual Meeting of the Xantucket Historical vSociety, 

July iS, 1906. 

45S 

Nantucket Historical Association, Vol. II, Bulletin No. 5, 
Nantucket Lands and Land Owners by Henry Harnard 
Worth. 

/ ' 432 . 

Proceedlno^s of the Rostonian Society, Annual Meeting, January, 
9, 1906. 

433 
Medford Historical Register, Vol. IX, Nos. i and 2. 

443 
Medford Historical Register, Vol. IX, No. 3. 

434 
Annual Report of the Providence Public Library, December 

1905. 

436 
Report of the directors of the N. Y. Public Library, Astor, 
Lenox and Tilden Foundations, 1905. 

444 
Pamphlet — Exercises attending the unv.dling of Tablet erected 
by Peabody Historical vSociety, at the birthplace of George 
Peabody, January 16, 1902. 

1430 
From Ira B. Keith, photograph of great Lynn fire of November 
26, 1889. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 29 

From Mrs. Mary C. MacKa\', sword cane. 

H32 

Spectacles. 

H33 
Pocketbook. 

1434 
From Richard Alley, Confederate $10 bill. 

H35 
From Mrs. Ida N. Chadwell and Miss Annie A. Nye, portrait 

of Dr. James M. Nye. 

1438 

From Charles G. Stone, glass trumpet, presented to Silver 
Grey Fire Engine Company by members of the Niagara 
Fire Engine Company of East Cambridge, manufactured 
at the Cambridsre Glass Works. 



H39 
From Master King's School Boys, picture of Master King. 

1440 
Picture of Master King's School Boys, 

1441 
From Maria L. Johnson, two fire screens painted by Miss 
Maria Mons, the first teacher of music and painting in 
Lynn. 

1442 
From William D. Thompson, picture — attack on Post Office 
in Charleston, S. C, in anti-slavery times. 



*#' 



30 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

H43 

From Mrs. Harriet A. Teal, snuff box brought from Xew 
Orleans by Albert Whiting in 1820. 

1444 
From Albert H. Breed, Commission of Frederick Breed as Cap- 
tain of the Eighth Company in the First Regiment of Mili- 
tia in the County of Essex, May 11, 17S4. 

H45 
Commission of Frederick Breed as Second Lieutenant of Cap- 
tain Ezra Xewhall's, 27th Regiment, commanded by Col. 
Israel Hutchinson. 

1446 
Picture of Frederick Breed's house on Boston street. 

1447 
Old fashioned brass door knocker, taken from a burning house 
in Charlestown after the battle of Bunker Hill, by Freder- 
ick Breed; used on his house afterward. 

1448 
From Charles H. Xewhall, photograph of Mrs. Jane Mansfield, 
104 years old, December 3, 1905, taken at that age. 

1449 
Picture of Daniel Webster. 

1450 
Picture of John Brown. 

145 1 
From Captain Edward A. Haven, life preserver, found at Cape 
Flora, where the Ziegler Party of which Captain Haven 
was a member, spent fifteen months waiting for a relief 
ship. It was found under the snow and brought home by 
him. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 3I 

1452 

From Mrs. Anna M. Pickford, sliell frame and mosses. 

H53 
From Charles Orrin Breed and George Herbert Breed, picture 
of Richard Breed, aged 88 years and William Johnson 
Breed, aged seven months. 

1454 
From Albert Plummer of Auburndale, drum head, taken from 
ship '' Constitution." 

H55 
From Mrs. E. L. Littlefield, fire tongs. 

H57 
Working Men's Protective Union (paper). 

1458 
From Alfred S. Chase, picture of carriage factory of Sawyer 
& Chase, destroyed by the great fire of 18S9. 

1459 
From M. Fillmore Delnow, certificate of Y. M. C. U. Novem- 
ber I, 1S56. 

1465 
Prom W. P. Nicholson, plan of Lynn common land about 1706. 

1464 

V rom , Photograph of the Lynn Light Infantry on dress 

parade in front of where is now the Public Library. 

1465 
Memorial to President William Henry Harrison, 1S41. . 

1466 
l*rcsidents of the United vStates. Nine, from President Washing- 
ton to President Polk. 



32 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

1467 
From Charles J. H. Woodbury, Portrait of John Elbridge Hud- 
son. 

1468 
From G. VV. Davis, root of tree and stone found at 45 Rockdale 
avenue. 

1470 
From Mrs. Lewis D. Dunn, picture of the City of Lynn. 

1471 
From William M. Wires, photograph Exchange street in 18S9. 

1472 
Photograph Xahant street. 

H77 
Photograph oldjLynn Institution for Savings building. 

1473 
From Mrs. Louise E. Silsbee, portrait of Daniel Webster. 

1474 
From Miss Sallie H. Hacker, portrait of James Breed, born 
February i, 1759. 

H75 
Portrait of Nathan Breed, born January 28, 1794. 

1476 > 
Quaker bonnet and cap worn by Mrs. Mary E. Breed, born 
July 13,- 1796. 

1479 
From Mrs. Emily G. Vickary, kid slippers worn by Mrs. Jane 
Mansfield. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCILTV. 33 

I4S0 

Comb worn by Mrs. Jane Mansfield. 

14S1-14S2 
From Mrs. Angelia O. Melcher, two pitchers. 

■483 

From Edgar \V. Bates, map of Lynn and Saugus by Alonzo 
Lewis, 1S29. 

14S4 

Picture, — departure of the Lynn Light Infantry for the defence 
of Washington, 1861. 

Picture — Market street in 1S20. 

Picture — View of Lynn from High Rock, 1849. 



34 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



ANNUAL REPORT OF THE CUSTODIANS OF THE 
LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

For the Year Ending December 31, 1906. 



We havereceived 172 articles, as follows : 73 books, 
pamphlets and documents ; ;^6 pictures and portraits ; 45 
stereoscopic views ; 10 miscellaneous articles. For rent of 
the hall $194". The Lynn Hospital used the hall in the 
day time for one month to prepare for their 3'early 
collection. The Lynn Home for Aged Men and the Lynn 
Women's Club House Corporation have held their annual 
meetings, and the Sons of the Revolution and Master 
Brickett's School Boys have used the hall free of charge. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIHTV. 



35 



1608357. 

NECROLOGIES, 



JAMES HENRY RICHARDS 

Born in Lynn, September i, 1839, was the youngest of 
three children of Benjamin Tyler Richards and Elizabeth 
Tweed (Currier) Richards. He attended the public 
schools, graduating with honor in one of the first classes 
to be graduated from the Lynn High School. He then 
learned the trade of shoe cutting, which trade he followed 
for more than twenty years. 

He was elected a member of the Board of Aldermen 
from Ward 3, serving one year, and also served four years 
as a member of the Massachusetts House of Representa- 
tives. . 

In the Fall of 1877 the Equitable Co-operative Bank 
was instituted and Mr. Richards was elected its first presi- 
dent. He held this position for nearly twenty-nine years, 
until his death, with the exception of a few months, during 
which time he acted as the secretary and treasurer of the 
bank. 

The last few years of his life were spent quietly, hon- 
ored and respected by all who knew him. 

Mr. Richards passed peacefully away on February 
27, 1906, at the old home on Fayette street where he was 
born and had always lived. 



36 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

GEORGIANA B. TEBBETTS 

Georgiana Beaumont Tebbetts was born in Plymouth, 
Mass., February 11, 1845. She was the daughter of 
Nathaniel and Mary Beaumont May. On her paternal side 
she descended from John May who came from Sussex, 
England in 1635, finally settling in Roxbury in 1640. On 
the maternal side she was in direct line from Maj. General 
Daniel Gookin who exiled from Virginia for his noncon- 
formist principles, settled in Cambridge in 1644. He soon 
became a leader in civil and military affairs of the colony. 
His son Rev. Daniel Gookin, a graduate of Harviird, was 
the close friend and assistant of John Eliot, apostle to the 
Indians. Mrs. Tebbetts was also in direct line from Mary 
Draper of Revolutionary fame. Her grandfather, James 
Beaumont, was among the first manufacturers of woolen 
and cotton goods in this country. He came to America 
from Yorkshire, England, in 1800 married Abigail Gookin 
and settled in Canton, Mass. He was the inventor of 
Canton flannel. From these sturdy ancestors, Mrs. 
Tebbetts inherited the marked independence of thought, 
self reliance, and an active interest in educational and 
civil afl^airs. 

She responded generously and heartily to the needs of 
church and charity, and no less to the frequent individual 
demands. Mrs. Tebbetts was a member of the New 
England Club of Boston, a charter member of the Lynn 
Women's Club. She was instrumental in the formation of 
the Lynn Branch of the National -Alliance in the L^nitarian 
Church, and a member of the Lynn Women's Union. 
Gifted in conversation, endowed with a fine memory, her 
love of nature and extensive reading made her an attractive 
companion. In 1865 she was married to Charles B. 



LYXN HISTORICAL sociirrv. 37 

Tebbetts, a leading manufacturer of this city. Their 
charming home with its beautiful garden, its treasures of 
art and literature gathered in their travels, the cordial 
hospitality, made a delightful center for the many relatives 
and friends. Mr. Tebbetts died February 27, 1900 and 
Mrs. Tebbetts March 15, 1906. 



IVERS LINCOLN WITHERELL 

Born in Middleboro, Mass., December 11, 182 1, died 
March 17, 1906. His parents were Alanson Witherell 
and x\chsa Paine Witherell. He w^as the seventh descent 
from William Witherell who came to this country in 1637 
and was the first settler in Norton which was then a part 
of Taunton, Mass. Eighth in descent from William Paine 
who came to this country in 1635, and by the marriage of 
his great grandfather to Sarah Lincoln was eighth in descent 
from Thomas Lincoln who came to Hingham in 1635. In 
May, 1836, he was apprenticed to W. N. Spinney of Taunton 
to learn the trade of shoemaking. He came to Lynn with 
him in 1839. ^^^ time being out with Mr. Spinney some 
time in 1841, he became a ''jour," as they w^ere then called. 
At one time he worked for Perry Newhall and William 
Downing and was with the latter over eighteen years. 

His next connection was with Lucian Newhall for 
about one year, then with B. F. Spinney for seventeen 
years as superintendent and partner. 

After closing his connection w ith Mr. Spinney he was 
superintendent for F. W. Breed at his factories in Roches- 
ter, N. H., and Athol, Mass. When Mr. Breed gave up 
business his work, so far as shoes were concerned ended. 
He was then 74 years of age and had spent nearly sixty 
years in the business. 

He married Eunice S. Pike in 1845. 



;^S LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

WALTER EVERETT SYMONDS 

Was born in Boston, August 13, 1844. He was the third 
child of Stilhiian Lothrop and Olive Gould (Lovell) 
Symonds. He attended the public schools, one of them 
the Brimmer School, then on moving to Lynn, in 1856, 
attended the Ward Four Grammar School under Master 
Morrison and the Lynn High School. On leaving school, 
he acted as clerk for a short time in the dry (>"oods store of 
Mr. Henry Carlton on Broad street and then went as book- 
keeper for the shoe manufacturing firm of Benj. F. Doak 
& Co. He became a partner in the firm in 1870 and 
continued actively in the shoe business with Mr. Doak, 
and after his death, with his son-in-law^ and successor, Mr. 
John S. Bartlett until the year 1889. The firm continued 
in business until 1899, but the smaller factory, which was 
maintained, after the great fire of 1889 had destroyed the 
larger one, did not demand his whole time and energy, as 
had formerly been the case, so that Mr. Symonds served 
for a few years as treasurer of the American Projectile 
Company and for one year as alderman of the City. In 
1900 he was elected treasurer of the Lynn Institution for 
Savings, which position he filled until his death. He was 
also a director of the Essex Trust Co. and of the Security 
Safe Deposit & Trust Company and at one time a trustee 
of the Lynn Five Cents Savings Bank. 

In 1870, Mr. Symonds married x\nna Maria Warren 
of Lynn with whom he lived most happily until her death 
in 1901. Two children were born of this marriage, Anna 
Louise, now Mrs. Charles A. Collins and Warren Lovell. 
In 1903, Mr. Symonds married Mary Alice W^arren, a 
sister of the first Mrs. Symonds who survives him. 

Mr. Symonds was a good citizen and thoroughly 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 39 

interested in, and constantly working for the City's welfare 
and though the one term as alderman already mentioned 
was the only time when he sought an elective office. 
Numerous positions of trust and of quiet but effective work 
came to him unsought. He was trustee of some of the 
City's funds, he served many years as ward and precinct 
clerk and as trustee of the Public Library and much of 
his thoughtful and quiet service for the public good is 
recorded not in any official record, but only in the memories 
of the few who witnessed it. 

He was identified from the beginning of his Lynn 
residence with the First Universalist Church, and was 
its treasurer for nearl}' thirty years and active in all 
branches of its work. He was also identified with the 
Universalist organization in Boston known first as the 
Murray Club and later as the Universalist Club. 

He was at one time a member of the Park Club and 
was a charter member of the Oxford Club. In earlier 
years he joined the Linwood Lodge, L O. G. T. 

Among positions of trust which in spite of his quiet 
and unassuming way of life, seemed naturally to gravitate 
to him was the treasurership of the Lynn Hospital which 
he held from 1900, till his death. 

During the last three years of his life, Mr. Symonds 
was the victim of a slow and insidious disease which was 
gradually sapping his strength, but he continued in all his 
various occupations with the exception of a few weeks in 
the Fall of 1903 and about three months of the summer of 
1905 until March, 1906, when he was forced to yield at last 
to the assaults of the enemy. After a few weeks at home 
of constantly increasing weakness, he passed away on 
April 4, 1906. 



40 LYNN HISTORIlAL SOCIETY. 

ESTHER HILL HAWKS, M. D. 

Was born in Hooksett, New Hampshire, August 4, 1833, 
and died after a few months illness, at her home in Lynn, 
May 6, 1906. 

She was the fifth in the family of eight children of 
Parmenas and Jane (Kimball) Hill. Her husband, her 
only sister, Mrs. McLeod of Cambridge, and three brothers 
survive her. 

Her paternal grandfather, John Hill of Andover, 
served several years in the War of the Revolution, also in the 
War of 181 2. Her maternal grandfather, Jedediah Kimball 
was a revolutionar}' soldier. Her line of ancestry on that 
side was Jane, '^ Jedediah,' John, *^ Joseph,'^ John,^ of Wen- 
ham, Mass., Caleb, "^ Richard,- of England 1623, Richard,^ 
born in Yarmouth, England. 

Dr. Haw^ks attended the public schools in Hooksett, 
Suncook and Exeter and the High School in Manchester, 
and the Academy in Kingston, N. H., and taught the 
winter schools in Kingston, Merrimack and Thornton's 
Ferry, N. H. 

In October, 1854, she was married to John ^L Hawks, 
M» D. of Manchester, N. H. from which union there were 
no children. The winter of 1854-5, was spent in Manatee, 
Florida. She studied medicine in the office of her husband, 
visiting his patients, and sometimes acting as clerk in his 
drug store : She attended the lectures at the X. E. Female 
Medical College in Boston and graduated there in 1857, 
and continued in practice in Manchester until 1S62. 

Her husband being at that time Assistant Surgeon on 
the staff of Gen. Rufus Saxton, actively engaged in 
recruiting a colored regiment from among the negroes 
recently escaped from slavery, at Beaufort, S. C. and the 
adjacent sea islands. Dr. Hawks voluntered her services to 





t%«^l \ 









i -4-. \ 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 4I 

the New York Freedmen's Aid Society, as teacher of 
Freedmen. At that time women were not allowed to visit 
the Department of the South, except in the capacity of 
teachers. She w^as among the first to arrive and go on 
dutY there. Her first introduction to the business as 
teacher, was in the Methodist Church, where a crowd of 
three hundred men, women and children of all ages from 
three to thirty Years came for instruction. The next 
school was in Camp Saxton of the ist S. C. Volunteers 
(afterwards named 33rd U. S, C. T). 

The first General Hospital, No. 10 for colored soldiers, 
was at Beaufort, in charge of Dr. John M. Hawks ; here his 
wife assisted in the surgical operations and in nursing the 
sick. At one time w^hen her husband was ordered away on 
detached service, she w^as for two or three weeks in charge 
of the hospital, also a detachment of Col. James !Mont- 
gomery's, 34th U. S. C. T., which was in camp near 
the town. She was assisted in these duties by her youngest 
brother, Edward O. Hill, acting Hospital Steward. In 
July, 1863, ^he wounded heroes of the 54th Mass., one 
hundred twenty-five in number who had follow^ed their gal- 
lant Colonel Shaw in his desperate charge on Fort Wagner, 
were brought to Beaufort, and in General Hospital No. 10, 
were taken care of by Drs. J. M. and E. H. Hawks. 

In October, 1863, her husband was promoted as surg- 
eon of the 2ist Regt. U. S. C. T., Lieut. Col. A. G, 
Bennett in camp at Hilton Head an island a dozen miles 
or so, south of Beaufort. Here a few months of camp life, 
and in February, 1864, a removal with the regiment to 
Jacksonville, Florida. In a few days an advance was 
made eight miles into the country to Camp Finegan. 
Alter the disastrous fight at Olustee the regiment returned 
t<» Jacksonville, where Dr. Hawks was busY with her 



42 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



husband and other surgeons all night carrying for the three 
hundred wounded from the battlefield. Soon after this 
affair, Dr. E. H. Hawks opened a school in Odd Fellows' 
Hall, for colored and white children. This was perhaps 
the last mixed school in the state as such schools are now 
prohibited by law in nearly all the southern states. 

At the fall of Charleston, S. C, in February, 1865, the 
cit}^ was surrendered to Col. Bennett of the 21st U. S. C. T, 
and his colored regiment was the first to march into the 
city. This event opened a new^ and more important field 
of work for the subject of this sketch. School houses 
were deserted, hundreds of residences abandoned, or left 
in charge of negro servants. It was pleasant work for her 
to assist in organizing the schools and in teaching in them 
and in fitting up the orphan asylum. The school children, 
mostly colored, numbered about two thousand five hundred. 
She was at one time General Superintendent of the City 
schools. As General Superintendent she visited George- 
town, Summerville, also Edisto and other sea islands. 

On the first of May, 1865, she assisted largely in 
planning and organizing with James Redpath a public 
procession of the school children which with impressive 
exercises decorated the graves of the Union prisoners of 
War, who were buried in trenches on the old race track. 
Not only the graves but the ground between them was 
covered with flowers (See 3". 2^. D^iily Tribune, May 13, 
1865). It has been suggested that this grand decoration 
of soldiers graves may have led to our Memorial Day. 

From 1866 to 1870, Dr. Hawks' home was in Port 
Orange, Florida the headquarters of the Florida Land & 
Lumber Co., organized by her husband "to furnish home- 
steads to Freedmen and others." These four years were 
rather quiet and uneventful ; but she gave her services and 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 43 

medicines as physician and as teacher " without money and 
without price." 

Late in 1870, she came to Lynn and entered a partner- 
ship with Dr. Lizzie Breed Welch, who had an .office at 
51 Silsbee street, and who graduated in the same chiss in 
the Medical College in 1857. These two, and Dr. Mary 
J. Flanders were the lirst women physicians in Lynn. In 
1874, ^^^ ^^^ return from a visit to Florida, Dr. Hawks- 
opened her office at No. 81 Broad street, w^here she 
remained until she purchased the estate at No. 16 Newhall 
street in 1884, w^iere she spent the remainder of her life. 

One of the most notable features in the character of 
Dr. Hawks, w^as her cheerfulness. She was optimistic, 
always looking on the bright side, imparting hope to the 
desponding and carrying sunshine into dark places. 

Dr. Hawks was a successful and popular physician, 
an honored member of the profession ; and in the thirty- 
five years of her active life in Lynn, she established an 
extensive practice in the City and vicinity. She was a 
member of the New England Hospital Medical Society ; 
a member of the Boston Gynecological Society, an hon- 
orar\^ member of the New Hampshire Association of 
Militar}^ Surgeons ; also a member of the Lynn Medical 
Fraternity. The Doctor was actively alive to every 
cause or movement that promised an improvement or 
betterment of the race. She was one of the founders of 
the Associated Charities and an officer in it as long as she 
lived ; she w^as a patron of the Boy's Club and the Day 
Nursery ; she was a promoter and life long officer in the 
Woman's Rights or Suffrage Club, remembering all those 
m her will. She was also a member of the Lynn Woman's 
Club, the Houghton Horticultural Society, the Lynn Histo- 
rical Society (a charter member) and the Civic League. 



44 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

In aid of the Peace movement, she provided in her will 
for prizes to be paid annualh' for the best essays on the 
subject written by the pupils of the Lynn High and ninth 
grade schools. More than seven-eighths of her fortune was 
left for charitable and educational purposes. 

She was interested in a society for the prevention of 
tuberculosis ; she was a friend and patron of the Vacation 
schools and the Kindergarten, and was examining into 
the merits of the '' School Cit}^ " movement. 

When she was elected a member of the School Board 
her name was placed on the ballots of both political parties. 

Her religious tendencies were tow^ard the Universalist 
and Free Religious Societies ; but her associations and 
sympathies were not enclosed within sectarian or racial 
lines ; Catholic and Protestant, Jew and Gentile seemed to 
her equally worthy members of the great family of man. 

Dr. Hawks felt and acted as though her life and 
property were held by her in trust for the benefit of others. 
It was truthfully said of her at her funeral : " She has 
been doing Gods' work in the World." 



ALFRED CROSS, 

An esteemed member of the L3'nn Historical Society- and 
one of the oldest and most successful merchants of the 
city, died at his residence on Chase street, Sunday after- 
noon, May 13, 1906, after a lingering illness of about nine 
years. He was the son of Samuel D. and Mary (Collins) 
Cross, and was born August 23, 1829, near the spot where 
Walden street enters Summer street, in " Breed's end." 

At the age of eleven years, in 1840, he went to work 
in the old ropewalk at the foot of Minot street, then in 
charge of Captain Stephen H. Gardner. 



^ s« » * ®^3**^l 



'^^' 






/ 






'^ 



\ 



f ^. 



ALFRED CROSS. 



I.YNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 45 

After two years of service in that place (with the 
exception of a few months' schooling in the winter), Mr. 
Cross commenced to learn the trade of a shoemaker in the 
shop of the late Amos A. Breed, on Summer street. 

From 1849 to 1853 he was clerk with Joseph W. 
Breed in the grocery store which was then kept in the 
building on the corner of Market and Tremont streets, 
known as Tremont Block. . 

Then receiving a satisfactory offer from Col. R. G. 
Usher, he engaged himself as clerk in the clothing busi- 
ness, and continued in that trade until his decease. He 
soon became familiar with the business and formed a part- 
nership with his employer. In the spring of 1861, when 
the senior partner left for the seat of war, the manage- 
ment of the business fell wholly upon Mr. Cross, and dur- 
ing the years of the war the profits increased largely. 

The public confidence, the best asset of the merchant, 
he held to a remarkable degree. 

Mr. Cross had a love for charitable work. This was 
shown after the great fire of 1889, when he w^as chosen a 
member of the Relief Committee, which raised and dis- 
tributed a very large sum of monev. Mr. Cross not only 
made a liberal contribution to the fund, but gave six 
months of his time to the work of investigating the hun- 
dreds of applications for relief, and he often spoke of it 
atterward as the most satisfactory work of his life. 

Of the men in business on Market street in 1854, -^^^• 
Cross was the last. The name of Alfred Cross was the 
most familiar on the street, and was the recognized syno- 
nym for fair dealing and generous treatment with the pub- 
lic. He w^as a prominent member of the First Methodist 
church, and active in all its charities ; connected with the 
Lynn Hospital from its early history, contributing service 



46 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

and means, and during his nine years of sickness he often 
rode to the hospital to see that nothing was left undone 
which might alleviate suffering ; connected with the man- 
agement of the Five Cents Saving Bank and Lynn Mutual 
Fire Insurance Company. 

No citizen of Lynn was more respected, none more 
valued as a friend. He loved to do good, and to do it 
quietl}^ and his sympathy reached to all men in every 
station in life. 



JOSEPH EGBERT BURROWS. 

Joseph Egbert Burrows was born February 5, 1850, 
and died suddenly at his residence early Saturday morn- 
ing, May 19, 1906. 

He was born in Lynn, Mass., on Market street, in a 
dwellincr near to w-hat is now Exchange buildincr and 
was the son of Egbert Burrows and Betsey Johnson Alley. 
His ancestor, Joseph Alley, Jr., served in the Revolutionary 
War, as private in Capt. Ezra Newhall's Company, 
which marched on the alarm April 19, 1775. 

Mr. Burrows after going through the public schools 
of Lynn secured employment with S. J. Weinberg on 
Market street and learned from him the dr3'-goods trade. 
His father was a retail shoe dealer but the dry-goods 
business was more congenial to the boy. In 1872, when 
twenty-two years of age, he formed a partnership with 
William H. Homan and they established quarters on Union 
street near what is now the East Baptist church. In two 
years the business had out-grown its dimensions and to 
secure more floor room the tirm moved to corner of Union 
and Silsbee streets, the present location of the firm. 




JOSEPH EGBERT BURIiOnS. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 47 

In September, 1874, ^^^- Homan died and Mr. 
Hurrows purchasing his interest carried on a constantly 
increasing business until 1890. Mr. Burrows' judgment as 
shown in choice of location also kept pace with the rapid 
growth of the city. In 1890 he formed a partnership with 
Charles S. Sanborn, one w^ho as a clerk for him and also 
in ventures for himself had shown his fitness and business 
qualifications. 

From this time the business grew rapidly and its floor 
space has been increased nearly twelve times making it 
one of the leading dry-goods emporiums in the city which 
before the death of Mr. Burrows had developed into a very 
successful department store. 

Mr. Burrows spent his life in his native city and 
acquired a large acquaintance, w^hich united with a cordial 
and affable manner brought many customers to the store. 
In addition, he had the rare gift which makes customers 
friends. 

He lived wath his sisters Misses Helen Burrows and 
Elizabeth C. Burrows. He left two brothers, William H. 
of Lynn and Charles J. of Manchester, N. H. 

He was a constant attendant at the First Methodist 
Episcopal Church, was a member of Bay State Lodge of 
Odd Fellows, of the Oxford Club, Lynn Historical Society, 
Merchants' Association of Lynn Dry Goods Association, 
and the Sons of the American Revolution. Politically he 
was a staunch Republican. 



ISAAC KINGMAN HARRIS 

Was born at Grafton, Mass., February 15, 1840, and died 
at Lynn, May 21, 1906. He w^as the youngest of the 
three children of Isaac and Adeline (Kingman) Harris. 



48 LYNN HISTORICAL Sr)CIETY. 

His father died four months after the birth of Isaac, and a 
few years later the widow with her little family removed 
to Quincy, 111., where for two years they resided. There- 
upon Isaac with his family returned to the home of his 
grandparents in North Bridgewater(now Brockton), Mass., 
where he received his early educadon and preparation for 
Amherst college, which he entered as a member of the 
class of '63. Owing to ill health he was obliged to forsake 
his college career, but, after a respite from work, he was 
enabled to resume his studies at the Bridgewater Normal 
School from which he graduated in 1862. For two years 
after his matriculation he taught in the Brido-ewater 
Academy and elsewhere. During the period from 1865-9 
he served in the office of Shedd & Sawyer, civil engineers 
of Boston, being for a considerable portion of that time 
engaged in work at Lynn, and in 1869 he was appointed 
the first City Engineer of Lynn, an office which he filled 
with great acceptance until he resigned the same in 1876. 
For the thirty years which elapsed from that time until his 
death he contined to practice his chosen profession of civil 
engineer in Lynn, and he has had very much to do with 
the recent development of the city. In the winter of 
1878-9 he laid out the town of iVltamonte, Florida. His 
work in connection with the creation of our Public Park 
System and the extension of Lynn's water supply alike 
bear witness to his thoroughness and skill as an engineer. 

Mr. Harris was a man of most exact and methodical 
habits, and conscientiously particular as to details. This 
trait of his character is well shown by the fact that he kept 
a diary continuously from his thirteenth year until his 
decease. He had the misfortune to lose some of these 
books in the great Lynn fire, when his office building was 
destroyed, and this loss was ever to him a cause of the 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



49 



keenest regret. These diaries, covering as they did a 
period of more than half a century, were a veritable " mine 
of information," and in consequence of them he was often 
summoned as an expert witness in many legal cases. His 
thorough acquaintance with the locajiues of Lynn gained 
during his two score years of public and private service 
and his wide and varied circle of acquaintances made him 
a most interesting conversationalist and a most reliable 
authority on matters of Lynn history. Of a most even 
and imperturbable temperament, it is safe to assert that Mr. 
Harris did not have an enemy in the world, and the high 
esteem in which he was universally regarded bears abundant 
testimony to his exemplary qualities as a citizen and as a 
Christian crentleman. 

Aside from the public office held by him, which I 
have before alluded to, Mr. Harris was a member of the 
Houghton Horticultural Society, of the Lynn Board of 
Trade, of the South Essex Congregational Club, and a 
charter member of the Lynn Historical Society, serving in 
the latter society on the committees " To Procure Informa- 
tion from Elderly Citizens " and on ''Geology and Botany." 
In the work and aims of this Society he took the greatest 
interest and faithfully attended its meetings. 

Mr. Harris was also deeply concerned with the work 
of the Young Men's Christain Association from the time 
when he first made his home in this city until his death. 
Aside from being a regular contributor, he was for several 
years a member of the Board of Directors, at one time 
serving as Clerk, and also President of the ^Association in 
the year 1890-1. In 1875 ^^ ^^'^s one of the committee of 
six that raised by solicitation the $25,000 which was needed 
to make valid the conditional subscriptions for the erection 
of the proposed building, and in the year 1880-1 he served 



50 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

on the Building Committee which erected the building which 
is now about to be vacated for the more commodious structure 
which the growing needs of the ^Association have required. 

No obituary notice of Deacon Harris could, however, 
be complete without more than a passing notice to his 
profound interest in, and to his active participation with 
the religious life of the community. Immediately upon 
taking up his residence in the city he affiliated himself 
with the Central Congregational Society (having pre- 
viously been a member of the church in No. Bridgewater) 
and with unalloyed interest and devotion served that body 
as Superintendent of the Sabbath School, as Clerk of the 
Parish, and as Treasurer of the Church Benevolences from 
April, 1874, till February, 1906, when his failing health 
compelled him to relinquish these duties which he so 
conscientiously had executed. He was also elected one of 
the deacons of the Church in 1884 and served the church in 
that capacity until his death on May 21, 1906, ever, during 
that interval, being looked to by the various pastors as a 
discreet counsellor and a steadfast friend and supporter. 
Never was the weather too inclement or forbidding to 
prevent his attendance upon divine worship, and his presence 
at the April communion service, but little more than a 
month before his death, when the ravages of disease had 
so far sapped his energies as to confine him largely to his 
bed, furnished a most solemn and almost pathetic spectacle 
which by those present was regarded as the most touching 
incident in the annals of the Society. 

Mr. Harris was married on the lOth of August, 187 1, 
to Miss Abby Frances Lane of this city who from 1865- 
1879 was ^ teacher in the public schools of Lynn, and from 
the latter date till 1896, a member of the faculty of Chauncy 
Hall School in Boston. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 5 1 

Mr. Harris was an ardent lover of nature, and was 
well versed in the lore of rocks, flowers and birds. The 
writer of this sketch, having been for a score of years his 
nearest neighbor, has had abundant opportunity to note his 
passionate fondness for animals, and the nature of his 
vocation, which frequently called him to the wild and 
unfrequented portions of the city's domain, gave him an 
exceptional opportunity to gain a deep insight into the 
natural traits and peculiarities of our wild animals and 
birds. At times it has seemed as if the birds '' almost 
knew him " and they certainl}- looked upon him as a friend. 

In matters pertaining to history and genealogy Mr. 
Harris took the crreatest interest and he certainlv had good 
reason to entertain a sense of pride and satisfaction as he 
contemplated the wide-spreading ramifications of his own 
ancestral tree. On this work he had been engaged for a 
number of years and just prior to his death, in spite of 
failincT vision which was the invariable attendant of the 
malady under which he suffered, he had prepared an 
elaborate genealogical plan of his family. The Harris 
line he had traced back to the seventh generation, and it 
included Isaac," Isaac, ^ John, ^ Seth,^ Sam,*"^ Isaac, ^ Arthur,^ 
the latter being one the fifty-four original proprietors of 
Bridgewater in 1649, ^^'^^s" ^hat plantation was granted to 
Duxbury, the territory being then purchased of the Indians 
by Captain Miles Standish and others for about $30 worth 
of barter. 

Mr. Harris obtained a complete record of all his great- 
great grandfathers and great-great grandmothers (sixteen 
in all) and in the generation before, the fifth from himself. 
he had discovered twenty-eight out of a possible record of 
thirty-two ancestors. Included among his ancestral rela- 
tives were Rev. James Keith, and Deacons John Alden, 



52 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Samuel Fuller, Samuel and Joseph Edson, Samuel Allen 
and John Willis, an interesting feature, which by tlie theory 
of inheritance will serve to account for Deacon Harris's 
deep religious fervor. 

But most extraordinary and interesting, as an example 
of patriotic devotion, is the fact that his tour great grand- 
fathers, Seth Harris, William Edson, Matthew Kingman 
and Josiah Edson served in the Revolutionary x\rm\'. It 
is probable also that several of his great-great grandfathers. 
as well, enlisted; for in the records of the "Massachusetts 
Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary War" are to be 
found the names of Robert Howard, Capt. David Packard 
and James Edson who responded to the '' x\larm of '75." 
Prior to that, in the earlier colonial wars we tind enlisted 
many other of his ancestors — to wit : Captain Chilton 
Latham, Captain Josiah Edson, Captain Robert Howard, 
Lieutenant Henry Kingman, and Corporal Isaac Fuller. 

Most interesting of all, however, is the consideration 
of his forbears of the seventh and eighth generations, for 
here the family tree springs from eight passengers of the 
Mayflower of 1620; to wit: — John Alden, and Priscilla 
Mullins, James and Susanna Chilton, and Moses Simmons, 
to each of whom he reverts by two strains, and also William 
Latham and Dr. Sam Fuller, the first surgeon of the 
colony. The famous Fuller cradle at Plymouth was 
passed down from one generation to another of his mother's 
family until it was tinally bequeathed to the Pilgrim 
Museum. Besides the Mayflower progenitors to which 
allusion has been made, his other immigrant ancestors of 
the seventh and eighth generation removed were persons of 
eminence and great respectability in the Plymouth Colony, 
and it is only natural that the good qualities of the strains 
of blood which courses throufjh their different veins should 
have been transmitted unalloyed to Isaac Kingman Harris. 










/4 












■faWWaih* . ■ Mm . ^ .i l Jii l rt ^, 




./AjVE GOODRIDGE MANSFIELD 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 53 

JANE GOODRIDGE MAXSFIELD 

On the fifteenth of June, 1906, there passed from this Hfe 
a. woman who had lived to the remarkable age of 104 
years six months and twelve days. Born Jane Goodridge, 
the daughter of Moses and Hannah ( Graves ^^ Goodridge, 
she resided the greater part of her life in that section of 
Lynn where she first saw the light, December 3, 180 1. 
She attended school in her girlhood under the instruction 
of Patience and Deliverance Havvkes, who kept a private 
school on Maple street, and later went to Master Tuttle's 
school on Woodend Hill, and Miss Gay's private school. 

She married Matthew Mansfield at the age of 22. He 
died in i860. Mrs. Mansfield was the mother of four 
children, Robert, Mary Jane, Emily, wife of John Vick- 
ary, and Hannah Elizabeth. 

In her earlier days she was an attendant at the First 
Methodist Church on South Common street, where her 
father and mother were interested members, but following 
her marriage she became connected with the Unitarian 
Church, of which her husband was a member, but follow- 
ing his death she returned to Methodism and for many 
years attended the Maple Street M. E. Church. 

Of a pleasing, motherly and sympathetic disposition, 
she was a fast friend to all her acquaintances, and to her 
neighbors, as well as to her immediate family, she had 
none but words of love and praise. During her life bodily 
ills troubled her but little, and until in her 87th year she 
retained active charge of her household affairs. 

Up to her 100th year she was in very good health, but 
at that period she was afflicted with an attack of conges- 
tion of the brain, pneumonia, bronchitis and a slight attack 
of heart failure, but from all she recovered and if any- 
thing her health began to improve. During the years fol- 



-^ 



54 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

lowing the date when she became a centenarian she par- 
took of the same food as the other members of her family 
and lived much the same as in her younger days, without 
the use of stimulants. 

In these days of genealogical research it may be inter- 
esting to note that among her immigrant ancestors are 
William Goodrich (Goodridge), Watertown, 1641 ; Perci- 
val Lowell, Newburyport, 1639 ; Edward Woodman, Xew- 
buryport, 1635 ; John Bailey, Newbury, 1636 ; John 
Emery, Boston and Newbury, 1635 ; Robert Adams, Ips- 
wich, 1635, Samuel, 1638, Newbury, 1640; Robert Rand, 
Charlestown, 1635 ; Thomas Ivory, Lynn, 1638. She 
was also a descendant of the Graves, Vinning, Brewer, 
Lewis and Richardson tamilies of Lynn and the Titcomb, 
Hardy, Goodale, Webster and Ordway families of New- 
bury. 

' The old homestead where she lived and died is of the 
quaintest architecture, having been built about 1655, and 
is situated on the land which has always been owned bv 
the Graveses since 1633, when Samuel Graves walked 
.over the turnpike from Salem, and took land in the vicin- 
it}" of where the house now stands. It was through her 
mother, who was Hannah Graves, that the house became 
the property of Mrs. Mansfield. : 



LUCILLA PRESTON (BREED) PEASE 

Was a native of Lynn having been born, March 10, 1S29, 
at the Breed homestead, corner of Broad and Exchange 
streets. 

She was the lineal descendant of Allen Breed, one of 
the first settlers of this city, and the daughter of Isaiah and 




i-a^.' Sui.^-. 



DAVID NEW HALL JOHNSON. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 55 

Sally Preston (Moore) Breed. Her grandfather, Francis 
Moore, was one of the famous " Tea-party " of Revolu- 
tionary times. . She was the last of a large family of 
children, having had as own brothers Hervey C, Bowman 
B., Francis C. and James H. ; and as half-brothers and 
sisters (children of Isaiah Breed by his first wife) Bartlett 
B., Abba M., Mary A., Isaiah C. and George R. There 
were also tw^o adopted children, Harriet (Mrs. P. C. 
Knapp) and Francis W. Breed. 

Outside of her home life, in which she constantly 
showed an unselfish and untiring interest in the welfare of 
her family, she was most active in her connection with the 
Central Congregational Church, of which she was a charter 
member, her father having been one of its principal found- 
ers. She was a member of its Benevolent Societies and 
also of the Women's Auxiliary of the Y. M. C. A. 

In 1863, she married Dr. Myron S. Pease, who died 
in 1866, leaving two children, by his first wife, Edward 
L. and Anna R. (Mrs. Arthur J. Phillips,) both of whom 
survive her. Her death occurred December 13, 1906. 



DAVID NEWHALL JOHNSON 

Was the son of Christopher and Mary (New^hall) Johnson, 
both of Marblehead. 

He was born in Marblehead, September 8, 1824. 

He came with his parents to Lynn in 1828 and ever 
afterwards lived in his adopted town and city. 

He died at his home, No. lOi New^hall street, on 
December 16, 1906. 

He early learned the shoemaker's trade and worked 
on the bench for a score or more of years. 



56 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Being always an earnest student and a lover of books 
he fitted himself for a teacher and tor some ten years 
taught a private school in his own building on Union street 
near the corner of Burchstead court. 

He was married in 1S69 to Amanda M. Richardson 
of Lynn, who died some twenty-six years ago. 

From 1858 to 1880 he served almost continuously on 
the School Committee where his labors were greatly 
appreciated. 

Also he served as Trustee of the Public Librar}^ for 
some twenty years when his great interest and knowledge 
of books was of much value in the early history of the 
Library, 

Mr. Johnson was always interested in everything 
appertaining to the early history of Lynn and from his pen 
came his first book, " Sketches of Lynn." Subsequently 
he published his " Commemorative Poems." 

Two editions of these two books were issued and near 
the time of his death he was busy preparing a second 
volume of his " Sketches of Lynn." 

He was a constant attendant of the First L^niv^ersalist 
Church, and its prosperity was dear to his heart. 

Whatever he espoused it was with all his powers. 

He was active, earnest, laborious and even enthusiastic 
in everything his hands, brain or heart entered into. 

A man of decided opinions and ever ready to express 
them, whether by voice or pen, in clear and graphic 
language. 

He was especially interested in questions concerning 
capital and labor as well as of tariff and taxation, his ready 
pen contributing many articles to magazines as well as to 
our local papers. 



M?^ 



/ 



^rf<fi7'^-f^^f^ly^ 



\ 



^■^i3W*fe^^. . . .:i \ 



:y 






p i 



^;^- 



{ 



/\ 



ii 




LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 57 

He will be missed by a large circle of friends and 
acquaintances. 

He leaves two children, a daughter, Mrs. Emma John- 
son Brown of East Baldwin, Me., and a son, x\rthur Xew- 
hall Johnson of Springfield, 111., and their grandchildren. 



CHARLES SYLVESTER FULLER 

One of the early members of the Society died at his home. 
No. 26 V^ine street, Lynn, on Sunday, December 30, 1906. 

He was born in x\mherst, Mass., September 6th, 
1852, and was the son of Sylvester B., and Mary C. 
(Pomeroy) Fuller. He descended in a direct line from 
Edward Fuller, immigrant ancestor, who came in the May- 
flower to Plymouth with his famous brother. Dr. Samuel 
Fuller, and was one of the signers of the Mayflower 
compact. The family removed to Lynn when he was a boy, 
he attended the Lynn schools, and was a graduate of the 
Lynn High School in the class of 1872, and was elected 
president of his class. During his High School days, with 
some of his associates, he assisted in the formation of the 
Everett Debating Society, and w^as an activ^e and interested 
member of the Society during its career of usefulness. 
Many young men of this Society became prominent in 
business and public affairs in after years. 

He entered the employment of Messrs. Haskell & 
Fuller, shoe manufacturers, which firm was succeeded by 
S. B. Fuller & Son, and later by Chas. S. Fuller & Co. 
The firm manufactured in Lynn and Essex, Gloucester and 
Salem, the entire business being centred in Salem in later 
years. * 

Mr. Fuller applied himself very intensely to his busi- 
ness, but was also interested in matters which were of 
Public interest. He was clerk of the directors of the 



58 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Lynn National Bank for many years, a director of the 
Lynn Safe Deposit & Trust Company, a trustee of the 
Lynn Institution for Saving^s, He was one of the Lvnn 
Hospital's most usetul managers, a member of the House 
Committee, and one of the special committee on Hospital 
Sunday and Hospital Day for twenty years. One of the 
members of the Board of Managers of the Lynn Home 
for Aged Women, Lynn Home for Aged Men, and had 
been president of tlie Unitarian Society. He was a mem- 
ber of the Unitarian Club of Boston, the Whitino- Club of 
Lynn, and was for many years a member of the Oxford 
Club, from the latter of which he withdrew comparatively 
recently. 

He had been a great sufferer for many years of his life, 
and had consulted many eminent physicians in the hope 
of being relieved, which he never obtained more than 
temporarily. 

Mr. Fuller was a man of absolute business integrity 
and of high character. He always spoke of affairs 
exactly as they appeared to him w^ithout being blunt, 
impolite, or giving offence. He never forgot to be truth- 
ful, and was ahvays just. Those w^ho were simply 
acquainted with him felt that he was a perfectly upright 
man in his business and social life, but those intimate with 
him knew that he was. 

On May 26th, 1880 he married Addie G., daughter of 
Leonard B., and Lydia ^L (Jacobs) Usher, who survives 
him with five children, Laurence Usher, born March 31st, 
1881 ; Harold Sylvester, born September 23rd, 1889; 
Charles Kenneth, born July 14th, 1891 ; DonaldWellington, 
born October 27th, 1893 ; and Madeleine, born December 
I2th, 1897. His mother, two brothers, George A., Fred 
P., his business partner, and a sister, Mrs. Sarah Cros- 
man of Haverford, Pennsylvania, also survive him. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 59 



EARLY LEWIS, BROAD AND NAHANT STREETS. 



A paper read before the Lynn Historical Society by Mk. John Breed Newhall, 
Lynn, Mass., April 13, 1905. 



In the preparation of this paper I have drawn somewhat 
upon Le\vis and Xewhall's History of Lynn for the older events ; 
all references to wills and deeds are made after an examination 
of the documents at the Registry in Salem ; I have used David 
X. Johnson's '' Sketches of Lynn" to obtain the dates of the lay- 
ing out of the streets and the erection of some of the buildings. 
Besides these sources I have interviewed Warren Lewis^"*, S5 
years old, born and reared near Lewis street. Of those born on 
Broad street, I have talked with William O. Newhall"'^^ born 
in 1S2S, Dr. Edward XewhalP®, born in 1S22, sons of John 
XewhalP' ; and the Misses Phillips, daughters of Gideon Phil- 
lips^^'. They have been familiar with this street all their 
lives. Of X'ahant street natives I have seen Benjamin Sprague, 
born in iSi9,.and a son of Preserved Sprague. 1 tried to see 
Mrs. Clifford, the daughter of Jabez Breed-'"% born in 1S09, 
but obtained my information through her daughter. 

Edward L Goldsmith although not born on Broad street 
has been familiar with that street since his boyhood and has 
given me some valuable information. He was born in 1S12 and 
married Lydia B. Estes^"'. Peter M. X>al born in iSii, in 
Maine, visited Lynn in 1S25 and remembers well how the town 
looked at that time. William D. Thompson, the son of Eunice 
Thompson-^^, has also given me of his stock of recollections. 
For genealogy I have depended upon Waters' X'ewhall Family, 



*These index numbers refer to the genealogy, beginning on page S3. 



6o LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETV. 

Vital Records of Lynn and History of Lynn, T)esides talkin;^ 
with Mrs. Caleb Lamson, a daughter of Ruth Estes''^''', about the 
Estes family. 

I have put down in as connected a form as possible all the 
wealth of material I have thus gathered from these various 
sources. 

In the brief space of this paper I shall dwell upon three 
periods in the development of the territory' lyi^g about what is 
now called Lewis street, Xahant street and Broad street, east of 
Exchange street. The first period will be that of 1700, the 
second of iSoo and the third of 1S30-1S40. 



1700. 

The first settler and owner of the land in this part of the 
city was Sir John Humfrey. He was chosen Deputy Governor 
in 1630 and assistant in 1632. He did not come here to perform 
the duties of his office until 1634, at which time he was given 
a grant of about thirteen hundred acres by the Court. This 
land extended from Sagamore hill to the Forest river in places 
a mile in shore ; one bound inland being the great white oak 
that stood in what is now Vinnin Square. The location of the 
Humfrey house was on the Mudge estate in Swampscott*. 

He also owned five hundred acres about Humfrey's pond, 
now called Suntaug lake in Lynnfield. 

In 1640 William Basset, Richard Hood^ and Thomas Farrar, 
driven out of England by the persecutions of Charles I, settled 
upon Xahant street, and in 16S1, William Basset, Jr. bought 
ten acres from Humfrey's daughterf, and Richard Hood^ bought 
a house and twenty acres t. 

By 1700 we find these people occupying houses on Xahant 
street, viz., Thomas Farrar, Jr., John Hood^ and William 
Basset. These families were already connected by marriage, 



♦The Swampscott Beaches; Lynn Historical Register, 1904. 
fEssex (South District) Deeds, Book 6, Page 3S. 
|Essex (South District) Deeds, Book 6, Page 37. 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETV. 6l 

for Thomas Farrar, Jr., had married Elizabeth^'', the daughter 
of Richard Hood^, and William Basset, Jr., had married vSarah^, 
another daughter of Richard Hood^ Thomas Farrar's house, I 
believe, was on the souther!}- corner of West Baltimore and 
Nahant streets, under the big elm now standing. I am lead to 
believe this by the following facts : Thomas Farrar, Sr., died in 
1693-4 leaving all his property, consisting of thirty -two acres, to 
his son Thomas, Jr. Thomas Farrar, Jr., died in 1733, childless. 
He devised the southerly part of his homestead to his kinsman, 
Richard Hood^^, and the remaining part to his nephew Samuel 
XewhalP*, who lived in the house with him. This Samuel is 
the ancestor of the Xewhalls who have lived on Xahant and 
Xewhall streets so long. Mr. Charles H. Xewhall says this 
old house under the elm tree was torn down in 1S05 and that 
his grandfather, Winthrop"^, told him that his father, Farrar^'^^, 
a son of SamueP*, above mentioned, was born in that house. 

On the east side of Xahant street between Baltimore and 
Ocean streets was the house of John Hood*, the son of Richard 
Hood% who had died in 1695. John Hood* had been deeded 
this property by his father in 1693*. 

William Basset was still living farther north on the east side 
of the street between Baltimore street and Xahant place at a ripe 
old age. He died in 1703. I have found that the Baskets are a 
long-lived race, most of them living to be 80 or 85 years old. 

Thomas Farrar, Jr., was a member of the board of Select- 
men of the town in 1692 -the oldest on recordf. His sister 
Susannah married Joseph Xewhall^ of Lynnfield who was a rep- 
resentative in the Legislature and who is supposed to have 
perished in the winter of 1705-6 on the road between Boston 
and Lynn in a severe snow storm. 

During the last decade of the seventeenth century many 
people- were persecuted for being, so-called, witches, and the 



♦Kssex (South District) Deeds, Book 25, Pag^e 21S. Richard Hood, Sr., conveys to 
John Hood, dated 1693, about 14 acres of hmd, house and barn, lying- at Sagamore hill; 
Mundcd northerly by William FJasset, Sr., easterly by William Basset, Jr., southerly with 
the .>c.i and westerly by town common, 

tHistory of Lynn» Page 293. 



62 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIICTY. 

people right here on Xahant street acquired some notoriety (hir- 
ing this witchcraft craze. In 1692, Thomas Farrar, Sr., wa-^ 
sent to prison for five months*, ahhough in town tneeting that 
year he was voted one of the men to sit in the pulpitt. WiUiam 
Basset, Jr.'s wife, Sarah^, was in prison seven months;, and vet 
her father-in-law was the collector of the parish taxes of the vcar 
previous. Both Thomas Farrar and Sarah Basset were charged 
with being witches. 

These people also refused to support a religion in which 
they did not believe. Thomas Farrar, Jr., and John Hood^ in 
1696, for refusing to pay the parish taxes, were imprisoned a 
month at Salem. Thus earlv do we see rebellion ao-ainst what 
was deemed unjust taxation. The same spirit Vvdiich would 
suffer imprisonment rather than submit to this taxation bv the 
town government was manifested later when the Stamp Act was 
passed. Taxation without representation applied as well to 
Church matters as to State. 

To the east the house nearest to these on Nahant street was 
the one of John Lewis, the site of the cellar of this house is 
shown in the rear of Xo. 13 LaFayette park. He was a son 
of Edmund Lewis, who was the first settler on Lewis street. 
Edmund Lewis came to Lynn in 1643 and died in 165 1. Li 
i699§ this John Lewis deeded to his son John, forty acres 
about Lewis street. This lot was bounded on the east by King's 
land ; south by the sea : on the west by William Basset, Jr., and 
the Town Common ; and on the north by Robert Ingalls and 
Henry Silsbee. An old house was torn down at No. 13 La- 
Fayette park about 1 875 ; this had replaced the original one 
which had been burnt about 1700. Hon. Jacob ]\L Lewis*'* 
said his great grandfather had lived in this old house ; this 
was John Lewis-"^^, who was born in 1751 and was the grand- 
son of the John Lewis who was deeded the land in 1699. 



♦History of Lynn, Page 294. 

fib., Page 2Q2. 

Jib., Page 294. 

§Essex (South District) Deeds Book 13, Page 191. 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 63 

In 1703 Gov. Dudley asked for a list of the Qiiakers in 
Lynn. Among the names sent in were these living on Xahant 
street : — John Hood% William Basset and his son William ; there 
were also Richard and John Estes*. The fact that these people 
were Qiiakers will probably explain why they refused to pay 
taxes to support the state religion. Down to 1S50, most of the 
people on Nahant street were members of that society. 

These Esteses probably lived on Union street, near Pinkham 
street. The old house where Mark Estes^*^"^ lived in 1820 was 
very old, when Edward I. Goldsmith, born 1S12, was a boy. 
The Esteses owned from Broad street to Essex street between 
Chestnut street and John Hood's^ land on Broad streett. 

On April 17, 1722, Richard Estes gave to the "people of 
God, called Qj-iakers " ninety poles of land upon which to erect 
a meetincr-house and for a burving; ground. This lot was 
bounded south by Lynn Town Common (the name for a street), 
and north, east and west by John Ilood^. This Friends' meet- 
ing-house stood out where Broad street now is. At that time 
the only houses near Washington square w^ere those on Xahant 
street. As the meeting-house stood upon a hill, called '' Wolf 
hill"", the street naturally bent to the south to turn into Nahant 
street. This hill at the northerly end of Xahant street was the 
first one to be called '' Puddnif;^ hill". The meeting-house stood 
in this place until Broad street was straightened in 18 13. A 
new meeting-house was built in 1S16 and stood about twelve 
feet back from the present line of Broad street. The older one 
was moved to a position beside the new meeting-house and was 
used for years as a warehouse. Micajah C. Pratt''"'^ stored leather 
in it and vSamuel Boyce began the manufacture of shoes in one 
corner of it in a very small way. Many years afterwards 
Stephen X'. Breed"^''^ bought it and moved it to his wharf, corner of 
Beach and Broad streets. It was later moved further down the 
wharf and was burned in the big fire of Xovember, iSSy. In 



•History of Lynn, Page 305. 

♦ Ksscx f:^outh District) Deeds, Book ii, Page 70; Book 51, Page 26; Book 85, Page 19. 

♦ Kssex (South District) Deeds, Book 51, Page 26. 



64 LYNN HISrORICAL SOCIETY. 

1S52 the present meeting-house was moved back to its present 
site and trees set out in the lot on Broad street. When Inroad 
street was made straight in 18 13 an open space was retained in 
the street which afterwards was given the name of Washin;4t(;n 
square. Before the straightening, Broad street to the east of 
Nahant street was called "Meeting-house lane" and the lots on the 
north side of Broad street were sold out of '' Meeting-house 
field." 

The well so long on Washington square, like the one at the 
head of Chestnut street, was dug by subscription of the neigh- 
borhood, early in the nineteenth century. 

DIVISION OF LAND IN 170O. 

Thus about the year 1700 the land in the territory under 
consideration was divided as follows : — 

Thomas Farrar, Jr., owned thirty -two acres of land between 
Broad street on the north, Xahant street on the east and the 
water on the south and west*. John Hood^ owned fourteen 
acres on the east side of Xahant street hext to the sea, coming 
down on the north to William Basset, which is the present line 
between Dr. Pinkham and estate of S. Phillips Xewhall at No 
72 Nahant street and on the east to the lots on east side of Wave 
streetf. William Basset owned about sixty-seven acres of land 
running from John Hood's^ land on the east side of Nahant street 
to Broad street on the north, to Basset street on the east and to 
the sea on the south, between W^ave street and extension of 
Basset street |. John Lewis owned about forty acres on Lewis 
street from Chestnut street and William Basset's land at Basset 
street on the west to King's land on the east (King's land began 
about at Burrill avenue) §. Mr. Warren Lewis^"' says that the 
stone wall which divided the Lewis land from the Kins: land 



*Will of Thomas Farrar, Sr., who died in 1694. 

fEssex (South District) Deeds, Book 25, Pag^e 21S. 

JSee Probate Papers of his j^randsons William Basset^" died 1762 and John,-- died 
1753. These two divided the land of their father William who had all the land of his 
father William who died in 1703. 

§Essex (South District) Deeds, Book 13, page 291 . 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 65 

was standing until about sixty years ago ; . he also says this 
division wall was the first accurate one between private owners 
in this part of the country. He says the Lewis land went from the 
sea on the south to the Ingalls land on the north, and that King 
owned from the Lewis land on the west to Stacey's brook on the 
east and from the sea on the south to Stacey's brook on the north, 
lie further says King's beach took its name from this man. 

Matthew Estes owned thirty acres on the north side of 
JBroad street, from Chestnut street on the east to the land of John 
Hood^ on the west*. VVe can fix the boundary between John 
Hood's^ land, and the Esteses by the facts that Thomas Phillips'^^^, 
a descendant of John Hood^, inherited this land from him and built 
the house occupied so long by James B. Chase, at No. 51 Broad 
street, a son of Sarah Chase-^*^, and that the Esteses sold to John B. 
Chase the house now owned by J. W. Carsweil, at No. 47 Broad 
streetf. The land of the Esteses went to Essex street on the north, 
according to ]Mr. Edward L Goldsmith. 

John Hood^ owned nine acres in meeting-house field and it 
extended from Matthew Estes'"'^ land on the east to the Friends' 
meeting house |. 

Soon after 1750 Nathan Breed^^*^ owned from just above 
Silsbee street to Exchange street and north to Union street. 
it is possible that the Alleys originally owned this. The hill 
about the jDresent Boston & Maine station was called at that 
time ^'Goose hill." Ruius Newhall-^',born March 7, 1747, was 
apprenticed to Nathan Breed"*^, who lived on Goose hill, at 
about the corner of present Mt. \'ernon and Silsbee streets. 
Rufus married Nathan's daughter Kezia-^-. Nathan Breed^^*^ 
belonged to the Qiiakers. Rufus was a great grandson of Joseph 
Xewhall^' of Lynnfield, mentioned above. 

Some of this land in this territory is still held by descendants 
of the owners of 1700. I will not attempt to give a complete 
list but the following- are a few of the instances. 



•Essex (South District) Deeds, Book 11, Page 70. 

tEssex (South District) Deeds, Book 2-83, Page 27. 
'' tHssex (South District) Deeds, Book 51, Page 26: Inventory of estate of John Hood 
(died 173,). 



66 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

William Basset""^' owns a house and lot on Baltimore street 
which is part of his ancestor's land. On Broad street a descend- 
ant of John Hood^ until recently owned the lot where Dr. Hop- 
kins lived. A descendant of Matthew Estes"'^ owns on the corner 
of Broad and Estes streets. On the north side of Broad street 
west of Silsbee street descendants of Nathan Breed"'^ own some of 
his land. Descendants of William Basset own two lots between 
Breed and Cherry streets. 

A descendant of John Lewis owns a piece on the north side 
of Lewis street between Chestnut and Fayette streets. 

1800. 

As above stated, William Basset and Thomas Farrar, Jr., 
married daughters of Richard Hood^ Many of their children 
settled in this neighborhood and thus we find that nearly all the 
dwellers in iSoo about Xahant street and Broad street were 
descended from these three men who had lived thereabout 1700. 
I have stated in the following pages from which one of these set- 
tlers of 1700 some of the men and women of 1800 were 
descended. Hugh Alley also married a daughter of Richard 
Hood, so that the Alleys are his descendants. 

In the year 1800 the population of Lynn was 2,837, having 
increased from 2,198 when the first census was taken in 1765. 
Thtse people were scattered over what is now Lynn, Swamp- 
scott and Nahant. 

Where there had been but four houses in 1700 we find 
twenty -four in iSoo, eleven of these being on Nahant street, 
seven on Broad street and six on Lewis street. There were also 
the Friends' meeting-house and their school on Broad street. 

These house were situated as follows : 

NAHANT STREET. 

Beginning on the west side of Nahant street, Isaiah Breed^*^ 
and Richard Holder, who had married Isaiah's daughter 
Mary^*^^, lived in the house nearest to the water*. This house 



♦Essex (South District) Deeds, Book 170, Page 300. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 67 

Stood near the corner of Sagamore and Nahant streets. This 
hind belonged originally to Thomas Farrar, but Thomas Farrar, 
Jr., in 1733, devised it to Richard Ilood^*^, a nephew of his wife, 
as before stated. In 1739 Richard Hood^*^ exchanged this house 
and land on Xahant street for land in Xahant with Jabez Breed^^, 
his cousin*. Jabez^^ was the father of Isaiah^'^'^, above men- 
tioned, and his land was called ^'Sagamore hill held." Jabez 
Breed"''* and his brother, Samuel'*-, were the only settlers at 
Xahant at the time oi the exchange. Samuel^- lived near Whit- 
ney's Hotel and Jabez^"*on the opposite side of the street until he 
moved to Xahant streetf. Jabez Breed"^, was descended both 
from Richard Hood^ and William Basset. 

To the north of Isaiah Breed's house on the same side of 
Xahant street and to the south of the big Elm, near the corner of 
VVest Baltimore street was the home of Farrar XewhalP^^, known 
as •' King Pharaoh." His land also originally belonged to 
Thomas Farrar, but in 1730 it had been devised to Samuel X'ew- 
halP^, a nephew of Thomas Farrar, Jr. Samuel was the father 
of Farrar XewhalP^'^, and had been given all the northerly part 
of Thomas Farrar's land extending from Sagamore street to 
Broad street. Farrar XewhalF'^'^, was descended from Richard 
Ilood^ and Thomas Farrar; and his wife Theodate^^*, who was 
a sister of Isaiah Breed' ^^, was descended from W^illiam Basset 
and Richard Hood^. 

Xext north of Farrar XewhalTs'^'' house stood the house of his 
daugliter, Theodate"', who had married Manuel Austin. This 
liouse stood on the lot where John B. Alley'^'^" built his brick 
liouse, now on Kensington square. Theodate Austin--"^, was 
de>cended from Thomas Farrar, W^illiam Bassett and Richard 
Ilood^ 

Xext west was the house of Farrar Xewhall's brother, Dan- 
niel' ", who married Hannah Estes'^\ a sister of Mark Estes^^^, who 
lived on Union street. Daniel XewhalP^^ died in 1793, and his 
'^jn Estes-'^-' was the head of the family. His house was near 



'Essex (South District) Deeds, Book S6, page 63. 
tHistory of Lynn, P;iges 311 and 312. 



68 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIKTY. 

the spot where Henry X. Berry's house, No. 37 Xahant street now 
stands. Daniel NewhalP'^'^ was a descendant of Richard Hood', 
Thomas Farrar and William Basset ; and his wife was a descend- 
ant of William Basset and Richard Hood^ 

The next house north was the one which stood where the 
Oxford Club building is, on Washington square. In iSoo, Enoch 
Mower-'^^, father of Amos Mower, lived in it and owned it. He 
married Lydia Xewhall, daughter of ,Abijah^'^\ who was a 
brother to Farrar XewhalP"^°. Enoch jMower's-'^^ wife, Lydia 
Newhall, was descended through her father from Thomas Farrar 
and Richard FIood% and, through her motlier, from William 
Basset. Enoch Mower-'^^ was also descended from the three men 
last mentioned. 

The next house to the south on Broad street was that of 
Sylvanus Xewhall"*^, a son of Farrar XewhalP^^. This house 
was nearly at the corner of Farrar street, at Xo. 174 Broad street, 
and was burnt in the fire of Xovember, 1S89. Sylvanus"'^' 
was descended from Thomas Farrar, Richard Hood^ and Wil- 
liam Basset. 

Returning to the southerly end of Xahant street we find 
that Benjamin H. Phillips^^" lived just south of Ocean street on 
the east side of Xahant street. This was the mansion house of 
his father Gideon who had married Rebecca^*', the daughter of 
Benjamin Hood'^% son of John Hood-*. This house was two 
stories in front and its long roof in the rear ran to within seven 
feet of the ground. It faced to the south. Isaiah Breed's^''^ 
house on the opposite side of the street was like it. We see 
many farm houses like this now in the country. 

Xext north was the house of Jonathan Phillips^'^^, a brother 
of Benjamin H^'^''. His house stood a little south of where 
Ocean street intersects Xahant street. He inherited his land 
from his father as his brother had. They were both descendants 
of Richard liood^ and William Basset. 

Xext north we find Samuel X^whall's-" house. He was a 
son of Farrar XewhalP^'^. He had married Sarah'^^, the sister 



*Essex (South District)) Deeds, Book 182, Page 137. 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 69 

of Benjamin H.^^"* and Jonathan Phillips^'*"* and thus his wife had 
received part of the original Hood land which Richard Hood' 
bousrht in i6Si. Samuel Xewhall-" was descended from 
Thomas Farrar, Richard Hood^ and William Basset. His wife, 
Sarah Phillips'-'^, was descended from Richard Hood^ and 
William Basset. 

Xext north was the house of Isaac Basset^^% near Xo. 40 
Xahant street. He and his brother X^hemiah'^"^ inherited all the 
land of their father Joseph*"'-, who died in 1791*. At this time 
their land extended easterly on Broad street to Broad-street place. 

X>xt north was the house of X'ehemiah Basset'"*"^ al)out 
where the First Universalist church is. Isaac^^^ and X'ehcmiah 
Basset^"^*^ were decended from William Basset and Richard Hood^ 

The house on the corner of Xahant and Broad streets, was 
probably built about iSoo, as James Breed"'\ who lived in -it a 
long time, bought the land in 1799!. The lot was bounded at 
this time, west on the road to Xahant and north on ''Meeting-house 
lain." As there were several James Breeds in the town they all 
had nick names. This one was called •' Honest Jeems " also 
James Breed, 3rd. He was descended froin Richard Hood' and 
William Basset. 

broAd street. 

On the south side of Broad street between Atlantic and 
Xahant streets there was not a house in iSoo. The first lot sold 
by Xehemiah Basset^""^ was one to John Gibbons in 1S03 in the 
extreme northeast corner of his land, as the lot is bounded on 
Rufus Xewhall's'^^' land:|:. This house stood at the westerly 
C(irner of Broad-street place and Broad street, at Xo. iS Broad 
*itreet, and was torn down about 1880. 

On the north side of Broad street close to the corner of 
Exchange was the house of James Breed-''^, father of Isaiah-"^ 



•Probate Records. 

tK^sex (South District) Deeds, Book 167, Page 44. 

I Essex (South District) Deeds, Book 242, Page 226. 



70 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

and Nathan Breed, ■^■* who were so prominent from 1S30 to 1S60. 
He was known as *' Taller Jeems," owing to his occupation. 
This house was moved to Silsbee street, when Nathan Hreed--'^ 
built his new house about 1S25. The tallow shop stood on what 
is now Exchange street and was afterwards moved to Sil^^bee 
street. James Breed-^'^ was descended from William Basset and 
Richard Hood^ 

Next east was the Friends' school. This school was sup- 
ported in part by the town, but only the children of Friends 
were admitted to it. The principal of this school at this time 
w^as Micajah Collins. 

The Friends' meeting-house stood next, being out in what is 
now^ Broad street, and was on the lot given to them by Richard 
Estes in 1722. 

The next house to the east on the present .Central church 
lot, w^as that of Thomas Rich. His wife Mary^^- was a sister of 
Benjamin H. Phillips^^^ of Nahant street and she had inherited 
some of the land formerly belonging to John Hood^. She was 
descended from Richard Hood^ and William Basset. 

Coming east the next house was that of William Estes^^°, who 
lived near to Estes street at No. 23 Broad street and was a brother 
of Mark Estes^^*^, who lived on Union street. They had inherited 
this land from their father William^^, who with his brother John 
had inherited the land from Matthew Estes, their grandfather*, 
born in 1645. William Estes^^ was descended from William 
Basset and Richard Hood.^ 

Next east was the house of Daniel Chase, father of Nathan 
D. Chase. Daniel Chase bought this land of Charles Chase in 
i798t. This" house stood where H. D. Porter's store is, No. 11 
Broad street. Daniel Chase died in 1S07. 

Just around the corner of Broad and Chestnut streets was the 
house of Charles Chase, a brother of Daniel Chase. He had 
bought two and one-half acres, which formerly belonged to 
Matthew Estes, an uncle of William Estes]:. Charles Chase had 



♦Essex (South District) Deeds, Book 85, Page 19. 
tEssex (South District) Deeds, Book 165, Page 55. 
JEssex (South Dibtrict) Deeds, Book 165, Page 251. 



LYNN HISTORICAL S0CI?:TY. 7 1 

a small variety store on the corner of Broad and Chestnut streets. 
All of these houses have been demolished. 

LEWIS STREET. 

On the corner of Lewis and Chestnut street was the house 
of John Lewis"^^. He was grandfather to Ex-Mayor Jacob M. 
Lewis'*'^. This house had been built by Ebenezer Breed in 1764 
or 1765. There was no other house on the north side of Lewis 
street in 1800. The old Lewis house was back of the house Xo. 
171 Lewis street. The mother of John Lewis-^^, Elizabeth 
NewhalP^^, was a descendant of Thomas Farrar. 

To the south of Lewis street, on what is now the west side of 
Breed street, was the mansion house of John Basset", who had 
died in 1753. This house was built about 17 10, faced the south 
and had a long rear roof. It was similar to the old Lewis 
house. In iSoo Jabez Breed^^*^, who had married Mary^'^'^, a 
daughter of Daniel Basset*^', lived in the easterly part, and in the 
westerly part Rufus Xewhall--", who had bought part of the 
Basset farm in 1784, lived*. The Xewhall side of this house 
was razed in 1878, and the Breed side about 1S90. Jabez 
Breed^^^ was a descendant of Richard Hood^ and his wife, 
Mary Basset,^*^ of William Basset and Richard Hood^ Jabez 
Breed^^^ was the grandfather of Ex-Mayor Hiram X. Breed^-^. 
Rufus Xewhall"-^' was a descendant of Thomas Farrar, and his 
his wife, Kezia Breed"^-, of William Basset and Richard Hood^ 

On the northerly side of Lewis street, near Cherry street, 
stood the house of Basset Breed-'-% a son of Jabez Breed^^^ This 
is now owned by his grandson, Jesse Rhodes, and has been 
moved to the rear of Xo. 304 Lewis street. He was descended 
from William Basset and Richard Hood^ On the corner of 
Cherry street was the house Xathaniel Lewis-*^. A right of 
way to Red Rock went from Lewis street between the houses of 
Basset Breed and Xathaniel Lewis. Its course was about par- 
rallel to the present line of Cherry street. 



•Essex (South District) Deeds, Book 150, Page 255. 



72 LYNN IIISTORKAL SOCIETY. 

The only road to Marhlehcad in iSoo, was down Lewis 
street as far as Basset. Here there was a right of way to Ocean 
street and thence along Oce.in street to the he.ich. As Stacey's 
brook was not bridged teams passed on the beach. Hon. Jacob 
M. Lewis^'* told me his father helped lo build the stone bridge 
at this brook. This is one of the oldest roads in this part of the 
coimtrv. In i6s9 a road was laid out from Lvnn to Marblehead 
o\er the Swampscott beaches. Since 1629 the part between 
Ocean street and King's Beach had been U'-ed as a. country high- 
way. 

The land about Lewis street was never farmed much as the 
soil was too poor. There were three ileep hollows, or "sinks," 
one on the north side near Chestnut street, the deepest one on 
the south side near Stone place which still remains, antl the 
third on the north side near Ocean street. 

Lewis street was called first "ihe road to King's Beach" : from 
about iSio-to 1S2S it was called '"Xeptune street", possibly because 
so many fishermen lived on it. In 1S2S it was changed to "Lewis 
street" and went from Chestnut street to King's Beach. At that 
time there were sixteen Lewises, according to the directory, 
living on Lewis street. They owned nine of the seventeen houses 
between Atlantic street and King's Beach, and two of the otlier 
families living there had married a Lewis. It would '•eem that 
this street was rightlv named. 

1S30-1S40. 
We now come to the third pcrioil under consideration, 1S30 
to 1S40. The population of the town in 1S30 was 6,138 The 
business of the people was very well settled at that time as we 
find in the Directory of 1S33 — the first published — a font note 
which states that where no occupation is given after a person's 
name it may be understood that the person is a cordwainer — the 
name for a shoemaker. Up to this time the land between 13road 
and Lewis streets and the water was cultivated, and the homes 
up /n the streets had an unobstructed \iew of the ocean. The 
present trees were --et out as new streets were opened later. 




BROAD STREET 

AND 

ENVIRONS. 

AT AS 5- 



Dwelling; 

Barns 

5nOPb 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 73 

LEWIS STREET. 

There were but a few houses built on Lewis street between 
iSoo and 1830. 

Beginning at Stacey's brook the first house on the south side 
of Lewis street was Samuel Atkins'. He married a daughter of 
Blaney Lewes who lived next door. Blaney Lewes' father, 
John of Swampscott, bought of King the land from the brook to 
a stone wall to the east of the houses on Ocean terrace. These 
houses stood on the hill about at the bend of Ocean street. 

The first house lot sold on the south side of Lewis street 
between Basset and Ocean streets was that to Benaiah Phillips 
in 1S06*. This house was on the lot No. 44 Lewis street and 
was torn down in 1907. 

On the next lot to the west was the house of John Russell, 
Xo. 52 Lewis street, and adjoining his was the house of Stephen 
Rich, Xo. 56 Lewis street. He married Sally Lewis^*^^ 

Jacob Phillips, who had married Elizabeth Lewis^-^^, a daugh- 
ter of John Lewis'-'^, whose home was on the corner of Chestnut 
and Lewis streets, lived on the south side of Lewis street, opposite 
to Chatham street, at No. 94 Lewis street. 

Francis Breed-*^', a son of Jabez Breed^^^ of Breed street, 
lived in the house on the west corner of Basset and Lewis streets. 
Samuel Twisden lived in a house which was joined to it on the 
west, Xo. 132 Lewis street. On the next lot west lived Thomas 
Lewis"*'^^, No. 140 Lewis street and on the adjoining lot was the 
house of Ephraim Taylor, No. 14S Lewis street. These last 
named six houses are all standing now on Lewis street. 

Benjamin R. Lewis"*^-, the son of Nathaniel-^*^, lived at the 
westerly corner of Cherry and Lewis streets, while his son Ben 
lived in a house next to it on the east on what is now the easterly 
corner of Cherry and Lewis streets. 

Basset Breed-'^''^ lived at No. 200 and his son, El win,, at 
Xo. 206 Lewis street. These two houses are now in the rear. 
Asa L. Breed"^"^" built before 1S40 the house No. 20S Lewis 
street. Hiram N. Breed"^-^ lived at No. 212 Lewis street. The 



♦Essex (South District) Deed?, Book iSS, Page 166. 



74 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

house of Enos XewhalP^^ was on the corner of Atlantic and 
Lewis streets and is still standing. 

The only street leading south from Lewis street was Basset, 
which, as I have said, was the old road to Swampscott. There 
was, however, a private right of way down the present Breed 
street and Deer cove to the beach. At Ocean street this right 
of way joined another which came from Isaac Basset's^^^ barn on 
Nahant street across his land and that of John XewhalP"^', and 
continued on to the right of way which came down Basset 
street. At that point they went to King's beach and thence to 
Marblehead over the Swampscott beaches. 

The right of way from Isaac Basset's"-^^^ barn to Breed street 
came from his barn diagonally across the fields between Balti- 
more and Broad streets, through John New hall 's'^'^^ cow yard on 
Atlantic street, thence in a windino way to the foot of Breed 
street. This right of way was abolished when Baltimore street 
was laid out in 1^34. John Newhall^"^' had a right over this way 
to go to the beach at Deer cove. 

A stone wall on the west side of Breed street divided the 
Newhall land from the Breed land. 

On the north side of Lewis street the first house from 
King's beach was the one of Xathan Lewis'*'^^ which stood a 
little westerly of Burrill avenue. Next was the home of Joseph 
Lewis*^*^ two or three rods west of Chatham street, at No. 99 
Lewis street. Edmund Lewis lived opposite the house of 
Ephraim Taylor, two or three rods east of Larrabee court, 
where J. M. Hoyt's house now is at No. 145 Lewis street. This 
house has been moved to the rear. 

Samuel Tufts lived on the easterly corner of LaFayette park 
in the house still standing there. Henry Lewis^-^ lived opposite 
the house of Basset Breed-*^"^ on the third lot west from LaFay- 
ette park where John Morgan's house is at No. 1S9 Lewis 
street. Martha Lewis, widow of John Lewis'-'^, had died in 
1S39, but her son Amos^-^ lived on the corner of Chestnut and 
Lewis streets. Their barn was next to the lot of Henry 
Lewis^^"* beyond the hollow. This house was torn down about 
1896. Hon. Jacob M. Lewis^'^ was born in this house. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 75 

There were four shoemaker shops on this street. Benj. R. 
Lewis*^- and his son each had one in their yards ; Henry Lewis*-* 
had one back of his house and another one on a vacant lot nearly 
opposite Stephen Rich's house at No. 65 Lewis street. 

Five wells supplied the people with water at this time. 
One was back of Benaiah Phillips' house, another back of 
Thomas Lewis'*^^ house, one north of John Xewhall's'^^' house, 
the fourth at the head of Chestnut street, and still another near 
the original Lewis house. The last one was dug early in the 
nineteenth century by money contributed by the neighbors. 
Many cows were driven to Goldfish pond, then called "'Frog 
Pond", for water. This pond receives its name because about 
this time gold fishes lived in it. 

The people were farmers, shoemakers and fishermen at 
various times of the year. The houses were mostly a story and 
a half in height of the style of the few old ones yet remaining. 

BROAD STREET. 

On the south side of Broad street between Atlantic and 
Xahant streets, not including James Breed's"'^ house on the 
corner of Xahant street, there were five houses in 1S30 and five 
more were built before 1S40. Going west from i\tlantic street 
in 1840, called then ''Salem street" and only extending to Balti- 
more street, there were the following houses, shoe factories and 
stores. On the corner of Atlantic street was the house of John 
Xewhall'^^', a son of Rufus X'ewhall-^' ; a stone wall kept the 
cattle out of his garden on Broad street. This house in an 
altered condition is there yet. Xear the east corner of the 
present Broad-street place was a shoe factory occupied by James 
Phillips, Jr., at Xo. 12 Broad street. On the next lot was John 
Gibbons' house, Xo. 16 Broad street and on the east corner of the 
present Portland street was his shoe shop, both of which have 
disappeared. Portland street was laid out in 1832 and on the 
west corner was the house of Elbridge Chase, Xo. 26 Broad street. 
Daniel Chase had his house on the next lot, Xo. 32 Broad street and 
his shoe factory was in his yard. Blaney Chase had a dry goods 



76 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Store in his house on the next lot. This house is Xo. 44 
Broad street. These three Chase liouses were built between 
1830 and 1S40 and are still standing. John Seger li\ed in the 
next house which is Xo. 48 Broad street, and the Mechanic's store 
was on the lot to the w^est of his house. This store started in a 
building just west of the old bank building on Broad street and 
was moved to the new building erected after 1830 on John 
Seger's lot. It is now on the corner of Green and Broad 
streets and is used as a grocery store by J. W. Carswell, at Xo. 43 
Broad street. The Mechanic's store was started in opposition to 
the Union store mentioned later, and was managed by Gtorge 
W. Mudge. 

X>xt to the Mechanics' store, lived in the present house, 
Xo. 56 Broad street, Archehius XewhalP", a son of Rufus 
Xewhall-^", and next to his was the house of Robert Rich. The 
hou<e is now in the rear of Dr. Lovejoy's at Xo. 64 Broad 
street; a sHoe factory run by Samuel Collyer was on this 
lot. Annie Parker's house was on the next lot at Xo. 68 Broad 
street. This is now in the rear of John F. McCarty's block. 
This house :is well as Daniel Farrington's house next west, now 
the one owned but remodelled by Dr. Edward XewhalP^, 
at No. 72 Broad street, were built between 1S30 and 1S40. 
Daniel Farrington had a shoe factory on his lot. These lots were 
sold to measure five rods on the street and eight rods deep, and 
every one had a house upon it in 1840. 

On the north side of Broad street, Charles Chase had a 
small store on the corner of Chestnut street. In 1830 there 
were eight houses on this side and four more were built before 
1840. 

Nathan D. Chase lived in a house on the present site of the 
store of H. D. Porter, X"o. 11 Broad street. The brick house 
just east at Xo. 5 Broad street is the shoe factory built by Mr. 
Chase in 1836. This is now used as a dwelling house. This 
was the third brick shoe factory built in the city ; the other 
two being in West Lynn. Jonathan Chase had a small shop and 
house a little to the west of Xath:in D. Chase's house. The 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 77 

family of William Estes^''*^, who had died in 1S24 and was a 
brother of Mark Estes^^^ of Union street, lived at Xo. 23 Broad 
street at the corner of Estes street, that street, however, not 
being put through until 184S. Ezekiel Estes'-^^, the son of 
Mark Estes^^^ lived at No. 31 Broad street on the east corner of 
Green street, which had been laid out in 1S33 through the 
Estes land. Ezekiel-^^ and William Estes^*^ each had one of the 
small 12x14 ^^^oe shops in his yard. The fireplace in these old 
shoe maker's shops was usually in the corner of the shop. 
Ezekiel Estes'-^^ house was torn down about iSSo, and William 
Estes'^^' house has been moved to Lander place. 

John B. Chase, who had lived in the brick house next to 
the parsonage of the First Methodist church on Franklin street, 
built the house at Xo. 47 Broad street next to Carswell's store, 
between 1S30 and 1S40, as did Thomas Phillips^^'^, next door at 
Xo. 51 Broad street. John B. Chase married Sarah-^^, the 
daughter of Abraham Breed^-^\ Thomas Phillips'^^'% had a shoe 
factory in his yard run by Thomas Stacey and his brother Oliver. 
He himself was a restorator on Exchange street. 

Micajah Butman also built his house and factory on the next 
lot, Xo. 59 Broad street, between 1S30 and 1S40. A stone wall 
ran along this side of the street from Micajah Butman's to Chest- 
nut street. Later a high board fence took its place much to the 
disgust of the people. 

Gideon Phillips'^^' built his house in 1837. This is behind 
the house formerly occupied by Dr. Hopkins, at Xo. 6^ Broad 
street. In this yard stood a shoe factory, which was hired by 
Phillips & Winslow. 

Amos Mower, the son of Enoch Alower^'^*, who had lived 
at Washington square, lived next west, at Xo. 71 Broad street and 
liis shoe factory, now the house Xo. 75 Broad street, built between 
1830 and 1840, was in his yard. 

Abner Austin, son of Manuel and Theodate-^, bought the lot 
at Xo. 77 Broad street in 181 7 and built before 1820. He also 
had his shoe factory, now the house, Xo. 81 Broad street, on his 
lot. He was postmaster in 1851. 



78 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Micajah C. Pratt'^*'^, had bought his lot in 1S12*, and put up 
his house at Xo. S3 Broad street before 1820. He had his shoe 
factory next to him, which is now the house, No. 89 Broad street, 
just east of the Central church. Thomas Rich, who married 
Mary Phillips^^*, lived next west, and in his house William B. 
Brown, a physician, lived in 1840 and also Gould Brown, the 
grammarian, his brother. This was torn down when the church 
was erected, about 1891. William Basset'^^'' built the house now 
in the rear of the Central church between 1S30 and 1S40 and 
lived there in 1840. At one time he had a store in it. 

Broad street east of Nahalit street, was called, as we have 
seen, first ''Meeting House lain"; about 1806, when many of 
the lots on the south side were sold by Xehemiah Basset, it was 
called " the road leading from the Friends' meeting-house to 
King's beach". But some time between 1820 and 1830 it was 
changed to ''Broadway" ; and * 'Front street" beginning at Xahant 
street ran west to Pleasant street. In 1840, it was called ''Broad 
street" from Exchange street to Chestnut street. 

In a deed just before iSoo the street on the south side of 
Washington square, was called a ''County road". X'ahant street, 
as early as 1739, was called a "Town Common" or the ''road 
leading to Xahant". Between 1800 and 1820, it was called ''the 
road leading from the P'riends' meeting-house to Xahant" ; but by 
1830 it had received its present name of ''X'ahant street". 

Following along on the north side of Broad street, the 
Friends' meeting-house was next west of William Basset's'^''^ 
house and opposite Washington square. Micajah Baker lived in a 
house on the east corner of Broad and Silsbee streets about 1830. 
and Isaac Basset, Jr., in 1840. He was not a near relative of the 
Bassets on Xahant street. This house is now called the Avis 
Keene house and is on Friend street. Avis Keene was the 
mother of George W. Keene, who married Mary Ann Breed^^^. 
On the west corner of Silsbee strtet, which was opened in 1834, 
dwelt Samuel Boyce, and his shoe factory was next door after he 
outgrew his quarters in the old meeting-house. On the next lot 



•Essex (South District) Deeds, Book 19S, P.i^e 36. 



y'l: ■■ 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 79 



west was the house of John Pratt, who married Lydia Mower*^'', 
and was the father of Micajah C. Pratt^'^^ Micajah C. Pratf^*^'^ 
was the grandfather of Micajah P. Clough. The Union 'store stood 
about where the fruit store now is at No. 145 Broad street. This 
has been well described in David X. Johnson's '' Sketches of 
Lynn". The ojvners at first were James Pratt^^°, Nathan 
Breed"^^ and Isaiah Breed"-^"^ ; William F. Ingalls was in 
charge of the place. Later Micajah C. Pratt^*^^ and Samuel 
Boyce became owners in the store. 

The L^nion store was opened so that the shoe manufacturers 
need not carry a stock of provisions at their factories, as they 
had been accustomed to do. Orders upon the store were given 
out to the workmen, instead of money, and these were honored 
at the L'nion store in goods. At that time very little money 
was in circulation. 

The Friends' school was in the room above this store until 
it was moved into a building on Silsbee street, south corner of 
Friend street about 1835. 

Nathan Breed's"-^^ house was about where the drug store 
now is at No. 153 Broad street. This house was considered a 
mansion for those days. It was large and roomy. In it many 
*^ Qiiarterly meeting " dinners of the Friends' were given. 
Isaiah Breed-^, his brother, lived just at the bend of Exchange 
street, for his house was No. i Broad street when Broad street 
began at that point. His father James-^^ lived in the house with 
liim. The only house between the Friends' meeting-house and 
Isaiah Breed's-'-^ built between 1S30 and 1840 was that of Nathan 
nreed-"^^. This house is now in the rear of Holtham's drug 
store. When Nathan Breed-"^^ built his house he moved across 
the street his factory, now used as a plumber's shop, at No. 164 
Broad street next east of the Central stable. 

On the south side of Broad street, between the house of 
Sylvanus Newhair--'^ where the Central stable now is, at No. 170 
Hroad street and Newhall street, laid out in 1835, were six shoe 
factories four of which have gone. This was called '' Grinder's 
Row." They were occupied as follows : Abram Pray had 



8o \ LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

the old shoe factory of Nathan Breed-^^, who had in 1S35 
buik a hirge one on the lot next east at No. 16 i Broad street. 
This factory of Nathan Breed"^^ is still standing and was ii^ed 
until after iSoo for the purpose for which it was built. When 
Nathan Breed--''^ built this factory, it was the largesc in the 
town and a wonder to all the people. Visitors Hocked to sec 
a three-story building which was to be devoted to the manufac- 
ture of shoes. He employed two hundred workmen and did 
the largest business in town. 

The Lynn Mechanics' Bank building, now No. 1^6 Broad 
street, built in 1S34, was the next building east. The Lynn Insti- 
tution for Savings had a room also in this building. The officers 
of the Lynn Mechanics' Bank, incorporated in 18 14, for the 
year 1840 were: president, Isaiah Breed'^'^ ; directors, Isaac 
Bassef^S Micajah C. Pratt3•^^ Francis S. NewhalF% Daniel 
Farringtou, John Lovejoy, John Alley, 3rd, Nathan Breed-"^^, 
J. N. Saunderson ; cashier, James Oliver. 

Andrews Breed was president of the Lynn Institution for 
Savings and Amos Rhodes, treasurer. Among the trustees were 
Isaiah Breed-^, Micajah C. Pratt'^*^^, Isaac Bassef-^'^ Gould 
Brown, Nathan D. Chase and Samuel Boyce. 

These men, it will be noted, lived close at hand. 

To the east of this building, the first shoe factory was 
occupied by Jones & Gove, the next by E. Hussey & Co., and 
the one on the corner of Newhall street by John Pratt. 

On the east corner of Newhall street was the shoe factory 
some time occupied by William Basset^-"^ and next to it the dry 
goods and shoe finding store of Isaac Basset-'^ & Son, both of 
which have disappeared. 

In this store, women were for the first time employed as 
clerks in Lynn. Isaac Bassef-"^^ and William S. Boyce, who 
married his daughter, Eunice"*'-^ first had a shoe finding store on 
Nahant street near Nehemiah Basset's^^*^ house. This was later 
movxd to the lot next east of Newhall street on Broad street. 

Next east was the house of Isaiah Chase'^- who lived where 
Enoch Mower-^^^ once did, on Washington square. This lot is 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 8l 

now occupied by the Oxford Club. Mr. Chase-^- had a shoe 
factory on his lot to the east of his house. Before that, he had 
made shoes in the second story of his barn. Aaron L. Holder-'"^ 
had a house and drug store on the lot next east at No. 9 Washint^- 
ton square. This had been for a long time the only drug store 
east of the Common. Mr. Holder-*^^ also sold silver-ware and 
crockery. It was the finest appointed drug store east of Boston 
and only first-class goods were sold. It would be a credit to any 
place even in these days when we think we have progressed so 
much. 

NAHANT STREET. 

At this time there were stone walls on each side of 
Xahant street. On the west side of Xahant street Daniel Xew- 
all-^- lived, at Xo. 13 Xahant street, in the house next to Aaron 
Holder'-^'- and had a shoe shop to the north of his house. A tin- 
smith used part of the building. The house is now owned by 
M. P. Clough. James A. Breed'^°- lived on the next lot now Xo. 
17 Xahant street. This house was built about 1S40 and is still 
standing. Estes Xewhall^'^^ lived next in the house formerly 
occupied by his father DanieF^'^, but the house is now gone. 

Manuel Austin still li\ed in the house which stood where 
lion. John B. Alley^*^' later built his brick house. His land 
included the lot where afterwards the house of Isaac B. Boyce 
stood. He bought from Theodate J'^-'^., daughter of Samuel X'^ew- 
hall---. He had a shoemaker's shop m his yard near the street. 
There was no house until the house formerly occupied by Samuel 
XcwhalF", on the south corner of West Baltimore street was 
reached. Samuel Xewhall-" had died in 1S34 and his large 
estate was divided among his children, Thomas Farrar^-, 
Abner^-^-*, Francis^"^, and Theodate J^-^. Between these two 
liouses was an orchard formerly belonging to Samuel Xew- 
hall--. Sagamore street was opened in 1S35 and Richard Holder 
lived on the south corner, in the house formerly occupied by 
Isaiah Breed^*^'^, whose daughter, Mary^^^-, he had married. This 
house was razed years ago. 



82 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Moses Breed-" lived in a house between T. E. Parker's 
and Mrs. Amey B. Hoag's house, and Jabez l^reed-'^'^ Lydia 
Pratt^^ and Preserved Sprague, lived in the three houses which 
formerly stood on the lot now owned by B. N. Johnson, Esq. 
Lydia Pratt's^*'^ house was about where Mr. Johnson's house now 
is, and was built about 1S33 and Jabez Breed's-*^- is now the 
Haskell home. This Haskell was a grandson of Jabez Breed^"\ 
who was a brother of Moses Breed-''-. These Breeds were 
grandsons of Isaiah Breed^'^^ from whom they inherited this land 
at his death in 1S19. ISIrs. Hoag's land has been in the Breed 
family since 1739, she being a daughter of Moses Breed-''-. Mr. 
Poole lived in a house built by Preserved Sprague to the south 
of his own. 

At this period cows were pastured at Nahant and at the foot 
of Nahant street, a gate was placed. It was necessary to drive 
the cows over the beach in the morning, but at night they were 
always found at the bars. 

Moses Breed's-''- slaus^hter house was on the ledge at the 
north corner of Tudor and Nahant streets. 

A sluice-way at the foot of Nahant street allowed water 
from the harbor to flood the lower part of the land now owned 
by B. F. Spinney. Between Tudor street and the ocean was a 
salt marsh. There was much more space at that time between 
Tudor street and the sea. At the beach on the east side of 
Nahant street, opposite to Tudor street, was the house of Thomas 
Ripley. Next north of Thomas Ripley, was the house of Mr. 
Eaton. Next north, opposite Mr. Poole, Enoch Phillips'^-^ lived. 
He built about 1S38, and was a son of Benjamin IP^". Next 
was the former house of Benjamin H. Phillips^-'^, who had died in 
1837; next, opposite Preserved Sprague, was his brother Jona- 
than's^^'*, about four rods south of Ocean street, and their widows 
lived in these houses in 1840. There was an orchard to the 
north of Jonathan Phillips'^^-^ house. Martha Hood, from 
Nahant, lived in an old house which stood about where Lucian 
Newhall's does now. This was owned by some one in Nova 
Scotia. Kippy Richards lived in the house afterwards. It was 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 83 

made from a large shoemaker's shop. Martial Hrown lived in 
the old Hood house, and Ezra Brown had lived there before 
him. These seven houses no longer remain. Thomas F. 
Newhall'^", son of Samuel"-, was next door, at about No. 73 
Xahant street. He built about 1S30. Green Paige, who married a 
laughter of Moses Breed-*^-, and who built about 1S34, lived on 
the corner of Baltimore street, which was put through in 1S32 
and was at first called " Basset street". Green Paige's house was 
torn down when Dr. Pinkham built. Xear to Thomas F. 
Xewhall's"^" house was the blacksmith shop of his father Sam- 
uel'^~, who shod all the oxen in this part of the town. 

The land about here was under good cultivation. At 
Xahant street, near Baltimore, a drain was constructed under 
the street to take away the water from the earth in the spring. 
Boys used the fields between Baltimore and Ocean streets for 
skating in the winter. 

On the north corner of Baltimore and Xahant streets, Abner 
Jones, of the shoe firm of Jones & Gove, lived. He built 
about 1840. Isaac Basset"^^ lived next, in the old Basset house, 
which was torn down some twenty years ago, to make room for 
the house that Charles W. Porter built at Xo. 40 Xahant street. 
There was an orchard between this house and that of Green 
Paige. Xehemiah Basset's^*^ house, after his death in 1S29, was 
rented for some years. It was finally sold and moved away 
about 1840. Stephen X. Breed^^-^ lived with his father on the 
corner of Broad street. 

These men who lived on Broad and Xahant streets at 
that time, where the leaders in financial and business circles. 

In looking back over the past sixty years, we can see how 
well these men builded. These shoemaker shops and small 
factories scattered about the town were a strong factor in the 
cvtablishment of the shoe business on a firm basis in Lynn. 
Micajah C. Pratt'^^^, Samuel Boyce, Xathan Breed-*"^^ and his 
l)rother Isaiah^'^, and the others, gave such an impetus to the 
manufacture of shoes at the very beginning that the present 
generation is under lasting obligation to these men of iSoo to 1S40. 



SOME OF THE DESCENDANTS OF 

RICHARD HOOD 
WILLIAM BASSET 

AND 

THOMAS FARRAR 



WHO LIVED ON 
NAHANT, BROAD AND LEWIS STREETS 

1700-1840 

Many of Whom are mentioned in the preceding paper 



86 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

1 Richard Hood, d. Sept. i3, 1695: m. Mary Newhall, 
daughter of Anthony ; their children were : — 

2 Mary. 

3 Richard, b. Nov. 18, 1655, d. before 171S. 

4 Sarah, b. Aug. 9, 1657 : m. Oct. 25, 1675, *\VilIiam Basset, Jr^. 

5 Elizabeth, m. Dec. 6, 16S2, Thomas Farrar, Jr., d. 29 :iom :i733. 

6 Ruth. 

7 Rebecca, b. Feb. 7, i662-3t; m. Dec. 9, i68i, Hugh Alley, son 

of Hugh, b. Aug. 15, 1653. 

8 John, b. 7 : 3m : 1664, d. 4 : 10m : 1730 ; m. Sarah . 

9 Hannah, b. Aug. 21, 1665. 

10 Samuel, b. May 12, 1667. 

11 Nathaniel, b. June 9, 1669. 

12 Anna, b. Dec. 13, 1672 ; m. Feb. 5, 1691-2, :|:Samuel Breedh, b. 25 : 

7m : 1669, d. 1755. 

13 Joseph, b. July 8, 1674, <^- ^4 '• ^'^^ '• 17^9- 

14 Benjamin, b. Jan. 3, 1677-8. 

•William Basset, d. Mar. 31, 1703; m. Sarah Burt, daughter of Hugh 
Burt, d. 166 1 ; their children %vere : — 

1 William, m. Oct. 25, 1675, Sarah Hood*. 

2 Klisha. 

3 Sarah, m. Thomas Elwell of Gloucester. 

4 Rebecca. 



5 John, b. om: 1653. 

6 Miriam, b. 7m :i655. 



Mary, b. im :i657. 
S Hannah, b. 1660; m. John Lilley of Woburn. 
9 Samuel, b. 1664. 
10 Rachel, b. 1666; m. Ephraim Silsbee. 

:J:(«.) Allen Breed, b. 1601, d. March 17, 1690-1; m. Elizabeth Knight; 
their children were : — 

b. Allen, b 1626; m. Mary , d. 30:9m :i67i. 

c. Timothy, b. 162S, m. Sarah Newhall, daughter of John. 

d. Joseph, "b. 1632. 

e. John, b. 1634, d. June 2S, 167S. 

d. Allen, b. 1626; m. Mary , d. 30:9m:i67i; their children 

were : — 

/. Allen b. 3o:^m : 1660; ni. May 22, 1684, Elizabeth Ballard. 

^. John, b. 2S: iim : 1662, d. 1751; m. ist, Apr. 2S, 16S6, Mary Kirtland ; 2nd, Apr. 11, 

i6Sq, Mercy Palmer, b. 1669, d. 1752. 
i, Samuel, b. 25 :7m .1669, d. 1755; m. Feb. 5. 1691-2, Anna Hoodi"-, b. Dec. 13, 1672. 



t " Prior to Sept. 3, 1752, time was reckoned accordins: to two methods. The civil or 
legal yeiir began on the 25lh of March, which was the first month of the year, February 
being the twelfth. The historical year began January ist which was the tirst munth of the 
year and December the twelfth Both methods of reckoning were in use, and frequently 
combined, as Feb. i, 17101, which means that it was 1710 according to the civil year and 
1711 according to the historical. In e.irly ncords the name of the month is often not given 
but expressed in figures. In that case March was the first month." 

In preface to " Genealogy of the Treat Family," by J. Harvey Treat. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 87 

3 Richard Hood, b. Xov. iS, 1655, d. before 171S; their 
children : — 

15 Samuel, b. Oct. 18, 1690. 

16 Richard, b. Mar. 30, 1692, d. Oct. 4, 1762; m. Mav 20, 171S, Theo- 

date Collins, daughter of Samuel, b. 5 : 7m : 1700. 

17 Zebulon, b, Sept. 13, 1693, d. Dec. 2, 1693. 

18 Zebulon, b. Feb. 28, 1694, d. July 12, 1695. 

4 Sarah Hood, b, Aug. 9, 1657; m. Oct. 35, 1675, William 
Basset, Jr. ; their children were : — 

19 Sarah, b. Dec. 6, 1676; m. ist, 13: 4m: 1696, Joseph Griffin of 

Salisbury; 2nd. Newbold. 

20 William, b. Nov., 167S, d. Mar. 4, 1762; m. 14: urn: 1703, 

Rebecca Berry, d. Feb. 2, 1766. 

21 Mary, b. June 13, 16S0; m. ist, 15 : 12m : 1705-6, Andrew Gearnes 

of Boston ; 2nd, Hill. 

22 John, b. Sept. 8, 16S2, d. Jan. 26, 1753 ; m. 9 : 12m : 1704-5, Abigai 1 

Berry of Boston, d. May. 6, 1753. 

23 Hannah, b. Feb. 2, 1685, d. May 13, 1762; m. 15:12m: 1705-6, 

tjohn Estese of Salem, b. 14 : 5m : 1684, d. 16:6m: 1737. 

24 Ruth, b. Mar. 16, 16S9-90; m. Jan. 6, 1713, Abraham AUin of 

Marblehead. 

25 Joseph, b. Dec. 15, 1692-3. 

26 Deliverance, b. Aug. 2, 1695; m. Jan. 25, 1719-20, Samuel Breed*-, 

b. Nov. II, 1692. 

27 Abigail, m. Dec. 12, 1728, Samuel Alley'^'a. 

5 Elizabeth Hood, m. Dec. 6, 1683, Thomas Farrar, Jr., 
d. 29 :iom :i733. No children. 

Thomas Farrar, Sr., d. Feb. 23, 1693-4; m. ist, Elizabeth 

, d. Jan. S, 16S0; 3nd, March 3, 16S0-1, Abigail Collins; 

their children were : 

tMatthew Estes, b. Mar. 28, 1645; m. Apr. 14, 1676, Philadelphia 
; their children were : — 

a. Sarah, b. lo: 201:1677, d. 2S:iim :i6S2, 

t. Philadelphia, t). 9:501 :i679. 

r. Hannah, b. 24:8111,1681, d. July 30, 16S3. 

d. John, b. 6:701:1683, d. 6:7m : 1683. 

f. John, b. 14:501:1684, d. 16:601:1737; m. 15:12^11:1705-6, Hannah Rassct^', b. Feb. 2. 

1685, d. May 13, 1762. 

f. Kichard, b. 27:701:1686. 



■:'^- 



S8 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

Thomas, d. 1730; m. Dec. 6, 16S2, Elizabeth Hood^. 
Hannah. 
Sarah. 
28 Susannah b. 26: im : 1659; m. 1678, *Joseph Newhallg, b. Sept. 22, 
165S, d.Jan. 29-30, 1705-6. 
Elizabeth, m. 13 : 3m : 1700, Robart Buttuin of Salem. 

7 Rebecca Hood, b. Feb. 7, 1663-3; ""*• ^^^- 9i i6Si,Hugh 
Alley, son of Hugh, b. Aug. 15, 1653 ; their children were : — 

29 Solomon, b. Oct. 11, 1682. 

30 Jacob, b. Jan. 28, 1683-4. 

31 Eliazer, b. Nov. i, 1686. 

32 Hannah, b. Aug. 16, 16S9. 

33 Richard, b. July 31, 1691. 

34 Joseph, b. June 22, 1693. 

35 Benjamin, b. Feb. 24, 1694-5, d. May 22, 1756; m. 1717, Elizabeth 

Newhall, daughter of Samuelm. 
35a Samuel, m. Dec. 12, 1728, Abigail Basset^"^. ' 

8 John Hood, b. 7:3m, 1664, d. 4:10m, 1730; m. Sarah 
; their children were : — 

36 Barberry, b. June 10, 1694; m. 1717-18, Benj. Boden of Marblehead. 

37 Hulde, b. Nov. 28, 1697. 

38 Benjamin, b. June 14, 1700, d. 1778; m. Dec. 10, 1729, Elizabeth 
Basset^^. 
♦Thomas Newhall m. Mary : their children were : 

a. Susanna, b. about 1624; m. Richard Haven. 

b. Thomas, b. about 1630; ni. Dec. 29, 1652, Elizabeth Potter. 

c. John. m. 3:121x1:1657, ist, Elizabeth Leig^hton, d. 22 : Sm : 1677; July 17, 1679; 2nd, 

Sarah Flanders. 

d. Mary, b. about 1637; "^- Thomas Brown. 

b. Thomas Newhall, b. about 1630; m. Dec. 29, 1652, Elizabeth Potter; 
their children were : 

e. Thomas, b. iSigm :i653, d. July 3, 172S; m. Rebecca Greene, b. 1654, d. May 25, 1726, 
/, John, b. 14:12m :i655, d. June 30, 173S; m. June iS, 1677, Esther Bertram, b. Apr. 3 : 

165^, d. Sept. 2S, 172S. 
^. Joseph, b. Sept. 22, 165S, d. Jan. 2930, 1705-6; m. 167S, Susanna Farrar, b. 26: im, 

1659. 

A. Nathaniel, b. March 17, 1660, d. Dec. 2^, 1695; m. Elizabeth . 

/. Elizabeth, b. March 21, 1662, d. !4:2m:i665. 

J. Elisha.b. Nov. 3, 1665. 

i. Elizabeth, b. Oct. 22, 1667. 

/. Mary, b. Feb. 18, 1669. 

m. Samuel, b. Jan. 19, 1672, d. 171S; m. Abigail Eindsey, b. Xov. 10. 1677. 

ft. Rebecca, b. July 17, 1675; m. May 22, 1697, Ebenezer Parker. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 89 

39 Content, b. 25 : 5m :i703 : m. 1721, Zaccheus Collins, b. 2S : 3m iiGjS. 

40 Breed, b. 21:51":! 706. 

41 Ljdia, b. April 17, 1714; m. Nov. 30, 1736, Daniel Basset^", d. 

1771. 

12 Anna Hood, b. Dec. 13, 1673; m. Feb. 5, 1691-2, Sam- 
uel Breed, b. 25 :7m, 1669, d. 1755 ; their children were : — 

42 Samuel, b. Nov. 11, 1692; m. Jan. 2$, 1719-20, Deliverance Bas- 

set^, b. Aug. 2, 1695. 

43 Amos, b. July 20, 1694. 

44 Jabez, b. Jan. 26, 1695-6, d. 1778; m. Nov. 17, 1723, Desiah 

Basset^. 

45 Abigail b. Sept. 7, 169S. 

46 Nathan, b. Jan. 3, 1702-3; m. Oct. 28, 172S, Marj Basset^. 

47 Keziah, b. Oct. 16, 1704, d. Oct. 9, 1748-9; m. Dec. S, 1724, Samuel 

Newhall®*, b. Mar. 9, 1 700-1, d. 8 m : 1770. 

48 Anna, b. Julj 28, 1706; m. Oct. 10, 1746, James Purinton of 

Salisbury. 

49 Ebenezer, b. May i, 1710; m. Nov. 29, 1737, Rebecca Phillips of 

Boston. 

50 Ruth, b. March 10, 1711-12; m. March i, 1736, Daniel Purinton 

of Salisbury. 

51 Benjamin, b. 4 : 7m, 1715, d. 7 :6m: 1798; m. Nov. 27, 1747, Ruth 

Allen of Mendon, b. 17 : 8m : 1724, d. Apr. II, iSii. 

16 Richard Hood, b. March 30, 1692, d. Oct. 4, 1762; m. 
May 20, 17 18, Theodate Collins, daughter of Samuel, b. 5 17 m : 
1700; their children were : — 

^ 52 Theodate, b. Oct. 27, 1719. 

53 Jedidiah, b. Sept. 25, 1721, d. Sept. 26, 172 1. 

54 Content, b. Dec. 20, 1722 ; m. Oct. 8, 1741, John Phillips of Boston. 

55 Rebecca, b. Apr. 3, 1725 ; m. Oct. 20, 1742, Solomon Alley, b. Jan. 

2, 1721. 

56 Hannah, b. Dec. 9, 1727; m. Sept. 19, 1750, Daniel Holder of 

Marblehead. 

57 Patience, b. Sept. 9, 1730, d. 12 :12m :i799. 

58 Abner, b. Sept. 26, 1733, d. Mar. 11, 1818; m. ii:6m:i783, 

Kezia Breed^'^", b. Aug. 14, 1750, d. Nov. 4, 1825. 

59 Abigail, b. Sept. 14, 1736, d. April 7, 1826; m. Jan. 26, 1757, Hugh 

Alley, b. Sept.'5, 1729. 



90 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

20 William Basset, b. Nov., 167S, d. March 4, 1762; m. 
14:1111-1:1703, Rebecca Berry, d. Feb. 2, 1766; their children 
were : — 

60 Rebecca, b. Oct. 8, 1709. 

61 Miriam, b. Maj 4, 1712, d. Aug. 16, 1764; m. July 25, 1732, David 

Northee. 

62 Joseph, b. Dec. 19, 1715, d. 1791 ; m. Dec. i, 1737, Eunice Hacker, 

d. Oct. 2, 1775. 

63 Elizabeth, m. Dec. 10, 1729, Benjamin Hood■^^ b. June 14, 1700, d. 

1778. 

22 John Basset, b. Sept. 8, 16S2, d. Jan. 26, 1753; m. 
9 :12m :i704-^, Abigail Berry of Boston, d. May 6, 1753 ; their 
children were : — 

64 Desiah, m. Nov. 17, 1723, Jabez Breed^*, b. Jan. 26, 1695-6, d. 1778. 

65 Gephemiah. 

66 Mary, m. Oct. 28, 1728, Nathan Breed^*^, b. Jan. 3, 1702-3. 

67 Daniel, d. 1771 ; m. Nov. 30, 1736, Ljdia Hood^S b. Apr. 17, 1714. 

23 Hannah Basset, b. Feb. 2, 16S5, d. May 13, 1762; m. 
15 :12m : 1705-6, John Estes, b. 14 : 5m : 1684, d. 16 : 6m :i737 ; 
their children were : — 

68 William, b. 23 : 6m : 1718, d. Apr. 6, 1781 ; m. Jan. i, 1745*6, Ruth 

Graves, b. March 2, 172S, d. Oct. 31, 1807. 

69 Hannah, b. J3:9m:i7i9, d. 30 : 7m : 1808 ; m. Apr. 12, 1748, 

Isaiah Breedi"^, b. Oct. 25, 1724, d. 13 : 4m : 1819. 

70 Matthew, m. ist, Sept. 19, 1744, Martha Blanev; 2nd, Sept. 16, 

1746, Anna NewhalJi-'^, b. Oct. 27, 1725. 

26 Deliverance Basset, b. Aug. 2, 1695 ; m. Jan. 25, 
1719-20, Samuel Breed^", b. Nov. 11, 1692; their children 
were : — 

71 Anna, b. March 20, 1726; m. Oct. 10, 1746, James Purinton. 

72 Sarah, b Sept. 29, 1729; m. March 11, 1755, Samuel Silsbee. 

73 Hulda, b. May 13, 1731. 

74 Nehemiah, b. Sept. 19, 1736, d. March 23, 1809; m. Jan. 2. 1759, 

Abigail Breed"^ b. March 13, 1735. 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 9I 

28 Susanna Farrar, b. 26 :im :i659: m. 1678, Joseph Xew- 
hall, b. Sept. 23, 165S, d. Jan. 29-30,1705-6; their cliiklrcn 
were : — 

75 Jemima, b. Dec. 31, 1678; m. June 9, 1698, Benjamin Very. 

76 Thomas, b. Jan. 6, 16S0, d. Nov. 30, 173S; m. ist, Dec. 9, 1707. 

Marj Ne^vhall: 2nd, Dec. 12, 1717, Elizabeth Bancroft. 

77 Joseph, b. Feb. 6, 16S3-4, d. April 27, 1742; m. Nov. 26, 1713, 

Elizabeth Potter, d. Dec. 11, 1743. 

78 Elisha, b. Nov. 20, 16S6, d. March 19, 1773; m. Feb. 27, 1710-11, 

Jane Breed, daughter of Joseph. 

79 Ephraim, b. Feb. 20, 16SS-9; m. Dec. 12, 1716. Abigail Denmark. 

80 Daniel, b. Feb. 5, 1690-1, d. Nov. 4, 1752; m. 1713, Mary Breed, 

daughter of Allen, d. Jan. i, 1775. 

81 Ebenezer, b. June 3, 1693, d. June 22, 1766: m. 1718, Elizabeth 

Breed, daughter of Joseph, d. Feb. 7, 1770- 

82 Susanna, b. Dec. 19, 1695; m. July 16, 1717, Joseph Breed, son of 

Joseph. 

83 Benjamin, b. April 5, 1698, d. June 5, 1763; m. Jan. i, 1721, 

Elizabeth Fowle, b. Aug. 9, 1699, d. Jan. 28, 1760. 

84 Samuel, b. March 9, 1700-1, d. Sm:i77o; m. Dec. 8, 1724, Kezia 

Breed^", b. Oct. 16, 1704, d. Oct. 9, 1748-9. 

85 Sarah, b. July 11, 1704; m. Jan. 3, 1722-3 Thomas Burriage. 

35 Benjamin Alley, b. Feb. 24, 1694-5, ^^- ^^^Y 22, 1756; 
m. 1 7 17, Elizabeth Xewhaii, daughter of Samuel"' ; their children 
were : — 

86 Jacob, b. Sept. 19, 1719. 

87 Solomon, b. Jan. 2. 1721; m. Oct. 20, 1742, Rebecca Hood■^^ b. 

Apr. 3, 1725. 

88 Elezer b. Apr. 16, 1723. 

89 Richard, b. Oct. 9, 1726. 

90 Hannah, b. July 28, 1728; m. March 22, 1749-50, John Ingalls. 

91 Benjamin, b. Apr. 9, 1731. 

92 John, b. March 25, 1738, d. March 10, 1807; m. ist, Aug. 26, 

1761, Sarah Basset^"-, b. June 14, 1742, d. Feb. 177S; 2nd, 25 : 
8m:i779, Sarah Hood-'^, b. Dec. 30, 1734. 

93 Abner, b. Feb 18, 1741 ; m. May 25, 1762, Sarah Webber. 

94 Elizabeth, b. Feb. iS, 1741. 

38 Benjamin Hood, b. June 14, 1700, d. 177S; m. Dec. ' 
10, 1729, Elizabeth Basset*'"^- their children were: 



92 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIFITY. 

95 Content, b. Sept. 3, 1730, d. 17:801:1805; m. Sept. 26, 1752, 

Walter Phillips, b. Sept. 18, 1726. d. Mar. 18, iSoo 

96 Rebecca, b. Aug. iS, 1732, d. June 28, 1S06; m. Nov. 23, 1757, 

Gideon Phillips, b. 26:1101:1733, d. 16:10:1797. 

97 Sarah, b. Dec. 30. 1734; ^' 25 : Sm :i779, John AUev^-, b. Mar. 25, 

1738, d. Mar. 10, 1807. 

98 Elizabeth, b. Oct. 4, 1743, d. Sept. 12, 1762. 

99 Anna, b. Maj 12, 1746, d. 1770. 

41 Lydia Hood, b. Apr. 17, 17 14; m. Nov. 30, 1736, 
Daniel Basset*^', d. 1771 ; their children were : 

100 Abigail, b. Sept. 13, 1737, d. July 9, 1792 : m. Apr. 29, 1760, Abi- 

jah NewhalP-^i, b. Feb. 15, 1736-7, d. 30:8m :iSi9. 

101 John, b. Jan. 22, 1739-40; m. Oct. 14, 1772, Ruth Newhall^*^, b. 

b. Oct. 12, 1746. 

102 Sarah, b. June 14, 1742, d. Feb., 1778: m. Aug. 26, 1761, John 

Allej-*-^, b. Mar. 25, 173S, d. Mar. 10, 1807. 

103 Ljdia, b. Nov. 16, 1744; in. Sept. 3, 1763, Ebenezer Breed. 

104 Hannah, b. Mar. 5, 1746-7; m. Sept. 30, 1772, Henry Silsbee. 

105 Content, b. Nov. 5, 1749, d. Nov. 27, 1766. 

106 Mary, b. Nov. 5, 1749; m. 19:4m : 1775, Jabez Breed^^, b. Dec. 7, 

1748; d. Oct. 13, 1814. 

107 Alice, b. June 20, 1752, d. Aug. 1770. 

108 Huldah, b. July 7, 1755; m. Aug. 20, 1777, Stephen Gove of 

Weare, N. H. 

r 

42 Samuel Breed, see Deliverance Basset-^. 



44 Jabez Breed, b. Jan. 26, 1695-6, d. 177S; m. Nov. 17, 
1723, Desiah Ba.sset'^% their children were : — 

109 Isaiah, b. Oct. 25, 1724, d. I3:4m:i8i9; m. Apr. 12,1748, 

Hannah Estes^^, b. 13:9m :i7i9. d. 30:7m :i8o8. 

110 Nathan, b. Oct. 7, 1726, d. Sept. 22, 1S03; m. Oct. 3, 1754, Kezia 

Buxton. 

111 Amos, b. Aug. 14, 1728, d. 5:5m:i776: m. Oct. i, 1754, Ruth 

NewhalP"*^, b. Jan. 13, 1728-9, d. Mar. i, 1787. 

112 Mary, b. Jan. 11, 1730; m. Jan. 12, 1749-50, Joseph Hill. 

113 Abigail, b. Aug. 29, 1732. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 93 

114 Theodate, b. Dec. 6, 1734, <^- 9"-9ni:i8io; m. Apr. 24, 1764, 
Farrar or Pharaoh Ne\vhain'^\ b. Feb. 15, 1733-4, d. Sept. 15, 
1821. 

114^ Deborah, b. June 3, 1738; m. July 16, 1758, Samuel Alley. 

46 Nathan Breed, b. Jan. 3, 1702-3; m. Oct. .38, 1728, 
Mary Basset^^ ; their children were : — 

115 Hannah, b. July 20, 1729, d. Aug. 18, 1730. 
116 Hannah, b. May 30, 1731, d. Oct. 31, 1804; m. Nov. 11, 1754, 

John Mower, b. Feb. 10, 1733, d. Dec. 20, 1S03. 
117 Ezra, b. Mar. 16, 1733, d. Aug. 23, 1821. 

it8 Abigail, b. Mar. 13, 1735; m. Jan. 2, 1759, Nehemiah Breed"*, b. 
Sept. 19, 1736, d. Mar. 23, 1809. 

119 Zephaniah, b. Mar. 10, 1737; m. Apr. 27, 1762, Ruth Phillips. 

120 John, b. May 8, 1739, d. July i, 1740. 

121 Daniel, b. July 9, 1742; m. Feb. 25, 1773, Elizabeth Phillips. 

122 Alice, b. Sept. 22, 1744; m. Jan. 23, 1771, William Gray. 

123 Anna, b. Sept. 17, 1746. 

124 Mary, b. Aug. 4, 1748; m. Apr. 22, 1773, Phillips Sawyer. 

125 Enoch, b. Apr. 13, 1750, d. Sept. 7, 1750. 

47 Keziah Breed, b. Oct. 16, 1704, d. Oct, 9, 1748-9; 
ni. Dec. 8, 1724, Samuel Newhall*^, b. Mar. 9, 17001, d. 
8m :i77o; their children were : — 

126 Anna, b. Oct. 27, 1725; m. Sept. 16. 1746, Matthew Estes'^'^. 

127 Elizabeth, b. Mar. 7, 1727-8. 

128 Sarah, b. Aug. 20, 1730. 

129 Lydia, b. Jan. 14, 1733, d. Aug. 30, 1774; m. Oct. 15, 1753, 

Nehemiah Johnson, b. Sept. 29, 1734, d. Nov. i, 1784. 

130 Farrar or Pharaoh, b. Feb. 15, 1733-4, ^- Sept. 15, 1821 ; m. Apr. 

24, 1764, Theodate Breed"*, b. Dec. 6, 1734, d. 9:9m :i8io. 

131 Abijah, b. Feb. 15, 1736-7, d. 30.801:1819; m. Apr. 29, 1760, 

Abigail Basset^^^^, b. Sept. 13, 1737, d. July 9, 1792. 

132 Abigail, b. Mar. 4, 1738-9; m. Jan. 15, 1760, Samuel Purinton. 
133 Daniel, b. Feb. 4, 1740-1, d. 15:11m 11793; "^- ^^^* April 25, 

1769, Hannah Estesi'^^ b. 20 : 7m : 1744, d. Nov. 21, ^781; -nd. 
20:5m :i789, Elizabeth Dodge, d. Feb. 1822. 

134 Rebecca, b. Oct. 28, 1743; m. Apr. 24, 1764, Abner Chase of 

Salem. 

135 Ruth, b. Oct. 12, 1746; m. Oct. 14, 1772, John Basset^^^ b. Jan. 22, 

1739-40. 



94 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

51 Benjamin Breed, b. 4:7111:1715, d. 7:6m;i798;m. 
Nov. 27, 1747, Ruth Allen of Mendon, b. 17 : Sm :i724, d. Apr. 
II, 181 1 ; their children were: — 

136 Jabez, b. Dec. 7, 174S, d. Oct. 13, 1S14; m. 19:4111:1775, Mary 

Basset^'^*^, b. Nov. 5, 1749. 
i^'j Kezia, b. Aug. 14, 1750, d. Nov. 4, 1825; m. 11 : 6m :i7S3, Abner 

Hood^*, b. Sept. 26, 1733, <^- ^lar. 11, iSiS, Grandparents of 
George Mood. 

138 Abraham, b. Apr. 8, 1752, d. Nov. 26, 1831 ; m. before 1783, 

Sarah Basset^^*, b. May 20, 1757, d. 30:12m :i83i. 

139 Ruth, b. Feb. iS, 1754, ^- I9:8m:i776; m. i:6m:i774, Matthew 

Hawkes. 

140 Nathan, b. Feb. 19, 1756. 

141 Benjamin, b. Feb. 23, 1758, d. July 2, 1843; m. Jan. 17, 1788, 

Abigail Alley. 

142 Anna, b. Nov. 26, 1761, d. Nov. 14, 1763. 

143 Ebenezer, b. May 12, 1766. 

62 Joseph Basset, b. Dec. 19, 1715, d. 1791 ; m. Dec. i, 
1737, Eunice Hacker, d. Oct. 2, 1775 ; their children were : 

144 William, b. Aug. 24. 1738, d. Sept. 26, 1765. 

145 Isaac, b. Sept. 19, 1741, d. Jan. 24, 1829; m. Nov. 22, 1769, Mary 

Collins, b. 9:11m :i74i, d. Oct. i, 1825. 

146 Nehemiah, b. Feb. 20, 1748-9, d. Feb. 2, 1829; m. Dec. 30, 1815, 

Abigail Fearn. 
i^j Rebecca, b. Oct. 7, 1754, d. 3i:iom:iS29; m. 21 :4m: 1773, 

James Breed, son of Ebenezer*^, b. Apr. 19, 1749,. 
148 Sarah, b. May 20, 1757, d. 3o:i2m:i83i; m. before 1783, Abra- 
ham Breed^-^*, b. Apr. 8, 1752, d. Nov. 26, 1831. 

149 Eunice, b. Oct. 18, 1751. 

150 Hannah, b. June 12, 1769, d. May 26, i860; m. 22 :9m :i7S4, 

William Breed, son of Nehemiah"-*, b. Sept. 21, 1759, d. May 
7. 1819. 

63 Elizabeth Basset, see Benjamin Hood^^ 

64 Desiah Basset, see Jabez Breed*^. 

66 Mary Basset, see Nathan Breed"'''^ 

67 Daniel Basset, see Lydia Hood*^ 



LVNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 95 

68 William Estes, b. 23:6111:1718, d. Apr. 6, 1781 ; m. 
Jan. I, 1745-6, Ruth Graves, b. Mar. 2, 1728, d. Oct. 31, 1807 ; 
their children were : — 

151 Hannah, b. 20:701:1744, d. Nov. 21, 17^1; m. Apr. 25, 1769, 

Daniel NewhalP*\ b. Feb. 4, 1740-1, d. 15 : iiin 1793. 

152 Ruth, b. Mar. 13, 1748, d. Mar. i, 17S7; m. Apr. 30, 1766, Amos 

Breed, son of Ebenezer^^, b. Nov. 4, 1739. 

153 William, b. Mav 28, 1750, d. 1762. 

154 Mark, b. Sept 13, 1752, d. Mar. 1841 ; m. Elizabeth . 

155 Anna, b. Sept. 28, 1754;. ^- 26 : 4m :i774, Isaac Hacker. 

156 Rebecca, b. June 9, 1757, d. Sept. 22, 1761. 

157 Matthew, b. Dec. 22, 1761, d. 1762. 

158 Rebecca, b. Aug. 17, 1762, d. 8:iim:i833. 

159 Elizabeth, b. Jan. i, 1765, d. 6 : 4m :i788. 

160 William, b. Jan. 29, 1768, d. Mar. 3, 1S48; m. July 3, 1S05, 

Rebecca Chase-^i, b. June 17, 17S0, d. Feb. 11, 1862. 

69 Hannah Estes, b. 13:9111:1719, d. 30 : 7m : iSoS ; m. 
Apr. 12, 1748, Isaiah Breed^*^^, b. Oct. 25, 1724, d. 13: 4m: 
1819 ; their children were : 

161 Jabez, b. Jan. 24, 1755, d. 2 :7m : 178c; m. April 15, 1778, Lvdia 

Mower2=*^, b. Aug. 26, 1757, d. 26:2m:i823. 

162 Marj, b. July 18, 7757, d. May 8, 183S; m. I4:4m:i784, Richard 

Holder, b. Jan 8, 1757, d. Dec. i6, 1835. 

163 Eunice, b Nov. 4, 1753; m. Nov. 17, 1773, Benjamin Chase, son 

of Phillip of Swansea, d. June 4, 1820. 

77 Joseph Newhall, b. Feb. 6, 1683-4, ^- April 27, 1742; 
ni. Nov. 26, 17 13, Elizabeth Potter, d. Dec. 11, 1743; their 
children were : — 

164 Joseph b. Oct. 27, 1715; m. Nov. 19, 1738, Elizabeth Hodgman. 

165 Jedediah, b. Apr. 8, 1717; m. Sept. 11, 1742, Ruth Ingalls. 

166 Bethiah, b. Oct. 1,1720; m. Oct. 3, 1744, Edward Johnson. 

167 Martha, b. Dec. 18, 1722. 

i6S Nathaniel, b. Sept. 4, 1724, d. Jan. 29, 1738-9. 

169 Elizabeth, b. July 24, 1728; m. Nov. 22, 1748, John Lewis, b. 
Oct. 16, 1724. 

170 Andrew, b. March 9, 1730; m. Dec. 21, 1752, Susanna Brown. 

171 Mary, b. Sept. 29, 1732. 

79 Ephraim Newhall, b. Feb. 20, 1688-9; "^' ^^^' 12, 
1 7 16, Abigail Denmark ; their child was : — 



96 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

172 Ephraim, m. June 11, 1745. *Abigail Newhallw, b. Jan. 25, 1726-7. 
83 Benjamin Newhall, b. April 5, 169S, d. June 5, 1763; 

m. Jan. i, 1721, Elizabeth Fowie, b. Aug. 9, 1699, d. Jan. 28, 
1760 ; their children were : — 

173 Bridget, b. Nov. 30, 1772, d. Mar. 14, 1740; m. Aug. 13, 1745, 

Samuel Derby of Salem. 

174 Marv, b. Nov. 11, 1724; m. Dec. 12, 1751, Theophilus Breed, b. 

Aug. 2, 1719, d. Nov. 17, iSii. 

175 Benjamin, b. Sept. 6, 1726, d. Mav, 1777; "i- ^st, Aug. 4, 1752, 

Martha Burrill, b. Dec. 19, 1730, d. Dec. 27, 1759; 2nd, 
July 13, 1765, Elizabeth Manstield. 

176 Ruth, b. Jan. 13, 172S-9. d. Mar. i. 17S7; m. Oct. i, 1754, Amos 

Breediii, b. Aug. 14, 172S, d. 5 : 5m :i776. 

177 James, b. July 11, 1731, d. May 16, iSoi ; m. Sept. 17, 1756, Lois 

Burrill, b. May 9, 1737, d. July 17, 1815. 
17S Isaiah, b. Mar. 24, 1733-4; "i- Feb. 4, 1759, Mary Fuller, d. Nov. 2, 
1812. 

179 Joel, b. Dec. 22, 1735, d. May 17, 1745. ' . 

180 Aaron, b. Oct. 23, 1737, d. Mar. 9, 1737-8. 

•Following down from John Newhallc, (see foot note page 85) 
the line to Abigail Newhall is as follows : — 
cjohn Newhall, m. ist, 3 : 12m : 1657, Elizabeth Laighton ; 2nd, July 
17, 1679, Sarah Flanders; their children were: — 

o. Hannah, b. March 6, 1679-So, d. Jan. 4, 1756; m. Jan. 2, lyio-ii.John Farring-ton. 

p. John b. Aug. 13, 16S1, d. Nov. 2, 16S1. 

q. Joseph, b. Dec. 18, 16S2, d. 1711-12. 

r. Jeremiah, b. Feb. 12, 1681. 

s. Elizabeth, b. May 2S, 16S7, d. Apr. 12, 16S9. 

/. John, b. Jan. 28,1692; m. ist, Nov. i, 1722, Abigail Baker, b. July 19, 1701, d. Feb. 5, 

1726-7; 2nd, Elizabeth . 

u. Mary. b. Oct. 12, 1694; r"- Dec, 6, 1721, John Wells. 

/. John Newhall, m. ist, Nov. i, 1722, Abigail Baker, b. July 19, 

1701, d. Feb. 5, 1726-7; 2nd, Elizabeth ; their children 

were : 

V. Mary, b. Jan. 2, 1723; m. 1745, Nathan Lewis, b. Oct. 30, 1731. Grandparents of 

Alonzo Eewis. 
-M. Abigail, b. Jan. zz,, 1726-7; m. June 11, 1745, Ephraim Newhalli'-. 
X. Anna, b. Dec. 22, 1733. 
y. John, b. May 9, 1736. 

z. Stephen, b. Sept. 4, 173S. /^ 

aa. Elizabeth, b. Sept. iS, 1740. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 97 

i8i Aaron, b. Mar. 26, 1740, d. June 28, iSii; m. Dec. i, 176S, 
Mary Perkins, d. Dec. 2, 1S21. 

182 Susanna, b. Dec. 22, 1741, d. Mar. 12, 1822; m. Apr. 14, I'jCt^y 

Thomas Stocker, d. Apr. 20, 179S. 

183 Elizabeth, b. Dec. 22, 1741, d. Sept. iS, 1819: m. May 8, 1766, 

Henry Burchstead, d. Nov. 20, 1823. 

184 Martha, b. Feb. 23, 1742-3; tn. May 3, 1762, Theopliilus Burrill, 

b. Oct. 30, 1740. 

185 Catherine, b. Apr. 27, 1744, d. Jan. 10, 17S5 ; m. Sept. 8, 176S, 

Eleazer Richardson, b. June 29, 1746, d. Feb. i, iSoS. 

186 Joel, b. Feb. 17, 1745-6. d. May 17, 1745. 

84 Samuel Newhall, see Keziah BreecH". 

92 John Alley, b. Mar. 2^^ 173S, d. Mar. 10, 1S07; m. 
I St, Aug. 26, 1 76 1, Sarah Basset^'^^'-, b. June 14, 1742, d. Feb. 
1778 ; 2ncl, 25 :Sm :i779 Sarah HoocP", b. Dec. 30, 1734; their 
children were : — 

187 Hannah, b. May 5, 1762, d. July 13, 1S02 ; m. 22 :9m 1784, James 
Breed^i^ b. Feb. i, 1759, d. Sept. 18, 1848. 

188 Elizabeth, b. Nov. 3, 1764, d. Nov. 3, 1764. 

189 Daniel B., b. Feb. 21,-1766. 

190 Content, b. May 31, 176S, d. 7:4m :i792. 

191 Lydia, b. Oct. 25, 1773, d. Oct. 25, 1773. 

192 John, b. Jan. 14. 1777, d. 185 1 ; ni. 23 :iom :iSoo, Marcy Buffum 
of Salem. 

96 Rebecca Hood, b. Aug. iS, 1732, d. June 28, 1806; m. 
Nov. 23, 1757, Gideon Phillips, b. 26:1x01:1733, d. 16: 
lom :i797 ' their children were : — 

193 Elizabeth, b. Aug. 30, 1758, d. May 10, 1826; m. Oct. 27, 1779, 
Nathaniel Collins. 

194 Jonathan, b. Sept. 3, 1760, d. Feb. 20, 1823; m. 20 : 9m .-1792, Mary 

Mower^'^-^, b. March 12, 1770, d. Sept. 12, 1868. 

195 Benjamin Hood, b. July 27, 1762, d. Apr. 5, 1S37; m. before 1784 

Elizabeth Mower^^^, b. July 18, 1765, d. Aug. 27, 1S4S. 

196 Rebecca, b. May 26, 1764, d. 11 :2m : 1823. 

197 Anne, b. Nov. 19, 1766. 

198 Mary, b. Feb. 8, 1769, d. May 16, 1824; m. 16:9m: 1795, Thomas 

Rich. 
199 ^arah, b. Nov. 14, 1770; m. 9: 12m: 1795, Samuel Newhall^!^, b. 
March 9, 1765, d. 4 :iim :i834. 



98 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

200 Gideon, b. Jan. 27, 1773, d. Mar. 19, 1773. 

201 William, b. Jan. 27, 1773, d. Mar. 26, 1773. 

202 Eunice, b. Nov. 30, 1775, d. Mar. 5. 17S0. 

102 Sarah Basset, sec John Alley''. 

106 Mary Basset, b. Nov. 5, 1749; m. 19:401:1775, Jabez 
Breed^^G^ \y^ Dec. 7, 1748, d. Oct. 13, 1814; their children 
were : — 

203 Basset, b. Oct. 24, 1775, d. Dec. 20, 1862; m. Apr. 26, 1807 

Nancy Nichols, b. July 13, 1773, d. April 19, 1868. 

204 Ruth, b. Jan. 24, 1780. 

205 Asa, b. Feb. 23, 1783, d. Oct. 27, 1841 ; m. 1S09, Betsey Nichols, 
d. May 19, 1830. 

206 Content, b. Apr. 13, 1785. 

207 Francis, b. Jan. 7, 1789, d. July i, 1862; m. July 16, 1813, Joanna 

Pedrick. 

109 Isaiah Breed, see Hannah Estes^^. 

110 Nathan Breed, b. Oct. 7, 1726, d. Sept. 23, 1803; m. 
Oct. 3, 1754, Kezia Buxton; their children were: — 

208 James, b. Aug. 26, 1754. 

209 Abigail, b. June 20, 1757. 

210 James, b. Feb. i, 1759, d. Sept. 18, 1848; m. ist, 22 : 9m :i784, 
Hannah AUey^^", b. May 5, 1762, d. July 13, 1802; 2nd, Dec. 
18, 1822, Sarah Swett. 

211 Buxton, b. May 7, 1763. 

212 Kezia, b. i :12m -.1765, d. March 8, 1849; m. 26:i2m:i787, Rufus 

Newhall^s", b. 7 : 3m :i747, d. 31 :12m :i8i5. 

213 Nathan, b. 1767. 

214 Elizabeth, b. May 8, 1770; m. 18:3m 11795, Nehemiah Silsbee. 

111 Amos Breed, b. Aug. 14, 1728, d. 5 :5m: 1776; m. 
Oct. I, 1754, Ruth XevvhalP"^^ 1,^ Jan. i^, 1728-9, d. Mar. 
I, 1787; their children were: — 

215 Amos, b. Aug. 31, 1755, d. 1775. 

216 Elizabeth, b. June 7, 175S, d. July i, 1827: m. July 16, 177S, 

Zachariah Attwell, b. Oct. 9, 1755. 

217 Aaron, b. March 7, 1761, d. Dec. 23, 1817; m. ist, Oct. 2, 1781, 

Sarah Attwell, b. June 24, 1764; 2nd, Mary Kemp. 

\ 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 99 

21S Benjamin Xewhall, b. Aug. 11, 1763, d. Feb. 16, 1S47 : m. Oct. 

14, 17S7, Anne Parrott. 
219 Theophilus, b. Aug. 11, 1765, d. Mar. 21, 1854; m. March 27, 

1793. Theodate Purinton. 
220 James, b. July 15, 1768, d. June 19, 1853; m. I9:9ni : 179S, Phebe 

Nichols, b. Dec. 12, 1771, d. Feb. 16, 1S63. 
221 Marj, b. Jan. 16, 1771, d. Mar. 22, 1S04 : m. March 19, 1789, Ezra 

Allen. 

114 Theodate Breed, b, Dec. 6. 1734, (1.9:901:1810; m. 
Apr. 24, 1764, Farrar or Pharaoh Xewhall^'^'^, b. Feb. i^^ 
1733-4, d. Sept. 15, 1821 ; their children were: — 

222 Samuel, b. March 9, 1765, d. 4:iim:iS34; m. 9:i2m:i795, 

Sarah PhilHpsl9^ b. Nov. 14, 1770. 
223 Abner, b. Sept. 24, 1767, d. Aug. 8, 1769. 
224 Winthrop, b. June 6, 1769, d. Aug. 1S52 ; m. Jan. 12, 1795, 

Elizabeth Farrington. 
225 Abner, b. July 19, 1771, d. 8m:i8o2. 
-226 Sylvanus, b. July iS, 1773, d- Ft;^). 12, 1S61 ; m. before 1S02, 
Lydia Gove. 

227 Theodate, b. Feb. 6, 1776; m. iS : 5m : 1796, Manuel Austin of 

Ipswich. 

228 Francis, b. Sept. 23, 1778, d. Nov. 29, 17S7. 

116 Hannah Breed, b. May 30, 1731, d. Oct. 31, 1804, 
m. Nov. II, 1754, John Mower, b. Feb. 10, 1.733, d. l^^c. 20, 
1803 ; their children were : — 

229 Enoch, b. Mar. 5, 1755. 

230 Lydia, b. Aug. 26, 1757, d. 26:2m:i823; m. [st, Apr. 15, 1778, 
Jabez Breedl^'^ b. Jan. 24, 1755, d. 2 :7m : 17S0; 2nd, 19:3m : 
17S3, John Pratt, b. Apr. 10, 1762, d. 29:6m: 1S33. 

231 Alice, b. Feb. 17, 1759, d. July 15, 1817: m. 27:9m:i7So, Samuel 

Chase, son of Philip of Swansea. 

232 Abigail, b. Oct. 13, 1762 ; m. 1 1 : 4m : 1783, Samuel Blake. 

233 Elizabeth, b. July t8, 1765, d. Aug. 27, 1S48; m. before 17S4, 

Benjamin Hood Phillipsi''^\ b. July 27, 1762, d. Apr. 5, 1S37. 
234 Enoch, b. Apr. 13, 1768, d. Apr. 19, 1837 ; m. 21 :9m :i79i, Lydia 

Newhall, daughter of Abijah^'i, b. Feb. 10, 1763, d. Dec. 3, 

1840. 
235 Mary, b. Mar. 12, 1770, d. Sept. 12, 1868; m. 20:9m :i792, 

Jonathan Phillips^'*-', b. Sept. 3, 1760, d. Feb. 20, 1823. 



TOO LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

236 Martha, b. Mar. 26, 1773; m. 15 :io\n :i794, Enoch Breed, son of 

Lydiai'^^ 

237 John, b. Mar. 26, 1773, d. Oct. 25, 1825; m. ist, Hannah Wood- 

man, b. Feb. 21, 1773. d. Julv 13, iSoi ; 2nd, i4:9m:i8o3, 
Sarah Breed^^ b. July 6, 17S5, d. May 29, 1S70. 
23S Nathan, b. Feb. 7, 1776; m. ist, Winslow; 2nd, Dow. 

139 Farrar or Pharaoh Newhall, see Theodate l^reed^^\ 

133 Daniel Newhall, b. Feb. 4, 1740-41, d. 15:11m: 
1793; m. ist, Apr. 25, 1769, Hannah Estes^^\ b. 20 :7m: 1744, 
d. Nov. 21, 17S1 ; '2nd, 20 : 5m : 17S9, Elizabeth Dodge, d. Feb. 
1S22 ; their children were : — 

239 Estes, b. Sept. 9, 1770, d. Feb. 25, 1857; m. ist, before 1799- 

Hepzibah Wing, d. Feb. 6, iSio; 2nd, Miriam Philbrick, d. 
Sept. II, 1S64. 

240 Deborah, b. Dec. 5, 1772, d. Aug. 17, 1783. 

241 Ljdia, b, March 16, 1775; m. 19:3m: 1794, James Pope. 

242 Daniel, b. Nov. 21, 177S, d. June 27, 1853; m. June 6, 1S05, Mary 

Bailey, d. 1S29. 
136 Jabez Breed, sec Mary Basset''^*', 

138 Abraham Breed, b. Apr. S, 1752, d. Nov. 26, 1S31, 
m. before 17S3, Sarah Basseti^'s^ b. May 20, 1757, d. 30:12m: 
1S31 ; their children were : 

243 Joseph Basset, b. Sept. 30, 1783, d. Oct. 17, 1844: m. 23 :9m :i8o7, 

Mary Johnson, daughter of Pharoah, b. July 6, 17S5, d. June 30, 
1857'. 

244 Eunice, b. May 22, 178S, d. Dec. 29, 1869; m. Nov. 6, 1S08, Wil- 

liam D. Thotnpson. b. Nov. 4, 1787, d. Mar. 17, 1875. 

245 Annie, b. Feb. 26, 1794; m. 23 : 7in : 1817, Francis Johnson, son 

of Pharoah. b. May 8, 1793, d. June 14, 1S55. 

246 Sarah, b. Sept. 20, 1798: m, Dec. 10, 1815, John B. Chase, son 

of Jacob, b. Dec. 4, 1795, d. Oct. 15, 1848. 

145 Isaac Basset, b. Sept. 19, 1741, d. Jan. 24, 1829; m. 
Nov. 22, 1769, Mary Collins, b. 9:iim:i74i, d. Oct. i, 1S25; 
their children were : — 

2.^7 Elizabeth, b, Dec. 4, 1770, d Aug. 29, 1791. 

248 William, b. July 16, 1772, d. Oct. 16, 1773. 

249 Eunice, b. Oct. 2, 1774, ^- Oct. 2, 1775. 

250 William, b. Oct. 4, 1776, d. July 4, 1778. 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIKTV. lOI 

251 Isaac, b. Oct. 6, 1779, d. May 24, 1S67 ; in. 21:4111:1802, Ruth 
Breed, daugliter of Ebenezer, b. Mar. 21, 17S2, d. July 5, 1S60. 

252 Eunice, b. July 11, 17S2, d. Apr. 13, 1S39; in. 17 nun :iSo2, Ezra 

Collins. 

253 Hannah, b. Jan. 29, 17S5, d. Dec. 8, 1851; in. 16 :ioin :iSo5, 

Samuel Neal. 

148 Sarah Basset, i-^^: Abraham Breed^^^. 

151 Hannah Estes, sec Daniel Ne\vhalP-^\ 

154 Mark Estes, b. Sept. 13, 1752, d. Mar. 1S41 ; m. Eliz- 
abeth ; their children were : 

254 Ezekiel b. Apr. 17, 17S1, d. Oct. 15, 1S44. ; m. 23 :iom :iSo5 ; Mary 

Breed, daughter of Ebenezer 
255 Matthew, b. Apr. 24, 177S, d. 1S24 ; m. June 21, 1S12, Polly 
Evans. 

160 William Estes, b. Jan. 29, 176S, d. Mar 3, 1S4S; m. 
Jidy 3, 1S05, Rebecca Chase-'\ b. June 17, 17S0, d. Feb. 11, 
1S62 ; their children were : — 

255 Hannah, b. Dec. 30, 1805, d. Nov. 24, 1823. 

256 Thomas, b. Dec. 7, 1806, d. Dec. 30, 1806. 

257 William, b. Dec. 7, 1S06, d. Dec. 30, 1806. 

258 Eunice, b. Apr. 15, 1808, d. Apr. 3, 1839. 

259 William H. b. June 7, 1810: m. Oct. 27, 1S35, Rebtrcca L. Dodge. 
259^ Gulielma, b. March. 1812, d. Aug. 13, 1861 ; m. Ripley. 

260 Lydia, b. Feb. 9, 1819, d. May 17, 1883; m. Isaac Pinkham, b. 

Dec. 25, 1815, d. Feb. 22, 1889. 

261 Isaac Hacker, b. Nov. 6, 1820, d. Jan. i, 1895. 

161 Jabez Breed, b. Jan. 24, 1755, d. 2:7ni:i78o; m. 
Apr. 15, 177S, Lydia Mower-'^'^, b. Aug. 26, 1757, d. 26:2m: 
1823; their children were : — - ' 

262 Moses, b. 19:10m :i778, d. June 30, 1854; m. ist, before 1805, 

Patience Gove of Seabrook, N. H., d. 7m:i8o9; 2nd, before 
1812, Hannah Basset of Uxbridge, b. 23 : 5m : 1791, d. 22: 
6m : 1815 ; 3d, before 1827, Amey Basset of Uxbridge, daughter 
of Joseph, b. II :4in :i793, ^- -7 •■12m :i865. 

263 Jabez, b. i5:8m:i78o, d. 1850: m. Jan. i, 1807, Thcodate Hood, 

daughter of Abner^ 



I02 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

162 nary Breed, b. July iS, 1757, d. May S, 1S3S: m. 
14:4111:1784, Richard Holder, b. Jan. 8, i757» d. Dec. 16, 
1835 ; their children were : — 

264 Miriam, b. Apr. 24, 1786. 

265 Ebenezer, b. Aug. 22, 1790; ni. Hulda Li:scomb. 

266 Daniel, b. July 2, 1792, d. Feb. 8, 1840; ni. 15:7111:1818, Sarah 

Houghton. 

267 Hannah Breed, b. Mar. 14, 1795; m. William Hawkes. 

268 Aaron Lumnius, b. Feb. 4, 1797, d. June 23, 1857; m. Dec. 5, 

1821, Rachel Basset of Uxbridge, daughter of Joseph, b. 6: 
7m 11799, d. Mar. 24. 1864. 

163 Eunice Breed, b. Nov. 4, 1753; m. Nov. 17, 1773, 
Benjamin Chase, son of Phillip of Swansea, d. June 4, 1820; 
their children were : — 

269 Hannah, b. Sept. 13, 1774. 

270 Lydia, b. Aug. 28, 1777. 

271 Rebecca, b. June 17, 1780, d. Feb. 11, 1862; m. July 3, 1805, 

William Estesi^o, b. Jan. 29, 1768, d. Mar. 3, 1848. 
272 Isaiah, b. June 23, 1782, d. Jan. 17, 1849 ; ni. 22 :12m :i8o5, Eunice 

Phillips3i5, b. Mar. 13, 1784, d. 9 :iom :i8i8. 
,273 Eunice, b. Feb. 22, 1784. d. Apr. 27, 1846. 

274 Benjamin, b. Apr. 8, 17S6, d. Dec. 25, 1792. 

275 Phillip, b. Apr. 4, 1791, d. Mar. 13, 1793. 

276 Lois Alley, b. Oct. 10, 1792, d. Dec. 10, 1792. 

277 Lois Alley, b. June 11, 1795; m. 26:Sm:i8i8, Thomas Wool- 

dredge. 

169 Elizabeth Newhall, b. July 24, 1728; m. Nov. 22, 
1748, John Lewis, b. Oct. 16, 1724; their children were: — 

278 Martha, b. Sept. 22, 1749; m. June 4, 1772, Jacob Ingalls. 

279 John, b. Oct. 15, 1751, d. Apr. 16, 1S13 ; m. Feb. 4, 1773, Martha 
Mansfield, d. Apr. 16, 1839. 

280 Edmund, b. Feb. 10, 1754, ^- ^ct. 16, 1815; m. Nov. 4, 1784, 

Hepzibah Newhall, d. Feb. 13, 182 1. 

281 Hepzibah, b. June 10, 1756, d. Feb. 4, 1S28; m. June 17, 1783, 

Ephraim Alley, d. May 23, 1821. 

282 Elizabeth, b. Nov. 4. 175S; m. Oct. 8, 1778, Daniel Ingalls. 

283 Benjamin, b. Jan 31. 1761, d. July 19, 1839; m. ist, Nov. 29, 

1792, Rebecca (Manfield) Lewis: 2nd, Apr. 14, 1796, Hannah 
(Richards) Lewis, d. Oct. 14, 1813. 

284 Sarah, b. Jan. 25, 1763. 



LYXN IIISTORICAI. SOCIETY. IO3 

285 Joseph, b. Feb. 4, 1765: m. April 13, 1786, Hannah Richards, d. 

Oct. 14, 1S13. 

286 Nathaniel, b. 176S, d. Jan. 24, 1S24; m. March 13, 1791, Rebecca 

Richards, d. Aug. 7, 1821. 

172 Ephraim Newhall, m. June ii, 1745, Abigail Xew- 
hall" b. Jan. 35, 1726-7 ; their children were : — 

287 Rufus, b. 7 :3m: 1747, d. 31 :i2rn :i8i5 ; m. 26:1201:1787, Kezia 

Breed-^'-, b. i :12m : 1765, d. Mar. 8, 1849. 
28S John, m. June 22, 1790, Marv Bacheller. 

176 Ruth Newhall, see Amos Breed^". 

187 Hannah Alley, b. May 5, 1762, d. July 13, 1S03; m. 
22 : 9m :i7S4, James Breed"-^'^, b. Feb. i, i759,d. Sept. iS, 184S ; 
their children were : 

289 Sarah, b. July 6, 1785 ; m.14 : 9m :i8o3, John Mower-^", b. Mar. 26, 

1773- ^- Oct. 25, 1825. 
290 Isaiah, b. Oct. 21, 1786, d. May 24, 1859; m. ist, 22:1101:1809, 
Mary Blake, d. Sept. 6, 1825; 2nd, May, 1828, Sally P 
Mower, b. March 21, 1795, d. Sept. 17, 1882. 

291 Kezia, b. Apr. 21, 17S8. 

292 Lydia, b. May 29, 1789; m. iS :12m :i8i 1, Daniel Smith. 

293 Content, b. Feb. 13, 1792, d. Feb. 5, 1841. 

294 Nathan, b. Jan. 28, 1794, d- July 15, 1872; m. before 1820, Mary 
E. Swett, b. 13 :7m :i796, d. July 14 1882. 

295 Hannah, b. Nov. 8, 1795, d. June 26, 1796. 

296 Hannah, b. Apr. 14, 1797; m. 15:501:1816, Jonathan Buffum of 

Salem. 

297 James, b. May 17, 1799, d. Sept. 8, 1825. 

298 Hulda, b. Dec. t8, 1800, d. Sept. 7, 1801. 

299 Mary, b. Dec. 18, 1800, d. Sept. 10. 1801. 

192 John Alley, b. Jan. 14, 1777, d. 185 i : m. 23 : lom : iSoo, 
Marcy Buffum of Salem ; their children were : — 

300 Caleb Buffum, b. Sept. 29, iSoi, d. Sept., 1874. 

301 Daniel, b. Nov. 24, 1804, d. May 18, 1872 ; m. Oct. 25, 1826, Mary 

Stocker. 

302 Jonathan, b. Jan. lo, 1S07, d. Aug. 17, 1814. 

303 John, b. Aug. 8, 1809, d. Sept. 12, 1S09. 



I04 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



303a Peace Buttum, b. Oct. 19, iSio, d. June 25, iS-jj; m. 1832, David 
S. Sweetser, b. Julj 6, 1S06, d. Jan. 3, iSS6. 

304 Hannah, b. Aug. 29, 1S12, d. Oct. 13, 1S13. 

305 Hannah b. Feb. 10, 1S14. d. Jan. 31, 1S52 ; m. Dec. 7, 1848, Geo. 

W. Farr of Lewiston, Me. 

306 Jonathan, b. Aug. 3. 1S15, d. Oct. 8, 1875; m. 8:10171:1840, 

Abigail F. Peasley. 

307 John Basset, b. Jan. 7, 1817, d. Jan. 19, 1S96; m. Sept. 15, 1841, 

Hannah Maria Rhodes, b. Oct. 28, 1S20, d. Jan. 7, 1895. 
30S Anna, b. Apr 9, 1818. 

309 Sarah, b. Oct. 17, 1819, d. Jan. i, 1847. 

310 Eliza Bethiah, b. Apr. 6, 1821, d. Mar. i, 1S23. 

311 Marv B., b. Apr. 20, 1S22, d. Aug. 15, 1870; m. Oct. 19, 1847, 

Ambrose Talbot of Freeport, Me. 

312 Catherine, b. Mar. 21, 1824, d. Sept. 27, 1824. 

194 Jonathan Phillips, b. Sept. 3, 1760, d. Feb. 20, 1S23; 
m. 20:901:1792, Mary Mower-"^^, b. Mar. 12, 1770, d. Sept. 
12, 1 868; their children were : — 

3i2rt Hannah, b. Julj 22, 1793, d. Sept. 27, 1795. 

313 Thomas, b. Nov. 29, 1795, d. Apr. 3, 1866; m. Nov. 28, 1823, 

Hannah S. Kimball, b. Apr. 27, 1S03, d. Sept. 1873. 
" 313^ Hannah, b. Feb. 3, 1798, d. Jan. 4, 1877. 

314 Abby Maria, b. Jan. 12, 1800, d. Julj 29, 1887. 

314^ Nathan Mower, b. June 11, 1811, d. May 2, 1893; m. Apr. 26, 
1835, Eliza Ann S. Patten. 

195 Benjamin Hood Phillips, b. Juy 27, 1762, d. Apr. 5, 
1837; m. before 17S4, Elizabeth Mower-'^^, b. July 18, 1765, 
d. Aug. 27, 1S4S; their children were: — 

315 Eunice, b. Mar. 13, 1784, d. 9:iom:i8i8; m. 22 :12m :i8o5 

Isaiah Chase^'^, b. June 23, 1782, d. Jan. 17, 1849. 

316 Sarah, b. Aug. 12, 1787 ; m. 24 : 9m : 1806, Stephen Collins. 

317 Gideon, b. Apr. 18, 1791, d. June 11, 1861 ; m. Oct. 31. 1822, Con- 

tent Maria Hood, d. Oct. 31, 1857. 

318 Nathan, b. Jan. 23, 1795, d. 5 : 3m : 179^. 

319 Nancy, b. 14:3m : 1796, d. 1S88. - - 

320 Nathan, b. I4:3m:i796, d. 1801. 

321 Enoch, b. 18:5m :i8o2, d. 1853. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. IO5 

- 199 Sarah Phillips, b. Nov. 14, 1770; m. 9:1201:1795, 
Samuel Xewhall"-, b. Mar. 9, 1765, d. 4:11111:1834; their 
children were : — 

322 Thomas Farrar, b. Dec. i, 1796, d. Oct. 31. 1S6S; m. ist, before 

1S29, Rebecca Xewhall of Henniker, X II., granddaughter of 
Abijahi'^i, b. Dec. iS, 1796, d. Oct. 13, 1S32 ; 2nd, 1833, 
Keziah X'ewhall of Henniker, X. H., granddaughter 
of Abijahi'^i, b. Jan. 26, 1801, d. April 11, 1837; 3rd, Jan. 24, 
1847, Abigail Trott, b. Aug. 8, iSoi, d. Feb. 9, 1S58. 

323 Phillips, b. April iS, 1799, d. Aug. 27, 1822. 

324 Abner, b. June 11, 1802. d. May 19, 1S76: m. Apr. 3, 1828, Mary 

Newhall of Henniker, X. H., granddaughter of Abijah^^^i, b. 
Feb. 14, 1807, d. July 19, 1839. 

325 Rebecca, b. May 5, 1806, d. July 30, 182 1. 

326 Edward b. Mar. 22, 1809, d. Mar. 26, 1814. 

327 Francis, b. ' Xov. 16, 1S12, d. Sept. 22, 1849; m. 1842, Sarah 

Trott, b. June 16, 1810, d. Mar. 14, 1903. 

328 Theodate J., b. May 5, 1815, d. Aug. 10. 1883; m. Xov. 17, 1836, 

Asa T. Xewhall, b. Dec. 20, 1809, d. Dec. 31, 1874. 

205 Asa Breed, b. Feb. 23, 1783, d. Oct. 27, 1841 ; m. 
1S09, Betsey Nichols, b. July 21, 1790, d. May 19, 1S30; their 
children were : — 

329 Hiram X'ichols, b. Sept. 2, 1809, d. Mar. 31, 1893; m. July 4, 

1830, Xancy Stone, b. Oct. 16, 1807, d. June 30, 1887. 

330 Asa Lowring, b. Xov. 21, 1813, d. Jan. 13, 1S92 ; m. Xov. 5, 1S37, 

Eunice Xeal, b. Apr. 22, 1815, d. June 13, 1S73. 

332 Antinat, b. Jan. 31, 1816, d. Jan. 26, 1S97; m. Christopher John- 

son, b. Oct. 29, 1812, d. Oct. 31, 1897. 

333 Joseph Xichols, b. July 21, 1818, d. Oct. 26, 1904; m. Xancy R. 

Wyman, d. P^eb. 21, 1883. 

334 Rogers Judson, b. May 6, 1823, d. Oct. 28, 1878; m. Matilda J. 

Simonds, b. 1825, d. Jan. i, 1907, 
i^.S Sidney Ingalls, b, Dec. i, 1825, d. July 12, 1904, m. Aug. 5, 1849, 

Martha E. Mudge, b. Xov. 7, 1828. 
336 Horace Spalding, b. Mar. 28, 1828, d. Xov. 7, 1906; m. Lydia A. 

Littlefield, b. 1842, d. May 24, 1907. 

210 James Breed, 5^^ Hannah Alley. 1^^ 



I06 LYNX HISTOR/CAL SOCIETY. 

212 Kezia Breed, b. 1:12111:1765, d. Mar. 8, 1S49; m. 
26:12111:1787, Rufus Xewhall--", b. 7:3111:1747, d. 31:12m: 
1815 ; their children were : — 

337 John, b. Aug. 22, 17S8, d. July 22, 1S65 ; m. Nov. 26, 1817, *Delia 

Breed, daughter of Samuelb, b. Apr. 20 1789, d. Dec. 3, 1863. 

338 Archclaus, b. July 23, 1790, d. Dec. 5, 1864; m. ist, Sept. 21, 

1817, Lucy Peabody, d. Dec. 5, 182 1 ; 2nd, 1S24, Ann Brown, 
b. Mar. 1797, d. Nov. 5, 1870. 

339 Kezia, b. Aug. 13, 1792, d. Oct. 14, 1S15; m. Nov. 26, 1812, 

Nathaniel Alley, b. Mar. 24, 1789. 

340 Eliza, b. 24:i2m:i794, d. May 16, 1875; m. Apr. 10, iSii, Benja- 

min Dodge, b. Jan. 1772, d. April 29, 1859. 

341 Anna Rowell, b. Oct. 16, 1797, d. Sept. 27, 1815. 



•Following down from Ebenezer Breed^^, the line to Delia Breed, 
who married John Newhall'^^', is as follows : — 
a. Ebenezer Breed*^, b. May i, 17 10; m. Nov. 29. 1737, Rebecca Phil- 
lips of Boston ; their children were : — 

b. Richard, b. Sept. 11, 173S. 

c. Amos, b. Nov. 4, 1739; m. Apr. 30, 1766; Ruth Estesi'^^ b_ Mar. 13, 174S, d. Mar. i, 

17S7. 

d. Ebenezer, b. May i, 1741. 

e. Rebeckah. b. Dec. 29, 1742, ni. Mary . 

f. Samuel, b. Apr. 10, 1747, d. Jan. 21,1821; m. Apr. 13, i77i,Throdate Purinton, b. Sept. 

23, 174Q, d. Sept. 14, 1836. 
g-. James, b. Apr. 19,1749; m. 21 : 4m :i773, Rebeckah Basset, b. Oct.7, 1754, d. Oct. 30, 

1829. 
h. Elizabeth, b. Mar. 19, 1751, d. June 21, 1826; m. Apr. 27, 1773, Jedediah Purinton, b. 

July 22, 1747, d. May 15, 1835. 
$. William, b. Feb. 20, 1753. 
J. Simeon, b. Sept. 13, 1755. 

/. Samuel Breed, b. Apr. 10, 1747, d. Jan. 21, 1821; m. Apr. 13, 1771, 
Theodate Purinton, b. Sept. 23, 1749, d. Sept. 14, 1836; 
their children were : — 

k, Charlotte, b. Mar. 8, 1772, d. Mar. 13, 1772. 

/. CharloUe, b. Apr. 4, 1773, d. Jan. 4, 1S62; m. Oct. 2S, 1S07, Gamaliel W. Oliver, b. 

14 :2m: 1 772, d. 2o:im:iS49. 
m. Anna, b. July 16, 1775, d. Nov. '.8, 1S51 ; m. Oct. 26, 1796, Jonathan Boyce, b. 3:1m: 

1773, d. Oct. 24, 1857. 
«. Samuel, b. Nov. iS, 177S, d. Oct. 22, 1S26; m. before 1S15, Anna Allen of Kittery. 
o. Ebenezer, b. Mar. iS, 1786, d. Mar. 2, 1S31 ; m. 20: im:iSi3, Susanna Morrill of Fal- . 

mouth. Me. 
/. Delia, b. Apr. 20, 1789, d. Dec. 3, 1863; m. Nov. 26, 1817, John NewhalF''", b, 

Aug. 22, 1788, d. July 22, 1S65. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. IO7 

342 Rufus, b. 16:10m :iSoo, d. Jan. 24. 1873; m. Feb. 21, 1825, Betsey 

Bean Dollotf, b. Nov. 10, iSoi, d. Feb. 17, 1873. 
-343 Abigail, b. 29:8m: 1802, d. Aug. 15, 1858: m. Oct. 18, 1820, 
Daniel Breed, son of William and Hannah^^'^ b. Jan. 14, 1788, 
d. Sept. 21, 1858. 

344 Enos, b. 27:8m:iSo4, d. May 25, 1870; m. Oct. 12, 1831, Eliza 

Flanders, b. May 10, 1812, d. May 27, 1895. 

345 Clarrisa Ingalls, b. i :iom :i8o6, d. Jan. i, 1833. 

346 Nathan Breed, b. 21 :im :i8o8, d. May 12, 1847; m. Nov. 18, 1829, 

Anna B. Conner. 

347 James, b. 27:7m :i8io, d. Aug. 29, 1810. 

220 James Breed, b. July 13, 176S, d. June 19, 1S53; m. 
19 : 9m :179s, Phebe Nichols, b. Dec. 12, 1771, d. Feb. 16, 
1863 ; their children were : — 

348 Stephen, b. Aug. 24, 1799, d. Apr. 11, 1800. 

349 Phebe Nichols, b. Sept. 11, 1802, d. Dec. 6, 1825. 

350 Mary Ellen, b. Sept. 13, 1804, d. Jan. 30, 1S47. 

351 Stephen Nichols, b. Oct. 12, 1806, d. Apr. 8, 18S6; m. Dec. 11, 

1828, Elizabeth Breed, b. Sept. 17, 1810, d. Feb. 13, 1899. 
35irt Hannah Collins, b. Dec. i, 1808, d. Aug. 10, 1827. 

352 James Albert, b. 22: 4m:i8ii, d. Feb. 3, 1897; m. Sept. 23, 

1835, Lydia S. Webb, b. Jan. 8, 1812, d. Apr. 13, 1896. 

222 Samuel Newhall, see Sarah Phillips^^^ 

224 Winthrop Newhall, b. June 6, 1769, d. Aug. 1852; 
m. Jan. 12, 1.795, Elizabeth Farrington ; their children were : — 

353 Francis S., b. Apr. 30, 1795, d. Feb. 2, 1858; m. Feb. 23, 1818, 

Lydia Burrill, b. May 3, 1791, d. Mar. 30, 1861. 

354 Henry, b. Mar. 10, 1797, d. July 15. 1878; m. Dec. 7, 1829, 

Ann Attwill, b. Feb. 26, 1809, d. Feb. 13, 1863. 

355 Eliza, b. Jan. 12, 1799, d. June 24, 1799. 

356 Eliza, b. Apr. 25, 1800, d. Aug. 12, 1816. 

357 Sophia, b. .Nfay 9, 1806, d. May 21, 1874. 

358 Lydia, b. Jan. 10, 1810, d. Oct. 22, 1890; m. Dec. 2, 1834, Amos 

Rhodes, d. Jan. 15, 1870. 

359 Horace, b. Aug. 30, 1813, d. Feb. 16, 1892. 

226 Sylvanus Newhall, b. July iS, 1773, d. Feb. 12, 1S61 ; 
m. before 1802, Lydia Gove, d. 1856 ; their children were : — 



I08 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

360 Huldah Bassett, b. Aug. 4, 1S02, d. Apr. 6, 184S; m. William 

Gilson. 

361 Anne, b. Feb. 11, 1S04, m. William Newell. 

362 Mary, b. Oct. 31, 1806, d. Oct. 6, 1S07. 

363 Daniel Wendell, b. Dec. 10, 1S09, d. Apr. 25, 1890; m. Apr. 8, 

1835, Adaline Alley, b. June 15, 1813, d. Feb. 14, 1S90. 

364 Abigail Curtin, b. Jan. 3, 1815; m. 1S42, Frederick R. Newell of 

Cambridge. 

230 Lydia flower, b. Aug. 26, 1757, d. 26:2111:1833; m. 
ist, Apr. 15, 177S, Jabez BreecP^^ b. Jan. 24, 1755, d. 
2 : 7m: 17S0; 2nd, 19 :3ni :i7S3, John Pratt, b. Apr. 10, 1762, 
d. 29 : 6m :iS33 ; their children were : — 

^t?^ Jabez Breed^*^!. 

365 Ljdia, b. 26: im : 1784, d. Dec. 25, 1873. 

366 James, b. i6:3m:i786; m. Nov. 27, 1808, Ruth Breed, daughter 

of Benjamini-*!, 5^ pg^,^ ^^ 1791, d. Sept, 13, 1878. 

367 Cynthia, b. 25 : 2m :i789. 

368 Micajah Collins, b. 25 :10m :i79i, d. Jan. 28, 1S66; m. ist, Nov. 26, 

1812, Theodate B. Brown, b. 1794, ^- ^^ar, 15, 1861 ; 2nd, 
Abby Wing, b. Sept. 24, 1804, d. Oct. 31, 1890. 

369 John, b. 9: im 11794, d. Feb. 28, 1S65 ; m. before 1818, Elizabeth 

Ellis. 

370 Hannah, b. i8:iom:i796; m. Nov. 20, 1816, David Hawkes. 

233 Elizabeth Mower, see Benjamin Hood Phillips^^^. 

235 Mary Mower, see Jonathan Fhillips^^. 

239 Estes Newhall, b. Sept. 9, 1770, d. Feb. 25, 1857; m. 
1st, before 1799, Hepzibah Wing, d. Feb. 6, iSio; 2nd, Mir- 
iam Philbrick, d. Sept. 11, 1864; their children were: — 

371 Paul, b. May 31, 1799, d. Nov. 3, 1800. 

372 Paul Wing, b. May 25, iSoi, d. 2 :9m :184s; m. 29:6m: 1831, 

Hannah Johnson. 

373 Hannah, b. Feb. 25, 1803, d. Sept. 28, 1803. 

374 Abigail, b. Sept. 24, 1804. 

375 George, b. May 17, 1806, d. July 24, 1807. 

376 Henry R., b. Feb. 1810, d. 2m :i8io. 

377 Louis P., b. Oct. 9, i8i6, d. 12 :3m :i833. 

378 Eliza S., b. Nov. 27, 1818, d. Mar. 19, 1822. 



,J«%»:t;-' 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. IO9 

379 Maria Mott, b. Feb. iS, 1S20, d. 2( : 6in riS^o. 

3S0 Joseph Philbrick, b. July 16, 1S23, d, Sept. 2, 1S69; m. 1:7m: 
1S46, Anna G. Bassett*'^^^, b. Apr. 10, 182^, d. Apr. 17, 1S63. 



n • 



242 Daniel Newhall, b. Nov. 3i, 1778, d. June 27, iS^ 
m. June 6, 1S05, Mary Bailey, b, Feb. 3, 17S5, d. Mar. 27, 
1S29; their children were: — 

381 John Bailey, b. May 3, 1S06, d. 1S49. 

382 George P., b. Aug. 23, iSoS, d. Oct. 14, 1825. 

383 Hepzibah, b. June 20. iSio. 

384 Joseph, b. May 10, 1S12. 

385 Isaac, b. Jan. 4, 1814, d. Feb. 22, 1S79; m. ist, Apr. 15, 1840, 

Bridget H. Bacheller, b. Nov. 7, 1S14, d. Nov. 7, 1847; 2nd, 
Nov. 9, 1848, Mrs. Sarah G. Caldwell, b. Jan. 25, 1815, d. 
Aug. 31, 1888. 

386 Henry, b. Feb. 10, 1S16, d. Oct. 18, 1816. 

387 Mary Bailey, b. Apr. 28, 181S, d. June 17, 1845. 

388 Lucy, b. Nov. 15, 1820, d. Nov. i, 1842. 

3S9 Daniel Rodman, b. Sept. 28, 1823, d. Apr. 5, 1825. 

243 Joseph Basset Breed, b. Sept. 30, 17S3, d. Oct. 16, 
1844; m. 23:9m:iSo7, Mary Johnson, daughter of Pharaoh, 
b. July 6, 1785, d. June 30, 1S57 ; their children were : — 

390 Catherine L., b. Oct. 3. 1812, d. Sept. 24, 1827. 

391 Joseph E., b. 4 : 8m :iSi5, d. 19 : 7m :i8i6. 

392 Joseph, b. Oct. 2, 1S17, d. Apr. 28, 18S7 ; m. 17: 4m 11839, 

Phebe C. Boyce, daughter of Solomon, b. Jan. 20, 1817, d. 
Aug. 16, 1866. 

393 Lydia, b. 11 :iom :i82i, d. 1S21. 

394 Richard Johnson, b. Dec. 25, 1822, d. Nov. 2, 1883; m. Caroline 

Dennis. 

395 Henry, b. Mar. 9, 1829, d. Sept. 27, 1896; m. ist, Nov. 13, 1S50, 

Sarah Ellen Williams, b. Nov. 8, i83i,d. Aug. 29, 1S57; 2nd, 
Oct. 15, 1862, Sarah (Holder; Adams, b. July 31, 1834; d. 
Jan. 17, 1896. 

251 Isaac Basset, b. Oct. 6, 1779, d. May 24, 1S67; m. 
21 :4m :i8o2, Ruth Breed, daughter of *Ebenezer'', b. Mar. 21, 
1782, d. July 5, i860; their children were : — 



■.^■-- 



no LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

396 William, b. Mar. 4, 1S03, d. June 21, iSyi ; m. 23 :6m :iS24, Mary 

Boyce, daughter of Solomon, b. Dec. 21, 1S05, d. May 19, 

1SS4. 
397 Jeremiah H., b. Jan. 16, 1S05, d. Aug. 30, 1805. 
39S Elizabeth, b. Aug. 13, 1S06, d. Aug. 17, 1S06. 
399 Elizabeth, b. Aug. 23, iSoy, d. May 11, 18S2 ; m. 24 : lom :iS27, 

Samuel Boyce, son of tjonathan, b. Dec. 22, 1801, d. Aug. 20, 

1S75. 
4(X> Mary, b. >rar. 28, 1S09, d. June 10, 1832. 
4<X)a Jeremiah, b. Aug. iS, iSio, d. Aug. 19, 1810. 

401 Eunice, b. Nov. 31, iSii, d. Dec. i, 1S64; m. 15 : 4m :iS3i, Wil- 

liam S. Boyce, son of Solomon, b. Dec. 25, 1809, d. Aug. 27, 

1873. 

402 Lydia, b. Mar. 11, 1813, d. Nov. 12, 1872; m. 1st, May 14, 1834, 

Caleb Rodman; 2nd, May 12, 1837, James Kite. 
' 403 Hannah, b. Oct. 10, 1815, d. Mar. 5, 1855. 

404 Joseph, b. Oct. i, 1818, d. Jan. 12, 1822. 

404^ Anna Green, b. Apr. 10, 1824, d. Apr. 17, 1863; m. i :7m : 1846, 
Joseph Philbrick Newhall^^o^ b. jul^ j6^ 1S23, d. Sept. 2, 1869. 

254 Ezekiel Estes, b. Apr. 17, 1781, d. Oct. 15, 1S44; 
m. 23:10111:1805, Mary Breed, daughter of *Ebenezer ; their 
children were : — 

405 William, b. July 20, 1806, d. Feb. 17, 1838; m. Oct. 8, 1826, 

Almira Choate, b. Oct. 7, 1806, d. May 19, 1885. 

406 Ruth, b. July i, 1808, d. Dec. 21, 1887; m. Nov. 16, 1826, Edward 

B. T. Gove, b. June 27, 1801, d. Mar. 11, 1874. 

407 Lydia Breed, b. July 6, 1810, d. Dec. 3, 1894; m. May 24, 1832, 

Edward I. Goldsmith, b. May 20, 1812. 

408 Rebecca, b. June 9, 1813, d. Apr. 12, 18S1 ; m. Apr. 14, 1836, 

Benj. H. Currier, b. May 15, 1812, d. Dec. 24, 18S7. 

409 Ezekiel, b. Nov. iS, 1815, d. Dec. 31, 1815. 

410 Mary Ann, b. Jan. 20, 1817 ; m. Oct. 14, 1836, Gilbert Boyce, 

son of tjonathan, b. Mar. 28, 1S14; d. Nov. 17, 18S8. 

411 Elizabeth, b. Sept. 28, 1820, d. Nov. 23, 1871 ; m. Joseph H. 

Swain, b. Jan. 20, 1823, d. Sept. i, 1857. 

412 Ezekiel Franklin, b. Feb. 9, 1823, d. July 3, 1S97; m. Elizabeth 

Ingalls. 

413 Lucy Ellen, b. Aug. 14, 1825, d. Aug. 28, 1905. 

414 Hannah, b. 9 :7m 11828, d. Aug. 7, 1S32. 



♦See Ebenezer Breetld on page 103. 
♦See Jonathan Boycemon page 103. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Ill 

271 Rebecca Chase, sec William Estes^^\ 

279 John Lewis, b. Oct. 15, 1751, d. April 16, 1813; m. 
Feb. 4, 1773, Martha Mansfield, d. Apr. 16, 1S39; their chil- 
dren were : — 

415 Sarah, b. Mar. 22, 1773, d. Mar. 3, 1793. 

416 Robert, b. Apr. 3, 1775, d. Dec. 28, 1S54; m. ist, Aug. 13, 1797, 

Abigail Phillips, d. Aug. 23, iSio; 2nd, Mar. 31, 1812, Han- 
nah Humphries, d. Feb. 12, 1S55. 

417 Martha, b. Mar. 25, 1777, d. Feb. 20, 1796. 

418 John, b. Feb. 15, 1779, d. 1S05; m. June 13, 1799, Martha Porter. 

419 Blanej, b. Oct. 7, 1780, d. Julj 8, 1S21 ; m. Nov. 13, iSoo, Eliza- 

beth Humphries, d. June i, 182S. 

420 Elizabeth, b. Oct. 7, 1780, d. Apr. 3, 1781. 

423 Nathan, b. Jan. 22, 1783, d. 1832; m. ist, Oct. 12, 1806, Abigail 
Floyd, b. Feb. 10, 1709, d. Oct. 9, 1828; 2nd, 1829, Betsey 
(Floyd) Curtin. 
. 424 Henry, b. Jan. 20, 1785, d. Sept. 13, 186S; m. ist, Nov. 15, 1807, 
HuJdah Ingalls, b. July 22, 1789, d. Sept. 19, 1813 ; 2nd, June 
29, 1817, Eunice Foster, b. Jan. 2, 1791, d. May 17. 1884. 

425 Elizabeth, b. Sept. 7, 1787, d. Feb. 21, i8io; m. Nov. 15, 1807, 

Jacob Phillips. 

426 Mary, b. Sept. 4, 17S9, d. Nov. 17, 1792. 

427 Asa, b. Jan. 4, 1792, d. 1812. 

428 Amos, b. Oct. 17, 1794, d. May 20, 1869; m. 1819, Ruth Brown 

of Marblehead. 

429 George, b. May 31, 1800, d. May 12, 1880; m. Jan. 19, 1826, 

Mary Felton, d. Nov. 5, 1885. 

285 Joseph Lewis, b. Feb. 4, 1765; m. Apr. 13, 1786, 
Hannah Richards, d. Oct. 14, 1S13 ; their child was: 

430 Joseph, b. Oct. 6, 1790. 



m. 



286 Nathaniel Lewis, b. 1768, d. Jan. 24, 1S24; 
Mar. 13, 1 79 1, Rebecca Richards, d. Aug. 7, 1831 ; their 
children were : — 

431 Richard, b. Sept. 26, 1791, d. July 15, 1792. 

432 Benjamin R., b. May 26, 1793; m. Oct. 29, 1815, Hannah Knap. 

433 Betsey, b. May 9, 1795. 



112 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

434 Rebecca, b. Mar. 29, I7w7« 

435 Nathaniel, b. Feb. 28, 1799, d. Dec. 30, 1822. 

436 Thomas, b. Jan. 7, 1801 ; m. Oct. iS, 1S29, Nancy Briant. 

437 Richard, b. Nov. 6, 1S02. 
43S Hepsibah, b. Sept. 16, 1S04. 

439 John, b. June 6, 1806. 

440 Lucy, b. Mar. 4, 180S. 

441 John, b. Sept. 12, 1812. 

287 Rufus Newhall, see Kezia Breed-^-. 

290 Isaiah Breed, b. Oct. 21, 1786, d. May 24, 1859; 
m. ist, 22 : urn : 1S09, Mary Blake, b. May 2, 17SS, d. Sept. 6, 
1825; 2nd, May 18, 1828, Sally P. Mower, b. Mar. 21, 179s, 
d. Sept. 17, 1882; their children were : — 

442 Bartlett Blake, b. June 17, iSii,d. Sept. 10, 1883; m. ist, Sept. 16, 

1832, Martha R. Bancroft, b. Oct. 8, 181 1, d. Feb. 1839; 2nd, 
Oct 4, 1840, Susan T. Bancroft, b. Dec. 28, 1818, d. Aug. 5, 
1889. 

443 Abby Maria, b. Feb. 6, 1813, d. Feb. 21, 1895; m. Oct. 9, 1831, 

Charles Brown Clough, b. Mar. 22, 1807, d. Oct. 20, 1836. 

444 Mary Ann, b. Oct. 20, 1816, d. Mar. 28, 1S89; m. Dec. 8, 1S33, 

George W. Keene, b. 11 :2m 181 5, d. Jan. 27, 1874. 

445 Isaiah Clarkson, b. Nov. 26, 1819, d. Dec. 6, 1903; m. Dec. 8, 

1842, Josephine Parker, b. April 3, 1819, d. Nov. 25, 1895. 

446 George Rodman, b. July 14, 1S25, d. Oct. 4, 1874; m. Feb. 1855, 

Sarah Ann Bancroft, b. Feb. 20, 1837. 
446^ Lucilla Preston, b. Mar. 10, 1829, d. Dec. 13, 1906; m. Sept. 3, 

1863, Myron S. Pease, b. July 12, 1828, d. Jan. 11, 1865. 
4463 Hervy Chapin, b. Sept. 7, 1830, d. Dec. 25, 1832. 
446c Bowman Bigelow, b. Feb. 29, 1832, d. Dec. 16, 1873; m. Oct. 

20, 1859, Hannah Putnam Pope, b. June 2, 1828. 
446^/ Francis Chapin, b. Dec. 14, 1833, d. Jan. 22, 1846. 
446^ James Ilervey, b. Apr. 13, 1836, d. Apr. 28, 1S38. 

294 Nathan Breed, b, Jan. 28, 1794, d. July 15, 1S72: m. 
before 1820, Mary E. Swett, b. 13 :7m :i796, d. July 14, 1882 ; 
their children were : — 

447 Moses Swett, b. Oct. 21, 1820, d. Feb. i, 1S62. 

448 Sarah ^vett, b. Dec. 20, 1821, d. July 24, 1906; m. I5:iim:i843, 

William Alfred Hacker, b. 13 :iim :i8i5, ^- J^^^J -7' 1S77. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. ' II 3 

449 Lucy Jones, b. 10:301:1824, d. 1:1111:1846; m. 15:11111:1843, 

Henry M. Hacker, b. Oct. 27, 1S17, d. Apr. 10, 1S81. 

450 Mary Swett, b. Apr. 12, 1S26, d. Jan. 26, 1907; m. Dec. 15. 1847, 

William Bradford, d. May 1S92. 

451 James Edward, b. Sept. 14, 1827, d. May 7, 182S. 

452 Hannah Emely, b. Sept. 14, 1827, d. 11 :iom :i833. 

453 Catherine Johnson, b. Nov. 11, 1830, m. Nov. 17, 1847, Henry M. 

Hacker, b. Oct. 27, 1817, d. Apr. 10, 1881. 

337 John Newhall, b. Aug. 32, 178S, d. July 22, 1865; 
m. Nov. 26, 1S17, Delia Breed", daughter of Samuel, b. Apr. 
20, 1789, d. Dec. 3, 1S63 ; their children were : — 

454 Ann, b. Aug. 28, 1S18, d. July 4, 1S30. 

455 Avis, b. Feb. 29 1820, d. June 19, 1829. 

556 Edward, b. July 22, 1822, d. June 12, 1905; m. 1st, Oct. 23, 1S53, 
Eliza F. Beaumont, b. June 5, 1829, d. June 13, 1830; 2nd, 
June 3, 1873, Mehitable A. (Field) Saunderson, b. Oct. 11, 
1S37, d. Feb. 8, 1904 

457 Harriet, b. 20:8m:i824, d. Dec. 24, 1824. 

458 Charles, b. Aug. 26, 1826, d. Oct. 20, 1867; m. Nov. 26, 1856, 

Hester C. Moulton, b. Apr. 27, 1834, d. June 27, 1891. 

459 William Oliver, b. Xov. 9, 1828, d. Apr. 4, 1908; m. Oct. 23, 

1856, Mary E. Boyce, b. June 30, 1830, d. Apr. 27, 1906. 

460 Anna, b. 15 : 8m :i83i, d. Sept. 30, 1833. 

396 William Basset, b. Mar. 4, 1S03, d. June 21, 1871 : 
m. 23 :6m .-1824, Mary Boyce, daughter of Solomon, b. Dec. 21, 
1805, d. May 19, 18S4; their children were : — ♦ 

460^ Susanna Smith, b. Jan. 2, 1826, d. Mar. 13, 18S1 ; m. Aug. i 
1847, Cyrus ^L Stimson. 

461 Eliza, b. Nov. 24, 1827, d. 2Q:iim :i836. 

462 Mary Anna, b. Apr. 6, 1829; m. June 22, 1847, Thomas Herbert, 

b. May 16, 1817, d. June 4, 1899. 

463 William Hershell, b. Feb. 6, 1831, d. June 28. 1833. 

464 Joseph, b. May 6, 1832, d. 12 : 7m :i837. 

465 Sarah, b. Apr. 13, 1S34; m. Dec. 16, 1852, William W. Kellogg. 

466 William, b. 24:6m:iS36, d. i9:5m:iS39. 

467 William, b. 3o:9m:i839; m. May 13, 1863, Lydia A. Buiium, b. 

Aug. 8, 1841, d. May 24, 1885, 



114 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



416 Robert Lewis, b. Apr. 3. 1775, d. Dec. 28, 1S54 ; m. 
ist, Aug. 13. 1797, Abigail Phillips, d. Aug. 33, 18 10; 2nd, 
Mar. 31, 1S12, Hannah Humphries, d. Feb. 12, 1S55 ; their 
children were : — 

46S Sally, b. Mar. 29, 1797. d. Dec. 4, 1S72; m. Aug. 4, i8i6, Stephen. 
Rich, b. Jan. 13, 1792, d. Mar. 23, 1S70. 

469 Mary, b. iSoi. 

470 Mary H., b. Dec. 3, 1S04, d. June 4, 1S7S; m. Oct. i, 1820, Wil- 

liam Stone. 

471 William, b. Mar. 25, 1S06. 

472 Robert, b. June 16, iSoS, d. Nov. 20, eS64 ; m. Susan M. Sargent. 

473 Abigail, b. Aug. 10, iSio; d. Oct.. 13, 1873; m. Dec. 10, 1S26, 

Samuel Fowler. 

474 Asa, b. May 28, 1814, d. Aug. 3, 1S88; m. ist, Nov. 6, 1834, 

Dorcas Davis, d. Feb. 24, 1S55 ; 2nd, Mary Allen. 

475 Benjamin H., b. Sept. 18, i8i6, d. July 6, 1876; m. Sept. 29, 

1853, Hannah Chase. 

476 Otis. b. Oct. 2, 181S, d. Jan. 12, 1893; m. Mar. 7, 1847, Harriet 

O. Straw. 

477 Warren, b. Dec. 8, 1S20; m. Jan. 16, .1848, Sarah G. Stanley. 
47S Jacob M., b. Oct. 13, 1823, d. Jan. 4, 1905; m. Oct. 13, 1S45, 

Roxanna W. Stone, b. Jan. 12, 1826, d. Aug. 14, 1905. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



INDEX OF THE NUMBERED NAMES 



Alley. 

Abner (93). 
Ann;i (30S). 
Benjamin (35). (91). 
Caleb R. (300). 
Catherine (312). 
Content (190). 
Daniel (301). 
Daniel B. (1S9). 
EIezer{SS). 
Eliazer (31). 
Eliza B. (310). 
Elizabeth (94), ( I SS). 
Hannah (32), (90}, (1S7), 

(3(H), (305)- 
Jacob (30), (S5). 
John(92), (192), (303). 
John B. (307). 
Jonathan (302), (306). 
Joseph (34). 
Lydia (191). 
Mar\- B. (311). 
Peace B. (303a) 
Richard (a), (S9). 
Samuel {t,s<i) 
Sarah (309). 
Solomon (29), {S-j). 
Basset. 
Abigail (27), (100). 
Alice (107). 
Anna G. {:\o^\a). 
Content (105). 
Daniel (67). 
Deliverance (26). 
Deriah (64). 
Eliza (461). 
Elizabeth (63), (247), (39S), 

(399)- 
Eunice (149), (249), (252), 

(401)- 
Gephemiah (65). 
Hannah (23), (104), (150), 

(253), (403)- 
Huldah(iaS). 



Is;iac(i45), (251). 

Jeremiah (^ooa) 

Jeremiah H. (397). 

John (22), (101 )• 

Joseph (25), (62). (404), 4(',4). 

Eydia (103), (402). 

Marv (21), (66), (io«^J). U^o), 

(463). 
Mary A. (462). 
Miriam (61). 
Nehemiah (146). 
Rebecca (60), (147). 
Ruth (24). 
Sarah (19), (102), (i+S), 

(465)- 
Susanna S. (460^; 
William (20), (144), (24S), 

(250), (396), (466), (467). 
William H.(463). 
Breed. 
Aaron (217). 
Abba M. (443). 
Abigail (45), (113), (I iS), 

(209). 
Abraham (13S). 
Alice (122). 
Amos (43), (in), (215). 
Anna(4.S),(7.),(i23), 

(M2)- 
Annie (245). 
Antinat (332). 
Asa (205) 
Asa L. (330). 
Bartlett B. (442). 
Basset (205). 
Benjamin (51), (141). 
Benjamin N. (2tS). 
Bowman B. (446c). 
Buxton (211). 
Catherine J. (453). 
Catherine E. (390). 
Content (206), (293). 
Daniel (i2i). 
Deborah (114^) 



Ebenezer (49), (143). 
Elizabeth (214), (216). 
Enoch (125). 
Eunice (163), (244). 
Ezra (1 17). 
Francis (207). 
Francis C. (446./). 
George R. (446). 
Hannah (115), (116), (295), 

(296). 
Hannah C. (3Si«) 
Hannah E. (452). 
Henry (395). 
HervyC. (4^6^). 
Hiram N. (329). 
Horace S. (536). 
Hulda (73), (29S). 
Isaiah (109), (290). 
I. Clarkson, (445). 
Jabez(44),(i36), (161), 
James (20S), (210), (220), 

(263). 
James A. (352). 
James E. (451). 
James H. (446^) 
John (120). 
Joseph (392). 
Joseph B. (243). 
Joseph E. (391). 
Joseph N. (333). 
Kezia(47), (i37).(2i2), 

(291). 
Lucilla P. (446rt). 
Lucy J. (449). 
Lydia (292), (393). 
Mary (112), (124), (162), 

(221), (299), (350). 
Mary Ann (444). 
Mar^ S. (450) 
Moses (262). 
Moses S. (447). 
Nathan (46), (i 10), (140), 

(213), (294). 
Nehemiah (74). 



ii6 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Phebe N.(349). 

Richard J. (394). 

Rogers J. (334). 

Ruth (50), (139), (204). 

Samuel (42). 

Sarah (7^), (246), (2S9). 

Sarah S. (44S). 

Sidney I. (335). • 

Stephen (34S). 

Stephen N. (351). 

Theodate (114). 

Theophilus (219). 

Zephaniah (119). 
Chase.' 

Benjamin (274). 

Eunice (273). 

Hannah (269). 

Isaiah (272). 

Lois A. (276), (277). 

Lydia (270). 

Phillip (275). 

Rebecca (271). 
Estes. 

Anna (155) 

Elizabeth (159), (411). 

Ezekiel (254), (409). 

Ezekiel F. (412). 

Eunice (25S). 

Gulielma (259^) 

Hannah (69), (151), (255), 

(4H)- 
Isaac H. (261). 
Lucy E. (413). 
Lydia (260). 
Lydia II. (407). 
Mark (154). 
Mary Ann (410). 
Matthew (70), (157), (255). 
Rebecca (156), (15S), (ioS). 
Ruth (152), (406). 
Thomas (256). 
William (6S), (153), (ir«), 

(257), (405). 

William H. (259). 
Farrar. 

Susannah (2S). 
Holder. 

Aaron L. (26S). 

Daniel (266). 

Ebenzer (265). 

Hannah B. (267). 

Miriam (264;. 
Hood. 

Abigail (59). 



Abner (5S). 
Anna (12), (99). 
Barberrj- (36). 
Benjamin (14), (3S). 
Breed (40). 

Content (39), (54), (95). 
Elizabeth (5),) (9S). 
Hannah (9), (56). 
Hulde (37). 
Jedidiah (53). 
John (S). 
Joseph (13). 
Lydia (41). 
Mary (2). 
Nathaniel (11). 
Patience (57). 
Rebecca (7), (55), (96). 
Richard (0,(3), (16). 
Ruth (6). 
Samuel (10), (15) 
Sarah (4), (97). 
Theodate (52). 
Zebulon (17), (iS). 
Lewis. 
Abigail (473). 
Amos (42S). 
Asa (427), (474). 
Benjamin (2S3) 
Benjamin H. (475). 
Benjamin R. (432). 
Betsey (433). 
Blaney (419). 
Edmund (2S0). 
Elizabeth (2S2), (420), (425). 
George (429). 
Henry (424). 
Hepzibah(2.Si),(43S). 
Jacob M. (47S). 
John (279), (41S, C439), 

(44O- 
Joseph (2S5), (430). 
Lucy (440). 
Martha (27S), (417). 
Mar>- (426), (469). 
Mary H. (470). 
Nathan (423). 
Nathaniel (2.S6), (435). 
Otis (476). 
Rebecca (434). 
Richard (431), (437). 
Robert (416), (472). 
Sally (46S). 
Sarah (2S4), (415). 
Thomas (436). 



Warren (477). 
William (471). 
Mower. 

Abigail (232). 
Alice (231). 
Elizabeth (233). 
P^noch (229), (234). 
John (237). 
Lydia (230). 
Martha (236). 
Mary (235). 
Nathan (23S). 
Newhall. 
Aaron (iSo), (iSi). 
Abigail (132), (343), (374). 
Abigail C. (364). 
Abijah (131). 
Abner (223), (225), (324). 
Andrew (170). 
Ann (454). 
Anna (126), (460) 
Anna R. (341). 
Anne (361). 
Arcbelaus (33S). 
Avis (455). 

Benjamin (S31), (175). 
Bethial(t66). 
Bridget (173). 
Catherine (185). 
Charles (45S). 
Clarrisa I. (345). 
Daniel (So), (133), (242). 
Daniel R. (3S9). 
Daniel W. (363). 
Deborah (240). 
Ebenezer (Si). 
Edward (326), (456). 
Eliza (340), (355), (356). 
Elizas. (37S), 
Elisha(7S). 

Elizabeth (1 27), (169), (1S3). 
Enos (344). 
Lphraim (79), (172). 
Estes (239). 
Farrar (130). 
Francis (228), (327). 
Francis S. (353). 
George (375). 
George P. (3S2). 
Hannah (373). 
Harriet (457). 
Henry (354), (3S6). 
Henrj' R. (376). 
Hepzibah (3S3). 



LYNX HISTOKICAL SOCIKTV. 



117 



Horace (359). 
Ilulda B. (360). 
Isaac (3S5). 
Isaiah (17S). 
James (177). (347)- 
Jedcdiah(i65). 
Jemima (75). 
Joel (179), (1S6). 
John (2SS), (337). 
John B. (3S1). 
Joseph (77), (164), (3.S4). 
Joseph P. (3S0). 
Kezia{339). 
Louis P. (377). 
Lucy (3,SS). 

Lydia(i29),(24i),(35S). 
Maria M. (379). 
Martha (167), (1S4). 
Marj-(i7i),(i74),{362). 
Mary B. (3S7). 
Nathaniel (t6S). 
Xathan B. (346). 



Paul (371). 
Paul \V. (372). 
Pharaoh (130). 
Phillips (323). 
Rebecca (134), (325). 
Kufus (2S7), (342). 
Ruth (135), (176). 
Samuel (S4), (222). 
Sarah(S5), (12S). 
Sophia (357). 
Susanna (S2), (182). 
Sylvanns (226). 
Theodate (227). 
TheodateJ. {^28). 
Thomas (76). 
Thomas F. (322). 
William O. (459). 
Winthrop (224). 
Phillips. 
Abby M. {314). 
Anne (197). 
Benjamin II. (195). 



Ellizabcth ('193). 
Enoch (321). 
Eunice (202), (315). 
Gideon (200), (317). 
Hannah (ii2a), (3I3«). 
Jonathan (194). 
Mary (19S). 
Nancy (319). 
Nathan (31S), (320). 
Nathan M. (314a) 
Rebecca (196). 
Sarah (199), (316). 
Thomas (313). 
William (201). 
Pratt. 
Cynthia (367). 
Hannah (370). 
James (366). 
John (369). 
Lydia(365). 
MicajahC. (36S). 



^.:.- 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Members of Lynn Historical Society. 

Corrected to February 23, 1909. 



LIFE MEMBERS. 



Sept. 9, 1898. Baker, Alfred Landon Lake Forest, 111. 

March 18, 1S99. Baker, Harry Mudge 115 Ocean St. 

April I'], 1897. Peirce, Charles Francis 42 Hanover St. 



ANNUAL MEMBERS. 

Feb. 19, 1906. Abbott, Alice C (Mrs. Warren J.) . 25 Atlantic Terrace 
April 2-^, i^cjl- Abbott, Waldo Lovejoj 25 Atlantic Terrace 

Albree, John 279 Humphrey St., Swampscott 

Alden, Grace Crafts (Miss) 125 Johnson St. 

Aldworth, Eliza A. (Miss) 500 Walnut St. 

Allen, Eliza M. (Mrs. Walter B.) . . . . 2 Walden St. 

Allen, Frank D Old South Building, Boston 

Allen, Helen N. (Miss) 80 Franklin St. 

Allen, Walter B 2 Walden St. 

Alley, Addie H. (Miss) i Chestnut Ave. 

Amory, Elizabeth T. (Mrs. Augustine H.) . . Dedham 

Andrews, Flora E. (Mrs. Edwin F.) . . .11 Shepard St. 

Armstead, Clara ( Mrs.) 33 Howard St. 

Arrington, Alfred A 44 Rockaway St. 

Aspinwall, Minnie I. (Miss) 3 Lewis St. 

Atkins, Annie J. (Mrs. Frank W.) . . 4 Lake View Ave. 

Atkins, Frank W 4 Lake View Ave. 

Attwill, Alfred Mudge 19 Kensington Sq. 

Attwill. Louis Hulen 15 Ocean Terrace 

Atwood, Luther 8 Sagamore St. 

Atwood, Nellie T. (Mrs. Luther) .... 8 Sagamore St. 

iVt^f. 23, 1899. Babcock, Bessie B. (Mrs. John C.) .... 48 Breed St. 

April 2'i, iS(j-]. Bacheller, Edward F. 40 Broad St. 

Mar. 21, 1904. Bacheller, Elizabeth W. (Miss) 71 Howard St. 

Feb. 19, 1906. Bailey, Katharine (Miss) 11 Chancery Court 

April 27, 1897. Baker, Frederick E 189 Lewis St. 



Oct. 


20, 


1902. 


Oct. 


21, 


1907. 


March : 


!6, 1901. 


>(>' 


29> 


I90I. 


May 


19' 


1903. 


May 23, 


1904. 


April 2) 


•, 1897- 


Oct. 


20, 


1902. 


Dec. 


16, 


1902. 


Oct. 


21, 


1907. 


Oct. 


17. 


1904. 


J^^iy 


28, 


1902. 


Feb. 


20, 


1905. 


Jan. 


27, 


1902. 


Apri 


727 


s 1897- 


June 


16, 


1902. 


April 27 


', 1897. 


Jan. 


15, 


1906. 



^'^^^^f'-' 



LYNN IIIST(MiICAI. S(^CIETY. 



119 



Sept. 30, 190 1. 
March iS, 1S99. 
Sept. 30, 1901. 
June 19, 1905. 

Feb. 15, 1904. 
March 12, 19CX). 
April 27, 1897. 
Feb. 20, 1905. 
y««c 20, 1904. 
Dec. 17, 1906. 
April 27, 1S97. 

/?ec. 30, 1 90 1. 
Oct. 28, 1901. 
ya//. 28, 1S9S. 

April 21, 1902. 



June 20, 1904. 
March 8, 1901. 
April 27, 1S97. 

/«;/. 20, 1907. 
Feb. 18, 1907. 
/««c 9, 1899. 
Mar. 27, 1900. 
JVoty. 19, 1906. 
iVc)c'. 24, 1897. 
April 27, 1897. 
Oc/. 28, 1S98. 
June 20, 1904. 
/^?<5. 20, 1900. 

'^^'CK 15 > 1905- 
March 26, 1901. 
Sept. 16, 1907. 
yl/<r/j iS, 1908. 
y«;/<? 20, 1904. 
^f-//. 19, 1904. 

June I, 1897. 
April 26, 1900. 



Baker, Lvdia Maria (Mrs. William E.) .112 Johnson St. 
Baker, Lynette Dawes (Mrs. Harry M.) . 115 Ocean St. 

Baker, William Ezra 112 Johnson St. 

Balcom, Emily Osborn (Mrs. John A.) . . 203 Lewis St. 

Balcom, John Ah in 203 Lewis St. 

Bangs, Charles H 130 Green St. 

Barker, Ralph E 17 Beacon Hill xVve. 

Barney, Charles Xeal 8 Tudor St. 

Barney, Lydia Louise ^Miss) 103 Green St. 

Barney, Maizie BlaikieOIrs. Charles X.) . . 8 Tudor St. 
Barney, Mary Louise (Mrs. William ?vL) . 103 Green St. 

Barney, William Mitchell 103 Green St. 

Barry, John Mathew 23 Tudor St. 

Barry, Sarah Barter (Mrs. Theodore) . . Ayer, Mass. 

Barry, William J 568 Essex St. 

Bartlett. Ella Doak (Mrs. John S.) . . . 61 Atlantic St. 

Bartlett, John S 61 Atlantic St. 

Bauer, Fannie >L (Mrs. Ralph S.) 

169 Lynn Shore Driveway 

Bauer, Ralph S 169 Lynn Shore Driveway 

Bennett, Frank P Saugus 

Bennett, George Edwin 44 Ireson Ave. 

Bennett, Josiah Chase 7 Mason St. 

Bennett, Larkin Everett ... .12 Avon St., Wakefield 

Bennett, Xancy L. (Mrs. Frank P.) Saugus 

Berry, Sarah Catharine (Mrs. Benjamin J.) 238 Ocean St. 
Berry, Susannah W. (Mrs. John W.) . 105 Franklin St. 

Bessom, William B 75 Superior St. 

Black, Everett H 16 ILanover St. 

Bliss, George Spencer 11 Light St. 

Bliss, Mary Gerry Brown (Mrs. George S.) 11 Light St. 

Blood, Eldredge H 157 Maple St. 

Bowen, Abby >L (Miss) 63 Fayette St. 

Breed, Adelaide L. (Miss) 17 Xahant St. 

Breed, Alice M. (Mrs. Joseph J.) . . . 252 Lynnfield St. 
Breed, Charles Orrin 54 Elm St. 

Breed, Clara >L (Miss) 14 Wolcott Rd. 

Breed, Clara E. (Mrs. Frank M.) ... 3 Grosvenor Pk. 

Breed, Clara L. (Miss) 212 Lewis St. 

Breed, Effie Thomson (Mrs. Xathaniel P.) 

9 Washington Square 
Breed, Emma Hawthorne (Miss) .... 69 Xewhall St. 
Breed, Florence L. (Mrs. Warren >L) 9 Kensington Sq. 



I20 LYNN HIST(^RIC.\L SOCIETY. 

Nov. 28, 1899. Breed, Frances Tucker (Mrs. George A.) . 56 Bassett St. 
'* Breed, George Albert 56 Bassett St. 

^/r/7 27, 1S97. Breed, George Herbert . 24 Wave St. 

March 27, 1900. Breed, George Herschel 22 Grosvenor Park 

April 22, 1903. Breed, Hannah P. (Mrs. Bowman B.) 9 Washington Sq. 

April 2T, iScf-j. Breed, Henry W. . . 48 Nahant St. 

Dec. 30, 1901. Breed, Isabel Morgan (Miss) 69 Newhall St. 

^//-// 27, 1897. Breed, Joseph Bassett 54 Nahant St. 

3/«rc/i 26, 1901. Breed, Lilla M. (Mrs. Charles O.) 54 Elm St. 

Feb. 9, 1899. Breed, Marv E. (Mrs. Allen B.) . . .47 Commercial St. 

Sept. 19, 1904. Breed, Marv E. (Miss) 26 West Baltimore St. 

^/r/7 22, 1903. Breed, Nathaniel P 9 Washington Sq. 

April 2'], 1907. Breed, Stephen Lovejoj 15 Nevvhall St. 

June 20, 1904. Breed, Walter H. '. 18 Cherrv St. 

April 2"], 1S97. Breed, Warren Mudge 9 Kensington Sq. 

May 2^ y igof). Bresnahan, Mary H. (Miss) .... 128 Chestnut St. 

March 18, 1899. Bresnahan, Maurice V 128 Chestnut St. 

Oct. 19, 1908. Brevoort, Mabel (Mrs. Harry) 24 Norcross Ct. 

Sept. 30, 1901. Brown, Bethany S. (Miss) ....... 83 Green St. 

Oct. 19, 1908. Brown, Emma I. (Miss) 56 Baltimore St. 

Nov. 19, 1906. Brown, Kate M. (Mrs. Joseph G.) .... 83 Green St. 

^4/r/7 27, 1897. Bubier, Frederick L. 23 La Fayette Park 

♦' Bubier; Harriott Mudge (Mrs. Frank P.) 1S5 Franklin St. 

May 19, 1903. Bubier, Helen P. (Mrs. Eugene H.) . . . 213 Boston St. 
April 2^, i^g-]. Bubier, Joanna Attwill (Miss) . . . 172 Washington St. 

Jan. 15, 1906. Bubier, Joanna Mary (Miss) 92 Johnson St. 

^/r// 27, 1897. Bubier, Mary A. (Mrs. S. Arthur) .... 62 Bassett St. 

Bubier, Mary Adelaide (Miss) .... 17 La Fayette Park 

Dec. 30, 1901. Bubier, M. Nellie (Mrs. Frederick L.) 23 La Fayette Pk. 

April 2"], iSgj. Bubier, Nathan G 11 Hardy Rd., Swampscott 

" Bubier, Samuel Arthur 62 Bassett St. 

" Buffum, Charles .^. . 458 Union St. 

March 18, 1899. Buker, Frank Emery 22 King St., Abington 

April 27, i8g-j. Bulfinch. Charles F 184 Lewis St. 

Burrill, Abby M. (Miss) 44 Hanover St. 

Jan. 16, 1905. Burrill, Ellen Mudge (Miss) 23 Nahant Place 

Nov. 19, 1906. Burrill, Harrison P 23 Nahant Place 

April 2'j, iSf)"]. Burrill, John Irving 23 Nahant Place 

" Burrill, William A 44 Hanover St. 

April 2^, i^cj-j. Burrill, William Stocker 23 Nahant Place 

May 20, 1907. Burrows, Elizabeth C. (Miss; 90 Ocean St. 

June 20, 1904. Butman, Grace E. (Mrs. William W.) 49 Beacon Hill Ave. 
Feb. 16, 1903. Buzzell, Mary C (Mrs. Oscar W.) . 49 La Fayette Park 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



121 



April 21, 1902. Caldwell, Elizabeth W. (Mrs. George H.) . 52 Cherry St. 
June 20, 1904. Caldwell. Ella L.(Mrs. Daniel !.)••• 57 Chatham St. 
March 26, 1901. Caldwell, Sarah >L N. (Mrs. Luther C.) 

23 Caldwell Crescent 
Jan. 19, 1903. Cannifte, Marv Elizabeth (Mrs. John F.) . iiS Green St. 

" Carleton, E. Florence (Mrs. Stanley W.) . 16 Ocean St 

Sept. 7,0, 1901. Carswell, J. Warren 47 Broad St. 

March 21, 1904. Caunt, Joseph ii4NahantSt. 

" Caunt, Lucy (Mrs. Joseph) ii4NahantSt. 

Feb. 2, 1901. Chase, Alice P. (Mrs. Philip A.) ... 47 Baltimore St. 

/>/^. 15, 1904. Chase, Ella Frances (Mrs.) 110 Broad St. 

Oct. 15, 1906. Chase, Grace G. (Mrs. I. Clarkson) .... 206 Ocean St. 

" Chase, Isaiah Clarkson 206 Ocean St. 

April 2'], 1897. Chase, Maria Rachel (Mrs. Warren H.) 1S5 PYanklin St. 

Clark, Charles Edward 89 Broad St. 

Sept. 30, 1901. Clough, Abbie M. (Mrs. Charles B.) . . .70 Cherry St. 
April 2-1^ 1S97. Clough, Harriet Kelley (Mrs. Micajah P.) 253 Ocean St. 
March 24, 1902. Clough, Martha Elizabeth (Mrs. Orville A.) 

28 Baltimore St. 

April 2'], \^()'j. Clough, Micajah Pratt 253 Ocean St. 

March 24, 1902. Clough, Orville A 28 Baltimore St. 

March 26, "1901. Cobb, Bessie Brown (Mrs. Carolus M.) . 10 Nahant St. 

Cobb, Carolus M 10 Nahant St. 

March ^, 1901. Colburn, Clifton 80 Nahant St. 

Dec. 17, 1906. Colburn, Gertrude S. (Mrs. Clifton) . . 80 Nahant St. 
Dec. 28, 1903. Collins, A. Louise (Mrs. Charles A.) . . 254 Ocean St. 

Oct. 20, 1902. Collins, Timothy A. . i Union St. 

Oct. 26, 1900. Conner, Adalaide >L (Mrs. James H.) .27 Sagamore St. 

Jatt. 28, 1904. Cowles, Harriet A. (Miss) 31 Franklin St. 

Dec. 28, 1900. Cox, Frank P 28 Atlantic St. 

Feb.2,\cyo\. Cox, May Vaughan (Mrs. Frank P.) . . 28 Atlantic St. 
Dec 16, 1902. Creighton, Ella S. (Mrs. George A.) 142 Washington St. 

April 21, 1897. Cross, Charles A 14 Chase St. 

Mar. 21, 1904. Currier, M. Caroline (Mrs.) 71 Howard St. 

A^<?z'. 27, 1904. Cutts, Annie L. (Miss) 9 Lookout Terrace 

" Cutts, Grace R. (Miss) •. 9 Lookout Terrace 

April 26, 1900. Darcy, Alice >L (Mrs. John W.) 12 Park St. 

April 27, 1S97. Darcy, John W 12 Park St. 

July 2^, 1S99. Davis, Lydia C. (Mrs. Joseph) .... 34 Baltimore St. 

Jan. lo*, 1903. Delnow, Merrill Fillmore 61 South St. 

June 16, 1902. Demerest, David 47 Bassett St. 

-^"^•^1,1901- Donohoe, Alice M. (Miss) .... 33 Beacon Hill Ave. 
Jan. 15,1906. Donovan, Daniel 21 High Rock St . 



122 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Oct. 20, 1902. Dorman, William E 29 Red Rock St. 

3/<arj 15, 1905. Downing, William E 18 Wolcott Road. 

March iS, 1S99. Dunn, Anna Lincoln (Mrs. Lewis D.) .22 Portland St. 

March S, 1901. Durland, Henrietta (Mrs. Robert ^L) . Hamilton, Mass. 

Feb. 9, 1899. Dwyer, Elmer F 34 Maple St. 

April 22, 1903. Earl, Georgia K. (Miss) 12 Tudor St. 

yune 20, 1904. Earl, Marv E. (Miss) 12 Tudor St. 

April 2*1, 1897- Earle, xVnthony no Henry Ave. 

" Earle, Louise Snow (Miss) no Henry Ave. 

June 15, 1903. Eilenberger, Edgar 107 Vine St. 

Nov. 19, 1906. Ellis, Agnes J. (Mrs. George >L) .... 17 Sagamore St. 

*' Ellis, George M 17 Sagamore St. 

Oct. 28, 1901. Emerson, Anna E, (Mrs. Henry P. j . . . 205 Ocean St. 

'* Emerson, Henry P 205 Ocean St. 

Dec. 22, 1897. Emerson, Philip 9 Beede Ave. 

Jan. 27, 1902. Emery, Mary E. B. (Miss) 17 Churchill Place 

Nov. 19, 1906, Falls, Hannah L. (Mrs. Henry B.) . . . 11 Sachem St. 

" Falls, Henry B 11 Sachem St. 

Dec. 30, 1902. Farquhar, John M 17 Nahant St. 

May 15, 1905. Field, Emma J. (Mrs. C H.) 517 Essex St. 

yune 20^ ^904. Fiske, Maria C. (Miss) .... • • • • 35 Centre St. 

Nov. 17, 1902. Flint, Anna S. (Mrs. Frank E.) . . .28 Atlantic Terrace 

" Flint, Frank E 28 Atlantic Terrace 

June 19, 1905. Fogg, Harriet A. (Mrs. J. Manson) ... 27 Lincoln St. 

Feb. 24, 1902. Foster, Susan M. (Mrs- George) 173 Union St. 

Dec. 17, 1906. Eraser, Eugene B 8 Sanderson Ave. 

Sept. 15, 1902. Fry, James Boyce Greenville, N. H. 

April 2"] , i^()-i . Fuller, Addie G. (Mrs. Charles S.) 26 Vine St. 

Feb. 18, 1907. Gale, Samuel, Sr .98 Vine St. 

yan. 15, 1906. Galloupe, Francis E. . . . 192 Marlborough St., Boston 

Apil 27, 1897. Galloupe, Isaac Francis 13 Park St. 

Jan. 27, 1902. Gay, Charles W 25 Exchange St. 

Jan. 28, 1904. Goldthwait, Georgianna L. (Mrs.) . . 177 Chatham St. 

July 28, 1S99. Goldthwait, .NLartha E. (Mrs. Eben) . . 18 Portland St. 

April 2"], 1897. Goodell, Abner Cheney, Jr 4 Federal St., Salem 

Aug. 18, 1902. Goodell, Addie G. (Miss) 4 Broad St. 

Feb. 2, 1901. Goodridge, Charles Sewell 79 Johnson St. 

Jan. 20, 1907. Goodridge, Nellie >L (Mrs. Charles S.) . 79 Johnson St. 

5^rt«. 15, 1906. Goodwin, Charles A 173 Union St. 

March 12, \cjoo. Goodwin, Daniel W 129 Lynn Shore Driveway 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



123 



Feb. 24, 1902. 

Jan. 10, 1903. 

Sept. 17, IQ06. 
Jan, 27, 1902. 
Dec. 24, 1S98. 
April 27, 1S97. 
June 20, 1904. 

April 2'], 1S97. 
April 27, i?97. 
Oct. 20, 1902. 
J/r?V' 18, 1 90S. 
Dec. 28, 1900. 

v4/^/7 27, 1897. 
April 27, 1897. 



Xov. 28, 1899. 
,/a/7. 27, 1902. 
April 27, 1897. 
^/(f?K 20, 1907. 
April 2^, 1897. 
March 26, 1901. 

April 27, 1897. 

Flei. 16, 1903. 
April 27, 1899. 
Z>ec. 28, 1900. 

Oc/. 20, 1902. 

^^r. 16, 1907. 
Jan. 27, 1902. 

yrt«. 28, 1904. 

March 27, 1900. 
/^fc. 28, 1900. 
Sept. 19, 1904. 

/«/y 28, 1902. 



Goodwin, Joseph W • . . 8 Burchstead Place 

Goodwin, Martha S. (Mrs. Joseph W.)8 Burchstead Place 
Goodwin, Mary Carr (Mrs. Daniel W.) 

129 Lvnn Shore Driveway 

Gordon, Edward B 174 Lewis St. 

Gordon, Fred A 367 Broadway 

Gove, William H 254 La Fayette St., Salem 

Graham, George Herbert . . ... 3 Lynn Shore Driveway 
Graham, Martha Louise (Mrs. George H.) 

3 Lynn Shore Driveway 

Graves, Isaiah iii Fayette St. 

Green, Henry Harrison . 144 Franklin St. 

Green, Susan Francis (Mrs. Charles L.) . 9 Prescott PI. 
Green, Mary A. (Mrs. L Henderson) . So La Fayette Pk. 
Grover, Charles S 16 Grover St. 

Hacker, Sallie H. (Miss) ....... 30 Ocean Terrace 

Hannan, Joseph F 36 Rogers Ave. 

Harmon, Maria B. (Mrs. Rollin E.) 89 North Common St. 

Harmon, Rollin E 89 North Common St. 

Hastings, Charles H 163 Ocean St. 

Hastings, Lucie Ingalls (Mrs. Charles H.) 163 Ocean St. 

Hawkes, Nathan Mortimer City Hall 

Hawks, John M 16 Newhall St. 

Heath, Henry Warren 109 Hollingsworth St. 

Hill, Charlotte Farnsworth (Miss) . . . . 9 Prescott PI. 

Hill, George Barnum 120 Lewis St. 

Hilton, Charles Sylvester 16 Henry x\ve. 

Hilton, Eliza A. (Mrs. Charles S.) . . .16 Henry Ave. 
Hitchcock, Eliza J. (Mrs. Fred S.) ... 112 Jenness St. 

Hitchings, James W 176 Ocean St. 

Hixon, Lucilla D. (Mrs. Warren S.) . . . 65 Baker St. 

Hixon, Warren S 65 Baker St. 

Hodgdon, Charles Ellsworth 

129 Elmwood Road, Swampscott 
Hodges, Nannie P. (Miss). Si Middlesex Ave., Swampscott 
Hoitt, Augusta L. (Mrs. Augustus J.) . . 13 Henry Ave- 

Hoitt, Augustus J ..... 13 Henry Ave. 

Holder, ILirriet E. (Miss) 9 Tapley St. 

Holder, William C Middleton 

Iloman, Henry Hurst 24 Fearless Ave. 

Homan, M.Josephine (Mrs. Henry H.) 24 Fearless Ave. 
Hood, H. Maria (Miss) 23 Wentworth PI. 



124 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



Dec. 2S, 1900. • Hood, Julia Pond (Miss) 254 Ocean St. 

April 2'], 1S97. Howe, Oliver Raymond 20 Bedford St. 

Dec. 17, 1906. Muskins, Elizabeth (Mrs. Samuel C.) . . 209 Lewis St. 

Dec. 14, 189S. Ingalls, Edwin W 98 Laighton St. 

^//■/V 27, 1S97. Ingalls, Emma F. (Mrs. Jerome) 229 Ocean St. 

" Ingalls, J. Fred 605 Western Ave. 

*• Ingalls, Jerome 229 Ocean St. 

May 20, 1898. Ingalls, Mary Mower (Miss) 189 Essex St. 

Jan. 17, 1900. Ingalls, Robert Collyer '53 Commercial St. 

July 2%, 1902. Jackson, Elizabeth A. (Miss) 100 Essex St. 

Feb. 20, 1900. James, Frank M 121 Franklin St., Lynn 

iVbr. 24, 1897. Johnson, Addie I. (Mrs.) 4 Broad St. 

Jan. 27, 1902. Johnson, Addie Mabel (Mrs. A. Justus) 

269 Lynn Shore Driveway 
yl//'// 27, 1897. Johnson, AndreAv Dudley . . 56 Winter St., East Saugus 
April 2*], i^^'J. Johnson, Anna L. (Mrs. Enoch S.) - - - SS Atlantic St. 
June 25, 1906. Johnson, Annie C. (Mrs. Walter W.) 

Palmer Ave., Swampscott 

April 2"], 1897. Johnson, Asa Justus 269 Lynn Shore Driveway 

" Johnson, Benjamin Newhall 109 Nahant St. 

Jan. 27, 1902. Johnson, Ellen M. (Mrs. Rufus A.) 

35 Lincoln Ave., East Saugus 
Sept. 15, 1902. Johnson, Harriette Ellen (Mrs. Joseph B.) . 18 Broad St. 

April 2^, 1897. Johnson, Henry W 98 South Common St. 

Aprils, 1899. Johnson, Lizzie "Bishop (Mrs. Edwin H.) 

181 North Common St. 

April 2"], 1897. Johnson, Luther S 226 Ocean St. 

Dec. 22, 1897. Johnson, Lydia Hacker (Mrs. A. Dudley) 

56 Winter St., East Saugus 
April "J, 1899. Johnson, Mary May (Mrs. Luther S.) . . 226 Ocean St. 
June 25, 1906. Johnson, Susan L. (Miss) . ..... 55 Atlantic St. 

April 2"], 1897. Johnson, Virginia Newhall (Mrs. Benjamin N.) 

109 Nahant St. 
May 19, 1902. Johnson, Walter W Palmer Ave., Swampscott 

Oct. 15, 1906. Keene, Paul M Lynn Shore Driveway 

Jan. 20, 1907. Keene, Susanne N. (Mrs. William G.) 16 Prescott Place 

Nov. 13, 1899. Keene, William Gerry 16 Prescott Place 

Dec. 17, 1906. Keene, William Henry Lynn Shore Driveway 

March 18, 1899. Keith, Emma Barnard (Mrs. Ira B.) . . . 34 Nahant St. 
March 26, 1901. Keith, Ira B 34 Nahant St. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 1 25 

Jan. 10, 1900. Kimball, Frank W. . . .93 Atlantic Ave., Swampscott 

April 21, 1S97. Kimball, Rufiis ... 54 Harwood St. 

Jan. 10, 1900. Kimball, Svlvia H. (Mrs. Frank W.) 

93 Atlantic Ave., SAvampscott 
April 21, 1S97. Knight, Thomas Benton 79 Beacon Hill Ave. 

Jan. 19, 1903. Lamson, Hannah G. (Mrs. Caleb) . . . .124 Green St. 

Auo^. 17, 1903. Laxton, John W. R ii2 Exchange St. 

Jan. 20, 190S. LeCaine, Harriet A. (Mrs. Barclay F.) . .24 Stewart St. 

Dfc. 26, 1900. Lewis, Carrie Shillaber (Mrs. Lloyd G.) . S7 Ocean St. 

May 19, 1902. Libbej, Olive Augusta (Mrs. George H.) . 84 Silsbee St. 

Sep/. 21, 190S. Lincoln, William E 16S Williams Ave. 

" Lincoln, Sarah Ada, (Mrs. William E.).i6S Williams Ave. 

Jan. 27, 1899. Little, Mary F. (Mrs. William B.) .... 13 Nahant St. 

" Little, William B • • 13 Nahant St. 

April 1, 1899. Littlefield, Horatia A. (Mrs. William B.) 35 Franklin St. 

^/r/7 18, 1S98 Littlefield, Melissa J. (Miss) 35 Franklin St. 

April 7, 1899. Littlefield, William Bradbury 35 Franklin St. 

Jan. 19, 1903. Logan, Edward Francis ' . . . . iiS Green St. 

" Logan, Margaret Jane (Mrs. Edward F.) . 118 Green St. 

Jan. 27, 1902. Lovejoy, Alice L. (Mrs. Charles A.) ... 64 Broad St. 

Au^. 26, 1901. Lovering, Mary Adelaide (Miss) 8 Portland St. 

May 20, 189S. Lummus, Henry Tilton 11 Wolcott Road 

April 26, 1900. Lummus, Lucinda M. (Mrs. William W.) 43 Cherry St. 

Dec. 17, 1906. Lummus, Nellie Stetson (Mrs. Henry T.) 11 Wolcott Rd. 

April 21, 1897. Lummus, William W^ 43 Cherry St. 

Dec. 30, 1901. Lurvey, Samuel S 28 Lincoln St. 

Dec. :7, 1906. >[ace, Florence Hall (Mrs. Frank W.) . 15 Mace Place 

Marc/121, 1904. Mace, Frank W 15 Mace Place 

Oc/. 23, 1907. Macfarlane, G. Sidney . .... . 56 Beacon Hill Ave. 

April 1, 1899. MacLean, >Liry A. (Mrs. Alexander) . . 235 Summer St. 

April 2^, i^c)-]. Magrane, Patrick B 247 Ocean St. 

/aw. 28, 1904. Mangan,JohnJ 174 South Common St. 

April 27, 1897. Mansfield, Perley B 19 Nichols St. 

April 27, 1897. Marden, Gertrude May (Mrs. James Archibald) 

North Conway, N. H. 

Nov. 23, 1899. Marsh, George E 12 Ireson Ave. 

" Marsh, James M 12 Ireson Ave. 

Feb. 19, 1906. Marston, Katharine F. (Mrs. Herbert B.) 14 Goodwin's Ct. 

March 8, 1901. Martin, Angie P. (Mrs. George H.) . . 388 Summer St. 

April 21, i^c^l. Martin, George Henry 388 Summer St. 

Jan. 27, 1899. Martin, James P 9 Portland St. 



126 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



Seft. 30, 1901. 
April 27, 1S97. 
Scf>i. 17, 1906. 
June I, 1897. 
I^eb. iS, 1909. 
Feb, :8, 1909. 
Feb. iS, 1907. 
April!'], 1897. 



July 28, 1902. 
Jan. 29, 1900. 
April 27, 1S97. 
Z>^c. 28, 1900. 
Z>cc. 28, 1900. 
Jan. 28, 1S98. 

June 19, 1905. 
April 27, 1S97. 

/a». 10, 1903. 

(( 

Nov. 23, 1899. 

5^a«. 15, 1906. 
April 27, 1897. 
Jan. 28, 1904. 
/^c3. 19, 1906. 
Dec. 17, 1906. 
/«;/. 27, 1902. 
Nov. 23, 1899. 
Feb. 20, 1900. 
March 27, 1900. 
/^^3. 18, 1909. 
Oc/. 20, 1902. 
/a;/. 16, 1905. 
April 21, 1897. 
/^e3. 2, 1901. 
yan. 15, 1906. 
April 27, 1S97. 



Martin, Sadie Woodbury (Miss) .... 38S Suininer St. 

Matthews, Harriet L. (Miss) 125 Johnson St. 

Maj-nard, Gertrude E. (Miss) 48 Breed St. 

McArthur. Annie E. (Mrs. John A.) . . 22 Atlantic St. 

Merrill, Albert R Wolcott Road 

Merrill. Harriet C. (Mrs. Albert R.) . . Wolcott Road 

Miller, Fred .... 224 Maple St. 

Moulton, Katherine R. (Miss) 71 Federal St. 

Mower, Earl Augustus ......... 16 Nahant Place 

Mower, Einma F. Page (Mrs. Earl A.) . 16 Xahant Place 

Mower, Martin V. B 3 Mountain Ave. 

Mudge, Ann Amelia (Miss) 84 Green St. 

Mudge, Arthur Bartlett 27 Greystone Park 

Mudge, Pamelia B. (Mrs. Nathan A.) . . 115 Green St. 

Mullin, James D 58 Newhall St. 

Mullin, Sarah Abby (Mrs. James D.) . . 58 Newhall St. 

Neal, Rachel Getchell (Mrs. Arthur W.) . 24 Sachem St. 

Neal, William E 127 Nahant. St. 

Neely, Margaret S. (Mrs. William A.) . 16 Rogers Ave. 

Neely, W^illiam A 16 Rogers Ave. 

Neill, Charles F 17 Bassett St. 

Neill, Eliza J. (Mrs. Charles F.) 17 Bassett St. 

Newhall, A. Lillia (Mrs. Herbert W.) ... 82 Broad St. 

Newhall, Asa Tar bell 105 Lawton Ave. 

Newhall, Cinderella (Mrs. Asa T.) . . 105 Lawton Ave. 

Newhall, Edgar Harold 14 Elsmere Place 

Newhall, Edward B 49 Atlantic Terrace 

Newhall. Emma D. (Mrs. Lucian) .... 281 Ocean St. 

Newhall, Frances H. (Miss) 10 Deer Park 

Newhall, Francis S 18 Baltimore St. 

Newhall, George H . . . 343 Chatham St. 

Newhall, Gertrude C (Mrs. John B.) . . 23 Atlantic St. 

Newhall, Guy 26 Nahant Place 

Newhall, Hannah E. (Miss) 36 Sachem St. 

Newhall, Harrison 19 City Hall Square 

Newhall, Hattie C. (Miss) 23 Atlantic St. 

Newhall, Herbert W 82 Broad St. 

Newhall, Israel Augustus 25 Franklin St. 

Newhall, James Silver 52 Baltimore St. 

Newhall, John B 23 Atlantic St. 

Newhall, Kittie May (Mrs. Howard ^L) . 5 Prescott Place 
Newhall, Lucy E. B. (Mrs. Israel A.) . . 25 Franklin St. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 1 27 

April 2^, 1S97. Newhall, Marion Wentworth (Mrs. James S.) 

52 Baltimore St. 

Sept. 16, 1907. Newhall, Margery Choate (Miss) . . . 2S1 Ocean St. 

Sept. 17, 1906. Newhall, Mary S. (Mrs. John Warren) . . 42 Porter St. 

Jan. II, 1S99. Newhall, Mary Elizabeth (Miss) . . . Timsbury Terrace 

Dec. 17, 1906. Newhall, May Davis (Mrs. Edgar Harold) 14 Elsmere PI. 

April 27, 1S97. Newhall, Sarah Etfie (Miss) 19 Park St. • 

Dec. 16, 1902. Newhall, Susie F. (Mrs. Edward B.) 49 xVtlantic Terrace 

April 27, 1S97. Newhall, Terry Arden Timsbury Terrace 

" Newhall, Wilbur Fisk . . 74 Lincoln Ave., East Saugus 

April 21, 1S97. Nichols, Frank Herbert 410 Summer St. 

" Nichols, Fred Hammond 16 Prospect St. 

April'], 1S99. Nichols, Fred ^L . . . 15 Essex Court 

April 21, 1S97. Nichols, Richard Johnson 32 Cherry St. 

" Nichols, Thomas Parker 11 Prospect St. 

Z?rc. 24, 1S9S. Northrup, Arthur J . 20 Baker St. 

" Northrup, Hattie E. (Mrs. Arthur J.) . . . 20 Baker St. 

Dec. 19, 1905. Odlin, James E 19 Grosvenor Park 

" Odlin, Mary G. (Mrs. James E.) . . 19 Grosvenor Park 

March 26, 1901. O'Keefe, Mary A. (Mrs. John A.) . . . . 414 Broadway 

April 21, 1S97. Oliver, James W 69 High Rock St. 

Jan. 27, 1902. Oliver, William T 164 Allen Ave. 

July 2(), i()oi. Osborne, Archer Preble 181 Allen Ave. 

March 16, 1903. Osborne, Emma (Mrs. Roy W.) 

Old Colony Trust Co., Boston 
/an. 16, 1905. Osborne, Jessie Keyes (Mrs. Archer P.) . 181 Allen Ave. 
March 16, 1903. Osborne, Roy W. . . . Old Colony Trust Co., Boston 
June 1, 1897. O'Shea, William 112 Market St. 

Jan. 28, 1904. Page, Edward A 207 Lewis St. 

Oct. 26, 1900. Parker, Harriet Fitts (Mrs. Creighton W.) 28 Lowell St. 

IVov. 16, 1908. Parker, Adaline Simonds (Mrs. John L.) 

35 New Ocean St. 

April 27, 1897. Parker, John Lord 35 New Ocean St. 

Jan. II, 1S99. Parrott, Mary Emily 31 Franklin St. 

" Parsons, Katharine >L (Mrs. Charles E.) 106 Franklin St. 

^/r/V 27, 1897. Parsons, Mary A. (Mrs. Eben) . . . . Lynntield Centre 

" Patten, Frank Warren 370 Summer St. 

i1 Ay 20, 1907, Paul, Maria E. (Miss) 35 Burrill Ave. 

Oc/. 17, 1904. Peakes, Emily (Mrs. Frank IL) .... 26 Endicott St. 

Dec. 16, 1902. Pease, Edward L 35 Bassett St. 



128 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



Sept. i-j, 1906. 
Ocf. 17, 1904. 
Oc/. 19, 190S. 

May 28, 1906. 
Ocf. II, 1S99. 
Dec. 19, 1905. 
Oc/. 15, 1906. 
April 27, 1897. 
March 10, 189^ 
/««. 19, 1903. 
April 27, 1S97. 
/P^c. 24, 1898. 
Feb. 9, 1899. 
April ^'i, 1897. 



Z>e<:. 30, 1901, 
il/aj 20, 1907. 



May 28, 1906. 
April 27, 1897. 
y«»^ 16, 1902. 
Nov. 23, 1S99. 
Z>ec. 28, 1 90c. 
April 18, 1S98. 
April 18, 1S98. 
April 27, 1897. 
April 7, 1899. 
A/a>' 19, 1903. 
April 27, 1897. 



Peck, Martin W 180 Lewis St. 

Pecker, Mary B. (Miss) 26 Broad St. 

Peirce, Joseph L 29HenrvAve. 

Peirce, Annie C. (Mrs. Joseph L.) . . . 29 Henrj' Ave. 

Peirce, Mary E. (Miss) 42 Hanover St. 

Percival, Mary E. (Miss) 99 Laighton St. 

Perkins, Rev. Frederic W 211 Ocean St. 

Perkins, Mary Thayer (Mrs. Frederic W.) 211 Ocean St. 

Pevear, Henry A .... 159 Washington St. 

Pevear, Mary F. (Mrs. Waldo L.) . 87 Beacon Hill Ave. 

Pevear, Nellie O. (Miss) 94 Franklin St. 

Pevear, Sarah E. (Mrs. Henry A.) . 159 Washington St. 

Pevear, Waldo L 87 Beacon Hill Ave. 

Phillips, Anna Racilia (Mrs. Arthur J.) . . 35 Bassett St. 

Phillips, Arthur John 35 Bassett St. 

Pickford, Anna M. (Mrs. Charles J.) 

92 Grant Ave., Newton 
Pike, Georgianna Scott (Mrs. James N.) . .29 Breed St. 

Pillsbury, George E 10 Kensington Sq. 

Pillsbury, Lucy Chandler (Mrs. George E.) 

10 Kensington Sq. 

Pinkham, Arthur W 306 Western Ave. 

Pinkham, Emily G. (Mrs. Joseph G.) . • 64 Nahant St. 
Pond, Carolyn Ashley (Miss) 17 Chestnut St., E. Saugus 

Pool, Howard F 72 Johnson St. 

Pool, Lena B. (Miss) 72 Johnson St. 

Porter, Bertha Currier (Miss) 49 Fayette St. 

Porter, Margaret Ellen (Mrs. Benjamin E.) 49 Fayette St. 

Porter, Thomas Freeman 274 Summer St. 

Prichard, Charles F 40 Nahant St. 

Proctor, Ernest L 99 Beacon Hill Ave. 

Putnam, Eugene A 86 La Fayette Park 

Putnam, Hannah V. (Mrs. Eugene A.) 86 La Fayette Park 



Feb. 9, 1899. Robinson, Elizabeth F. (Mrs.) ... 47 Commercial St. 

Jan. 27, 1902. Robinson, Martha G. (Mrs.) 19 Walden St. 

March 12, 1900. Rogers, Emmelyn S. (Mrs. Abraham L.) . 24 Chase St. 

April 27, 1897. Rogers, Hamilton Everett 30 King St. 

" Rogers, Henry Warren 30 King St. 

*' Rogers, Olive A. (Mrs. Henry W.) .... 30 King St. 

July 28, 1899, Rolfe, Charles E 104 Atlantic Ave., Swampscott 

" Rowell, Frank B 14 Linwood Road 

April 27, 1897. Rule, Elizabeth E. (Miss) .80 Franklin Si. 

Nov. 17, 1902. Russell, Harriett F. (Mrs. William IL) . . 74 Broad St. 



I.YNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 12 



9 



Jati. 17, 1900. Sanborn, Charles S 18 King St. 

May 20, 1907. Sanderson, Carrie M. (Mrs. Howard K.) . 86 Ocean St. 
April 2-i. 1S97. Sargent, William P 151 Chestnut St. 

" Sawver, Menrv A -9 Linwood Road 

Jan. 27, 1902. Schlehuber, Alma (Mrs. Andrew) 42 Estes St. 

April 2^1^ 1S97. Sheldon, Chauncey C 73 North Common St. 

April 2^1, 1S97. Sheldon, Maj L. (Mrs. Chauncev C.) 

73 North Common St. 

March 20, 1905. Shrum, Mark 262 Washington St. 

J/rtv 3, 1901. Silsbee, Henrv 38 Brookline St. 

Oc/. 28, 1901. Smith, florence E. (Mrs.) 12 Nichols St. 

Jan. 28, 1S98. Smith, Joseph N 232 Ocean St. 

Dec. 30, 1901. * Smith, Mary Abby (Miss) 32 Outlook Road, Swampscott 
Sept. 9, 1898. Smith, Sarah F. (Mrs. Joseph N.) . . . . 232 Ocean St. 
March 19, 1906. Southworth, Henry Marty n ... 6 Hutchinson's Court 
June 20, 1904. Southworth, Sarah J. K. (Miss) . 6 Hutchinson's Court 
Jan. 27, 1902. Spalding, Anna H. (Mrs. Rollin A.) . . . 164 Ocean St. 

" Spalding, Rollin A i6jj Ocean St. 

April 27, 1897. Spinney, Benjamin F 270 Ocean St. 

" Spinney, Sarah S. (Mrs. Benjamin F.) . . 270 Ocean St. 
April 27, 1897. Sprague, Benjamin 145 Ocean St. 

" Sprague, Henry Breed . . 33 Walker Road, Swampscott 

Aug.2(i, 1901. Sprague, Laura L. (Mrs. Henry B.) 

33 Walker Road, Swampscott 
Dec. 30, 1901. Stacey, Hannah M. (Mrs. Thomas) ... 13 Portland St. 

il/rtV 28, 1906. Stacey, Jennie E. (Miss) 132 Chestnut St. 

June 17, 1907. Stark, Josie (Mrs. Kirk) S Sanderson Ave. 

April 7, 1899. Stetson, Helen Louise (Miss) 254 Ocean St. 

Oct. 20, 1902. Stevens, Charles G 147 Washington St. 

Dec. 28, 1900. Stevens, Gertrude W. (Mrs. Maurice A.) 100 Johnson St. 

Sept. 19, 1904. Stevens, James D 12 Highland Ave. 

Oct. 20, 1902- Stevens, Mary B. (Mrs. Charles N.) 147 Washington St. 

Dec. 28, 1900. Stevens, Maurice A 100 Johnson St. 

April 22, 1903. Stewart, Annie O. (Mrs. Samuel B.) 

Balston Spa, New York 
April 27, 1897. Stewart, Rev. Samuel Barrett . -. Balston Spa, New York 
May 20, 189S. Stimpson, Isabelle Bradford (Mrs. Henry) 24 Sachem St. 
Oct. 21, 1907. Stocker, Nancy Goodridge (Miss) 

64 Middlesex Ave., Swampscott 
Oct. 17, 1904. Stone, Eleanor (Mrs. Charles G.) .... 8 Portland St. 

Xov. 24, 1897. Stone, Eliza E. (Mrs. William) 23 Lyman St. 

Jan. 15, 1906. Stone, Ella Maria (Mrs. James O.) 

39 Grant Rd. Swampscott 



i-^o 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



Dec. i6, 1902. 
Jan. 15, 1906. 
Oct. 16, 1905. 

Sept. 19, 1904. 
Aug. 27, 1S99. 

yunc 19, 1905. 
Oct. II, 1S99. 
Feb. 16, 1903. 
Feb. 2, 1901. 



April 



190: 



Oc/. 28, 1901. 
Jan. 17, 1900. 
Z>^c. 28, 1900. 
Jan. 15, 1906. 
April 21, 1902. 

6"^//. 2 1 , 1908. 

Oct. 20, 1902. 



Sept. 21, 1908. 
y««e I, 1897. 
Jan. 27, 1902. 



/r?«. 19, 1903. 



May 19, 


1903. 


y««€' 15, 


1903. 


March 2 


7, 1900. 


/?V^. 20, 


1905. 


^/r/7 27 


■, 1897. 


June 20, 


1904. 


>// 28, 


1902. 


June 20, 


1904. 


>/>' 28, 


1902. 


/^^-^ 15, 


1904. 


/^f-c. 16, 


1902. 


Jan. 11, 


1899. 



Stone, Fredilyn A. (Miss) 23 Lyman St. 

Stone, James Oliver 39 Grant Rd., Swampscott 

Sutherland, Abbie A. (Mrs. Daniel A.) . . 261 Ocean St. 

Sutherland, Daniel A 261 Ocean St. 

Sutherland, Jesse T 216 Washington St. 

Sutherland, Margaret IL (Mrs. Jesse T.) 

216 Washington St. 

Ssvain, Elmira Hood (Miss) 207 Lewis St. 

Sweetser, NLarv Abbv (Mrs. David W.) . •:,•:, Baltimore St. 
Symonds, NLary A. (Mrs. Walter E.) . . 57 Nahant St. 
Symonds, Warren L 57 Nahant St. 

Tapley, Henry Fuller 280 Ocean St. 

Tapley, Ida J. (Mrs. Henry F.) 280 Ocean St. 

Teal, Harriet E. (Mrs. William L.) Nahant Road, Nahant 
Tebbetts, Kate P. (Mrs. Hall W.) . 23 Wentworth Place 

Tebbetts, Theodore C 37 Baltimore St. 

Thompson, Nellie H. (>[rs. Edwin J.) . . .26 Breed St. 

Thompson, William D 12 Sylvia St. 

Thomson, Effie W. (Mrs. Robert W.) . . 411 Broadway 
Thomson, Elihu ... 22 Monument Ave., Swampscott 
Thomson, Mary L. (Mrs. Elihu) 

22 Monument Ave., Swampscott 

Thomson, Robert W. ." 411 Broadway 

Tirrell, Sarah E. (Mrs. ^NFmot) Milton 

Titus, Augusta C. (Mrs. I. Walton) . . . ii Deer Cove 

Titus, I. Walton 11 Deer Cove 

Towns, ^L1rtha Courtney (Mrs. Quincy A.) 

21 Bay \\t\s Ave. 
Tozzer, Carrie >L (Mrs. S. Clarence) ... 62 Nahant St. 
Tripp, Marie Kunhardt (Mrs. Thaxter N.) 11 Baltimore St. 

Tripp, Thaxter N 11 Baltimore St. 

Tucker, Emma A. (Mrs. Marcus E.) .44 Hamilton Ave. 

Upham, Otis L 204 Lewis St. 

Usher, Edward Preston Grafton 

Viall, Annah P. (Miss) . . 38 Thomas Rd., Swampscott 

Viall, Charles S 39 Bloomfield St. 

\'iall, Kate G. (Miss) ... 38 Thomas Rd., Swampscott 
Viall, Lizzie F. (Mrs. Charles S.) . . . 39 Bloomtield St. 
Viall, Mary E, (.Miss) . . 64 Middlesex Ave., Swampscott 
Walker, Adelaide!'. (Mrs. Herbert F.) 120 Washington St. 
Warner, Ellen L. (Mrs. John G.) . . . 17 Baltimore St. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 13 1 

Jan. II, 1899. Warner, John G 17 Baltimore St. 

Oct i\. 1907. Welch, John Henry . . . 38 Sheridan Rd., Swampscott 

Feb. 16, 1903. Wentworth, Louis A 34 Lvnian St. 

April 2-^^ 1S97. Whitman, Joseph Henry 10 Sherman Terrace 

Aug: 18, 1902. Whitten, Frank S 33 Munroe St. 

Jan. 19, 1903. Willey, William A 16 Bulfinch St. 

A/arc/i S, 1901. Wilson, Alice X. (Mrs.) 22 Henry Ave. 

Fed. 17, 1908. Wilson, AnnieE. ( Miss) 273 Ocean St. 

A^ov. 19, 1906. Wilson, Charles E 22 Atlantic St. 

March 12, 1900. Wilson, Faustina Chadwell (Mrs. Stephen H) 

49 Brimblecom St. 
Nov. 19, 1906. Wilson, Leila Weekes (Mrs. Charles E.) 22 Atlantic St. 

yan. 27, 1902. Wilson, Maude E. (Miss) 300 Boston St. 

Oct. 17, 1904. Winship, Elmira S. (Miss) 98 La Fayette Park 

Feb. 16, 1903. Winslow, Louis M .68 Newhall St' 

Feb. 16, 1903. Winslow, Lucy H. (Mrs. Louis M.) . . .68 Newhall St. 
Oct. 12, 1901. Wires, Harriet A. (Mrs. W. Marshall) 31 Ocean Terrace 

" Wires, W. Marshall 31 Ocean Terrace 

April 2,1, 1897. Wood, LanaJ. (Miss) -. . . . 19 Franklin St. 

Oct. 20, 1902. Wood, Ruth (^Ii^s) 19 Franklin St. 

April 27, 1897. Woodbury, Charles J. H 51 Baltimore St. 

Dec. 22, 1897. Woodbury, Jennie Russell (Mrs. John) 

14 Beacon St., Boston 
April 27, 1897. Woodbury, John 14 Beacon St., Boston 

'' Woodbury, John P. , . 34S Commonwealth Ave., Boston 

April 26, 1900. Woodbury, Maria B. (Mrs. Charles J. H.) 51 Baltimore St, 
May 15, 1905. Wyman, Violet (Mrs. Wendell W.) 

65 Andrew Road, Swampscott 



132 



,YNN mSTORICAI. SOCIETY 



DECEASED MEMBERS. 



Charles Edward Parsons. 
George Henry Rich. 
James Albert Breed. 
LucLAN Newhall. 
Charles Smith Snveetser. 
Charles Otis Beede. 
Martin Herrick Hood. 
Howard Perley. 
George Burrill Currier. 
Julia Ann Earle. 
John Lewis Robinson. 
Catherine Lloyd Johnson. 
Charles Barker Tebbetts. 
David Herbert Sweetser. 
Ebenezer Knowlton Fogg. 
An'xa Amelia Hood. 
Amos Franklin Breed. 
Samuel Henderson Green. 
John Elbridge Hudson. 
Martha Louise Newhall. 
George Washington Flanders. 
Edward Maury Russell. 
William Francis Hill. 
Charles Coffin Fry. 
Joseph Goold Brown. 
Anna >L\riv Warren Symonds. 
William Watters. 
Micajah Newhall Goodridge. 
Charles Louis Dow. 
Jonathan Woodward Goodell. 
Samuel Augustus Guilford. 
Sarah Samantha Norton. 
Arthur Scudder Moore. 
Sarah Elizabeth La>h'er. 
Elizabeth Harney, 
Lucy Towne Holmes. 



Lydia Cobb Neal. 
Charles Bartlett Clough. 
Frank Keene. 
Moses Sweetser. 
Frank Fontelle Brigham. 
Samuel IL^wkes. 
Elihu Burritt Hayes. 
John Lewis Loring. 
Emma Rhodes Alley. 
Edward Sylvanus Newhall. 
Abby Mansfield Henderson. 
Gelia Luella Gerry. 
James Thompson Moulton. 
Daniel Brown Moulton. 
Philip Augustus Chase. 
Eunice Smith Witherell. 
Stephen Cyrus Newhall. 
Charles Henry Aborn. 
Augustine Heard x\mory. 
Fredd Orestes Thompson. 
Amelia Jane Parker 
Susan Ellen Houghton. 
Enoch Stafford Johnson. 
Howard Kendall Sanderson. 
Cordelia >L\y Elizabeth Beard. 
Susan Thayer Hill. 
Lucy Rhodes Allen. 
Jacob Meek Lewis. 
Charles Andrew Thompson. 
Amos Preston Tapley. 
Lydia Ellis Galloupe. 
Abraham Lincoln Rogers. 
John Clarkson Houghton. 
Clara A. Newhall. 
Samuel Stillman Ireson. 
Alice Buxton Huntington. 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



133 



James Henry Richards. 
Walter Everett Svmonds. 
Alfred Cross. 
LiciLLA Preston Pease. 
Joseph Egbert Blrrows. 
Charles Sylvester Flller. 
John W. Berry. 
Caroline A. Breed. 
Richard Breed. 

Benjamin Willis Currier. 

Michael Angelo Fenton. 

tL\RT\VELL S. French. 

Marion Halliday. 

Caroline A. Hallowell. 

Caroline A. Lee. 

Augustus B. Martin. 

Peter Morrill Xeal. 

Charles Henry Newhall. 



Georgianna Beaumount Tebhetts. 

Esther Hill Hawkes. 

Isaac Kingman Harris. 

David Newhall Johnson. 

Jane Goodridge Mansfield. 

Adeline Brown Beal. 

W^iLLiAM Oliver Newhall. 

William Pitt Robinson. 

Jane K. Sanger. 

Lucinda p. Sheldon. 

Zephaniah H. Spinney. 

William Stone. 

Mary Anna Sweet ser. 

Mary E. Walter. 

Howard Mudge Newhall. 

George A. Bodwell. 

Samuel Clarence Tozzer. 

Thomas E. Ward. 




^,- '*^^piPW"''*J5'i 



/ \ 






A ? I 



n 



4\ ^^3^"^^ 



^s4' 



1 

■4, 



*r 



bi, j^ 






J , 



■I 



fe^Si...':,-,--..- ,K., 






/ -I 



r///: coLoxiAL co.vMi'xio.v set 

OF THE FIRST CONG REG ATI OX AL CHURCH 

Now on permanent exhibition in the Bo.ston Museum of Fine Arts. 

DOXOKS 

Two beakers marked L. C. (unknown) made by John Cony, who died in 1722. 

Two tankards and two beakers from Dr. JouN'riENRY Blkch.sted, Sept 25, 1721, made by 

Andrew Tyler. 
Two tankards and two beakers from Hon. John Burrill, Dec. 10, 1721, made by 

Andrew Tyler. 
Beaker from HAr,i'H Tonkin, 1726, silversmith unknown. 
Tankard from Capt. John Bkekd, Dec. 14, 1728, made by Jacob IIcrd, 
Tankard, two beakers and a bread phite from Col. TiiEOi'mLLs Blrrill, July 4, 1737, 

made by Jacob IIlrd. 



w 



THE I^EGISTEP 



OF THE 



Lynn Historical Society 



LYMN, rinssACHiisc rrs 

NliriBCP XI 
rOR THll YKR 1907 








LYNN, MASS. / 

Fkank S. WiiiTiEN, Pkintkr 



FORM OF BEQUEST 



I bequeath the sum of ' dollars to 

the Lynn Historical Society, incorporated under the laws 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and direct that 
the receipt of the Treasurer of the said society shall be a 
release to my estate and to its executors from further liability 
under said bequest. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



The 'Lynn Historical Society commends itself to the 
co-operation of ever}^ person interested in the present, past 
or future of Lynn. 

It is one of the largest local historical societies in 
this country, having over 500 members, hicluding both 
men and zuonioi, many of whom, ^vhile not natives of this 
city, are actively interested in its prosperity. 

This Association endeavors by the variety of its oper- 
ations to appeal to the interests of all. 

Six meetings are held in its rooms each year, which 
are largely devoted to addresses upon historical matters 
pertaining to this city and vicinity, for Essex County has 
been termed the most historic County in America. 

In addition to these functions there is the annual 
meeting, and also the annual reception is an occasion of 
great interest, and during the winter season a number of 
informal receptions are given late in afternoons, generally 
based upon some nucleus of remembrances to people or 
families closely identified with L3'nn, or to those connected 
with its early organizations. 

It has placed six bronze memorial tablets at various 
points of historical interest in this city, especially the one 
recently erected in commemoration of the " Old Tunnel," 
one of the most notably historic buildings in the Colony of 
Massachusetts Bay. 

It has gathered the records of births, marriages and 
deaths in Lynn from the earliest records to 1850, which 
are publislied in two large volumes, obtaining from private 
sources much information not on the town records. 



4 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

NuDierous other lines of historical note not as yet 
published will be undertaken as rapidly as the means of 
the Societ}^ will permit. 

The members of the Society are invited to attend and 
to participate in many public occasions. 

It has an interesting collection of articles pertaining 
to early histor\% which is open to the members at every 
meeting. 

During the summer several excursions under compe- 
tent guides are taken to points of interest where special 
courtesies are extended to the party. 

The transactions of the organization are compiled in 
annual volumes \vhich are distributed to the members, 
without charge. 

Large as this Society may be, there are man}^ who 
have not joined, merely because they have not been asked, 
and it is desired that the members will actively co-opernte 
with the interests of the Society by bringing its advantages 
to the attention of those who would make desirable mem- 
bers, and after signing their ow^n name as proposer in 
addition to the full name and address of the candidate, 
mail the proposition to Mr. William S. Burrill, Correspond- 
ing Secretar}^ Lynn Historical Society, 25 Exchange 
Street, Lynn, Mass. 

The cost of membership is $1 admission fee, and 
annual dues $2 each, making a charge of $3 for the first 
year, and $2 a year subsequently. 



OFFICERS FOR THE YEAR 1907 



Presidcnf, 

BENJAMIN N. JOHNSON 

Vicc-Presidcfif, 

GEORGE H. MARTIN 

Recording Secretary., 

HOWARD MUDGE NEWHALL 

Corresponding Secretary^ 

WILLIAM S. BURRILL 

Treasurer., 

CHARLES S. VIALL 



MEMBEF^S OF THE COUNCIL 

Bknjamin N. Johxsox Harriet L. Matthews 

George H. Martin Earl A- Mower 

John Albree Charles IL Newhall 

Charles Xeal Barney Howard Mldge Newhall 
George S. Bliss James S. Newhall 

Ellen Mudge Burrill John L. Parker 
William S. Burrill Charles F. Peirce 

William E. Dor.man Eugene A. Putnam 

Sallie II. Hacker William Stone 

Nathan M. Hawkes Henry F. Tapley 

RuFUs Kimball Charles S. Viall 

LuciNDA M. LuMMus C. J. H. Woodbury 



LYNN inSTOKICAL SOCir:TY 



COMMITTEES 



Custodiajis, 



William S. Burrill, Chat'rjnan. 
John Albree 
George S. Bliss 



Anthony Earle 
Dr. John J. Mangan 
Earl A. Mower 



Fv 



Benjamin N. Johnson, Chairman. 
MiCAjAH P. Clough 
Luther S. Johnson 



Charles H. Newhall 
Henry B. Sprague 
Charles S. Viall 



On Publication of Old Tozun Records 



Charles J. IL Woodbury, Chairman. 
John Albree 
Charles H. Bangs 
Charles Xeal Barney 
RoLLiN E. Harmon 



Nathan M. Hawkes 
Harriet L. Matthews 
Charles H. Newhall 
Thaxter N. Tripp 
John Woodbury 



Lectures and Public Meetings^ 

George H. Martin, Chairman. Howard Mudge Newhall 

Isabel M. Breed Eugene A. Putnam 

William S. Burrill May L. Sheldon 

Sallie H. Hacker C. J. H. Woodbury 



Necrology, 



Nathan M. Hawkes, Chairman. 
RuFus Kimball 



George H. Martin- 
Israel A. Newhall 



Wilbur F. Newhall 



T.YNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Reception^ 

LuciNDA M. LuMMUS, Chairman. Kittie M. Newhall 

Ella D. Bartlett Lucy E. B. Newhall 

M. Nellie Blbier Marion W. Newhall 

Anna L. Dunn Katharine M. Parsons 

Addie G Fuller Nellie O. Pevear 

Sallie H. Hacker Anna R. Phillips 

Maria B. Harmon Sarah F. Smith 

Lydia M. Johnson Ida J. Tapley 

Mary M. Johnson Ellen L. Warner 

Virginia N. Johnson Maria B. Woodbury 
and Members of the Council. 

Plaii of Graves, Western Burial Grouftd, 

Henry H. Green, Chairman. John Albree 

William Stone 

Publication of Quaker Records^ 
Nathan M. Hawkes, Chairman. Harriet L. Matthew^s 

John L. Parker 

Genealogy, 

♦Ellen Mudge Burrill, Chairman. Harriet L. Matthews 

John Albree Emma F. P. Mower 

Luther Atwood Harriet Fitts Parker 

Harriet K. Clough John L. Parker 

Nathan >L Hawkes Mary A. Parsons 

Ruth Wood 



'Elected chairman in May, 1907, vice John L. Parker resigned. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



BY-LAWS 



ARTICLE I 

MEMBERS 

Membership shall consist of the present members of 
the voluntary association known as the Lynn Historical 
Society, of the signers of the agreement of association, 
and such persons as shall hereafter be elected by the Coun- 
cil- The Council shall have authority to drop members 
from the rolls for non-payment of dues for two years. 

Any member who shall pay to the Treasurer the sum 
of fifty dollars in one payment, and who is not indebted to 
the Society for dues or otherwise, may become a life mem- 
ber, and be released from the payment of further dues. 

ARTICLE II 

MEETINGS 

The annual meeting shall be held on the second 
Wednesday evening in January, time and place to be 
determined by the Council. Twenty members shall con- 
stitute a quorum for the transaction of business. A less 
number may adjourn. Special meetings may be called by 
direction of the Council or President, and shall be called 
upon the written request of twenty members. 

ARTICLE III 

council 

There shall be elected by ballot annually a Council of 

twenty-fiv^e, of which five shall be women. The Council 

shall have the entire executive control and management of 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 9 

the atTairs, p^opert^', and finances of the society, and shall 
carrv out all its votes. The Council shall appoint all 
committees for special work, and all subordinate oflicers 
and agents, and make all necessary rules and regulations 
for itself and them. 

ARTICLE IV 

OFFICERS 

The officers shall consist of President, Vice-Presi- 
dent, Recording Secretary, Corresponding Secretary, and 
Treasurer, who shall be elected annually by ballot, from 
the members of the Council. They shall perform the 
usual duties of such oilicers, and such other duties as the 
Council may require. 

In case of the occurrence of any vacancy in office, or 
in the Council, from any cause whatsoever, the Council 
shall at their next meeting fill the vacancy for the unex- 
pired term by election by ballot. 

ARTICLE V 

DUES 

The admission fee shall be one dollar, and the annual 
assessment shall be two dollars, payable on Jul}' first of 
each year. 

ARTICLE VI 

AMENDMENTS 

These By-Laws may be amended at an}' meeting 
regularly called, by a vote of two-thirds of the members 
present. 



lO LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



ANNUAL REPORT OF 
HOWARD MUDGE NEWHALL, Recording Secretary 

Of the Lynn Historical Society at the Annual Meeting, Wednesday 
Evening, January S, ig^-iS. 



If the Recording Secretary were to read for his report 
the records of the meetings of the Council for the year it 
would in itself be interesting. The Council meetings were 
never better attended than during the past year, and by 
many members who have been interested in the society from 
its organization. It is a great point in the strength of our 
Society that its early members, with all its new^ members, 
have retained their interest in it, and are as faithful to it as 
in the beginning. 

At the annual meeting, in 1907, an amendment to 
Article III, of the By-laws, was made, providing for the 
increase of the number of members of the Council to 
twenty-five, and another was made that five of them should 
be ladies. The lady members have been a distinct acqui- 
sition to the meeting's, and faithful in attendance. 

Nine members have died during the year ; John W. 
Berry, Caroline A. Breed, Richard Breed, Michael A. 
Fenton, Augustus B. Martin, William Pitt Robinson, 
Lucinda P. Sheldon, William vStone and Mary E. Walter. 

The present membership is five hundred and fifty-five. 

The following interesting papers have been read 
before the Society : 

On Thursday evening, February 14, 1907, Mr. Merrill 
F. Delnovv read a paper on The Athenian Club, giving a 



LYNN HISTORIC A I. SOCIi:TY II 

list of its former members, and if living, their present 
residences. Several members of the old debating club 
were present, and supplemented the paper by their own 
personal recollections. Those present were Messrs. T. 
Harlan Breed, Samuel Gale, William W. Lummus, Israel 

A. Newhall, George H. Martin, and Hon. Nathan M. 
Hawkes. Hon. William H. Gove of the Webster Debating 
Club spoke upon that club, which was composed of 
younger men than the Athenian Club, and Hon. Walter 

B. Allen spoke of the Young Men's Debating Club, which 
was an earlier oro-anization than either. 

On Thursday evening, March 14, 1907, Mr. Wilbur 
F. Newhall gave a paper on The Exploring Circle, giving 
a list of its members and an account of the subjects of the 
papers and discussions which came before it. Remarks 
were made by several in regard to the value of the material 
collected by the Circle, and a committee consisting of 
Messrs. Henry F. Tapley, James S. New^iall and Nathan 
M. Hawkes, was appointed to confer with members of the 
Exploring Circle, and arrange, if possible, to have all 
information among the papers, which related to Lynn, 
become the property, or be deposited with, The Lynn His- 
torical Society. 

It was announced that Capt. Joseph M. Rowell would 
give a paper on The Early Lynn Fire Department, on Thurs- 
day- evening, April 11, 1907, but illness had prevented him 
from completing the paper, and Miss Ellen Mudge Burrill 
who had prepared a paper on the Burrill Family was in 
readiness for the evening, Miss Burrill's paper was a rare 
genealogical paper, showing careful study and research, 
and considered by those especially interested in this line of 
investigation to be a model genealogical paper. 

On Thursday evening. May 9, 1907, a Concert of 



12 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Old Songs was given in Burdett College Hall by Mrs. 
Lucy C. Pillsbury, soprano, Miss Alice May Iloitt, con- 
tralto, Mr. Harrison P. Burrill, tenor, and Mr. Charles H. 
Clark, bass. The songs were much enjoyed, and many 
songs, not on the printed programme, were given in 
response to enthusiastic encores. 

On Thursday evening, October lo, 1907, Mr. Philip 
Emerson gave a paper on the Geography of Lynn, in 
Relation to its History, treating the subject from a scien- 
tific and geological standpoint. Mr. Emerson used a 
blackboard for his illustrating, and gave an instructive 
treatment of the subject. 

On Thursda}' evening, November 14, 1907, Hon. 
Frank P. Bennett gave a paper on the subject of the Ben- 
netts of Saugus, Lynn, and Groton, which was supple- 
mented b}^ remarks from several present, and many ques- 
tions asked from INlr. Bennett. 

On Thursday evening, December 12, 1907, Mr. 
Charles E. Mann gave a paper on the subject, PVom 
Stage Coach to Railroads. Mr. Mann had had the oppor- 
tunity at the State House of collecting a great deal of 
interesting information, which he had gathered together in 
his paper. 

The First Church of Christ invited the Society to co- 
operate in the observance of the two hundred and seventy- 
fifth anniversary of that church, on Sunday, June 9, 
1907. The committee on the part of the Society consisted 
of Messrs. Benjamin N. Johnson. John Albree, Henry F. 
Tapley, John L. Parker, and Hon. Nathan ?vL Hawkes. 

The church held three services, the mornincr service 
being devoted to the church of the past and the evening 
service considered the church of the future, and the after- 
noon was occupied by a civic and historical service to which 
all members of the Lynn Historical Society were invited. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 1 3 

Dr. C. J. H. Woodbury presided and gave an address 
of welcome ; His Honor, Charles Xeal Barney, Mayor of 
Lynn, spoke on behalf of the city; Hon. Nathan M. 
Hawkes, as the otlicial representative of the Lynn Historical 
Society gave an address on The Parting of the Ways 
between Town and Parish, and Mr. John xVlbree read a 
paper which was prepared in collaboration by himself and 
Miss Ellen Mudo-e Burrill on The Communion Service and 
its Donors. 

All of these speakers are members of the Lynn His- 
torical Society, and their addresses are contained in full in^ 
the memorial volume published by the First Congregational 
Society in commemoration of the occasion,* 

Old Home Week was observed in Lynn, as well as in 
other cities and towns in Massachusetts, on the last of July, 
and first of August, 1907. The ladies of the Reception 
Committee held an afternoon reception on Wednesday, 
July 31, wdiich was largely attended by members of the 
Society and others. The wife of the Vice-President of the 
United States, the Hon. Mrs. Fairbanks, graced the occasion 
by her presence. The ladies were in attendance at the 
rooms every afternoon during Old Home Week for receiv- 
ing visitors to Lynn. 

By invitation from the General Committee of Old 
Home Week, the Society appointed a Committee, consist- 
ing of Messrs. George S. Bliss, Chairman, James S. New- 
hall, and William Stone to mark historical locations about 
Lynn. The Committee placed temporary tablets on twenty 
historical places about Lynn, drawing attention in this 
manner to the desirability of placing permanent tablets in 
these different places. 



♦Copies of the Memorial Volume in Commemoration of the iJSth Anniversary of the 
First Con^reg^ational Society, 1907, can be obtained from Mr. Freeman H. Newhall, 39 
Commercial street, Lynn. 



14 LYNN IIISTORICAT. SOCIETY 

The ladies of llie Reception Committee again demon- 
strated the value of tliat Committee to the Society ])v tlieir 
Monday afternoon teas, during the earl}- montlis of tlie 
year. 

On ]Nronday at'ternoon, January 7, 1907, the clergy- 
men of Lynn and vicinity and their wives were entertained. 
On Monday afternoon, Februar}^ 4, 1907, members of 
the Mudge and i\ttwill families were entertained. In 
addition to those who attended, a pleasant feature of the 
occasion was letters received from several members of the 
families who were unable to attend, especially telegram of 
congratulation from a distant city. 

On r^Ionday afternoon, March 4, 1907, one of the 
largest attended teas in the experience of the Committee 
was that of the school teachers and School Department 
and former school teachers, of the city of Lynn. It was 
said to be the hrst time that the school teachers had ever 
been invited to come together socialhs and they showed 
their appreciation of the courtesy b}' their large attendance. 
On Monday afternoon, April i, 1907, the members of 
the Burrill and Brown families were received. In all of 
these family afternoons, in 1906 and 1907 it w^as noticeable 
that many wdio attended were connected with three, four, 
and even five of the old Lynn families. 

On Wednesday evening, January i, 1908, the annual 
New Year's reception to members of the Society- took 
place, and was largely attended. 

The wor-k of the various committees has gone along as 
usual during the year, as will be noticed from their reports. 
The Society will meet with a great loss in the retire- 
ment from office of the Treasurer, ]Mr. Charles S. Viall, 
who has so conscientiousl}', regularly, and promptly con- 
ducted the financial affairs of the Society during the past 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY I5 

five years. Mr. Viall has been a model Treasurer, and 
that he has been willing to do the work for five years has 
been of great advantage to the Society. 

The Secretar}' again calls attention to the faithful 
work of the Custodians. Ever}^ comfort and convenience 
we enjoy is because thev do the work which has to be done 
for the rest of us. They actually do real work, time-con- 
suming work, and the Society benefits from it. 

There have been no walks or excursions during the 
year, originating from the Society itself, and it has been 
qiiite a disappointment to many members who have taken 
enjoyment in them. Several members have recently 
spoken to the Secretary about them, and have suggested 
that early arrangements be made for the season of 1908. 

The city of Gloucester dedicated a tablet at Stage Fort 
Park on August 15, 1907, to Rev. John White and his 
comrades, who landed at Gloucester, and the cit}- sent a 
courteous invitation to the Lynn Historical Society to send 
delegates. Howard Mudge Newhall, John Albree and 
C. J. H. Woodbury, were appointed delegates by the 
President, and attended. The delegates were handsomely 
entertained, by special seats on the platform, during the 
dedicatory exercises, by a bountiful lunch at the Glouces- 
ter City Hall, and given an opportunity to ride in the 
procession, and view it to the best advantage. The 
Gloucester Committee did everything that could be done 
for the entertainment and pleasure of guests. 

This magnificent tablet is set in the face of the ledge, 
and is said to be the largest bronze tablet ever made. 

The Bay State Historical League held a meeting with 
the Hyde Park Historical Society on April 19, 1907, 
attended by delegates from this Society, and Mrs. Lucinda 
^L Lummis, representing the Society, gave, a well received 



l6 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

paper in rej[]jard to tlie work amonjj^ the ])lind which liad 
been done by the Lynn Historical Society, the subject of 
the meeting being for tlie discussion of specialty work 
which had been done by Historical societies. 

A meeting of the League was held at the Pl^ssex Insti- 
tute, Salem, on Saturday afternoon, December 7, 1907, 
the subject considered being Genealog}-, and Mrs. Harriet 
Fitts Parker represented this Society by a paper in regard 
to the work of Genealogy in the Lynn Historical Society. 

Many members attended the annual meeting of the 
League \yith the ALirblehead Historical Society, July 20. 
After the meeting the visitors were conducted to the difler- 
ent points of historical interest around Marblehead. It 
was a perfect day for the occasi^on, and the old town was 
never more interesting. 

There are three life members of the Society, and it 
would be an advantage if there were a great many more. 
It is really a legacy to the Society, given during life. 
There are probably a large number of members who are 
perfectly able to become life members, and now that the 
Societ}' has passed eleven years of successful \vork it 
seems safe to recommend and suggest life membership. 
The life membership is kept as a separate fund, apart from 
the regular current income, and if all our members who 
can aflbrd it would consider it, a permanent fund would be 
established for the future maintenance of the Society if the 
interest should not alwa3's continue as general as has thus 
far been shown. There are probably many who could do 
it, and would be glad to do it, if they considered it, and 
the Secretary suggests that they give the matter a thought. 

The town of King's Lynn, England, is preparing 
for a pageant, next summer, such as many P^nglish towns 
are now having, illustrating the history of the town, and 



iir 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 1 7 

the cit}' of Lynn and the Lynn Historical Society, have 
been invited to participate. The Committee on Public 
greetings expect to have a King's Lynn meeting in Febru- 
ar}', to study old Lynn, and to hear from those who have 
visited it, when it is hoped to have a letter in regard to the 
coming pageant from some one in King's Lvnn, England. 
The Secretary again takes occasion to congratulate 
the Society on its continued prosperity. It is in a condi- 
tion to do more historical work than it has been doincr, and 
plans for the future seem to promise that it will do even 
more in time to come, ^l^y its prosperity and value to the 
community continue and increase ! 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



TREASURER'S REPORT 



CHARLES S. VIALL, Treasurer, 

in account with LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 
from January i, 1907, to January i, 190S. 

Debtors. 

Jan. I, 1907. 

Balance on hand $411 45 

Reserve fund 695 44 

Life membership fund 158 07 

Jan. I, 190S. 

Receipts for dues and afhnission fees for 1907 . 1,000 00 

Receipts for interest 43 4^ 

$2,308 44 

Creditors. 

Hall and Rooms Account : 

Lynn Gas & Electric Co., rent $360 00 

Ljnn Gas & Electric Co., lighting ..... 26 12 

W. S. Bun ill, expense of cleaning, etc . ... 27 29 

$413 4^ 
Less rent received from W. S. Burrill .... 105 00 

Net cost $308 41 

Expense Account : 

Anthony Earle $38 29 

W. S. Burrill, sundries 24 00 

G. M. Goodridge i^ 95 

W. S. Burrill, insurance 10 40 

Amounts carried fofwa yd, . $89 64 $308 41 



lO 


36 


lO 


00 


12 


00 


6 


00 


4 


00 


2 


55 


2 


00 


I 


00 




15 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY I9 

A)hohn/s broiig^/if forzvard, $89 64 $308 41 

J. Ktnery 

Clerical Expense for Trea^^urer 

Keiinev Bros. & Walkins, Blackboard . . .' 

Bay State Historical League 

F*roctor Engraving Co 

C. F. Pollard 

C.T. Curtis & Son 

>L A. Hall 

American Express Co 

Total 137 70 

Printing, Postage and Supplies : 

F. S. Whitten 

T. P. Nichols & Sons 

Howard M. Newhall (postage, etc.) .... 
Stamped Envelopes for Treasurer .... 
W. S. Burrill, postage for concert .... 

G. H. & A. L.Nichols 

'^«tal 153 73 

Entertainment : 

Cico. H. Martin 

Oxford Club 

(jil)bs Bros 

Burrows & Sanborn 

Arjnstrong & Perry . .' 

Mrs. L. >L Lummus 

Concerts of Old Songs bills 

Mr^. G. E. Libby , 

E. S. ^'oung 

A. Schlchuber 

'^'^^tal 135 46 

Lectures and Public Meetings Committee : 

K. P. Newhall $6 84 

F. .NL Burrill 6 59 

Hill, Smith & Co. I 60 

Expended in 1907 15 00 



$66 


75 


29 


25 


25 


19 


21 


20 


6 


84 


4 


50 



$3 


00 


3^^ 


CO 


2 


25 




94 


5 


25 


8 


76 


72 


25 


2 


60 


2 


05 


2 


36 



moHfit rayrtcd for-vard, $750 3° 



20 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Amount hrouoJit for~vard^ ' $755 7P 

Photograph Committee : 

L.M.Schmidt , . $i oo 

Expended in 1907 i 00 

Reserve fund deposited as follows : 

Ljnn Institution for Savings $254 95 

Commonwealth Savings Bank 235 80 

Lynn Five Cent Savings Bank 237 88 

Total 72S 63 

Life Membership Fund deposited with Ljnn 

Institution for Savings $164 96 

Total ' 164 96 

Balance on hand deposited with the Essex Trust 

Co $663 52 663 52 

Total $2,308 44 

AUDITOR'S REPORT 

We have examined the books and vouchers of Charles 
S. Viall, Treasurer of the L3'nn Historical Societ}', from 
Januar}' i, 1907, to January i, 1908, and fmd them correct. 

f. l. bubier, 
William S. Burrill, 

Auditors. 
Lynn, Mass., January 6, 1908. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 21 



REPORT OF THE CUSTODIANS 

For the year 1907 



Your committee have met from time to time, in addi- 
tion to personal work by individual members as might be 
required to care for the accessions, which are all labelled 
and entered on a card catalogue w^hich has now reached to 
number 151 1. 

This collection has already become of value, and fur- 
ther gifts will be appreciated ; but it should be noted that 
it is desirable that they should be in some respects con- 
nected with Lynn and its people. 

The collection of books is rapidly forming an histori- 
cal library, and further contributions are desired, of books 
on historical subjects. 

While books, by authors, whether at time of publica- 
tion or later, were residents of Lynn, are well represented, 
the list is not complete, and it is earnestly desired that the 
library should receive contributions of books by authors 
who are, or have been, residents of Lynn. 

During the year, books, pamphlets, and papers have 
been received from the following : 

Essex Institute, New England Historical and Genea- 
logical Society, Bostonian Society, Arlington Historical 
Society, Cambridge Historical Society, Littleton Historical 
Society, Nantucket Historical Society, Norwood Historical 
Society, Somerville Historical Society, Medford Historical 
Society, Dorchester Historical Society, Peabody Historical 
Society, Lowell Historical Society, Bay State Historical 
League, L3'nn Free Public Library, Abbot Public 



22 I.YNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Libraiy, St. Louis Public Library, Providence Public 
Library, Library of Congress, Washington, D. C, New 
York Public Library-, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Founda- 
tions, Annual Report of Lynn School Department, Annual 
Report of Lynn Free Public Library, The Great Woods of 
Lynn and other Public Parks of the cit\' in 1906. 

The Sauirus Iron Works at Lynn, Mass : Addresses 
by C. J. IL Woodbury and John E. Hudson, Nov. 21, 1892. 

Records of the Lynn Young Men's Debating Society 
from Sept. 25, 1852, to Dec. 31, 1853; also Constitution 
and By-Laws from A. N. Johnson, Springfield, 111., 
formerly a resident of Lynn. 

Indenture, binding out Joseph Skinner, a minor, by 
his mother, Peggy Skinner, to Henry Burchstead, cord- 
wainer, and Elizabeth, his wife, to learn the trade, Dec. 
16, 1805 — loaned by Mrs. R. F. Skinner. 

Order of exercises at the dedication of schoolhouse, 
Grayesend, Nov. 19, 185 1. 

State House, Boston, Mass. Thu'd edition, from 
Ellen Mudge Burrill. ^Memorial of Richard Breed, from 
Fred H. Nichols. Two hundred and fifty expository lec- 
tures in the assembly's shorter catechism by the Rev. 
Samuel Willard, M, A., published :MDCCNXVL, from 
Mrs. Georgianna B. Taylor Winship. 

From Edgar W. Bates, following books: History of 
Lynn, 1844 ; Historical Collection of facts and traditions, 
etc., of every town in Massachusetts, by John Warner 
Barber, 1839; The Guardian and Monitor, 1826; Logic 
of the right use of reason, 1806; Mercantile Arithmetic, 
1822 ; Easy Grammar of Geography, 181 2 ; Easy Instruc- 
tion to Astronomy, 1817. 

From F. W. Webster, Newton Lower Falls : Blue 
Print of Rock's Pasture, drawn by Alonzo Lewis in i860, 
from original survey, in 1706. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 2^ 

From First Congregational Society, Lynn : Celebra- 
tion of the 275th Anniversar}^ of the First Church of 
Christ, Sunday, June 9, 1907. 

From Mary E. Viall : Atlas, Geography of the 
Heavens. 

From Charles F. Adams : Lee's Centennial. 

From Mrs. Anna L. Dunn : Book of Ivers L. Wither- 
ell, Containing a list of men living in Lynn, January i, 
1 901, over So years of age. 

From Francis H. Brown, M. D. : The Lexington 
Epitaphs. 

From Secretary of State : History of the 50th Regt. 
of Infantry, M. V. M. ; History of the 24th Regt. of In- 
fantry, M. V. :m. 

From Mayor William Shepherd : Celebration of Lynn 
Fiftieth Anniversary, May 13- 15, 1900. Official Program. 
Badge worn by the guests of the city. 

Letter from William McKinley, President of the 
United States, relating to invitation to the Anniversary. 

Letter from His Worship, George Bristow^ Esq., 
Mayor of Lynn Regis, England. 

From Robert T. Swan : Nineteenth Report of Cus- 
tody and conditions of Public Records. 

The following gifts have been made to the Society 
since the last annnal meeting : 

Framed photograph of Railroad House, Broad street, 
from Terry A. Newhall. 

Old spectacles from John Woodbury. 

Old musket from Mrs. Charles W. Melcher. 

Framed photograph of old Lye House, North Com- 
mon street, from Henry F. Tapley. 

Picture of Moses Brown who designed Floating Bridge, 
from Mrs. Ella Brown Ilitchings. 



24 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Pencil sketch of Periy Newhall, from Thomas W. 
Hall, New York. 

Photograph of residence of Nehemiah Berry, corner 
Summer and Shepard streets, trom General A. Hun Berry. 

Small trunk, old skewers, old sewing machine, old 
umbrella, from Oliver G. Pearson. 

Old bowl and teapot from estate of Mar}- P. Pearsons. 

Silver and pewter communion set used by the First 
Church of Lynnfield, consisting of six cups, two tankards, 
two plates, one baptismal basin, obtained through the 
influence of Mrs. Mary A. Parsons of Lynnfield Centre. 
On account of its intrinsic value, this set is kept in a 
deposit vault of one of the banks. 

Fragment of granite from the foundation of the Old 
South Meeting House in Boston, Mass., cut by workmen 
engaged in constructing the subway under Washington 
street, from Edwin F. Dwelley, with an historical sketch of 
the church. 

Daguerreotype of the Lynn Light Infantry, on 
Exchange street, in 185 1 ; taken by H. Whitemore, and 
presented to William A. Fraser. Donated by Eugene B. 
Eraser. 

Negatives of Observatory on High Rock, and views of 
Lynn from High Rock, from Mrs. Wilder T. Bowers. 

Photograph of residence of William N. Melcher, 
Adantic street, before its removal, from Nehemiah Lee. 

Old Tea Pot (no years old) and old Pitcher, from 
Etta W. Vose, representing the Estate of Joseph Lord. 

Painting on wood panel taken from the Witt House, 
from Mrs. James Howard. 

Painting by Clarke Oliver, loaned by Mrs. Charles 
W. Tvlelcher. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 2$ 

Pair of old spectacles, and an Indian arrow head, 
from Ann Elizabeth Ladd. 

Walnut bookcase, loaned by Waldo L. Abbott. 

Respectfully submitted, 

WILLIAM S. BURRILL, 

Chairman. 



26 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



NECROLOGIES 



HON. JOHN W. BERRY 

The following tribute to John W. Berry, Justice of 
the Lynn Police Court, who passed to the life beyond, Jan- 
uary 28, 1907, was given by his personal friend, William 
H. Niles, Esq., President of the Lynn Bar Association : 

It was m}^ privilege to become acquainted with 
Judge Berry soon after his admission to the Bar. He was 
a life long resident of Lynn and received an ordinary 
education in the public schools of the city. 

His father, John Berry, was a native of Lynn, and his 
mother, Anna W. (Gale) Berry was born in Marblehead. 

Although of early colonial stock, he was not Saxon 
as were the Puritans, but Latin in his direct ancestry, for 
his early progenitors were Huguenots driven from France 
by the revocation of the Edict of Nantes by Louis XIV in 
1685, many of, it will be remembered came to this country. 

At an earl}^ age he entered a local "shoe shop" and 
for several A^ears worked at the bench. Therefore, he was 
a product, as it might be said, of the shoe factor}^ where 
so many of our ablest citizens have started in life. 

As months went by young Berry grew tired of the 
shoe bench and attested a liking for the law. His even- 
ings were spent in the study of law, and he finally discarded 
the factory for the Harvard Law School where he 
graduated in 1866, and the same year was admitted to 
practice in the courts of this state. He opened an office in 
Lynn and Boston, where he was favored with a large prac- 
tice. In 1884 ^^^ ^v^s elected City Solicitor and acceptably 
filled that position until 1889, w^hen he was appointed by 






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LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 27 

Governor Ames, Justice of tlie Lynn Police Court and 
continued in that office until his death. In 1S92 he was 
elected a Trustee of the Public Library, and in 1904 was 
chosen President of the Trustees. In 1S92 he was elected 
a member of the School Committee and served on that 
Board for ten years, two of which he was its chairman. 

In his early years Jndge Berry travelled extensively 
through New England as an ardent advocate of temper- 
ance, being Grand Worthy Chief Templar of the Grand 
Templars of Massachusetts, and affiliated with the Prohibi- 
tion party. Later he became one of the foremost Repub- 
licans of the state, and in recent years no reception to any 
personage of state or national importance, and no political 
rail}' in the interests of Republican candidates, was com- 
plete without Judge Berry. As an after-dinner speaker, 
the Judge was seen at his best, and his ready wit evoked 
hearty laughter on many occasions. At the dinners of the 
Essex Bar Association he was one of the most sought for 
speakers, and he never missed an opportunity to indulge 
in kindly comedy at the expense of fellow members. Jus- 
tices of the United States Supreme Court, of the Massa- 
chusetts Supreme and Superior Courts, and of tribunals in 
other states, have enjoyed his humorous speeches. 

Judge Berr}^ early in life, recognized the injustice of 
withholding from women the right of the ballot, and he 
never lost an opportunity of stating his convictions on this 
question, either in private conversation or on the public 
platform. In his own family, equality in all relations, was 
lirmh- and justly exercised. To the newspaper men who 
attended the morning session of the Police Court, Judge 
Berr}' was a courteous friend. Their simplest request was 
always granted, and whenever he could be of assistance to 
them in furnishing topics of public interest he always did 
it courteously and impartially. 



28 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

A man possessed of a keen perception of human 
nature, and a court ollicial who was particularly cognizant 
of the many pitfalls which obstruct the paths of men and 
women, Judge Berry, during his long connection with the 
Lynn Police Court, rarely allowed to pass unnoticed an 
opportunity to address a kindly word or a valuable sug- 
gestion to the unfortunates who pleaded w^ith him for 
mercy. " Give every person a chance to show what good 
is in them " was an axiom which Judge Beny constantly fol- 
lowed. "A man is innocent until he is proven guilty " is 
another axiom w^hich was demonstrated in Judge Berry's 
court career. Whenever the least doubt existed in favor 
of the defendant in any action, that man or woman always 
received the full benefit of the doubt. In many cases he 
counselled for peace and an amicable settlement without 
bringing the case into Court, thus avoiding publicity and a 
Court record, the wisdom of which has been commended 
by all thinking citizens. Never did law technicalities 
overweigh the sound judgment of the man, and many 
decisions, which caused a sensation throughout the State 
and established a precedent in many cases, was the result. 

The esteem and respect in which he w^as held is the 
grandest monument to the memory of John \V. Berry. 



CAROLINE AUGUSTA BREED 

Caroline Augusta Breed, wife of William Nehemiah 
Breed, was born in the town of Marblehead, October i8, 
1838, the daughter of George A. Morton and Elizabeth 
Sutton Lord. Her mother descended from the Sutton and 
Lord families of Ipswich, who figured prominently in the 
early settlement of the colony, and her father's people, the 
Hortons, came to this country in the ship Swallow in 1633, 






o 



CAROLINE AUGUSTA BREED 



LYNN IIISTORICAI. SOCIETY 29 

and landed at Hampton, Mass. Her father's mother was 
a descendant of tlie Andrews family who once owned 
Marblehead Neck. The old house remodelled, now 
stands west of the Eastern Yacht Club. 

Mrs. Breed had a rare personality that was prized by 
a large circle of friends, was always most unselfish in 
thinking only of others' pleasure first. Her character can 
well be understood by the following appreciation, written 
in her memory, by a near and dear friend. 

AN APPRF.CIATION 

Man}^ of the friends to whom Mrs. Caroline A. Breed 
had endeared herself were greatlv surprised to hear of her 
sudden death at Lake Hopatcong, New Jersey, the summer 
home of her daughter, Mrs. Thomas J. Harris. The end 
came peacefully after a few hours of suffering, on Friday, 
September 27, 1907. To those of her immediate family 
who had watched her anxiously during the year of her 
convalescence, the event was not unexpected, for they felt 
that, owing to the nature of the disease, the summons 
might come at any time. In October, 1906, she was 
stricken with paralysis from wliich she had sufficiently 
recovered to enable her to take the journey to New Jersey, 
where she remained until the time of her death. 

Mrs. Breed was born in Marblehead, but her child- 
hood was spent in Swampscott. In 1857 she married Mr. 
William N. Breed of Lynn, where she spent all her 
married life. Her husband died in 1873, leaving her with 
four children : George Herbert Breed, of the Sprague & 
Breed Coal Compan}' of Lynn ; Miss Clara M. Breed of 
Lynn ; Mrs. Alfred N. Clifi^'ord of Paignton, England, and 
Mrs. Thomas J. Harris of New York City, all of whom, 
with seven grand children, survive Mrs. Breed. 



30 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

She was a member of tlie . North Shore Club, the 
Woman's Chib, the Boy's Chib and the Historical Society, 
and took great interest in all that pertained to the welfare 
of the cit\' of Lvnn. 

Mrs. Breed possessed, in an unusual degree, those 
elements of peace, joy and hopefulness that made her 
companionship such a delight ; never did these traits 
manifest themselves more stronirlv than durincr the loner 
weary days of her illness, when her bright smile and 
cheerful welcome bespoke so truly the sweetness and 
graciousness of her character. "None knew her but to 
love her" is the keynote of the refrain from the lips of 
kindred, friends and neighbors. 

Essentially a home-maker she broujxht into her family 
life all those refining and elevating influences so necessar}^ 
in moulding the character of the young ; these influences 
were far-reaching, for she understood so well the art of 
hospitality, and was never so happy as when friends joined 
the family circle and became partakers of all that made her 
home so attractive, and of the good cheer she so liberally 
dispensed. A great lover of good literature and good 
music, she found great delight in talking over these sub- 
jects with her family and friends. Of her it may be trulv 
said, '' Her children arise up and call her blessed." We 
know'that they must,, indeed, feel that "Far-off Heaven 
seems very near since mother died." 



RICHARD BREED 

The subject of this sketch was born March 21, 18 18, 
on the old Breed estate, in what is known as Breed's End, 
in West Lynn, being seventh in the direct line of descent 
from Allan Breed, who was one of the eight hundred 



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RICHARD BREED 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 3I 

Puritans who came to America with Winthrop, landing in 
Salem in 1630. Allan Breed was one of the fifty to locate 
in Sauofus, as Lvnn was then called. Durinfr Richard 
Breed's 3'ears, Lynn has grown from a village to a great 
and bnsy manufacturing cit}^ of eighty-five thousand people 
and he has been one of the active factors in that which 
has been good in this great progress. 

When a young man of twenty-four years, he joined 
the South Street Methodist Episcopal Church and for nearl}^ 
sixty 3'ears was an othcial member, and for over a quarter 
of a century, treasurer of the society. Rev. V. A. Cooper, 
D. D., for five years his pastor in the days of his strength, 
and one of his most intimate friends for thirty }- ears, said, 
'* When Richard Breed, died Lynn lost one of her noblest 
citizens, the famil}^ a most affectionate, wise, indulgent 
and devoted father, the Methodist Episcopal Church one of 
its most exemplary members. I have never known a 
truer Christian." 

Beginning as a poor boy, Mr. Breed by hard work, 
capacity, honesty and thrift arose to a prominent place 
among influential men of the city. Through all his course 
he stood unswaveringly for the highest standards of business 
integrity. In his fifty-nine years of business life in our 
city, through all the changes of the years, and the panics 
of 1857 and 1872 he kept all his obligations with his fellow- 
men, and no man can ever say that he has not received 
his just dues of one hundred cents on a dollar at his hands. 

As a citizen he took a deep interest in all that made 
for the welfare of city, state, and nation. x\gainst slavery 
he early declared himself, and w^as one of onl}^ twent}^- 
in'Q: men in Lynn to desert old party lines and vote for 
James G. Birney, the anti-slavery candidate for the presi- 
dency. 



32 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

After the war, and he saw the freedom of the slaves 
accomplished, he allied himself with the Prohibition party, 
and followed that most enthusiastically until his death. 
He was impatient with the policy of licensing the liquor 
traffic for money, and no argument was ever advanced to 
shake his faith in the policy of no-license. 

His father died when he was seven years of age, leav- 
ing five small children. His mother was poor, and sent 
him to live with his grandfather in Eliot, Maine, where 
he remained four vears, doino- hard work, but was fortu- 
nate in having the relief of attending a part of each year a 
school taught by Peter M. Neal, who later filled a long 
and honorable public career. When he returned to Lj^nn 
he learned the shoemakers' trade in the old-fashioned way. 
Later his mother helped him to get a horse, and he began 
the teaming business, working on the building of the 
Eastern Railroad from Lynn to Boston. 

In 1848 he commenced to buy flour and grain, and 
peddle it around Lynn. From that small beginning, grew 
the business of Breed & Company, which continued to the 
day of his death. He was frequently called to the public 
service of the city, being a member of the Common Coun- 
cil in 1864 and 1865, under Mayor Peter M. Neal, his old 
teacher of many years ago in Maine. He was Overseer 
of the Poor in 1870 and 187 1, and for several years did 
good service as Assistant Assessor in Ward Six. 

He died March i, 1907, at the age of eighty-nine 
years, at his home on the original land taken up by his 
ancestors in 1638. He heard the ''Well done" of the 
Lord, and entered into the peaceful rest, mourned by all 
who knew him. The funeral services, conducted at his 
home, were attended by a large number of neighbors and 
friends, including many of our oldest citizens. His pas- 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 33 

tor, Rev. Joseph ^l. Sheplar, was assisted by Rev. V. A. 
Cooper, D. D., Rev. L. B. Bates, D. D., and William O. 
Newhall, a Qiiaker preacher and Mr. Breed's only living 
cousin. 

Mr. Breed married, January 26, 1843, ATiss Eliza 
Ann Breed, of another branch of the Breed family, now 
deceased. There were four children; Laura E., who 
died in infanc}^ and Annie E., wife of James A. Flint. 
Two remain, Charles Orrin, alderman of our city, and 
for thirty-six 3'ears associated with his father in business, 
and one daughter, Matilda A., who, since the death of 
her mother in September, 1890, kept his house and minis- 
tered to his every want, thus making his declining days as 
happ3^ and free from care as possible. 



MICHAEL ANGELO FENTON 

Michael xVngelo Fenton was born in Limerick, Ireland, 
in 1848, and died in Lynn, November, 25, 1907. 

lie came to this country with his parents at the age 
of three years, and lived in Salem, ]Mass., until 1863, when 
he came to Lynn, of which he was a resident for the re- 
mainder of his life. 

He learned the shoemaker's trade at Lynn, and after 
working at the bench for a number of years, engaged in 
various mercantile enterprises. 

He married Miss Julia York, a native of INLaine, in 
1870, who survives him ; and also a sister, Mrs. Annie 
Puffer of Lynn. 

His beneficences were many and liberal, includincr 
not onl}' churches of various sects, the Lynn Hospital, in 
which he felt an intense interest, as shown by his liberal 
annual contributions, was also a beneficiary under his will. 



34 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

but it was among the unfortunate that his contributions 
were the greatest. 

One form of his liberality was the numerous instances 
in which he signed bonds for those employed by express 
companies, railroad service and other positions of respon- 
sibilit}^ in corporations requiring bonds which are frequently 
difhcult for persons to obtain. 

These persons who had received from Mr. Fenton in 
this practical form of charity, the means of securing good 
employment showed at the last their gratitude for his 
kindness. 

During the Cuban war, he offered to the Federal 
Government the use of his residence and spacious grounds 
for sick and wounded soldiers, but as the facilities of the 
government for the care of such persons was adequate, 
there was no opportunity for the acceptance of this liberal 
offer. 

He was an intensely patriotic man in the vigor of 
American citizenship, and was connected with numerous 
political and local organizations, in which he took an 
active part. 



AUGUSTUS BAILEY MARTIN 

Augustus Bailey Martin was born in Charlestown, 
Mass., March 2, 183 1. He was the son of Newhall and 
Hannah Phillips Martin, being one of a family of seven 
children. All his earl}- years were spent at home, where 
he attended the public schools. i\fter leaving school, he 
served an apprenticeship at the morocco business with the 
well-known firm of that time by the name of Waite. After 
learning his business, he went to Newtonville for a short 
time, and then came to Lynn in 1853. After working for 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 35 

about two 3'ears at his trade he established himself in the 
morocco business in 1855, in company with Mr. Moses 
Xorris, under the firm name of Norris & Martin. After 
continuing in business with Mr. Norris two years, this part- 
nership was dissolved, and what proved to be the well- 
known firm of A. B. Martin & Co. was then established, 
and the familiar name of Augustus B. Martin was seen on 
Market street for fifty-two years. 

In business, A. B. Martin was a man of good judg- 
ment, strict integrity and honorable and upright in all his 
dealings, and during his half century- of most successful 
business, he enjoyed the confidence and respect of all. 
Beside the morocco business, Mr. Martin was sole owner 
of the Bay State Dredging Co., a corporation which he 
successfully operated for several years previous to his death. 

He was married, in 1S57, to Miss Elizabeth Fretch of 
Charlestown, Mass. They had one son, who died in earl}^ 
manhood, and two daughters, who survive them. 

Mr. Martin served on the Board of Aldermen, and 
always took a deep interest in the city, its institutions, and 
all public improvements and should the Market street 
extension, now under consideration, ever prove to be a 
realit3s it must be remembered that Mr, Martin was the 
lirst man to propose this project. 

His charities were liberal, helping all our own institu- 
tions, and also aiding many individuals in a quiet, 
unostentatious way. He was ver}^ kind hearted, and it 
was his delight for over forty years to contribute to the 
Thanksgiving dinner of ail his employees, and many of 
his friends. 

He was a member of the First Universalist Parish ; 
was Chairman, of the Board of Trustees for many years 
contributing generously to the support of the church, and 



36 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

a constant attendant upon its services as long as his liealili 
permitted. 

He was a member of tlie Masonic Order and also the 
Oxford, Park and Home Market Clubs. He was a mem- 
ber of the Lynn Historical Society for many years, and 
always took a deep interest in the meetings of this organi- 
zation. He was Vice-President of the Lynn National 
Bank, and one of its charter members. 

Mr. Martin loved his home, and was very hospitable, 
always taking great pleasure in entertaining his friends. 

In the death of Mr. INLartin, his family loses a kind 
and indulgent father, the city an honorable citizen, the 
church a faithful supporter, and the various organizations 
to which he belonged, an old and valued member. 

His death occurred at his residence, December 23, 
1907, at the age of seventy-six years. 



WILLIAM PITT ROBINSON 

William Pitt Robinson died Tuesday, October 22, 
1907, at Garfield Hospital, Washington, D. C., after a 
continued illness of several months from a complication of 
diseases. 

Mr. Robinson w^as one of the oldest retired railroad 
men in the United States. For many 3'ears he w^as con- 
nected with Western roads, and was at one time Trafhc 
Manager of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas, and of the St. 
Louis & South Western, and later of the New York, West 
Shore & Buffalo. 

He was born in Lynn, Mass., December 29, 1830, 
and lived the greater part of his life in the cities of the 
West, but always retained a love for his native city, wliich 
he continued to visit every summer. In 1886 he retired 



LYXX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 37 

troni active work and for fifteen years had lived in Wash- 
ington, D. C. He leaves a widow, a son, Charles L. Rob- 
inson of Washington, and a daughter. 

Mr. Robinson was well known as a book collector. 
For many years he was familiar to the booksellers and 
book auctioneers in the principal cities, from whom he pur- 
chased large quantities of books. 

His first collection of iVmericana was purchased some 
vcars ago bv the Lenox Library, New York Citv, and was 
composed almost entirely of Town Histories and Historical 
Books relating" to America. 

His collection of Genealogies, which he had made at 
the same time, was sold later. 

His third collection was comprised of British History, 
Topography and Genealogy, English City and County His- 
tories, British Registers, Publications of various County 
Historical Societies, School Registers and Archa3ological 
Journals, together wuth long sets of English Historical 
Publications, and numbered over five thousand volumes. 

The fourth large collection of books which he made 
consisted of Town Histories and Genealocries. 

o 

To Mr. Robinson book collecting was a pastime and 
a cliange from business cares. He found the pursuit and 
collection of books one which relieved the nervous strain 
of a busy life. These collections had all been purchased 
during his period of active life, and to him collecting was 
the panacea for the troubles and worries connected with 
active railroad management. 



LUCINDA PIERCE SHELDON 

Lucinda Pierce Sheldon was born in Lynn May 25, 
J'^.lS; died in Lynnfield Centre, September 14,1907, being 
^he eldest dancrhtpr of Kdwin nnd Xnnrv Pierre Sheldon. 



38 LYNN HISTORICAL S0CIF:TY 

Miss Sheldon was a woman of sterling qualities, inter- 
ested in all lines of progress, especially in the develop- 
ment of Lynn. She enjoyed her connection with the 
Lynn Historical Society, which stands for the best in the 
past, for she believed with Emerson that what is excellent 
is permanent. Although her sympathies were world-wide, 
she was essentially a home-maker. 

Whittier has well described her in "Snow-bound," 
where he says of the elder sister : 

" A full, rich nature, free to trust, 
Truthful, and almost sternly just; 
Impulsive, earnest, prompt to act 
And make her generous thought a fact. 
Keeping, Avith many a light disguise 
The secret of self-sacrifice." 



WILLIAM STONE 

William Stone was a Charter Member of the Lynn 
Historical Society, and a member of the Council at the 
time of his death. 

He was born in Lynn, in the family homestead, 
which was situated at the junction of Central Avenue and 
Washington Street, then Spruce Street, and in those days 
a residential part of the city. The house was directly 
opposite Music ILall, near the ledge of rocks which jutted 
so far out into the street that there was barely room for 
teams to pass. 

All of his life was passed in Lynn. The city that 
saw his birth was the dearest spot on earth to him ; and 
amidst the surroundings that he loved so well, he passed 
away July 20, 1907 — thus rounding out his three score 
years and ten. 

He was the son of James Stone and Sarah (Breed) 



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W I J.LI AM STONE 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 39 

Stone, both old Lynn families ; and received his early 
education in Master King's well known school on Mt. 
Vernon Street. 

On Friday evening, February 23, 1906, William 
Stone, President of Master King's School Boys' Associa- 
tion, presented to the Lynn Historical Society in their 
behalf the Old Bell that in his schoolboy days called the 
scholars to their daily tasks. 

After leaving school, he engaged in the principal 
industry of the day, which was shoemaking. 

He was a member of Fountain Fire Association No. 3. 

On Ma}" 23, 1S61, he married Eliza E., daughter of 
Robert D. and Eliza B. Tufts. E[is wife and two chil- 
dren, Fredilyn A. and Wilbur F., are still living. 

In 1867, he became connected with the Lynn Police 
Department, his father resigning from the service the year 
his son entered it, after going from the lowest to the high- 
est position, as William Stone was destined to do. For 
his interest and enthusiasm w^as so great, that he was 
finally appointed Deputy Marshal on January 12, 1875, 
and held this position until 1879, ^^hen he succeeded the 
late Charles C. Fry as City Marshal. 

For two years he served the city in this capacity, and 
the next two years he was not connected with the 
department. 

In 1883 he was appointed patrolman, and assigned to 
the clerkship of the department. Every year until the 
Inne of his death he was appointed a special officer, with 
the exception of 1881-2. 

It is a remarkable record that father and son between 
them served on the police department for seventy years. 

October 8, 1886, he resigned from the clerkship to 
accept the Superintendency of Pine Grove Cemetery, 



40 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

which position he continued to hold for 21 years until he 
was called to the Higher Life. 

During the years he labored in Pine Grove Cemetery, 
he saw consigned to their last resting place six of the City 
Marshals under whom he had served. 

In the capacity of Superintendent, all the beautiful 
traits of his nature were shown ; none ever went away 
from him comfortless. For all he had a cheery word and 
kindly smile. 

Those who came to him bowed down with their grief 
and sorrow, were met with svmpathy and tenderness. 

He labored for love of his fellow-men, and to help 
beautify his native city. For in Pine Grove Cemetery, 
Beautiful Pine Grove, as it was often called, all the 
material was awaiting the hand and brain that accomplished 
so much. Some of the beauties of his work must always 
remain as a fitting memorial to the man who did so much. 
Others have passed away, when the master hand w^as no 
longer there. 

His love for floriculture and horticulture w^as unsur- 
passed, and he was one of the organizers of the Houghton 
Horticultural Society, which was founded in 1875. He 
was President for two years, but was obliged to resign on 
account of many other pressing duties. 

In 1900 he was elected President of the American 
Cemetery Superintendents' Association. 

He was a member of Ba}' State Lodge of Odd Fel- 
lows for thirty-eight years, also Trustee for twelve years. 
A charter member of Abraham Lincoln Lodge, Knights 
of Pythias, also Sagamore Tribe of Red T^Ien. 

We tliink it also tittin<{ to remark on his ^reat love for 
God's dumb creatures, and in 1876 was appointed an agent 
for the Massachusetts Society for Prevention of Cruelty to 






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MARY EVELINA WALTER 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 4 1 

Animals, and continued as such until the time of his death, 
a period of thirty-one years. 

His heart was so laro-e and his nature was so lovable, 

o 

and all that was beautiful and true appealed to him so 
strongly, that he always gave the best he had to the world, 
and his friends. 

His Church Home was the First Methodist Episcopal 
Church or the old Lynn Common Church, as it was called ; 
but his belief was broad, and his every-day life was an 
example of all that was highest and noblest. 

" So many Gods, so many creeds, 

So many roads that \vind and wind, 
When but the art of being kind, 
Is all the old World needs." 



MARY EVELINA WALTER 

Mary Evelina Walter was born in Boston, Mass., 
November 21, 1830, and died in Chicago, 111., October 
22, 1907. 

Mrs. Walter was the daughter of Hon. Ezra Mudge 
of Lynn, and Hannah Bardett Drew of Plymouth, Mass., 
and was descended from : 

I. Thomas Mudge of Maiden, born in England, 
about 1624, and his wife Mary. 

II. John born in Maiden in 1654, died in 1733, 
was a farmer and tanner by occupation, he served under 
Captain Samuel Moseley in King Philip's war, and his 
company performed distinguished service in the light at 
Bloody Brook, South Deerfield, September 18, 1675. 

He served the town of Maiden as constable and tithino- 
man, married in 1684 Ruth Burditt, daughter of Robert 
and Hannah Burditt. 



42 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

III. John, a deacon of the South Parish, Maiden, 
was born November 21, 1686. 

IV. John, a farmer, was born in Maiden, December 

30, 1713- 

V. Nathan was born in Lynnfield, September 21, 
1756, and died in Lynn, February iS, 183 1. He was a 
soldier in the Revolutionary army, in Captain Simon 
Brown's Company, Colonel Jacob Gerrish's Regiment of 
Guards at Winter Hill, April 2, to July 3, 1778. He was 
also a private in the same company and regiment, having 
enlisted July 2, 1778, and was discharged July 12, 17 78. 
The Massachusetts muster and pay rolls show that he 
served at Concord battle, and his name also appears on 
the Ticonderoga rolls. 

When he had faithfully performed his military duty, 
he returned home to enter upon the peaceable industry 
which he had left when the call came in the struc^ale for 
independence. He was a member of the Eastern Metho- 
dist Society, now St. Paul's Methodist Episcopal Church. 
He married Hannah Ingalls, September 2, 1776, daughter 
of John and Sarah Ingalls. His second wife was Elizabeth 
Baker Granger, widow of Shubael Burrill. 

VI. Ezra, son of Nathan and Hannah Ingalls 
Mudge, was born in Lynn, April 10, 1780, died in Boston, 
May 25, 1855. He was elected a member of the House of 
Representatives in 1807, serving sixteen years, through 
the period covered by the war with England. 

He was active in the formation of the Lynn Artillery 
Company and in 1813 ^^''^s chosen captain. 

He was a Justice of the Peace, a member of the 
Convention that revised the Constitution of the Common- 
wealth in 1820 and later in the Governor's Council. 

In business, he was a shoe manufacturer, and during 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 43 

his residence in Boston, a weigher and ganger in the 
Custom House. 

Mr. Mudire was a member of the Eastern Methodist 
church. He married : 

I. Betsy Brewer, June 28, 1801, daughter of Cap- 
tain John and Mary Brewer of Salem. 

n. Ruth Chadwell, December 20, 1804, daughter of 
Harris and Ruth Chadwell. 

ni. Hannah Bartlett Drew, November i, 1819, 
daughter of Lemuel and Sarah Drew of Plymouth. She 
was born July 16, 1794, died in Lynn, October 4, 1873. 

Vn. Mary Evelina Mudge married Joel C. Walter 
of Chicago, December 4, 1866. Her husband was born 
in Goshen, Connecticut, in 1811, died in Chicago, 1S91. 

. They had one son, Alfred Mudge Walter, a resident 
of Chicago. 

Mrs. Walter's character was one of great nobility and 
worth. She always gave willingly and generously to the 
needs of charity as well as many individual demands. 

Mrs. Walter was a member of the Society of May- 
flower Descendants, also of many charitable societies both 
in Chicago and Lynn. * , 



^4 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



THE ATHENIAN CLUB 



BY MERRILL F. DELNOW 

February 14, 1907 



On the eveninor of the eijihth of March eifrhteen hun- 
dred and iift3'-eight, in a little back room of the retail 
shoe store of Samuel Gale, Sr., in our good City of Lynn, 
on the northerly side of Munroe Street, on the present site 
of the Patrick Sherry building, John W. Berr3% T. Harlan 
Breed, Samuel Gale, Jr., and Frederick S. Stevens, four 
young men, in the full flush of their budding responsibili- 
ties as citizens, assembled for the purpose of forming a 
society for mutual improvement, in considering the ques- 
tions and subjects of the day. 

Of those four, all of whom are living today, three 
have always held their residence in this, their home city, 
active and interested in all that concerned her welfare, and 
each has been honored with positions of trust and conh- 
dence in her atTairs, in which positions they have also hon- 
ored the cit}'. 

The fourth member early went to the land of gold, 
and after a few years spent upon the Pacitic coast has been 
for man}' years an active factor in one of the hustling 
western states. 

At the first meeting the four young men formed two 
committees of two each ; one to draw up a constitution and 
by-laws, and report a name for the society ; the other to 
secure a room for meetings, which it was intended to hold 
once a week. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 45 

One week later, two others having joined, making six 
members, the committee reported. The name suggested 
was the Athenian Club, which was adopted, together with 
a constitution and by-laws for government, by which mem- 
bers were pledged, as far as possible, to maintain a standard 
of conducting debates upon all questions that should be 
selected by the majority, and to fill positions upon the 
affirmative or negative of such when appointed ; also, to 
respond with declamations, readings, or original produc- 
tions, as they should be called upon to do. 

For a dozen years, Monday evening of ever}^ week 
(with but few exceptions) found a larger or smaller num- 
ber gathered in the rooms of the Club carrj^ing out the 
pledge of the originators. 

The Treasurer was directed to hire a room until fur- 
ther notice, and he showed his metal by so doing, although 
until such time as the Club saw fit to reimburse him, it is 
presumed that his personal bank account (or pocketbook) 
was the one to sufTqr. A small ante-room in the rear of 
Liberty Hall (long time the armory of the Lynn Light 
Infantry) was hired, and the quaint report of the Secretary 
and Treasurer reads : " As we were a new firm with no 
credit, the following bill was paid in advance : 

March 15, 1858. The Athenian Club to Warren Taplev. 
Dr. 

To rent of room, heated and lighted, four nights, at 40c . $1 60 
To rent of room, lighted, four nights, at 32c i 28 



To and including May 3rd, 185S." $2 88 

Thus were the terrors of rent da}^ brushed away for a 
time. 

As the society w^as formed mainly for the personal 
benefit of its membership- it was decided that all the ofii- 



46 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

cers of the Club sliould be changed every three months. 
No matter how good, or how poor an oflicer a member 
proved to be, the term was three months, no more, no less. 
Many of the members, who upon their first attempt as 
President, would gladl\' have retired to the floor of the 
Club, would say today that the rule which made him, in 
the keeping of it, "stand his ground" was of untold value 
in the formation of his character. We, who can look back 
and in memory can see the growth of so many of the 
members, who at first with stumbling and often awkward 
manner attempted to uphold the side of a question to 
which we had been appointed, or from inclination were 
impelled to attempt to defend, that which to them was the 
only side, and who would see no reason or argument, 
being unwilling to brook any questionings from the oppos- 
ing side, and yet under the teachings of their own expe- 
riences, soon became keen and effective debaters, and 
learn best of all to acknowledge with true courtesy the 
worth and ability of their opponents. Thus was developed 
in the circle of true friendship that self-control which so 
many learn (if at all) only in the rough battle of life, and 
proved to be the foundation of true citizenship. 

Upon the formation of the Society, it w^as decided 
that all questions and all debates should be conducted 
strictly according to Cushing's Manual, and it was the 
custom whenever a member took the chair of the President 
for the first time, to devote the best part of at least two or 
three meetings to giving him an experience of Cushing, 
until he was brought sooner or later to a standstill, and the 
longer it took, the better were the members pleased, for 
they did enjoy a fighter along those lines. The result 
was, that when a party got through his term as President, 
he generally felt that he was qualified to run anything 
from the United States Senate, up to a ward caucus. 



4^ 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIF/IV 47 

The records show, however, that the Club was dis- 
posed to exercise all the points and tricks that were due 
them. And so later we find it was voted that the Club be 
governed by Cushing's Larger Manual, a copy of which 
was procured for use, being somewhat in the same class 
as the sailor boy who was given his first trick at the wheel, 
with directions to steer by a certain star, and who very 
soon called up the skipper to give him another star, as he 
had gotten past the one he had given him. 

The ofiices of the Club for the first three months were 
filled by two members, one a President, the other as Secre- 
tar}^ and Treasurer. Later there was a President, 
Secretary, Treasurer, Corresponding Secretary, Editor 
and Critic, the latter being appointed every w^eek. 

One democratic feature of the early 3'ears w^as that the 
member who was honored by being chosen as President, 
should show his appreciation of the same by acting as jan- 
itor, and the records show that upon one sultry evening in 
June the Club, by vote, directed the President and Secre- 
tary to remove the stove, and at the same time a tax was 
laid upon all the members present to purcfiase a new 
broom for the use of the President. 

The membership increased steadily until the regular 
attendance numbered twelve. The meetings were held 
with closed doors, except in the very warmest of weather, 
and as the room was about twenty feet square, it may 
readily be supposed that there would not be much coldness 
between the members after the meeting had been opened. 

Upon one sultry evening, when it was a necessity to 
J^ave the doors open, a gentleman " wandering from the 
nightly shore," like Poe's Raven, stepped within the door, 
and with a smile of satisfaction seated himself to enjoy the 
discussion, when one of the members, who had the floor, 



48 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

and whose temper liad not been iniproved by previously 
losing a point in debate, and who wished to test the consti- 
tiitionahty of the proceedings, moved that all spectators be 
allowed to retire. Amid profound sensation this unbidden 
guest arose. 

" Not the least obeisance made he, 

Not a minute stopped or staved he. 
But Avitli mcin of Lord, not Lady, 
Passed bojond the club-room door." 

Sometimes the door upon the other side of the entry 
woidd be open, and as an adult singing class met every 
Monday evening in the Hall, oftentimes some grand old 
chorus like a mighty rushing wind would sweep through 
the room, carrying the voice of the speaker with it. The 
experience of the members was such that very soon they 
were ready for anything that might turn up, from an 
appeal from the chair to a Judgeship at a mock trial. 

There was a steady, yet guarded increase in the 
membership, and with all the diverse temperaments and 
views of the members, in the discussion of the varied ques- 
tions of national and general interest, calling out views, 
w^hich in the days just before, during the existence and fol- 
lowing our great Civil War, were often of the nature spoken 
of in those days, as fire-eating or dough-faced ; there contin- 
ued through all the true spirit of brotherhood, and after 
almost half a century still burns brightly within the breast 
of man}^ of the old members. 

At the close of the first year, it was voted to celebrate 
the anniversary by a turkey supper, regardless of expense, 
at nine shillings a plate. All drinks except coffee and 
milk were prohibited. Yet in an evil hour it was voted to 
introduce cigars for their medicinal properties, to aid 
digestion, but alas, one of the noblest members was 



I.YNN HISTORICAI. SOCIETY 49 

assisted to his home, so overpowering was his introduction 
to the fragrant Havana, but he denied that the cigar was 
the cause of his weakness, and laid the blame upon the 
milk. Other members also suffered from the milk sick- 
ness. The result was the discussion, very soon after, of 
the question. Resolved, that the use of tobacco is contrary 
to the principles of religion or morality (but the poor old 
Brindle was not discussed). 

In April, 1859, not long after the anniversary, a large 
room in the new Usher building, the home of the Alfred 
Cross Clothing Co. on Market street, was secured. From 
that time, interest in the Club greatly increased, and for 
fear that it might become crowded, one member, in the 
spirit that prompted the deacons to notify certain parties 
who desired to join a certain church in New Hampshire, 
that the church was full, moved that when the regular 
membership of the Club shall have reached the number of 
thirty it shall be considered full, but, upon the withdrawal 
or dismissal of an}^ member for an}^ cause, other persons 
may be elected to complete the number. 

Although the meetings of the Club were continued for 
a dozen years, yet there were times of depression, when 
the life of the Club was prolonged only by heroic treat- 
ment. Votes were passed at different times that absence 
from the regular w^eekly meetings, without sufficient 
excuse, should cause the member so disloyal to incur a 
penaltv of a fine, rating at different periods from ten to 
twenty-five cents, but there is no evidence that the revenues 
of the Club were congested thereby. 

Hon. John B. Alley, who at that time represented the 
district in the National House of Congress, was elected an 
honorar}^ member of the Club and notified of his election, 
with a request that he donate what public documents he 



50 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

could spare. Mr. Alley promptly responded, expressing 
his thanks for the honor conferred and, from time to time, 
sent on public documents, which ultimately furnished the 
Club with kindling an entire winter (helped out with a few 
Vestry Harps). 

In March, 1861, a public exhibition was given, of 
which the records say "that so many compliments have 
been received for the matter and manner of the same, that 
it was voted "We hold another soon." 

The agreements of the members to maintain the 
meetings was so firmly established that one evening when 
quite a number left for a previous engagement, it was 
voted to discuss at the next meeting the question " Can a 
person be a true Athenian and leave a meeting of the Club 
to attend a sewing societ}^?" 

At the time of the raid (so called) of John Brown 
and the Harper's Ferry affair, when public opinion was at 
fever heat, there was among the membership all shades of 
opinion, which were given the widest and most pronounced 
expressions. One member, who, from the first inception 
of the Club, was among its staunchest supporters, and who 
in the language of those days, was a "red-hot anti," con- 
ceived it to be his duty and privilege to present the Club 
with a picture of John Brown. After a stormy debate, 
upon a motion to lay the picture under the table, the 
member, in the spirit of old John himself, withdrew the 
present, and taking the picture under his arm, retired from 
the room, which is the only time that he w^as ever known 
to retire under fire. 

Public meetings for debate and declamation were 
frequently given, at which visitors were welcome to express 
themselves, strictly under the rules of the Club, however, 
and these meetings showed very plainly of how much 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 5 1 

benefit the training; of their Club life had been to the 
members. 

In September, 1866, a large room in the new C. A. 
I lodges Building, near the corner of Liberty and Market 
sireets, was leased for three vears, and fitted and furnislied 
for their especial needs. And although the members were 
now men in the midst of acdve life, yet the Club continued 
to hold their loyal devotion. 

One pleasing incident noted in the records is that on 
October 16, 1865, nine boys, all members of the Ward 
Five Grammar School, applied for the use of the Club 
Room one evening a week for a debating club, which they 
named the Webster Debating Society. The application 
was granted, and the room was used by the organizations 
which numbered fortj^-five members, until they graduated 
from the High School in 1869. 

In lookincr throuo;h the events noted down, it is some- 
what amusing to see how manv of the important questions 
of those days were taken up, discussed and decided, long 
before the powers that were got around to them, although 
when they were reached by them, they were in a majority 
of cases, decided right along the same line of reasoning, 
as was offered in the club room debates. But there was 
one question that was very warmly discussed, and finally 
decided in the afiirmative that public opinion did not quite 
sustain after four years of strenuous discussions ; Resolved, 
that if South Carolina is not out of the Union, she ought 
to be put out. 

The spirit of independence was one of the vital points 
in the history of the club, as shown when one of the mem- 
hers, desiring the use of the room for an otTice as an 
architect just hanging out his sign, it was voted he could 
have it, provided that he would keep the room clean and 
ready for use when needed for meetings. 



52 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Many outside social incidents were enjoyed among 
the members, which served to brighten and strengthen the 
ties, and many times were the members in their varied 
experiences made to feel that the good will of their fellows 
was pure gold. Although all became pretty active in life 
work, 3'et there was always time for comradeship. Every 
year, beside the anniversary gathering, upon the eve of 
June 17, a tent would be pitched in some selected spot bv 
the seashore (most always on top of Bailey's Hill, Nahant) 
where for a day and night, the Club boys again came close 
to Nature's heart. 

Upon the evening of June 13, 1866, upon the invita- 
tion of one of the original four who formed the Club, thev 
met at the home of this member, to celebrate his admission 
to the Essex bar, and today, while the old boys would be 
likely to greet him familiarl}^ as John, yet no doubt the 
more familiar greeting to him is Your Honor, or Judge. 

It is very much to be regretted that the original record 
book, as w^ell as the last one (w^hich covered two 3'ears 
and more of Club life have disappeared, but thanks to the 
lo3^al spirit of the first secretary, who secured and retained 
the books from April 4, 1859, ^^ ^^^- ^^ 1866, and who 
also prepared an extended sketch of the Club, which he 
read at the tenth anniversary on March 9, 1868. It has 
been possible to glean deeply in memories' fields, as well 
as to practically complete the roll of membership for that 
time. At that date there had been sixty-four members of 
the Club, and eighteen were then on the active list. Of the 
wdiole number onl}^ two were deceased, but the great reaper 
has since passed through the ranks, man\^ times. In the 
list of members there is not one for whom an apology is 
due, or for whom we need blush in shame. On this list 
are found men successful in the activities of life, manv 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



53 



taking high positions — bankers, lawyers, clerg3'men, 
merchants, manufacturers, authors, poets, historians, 
architects, judges, state educator. United States commis- 
sioner, as well as members of the Lynn Historical Society. 

The records also show that by an unamious vote of the 
Chib, the hall of the Society was opened to the members 
and any other parties whom they saw fit to invite, as a 
Drill Room and the services of the best Drill Master that 
could be obtained without expense to any but the Society, 
was continued as long as there was any need, and from 
tlie participants a goodly number sent forth to the services 
of tlie Union cause. 

Appended to this sketch is a roll of members of the 
Athenian Club for ten 3^ears from its foundation. 

Members of the Athenian Club, from March 8, 1858 
to March 9, 186S. 

Names marked * not living February 14, 1907. 

Present Residence. 



Samuel Gale, Jr. 
Juhn W. Berry* 
1'. Harlan Breed 
Fred S. Stevens 
Charles P. Berry 
(ieorge H. Martin 
Micajah N. Goodrich* 
Alonzo D. Faulkner* . 
Merrill F. Delnow 
WiUiam E. Low 
Arthur Lummus 
William W. Lummus . 
John H. Bubier* 
J'nmklin Bacheller* . 



Lynn, Mass. 

Lynn, ^Lass. 
Bois City, Idaho 
Portsmouth, N. H. 
Lynn, Mass. 



Lynn, Mass. 
Lynn, Mass. 
Lynn, Mass. 
Lynn, ALiss. 



54 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



John Sweetser* . 
Frank Wilson* . 
Elias Hiinn^iwell* 
Charles S. Hilton 
James E. Patch. 
E. Warren Babcock* 
J. C. Ryan 
Alfred Peabody . 
E. W. Bartlett"^ . 
Henry O. BurrilP 
Joseph Wood* 
Lewis P. Thomas* 
William Z. Collins* 
Elliott C. Johnson 
William C. Holder 
John Wentworth 
C. Herbert Stevens* 
Joseph W. Proctor 
William Goodwin* 
Henry Degan 
William H. Gale 
Benjamin F. Alley* 
W. H. Bacon . 
George H. Moore 
Albert Cook 
J. H. Coburn 
Henry W. French 
Ezellen Comstock* 
John Westwood . 
William L. Peabody 
Charles C. Richardson 
James M. Clark . 
H. H. Peabody . 



Lynn, Mass. 
Framingham, Mass. 

Unknown 
Unknown 
Unknow'n 



Lynn, Mass. 
Lynn, Mass. 
Lynn, Mass. 

Marblehead, Mass. 

Unknown 
Ashmont, Mass. 

Unknown 
Unknown 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Unknown 
Lexington, Mass. 

Brockton, Mass. 
Washington, D. C. 

Lynn, Mass. 
Rome, N. Y. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



:)D 



Kdward L. Parker* 
Joseph Cushing . 
Phineas W. Butler 
David X. Johnson* 
Daniel Haskell . 
Benjamin Prentiss^ 
Charles Willcy . 
A. C. Hunt* " . 
Lewis Roberts . 
Israel A. Newhall 
Carroll D. AVright 
George H. Williams 
George D. Sargent* 
Nathan M. Hawkes, 
W. Lewis . 
W. W. Smith • 
William F. Morgan* 
E. L. Ring* 
Hon. John B. Alley* 
J. Warren Newhall* 



Unknown 
California 

Unknown 

Unknown 

Wakefield, Mass. 
Lynn, Mass. 
W^orcester, Mass. 
Lynn, Mass. 

Lynn, Mass. 
Unknown 
Topeka, Kan. 



(Hon. Mem.) 
(Hon. Mem.) 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



THE EXPLORING CIRCLE. 

BY WILBUR F. NEWHALL 

March 14, 1907 



The Exploring Circle of Lynn is not unlike other 
human organizations, in that it has had its beginning, its 
growth, its maturity, and its decline. 

Organized Nov. 27, 1850, it reached its greatest 
strength near the year 1875, since which time, although 
its life and activity has been manifested in many ways, it 
has not maintained strictly its ancient rules and practices 
for the reasons which will appear later on. 

It never was a public or open society, but in the better 
meaning of that term it was alwaj's open and ready to 
welcome any person of congenial spirit and tastes. 

Its name partially indicates the work for which it was 
formed. 

Years ago many of its members mav have been seen 
exploring in different parts of the city, hunting for inter- 
esting objects, measuring the heights of the different hills, 
sketching the many wonderful bowlders in our vicinity, 
stud3^ing the geological formations of our territory- and 
giving close attention to the various meteorological events 
of the seasons. 

But these were only a part of the aims and ideals of 
the Circle. 

It sought to keep abreast of the times in science, art, 
and literature. 



LYXxN HISTORICAL SOCIHTY 57 

Its members, although busy in the daily avocations of 
life, with families dependent upon them, nevertheless 
found time for study and research, and regularly met 
together at each other's homes twice each month at least, 
brincrino- each and all their contributions for c^eneral exam- 
illation, discussion and mutual improvement. 

These exercises consisted of lectures and essays, 
usually written, and always open for criticism and cor- 
rection, and those of them which were thought to be of 
future value were placed on the liles of the Circle for 
preservation. 

Its meetino-s, held ahvavs in turn at the homes of its 
members, with all other advanta<:^es ^ave to the Circle an 
atmosphere of sociality which knit together its members in 
life-long ties. 

There were four young men in Lynn in 1850, whose 
desires for mutual improvement and mental growth led 
them to the formation of the Exploring Circle. 

These men were Stephen Decatur Poole, Joseph 
Mason Rowell, John Clarkson Houghton and Cyrus 
Mason Tracy. They were all mechanics and toiled at 
their several occupations during the long work-hours of 
every day — were all married men and had tamilies to 
support. They earnestly sought after those intellectual 
and moral attainments which studious and persistent use of 
all spare hours would certainly bring them. 

It was this common aim and purpose which brought 
these men together tor mutual helpfulness, and to the 
formation of the Exploring Circle. 

Their first declaration was as follows : 

'^W'e, the members of this Association, in view of the 
advantages offered by it, consider ourselves holden to 
observe its rules, and to seek its advancement. 



58 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

'" And that each member shall, according to a regular 
rotation, prepare and read, at said meetings, a written 
paper or essay on such subject as he may select, provided 
that such subject shall not be other than of a scientific nature. 

Meetings were arranged for the last Wednesday of 
each month. 

Up to this time, viz., Dec. 10, 1855, the Circle had 
had no written by-laws but had followed certain practices 
which finalh' resulted in a set of by-laws containing 
thirteen articles which were adopted at this time, five years 
after the Circle's formation. 

Article 1st reads, "The Association shall be known 
as the ' Exploring Circle' ; and shall have as its principle 
object, original research in the several departments of 
Natural Science, and such collateral study and exercises 
as its members may deem best calculated to promote its 
interests. 

Article 2nd. "Persons may become members by 
receiving a unanimous invitation by ballot and signing the 
Declaration. 

Article 3rd. "The officers shall be a President, 
Recorder, Treasurer, Register and Trustee. 

Article ibth. "The regular meetings of the Ci^rcle 
shall be on the third Friday evening of each month, and 
the December meeting shall be the annual meeting. Meet- 
ings for study may be held at convenience." 

August I, 1856. We find that a portion of each 
meeting, not exceeding fifteen minutes, was devoted to the 
study of language, for which Houghton and Tracy were 
made a committee. 

At this time Pool and Rowell were made a committee 
to compile for the use of the Circle a systematic list of all 
the various minerals found in Lynn and vicinity. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 59 

At the x\iigust meeting, 1857, it was voted that tlie 
meetings of the Circle be held on the first and third 
Thursday evenings of each month. 

August 26, 1 85 7. The Essex Institute held a held 
meeting in Lynn, at which the Exploring Circle acted as 
host and guide. 

December 10, 1857 It was voted that at the annual 
meeting Mr. Houghton deliver an address, and that Mr. 
Tracy prepare an original poem. 

This custom prevailed ever afterwards and every mem- 
ber was expected to serve his turn. 

In the years J 855-56, four new members were admit- 
ted, viz., Edward Poor, Nathaniel Henry Stevenson, 
Joseph Hubbard Sanborn, and Benjamin Proctor. 

January 7, 1858. It was agreed that the subject of 
English grammar should be pursued by the Circle as a dis- 
tinct study, and tliat an additional meeting should be holden 
for that purpose on the fourth Thursday of each month ; 
the study being under the charge of Mr. Houghton. 

That additional meetings should also be held on the 
second Thursday of each month, to be also occupied by 
the grammar lesson and on the fifth Thursday to be 
devoted to such exercises as should be agreed upon. 

Also at the meeting on the first Thursday, the first 
half hour should be at the service of the Drawing master; 
to be spent in the examination and assignment of studies ; 
after which the business of the Circle should be transacted : 
but no matter of business should be acted on at other meet- 
ings further than to receive it and lay the same on the 
table. 

The extra meetings on the second and fourth Thurs- 
days were discontinued in August, after continuing seven 
months. 



6o LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIKTY 

November 3, 1S59. "^ committee of the Circle was 
appointed to act jointly with the Essex Institute for the 
protection of Phaeton Rock. 

At the close of the second Lustrum the following was 
the enumeration of the Circle papers placed on file : Geol- 
ogj' 23; Mineralogy, 14; Zoology, 4; Meteorology, 22; 
Botany, 12 ; Phj^sics, 2 ; Topography, 16; Optics, 7 ; Sep- 
arate Sketches, etc., 27 ; Maps and Sections, 10; Articles 
in Book form, 3 ; Total, 100. 

And it was at this time that the Circle changed some- 
what its custom. It was agreed to meet twice each month, 
viz., the first and third Thursdays. 

The first Thursday to be the lecture by members in 
rotation ; the third Thursday to be essa3'S either written or 
oral from every member present. 

It was soon after 1864 that the following persons were 
admitted as members, viz, : George Warren Rogers, 
Samuel x^ugustus Guilford, John Todd Moulton, Edward 
Johnson, Wilbur Fiske Newhall, William Parrott Sargent; 
and in the seventies, David Newhall Johnson, Albert Smith 
Rowell, Frank B. Rowell, and in 1881, George Edw^n 
Emery and William Wirt Lummus, thus making the total 
membership, past and present, twenty, and of this number 
only six are now living. 

To the four organizers of the Exploring Circle, belong 
in a very large measure the long life and success of the 
Circle. 

At its organization, Mr. Pool was 34 years old, Mr. 
Rowell 33, Mr. Houghton 27, and Mr. Tracy 26; all of 
them of mature years, and yet with the ambition and 
enthusiasm of youth. 

Their minds were active and all were well conversant 
with many departments of Science and Art. 



LYNN HISTORICAT. SOCIETY * 6l 

In fact, it was this superabounding interest in almost 
every department of human knowledge which brought 
them together as an association and there to compare notes 
on the many subjects which interested them. 

Everv one of these men were of independent thought, 
whose habit was to examine every subject brought to 
their notice with the closest attention and critical care ; 
and to make their conclusions with considerateness and 
for good reasons, seeking to know not only the results of 
former investigators, but striving in some wav to advance 
knowledge by original research. 

But I must not forget some of the arrangements which 
the Circle made for its varied entertainment. 

Among these was the annual excursion in each sum- 
mer or autumn to some attractive locality, near or far away. 

These excursions brought out the social quality of its 
members in many ways, and were sources of great enjoy- 
ment and profit as leaving a lasting impression on its 
members, and giving man}' themes for subsequent papers. 

Then again, the anniversaries, usually in December, 
brought abundant supplies of eloquence and humor. 

Plenty of notice beforehand gave opportunity for 
preparation in the retrospect by the Recorder and the 
address and poem by different members in turn. 

After these literarv exercises came the gathering 
around the festal board, not at all dimmed by the prospect- 
ive journev home on foot, often in the small hours of the 
morning, and frequently through snow drifts with the mer- 
cury at the zero point or below. 

Every five years a Lustrum was observed bv appro- 
priate additional exercises to those of the regular anni- 
versary. 

During its historv the Circle had accumulated some 



62 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

one liundred and fifty volumes, mostly of a scientific 
nature. 

We have recently given tlie <]jreater portion of these 
books to the Lynn Free Public Library. 

I shall close my paper with a short extract from Mr. 
Tracy's report at the twenty-fifth Anniversaiy or fifth 
Lustrum of the Circle. 

Having spoken of some of the difficulties wdiich had 
beset the Circle in the past he went on to say : — 

" A greater ditliculty and more obstinate than all these 
was however laying an unseen hand on the progress of all. 
That indisposition for active enterprise, which inevitably 
creeps upon a man in the latter half of life, w^as becoming 
too much a controlling power with a large share of the 
members. 

"At the tifth Lustrum there sat six members more than 
fifty years of age and four more who had turned forty. 

"Without meaning to be understood that these life- 
periods are less favorable than earlier ones for useful and 
productive thought, or sound and safe judgment, it yet 
seems necessary to admit that aggressive movements in 
connection with such thought and judgment do not usuallv 
find their efficient agents in men as old as these. So at 
least it turned out here. The excursions had less and less 
the style of working scientific parties ; the meetings had 
more and more of the aspect of the companioning of old 
friends. The current of Circle life was getting smoother 
and quieter : it had indeed as much of depth as ever, but 
it was turning fewer wheels and bearing along a lessening 
fleet of the Argosies of research and invention. x\nd this 
w^e speak of as a diffiicultv or danger, not so much on 
account of its being dreaded, as by reason of its inevitable 
character and the prospect that one day would advance the 



m^: 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 63 

quietness to a complete silence and repose, whether they 
would or no. But it did not appear that any or all of these 
impediments had thus far been able to do more than to 
occasion some irregularities and interruptions in the plan 
of meetings. 

" The temper of the exercises did not seem to suffer, 
and the material contributed had all the accustomed flavor 
of more active days. 

" And as regarded attendance, it is but fair to question, 
whether it specifically declined under these influences at 
all, or wiiether it was not at all times about as general and 
satisfactory as in other such institutions." 

We note, beyond this, an encouraging fact in the 
pleasant regularity with which the anniversaries were cel- 
ebrated. The old approved method was continued, afford- 
ing as high scope of special enjoyment, perhaps, as any 
plan that could have been devised. 

We can only say of these occasions, that they were 
every one full of pure enjoyment, and with very few 
exceptions were attended by the entire membership, while 
the literar}' exercises then offered were such as might pass 
to record on the Memorial with entire credit to the 
authors. 



64 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



THE BURRILL FAMILY OF LYNN 

During the Colonial and Provincial Periods, With Some 
of Their Descendants 

BY ELLEX MUDGE BURRILL 

April II, 1907 , 



Earh' in the sixteenth century England was severely 
shaken by religious disturbances, but secession from the 
Church of England was not extensive until several years 
after the accession of Elizabeth. Although she had tried 
in vain to compel uniformity in religion, the latter part of 
that century found, four classes, — the adherents to the 
Church of Rome, members of the Church of England, 
Puritans and Separatists or Independents. The Puritans 
founded the Massachusetts Colony, and the Separatists 
the Plj^mouth Colony. The Puritans objected to certain 
observances and the rigid discipline in the National church 
but the}^ still remained within that body, while the Pilgrims 
withdrew and established churches of their own. 

With the " Church of the Pilgrims " at Gainsborough ; 
the retirement of William Brewster from public life to the 
old manor place in the little town of Scrooby where, 
through his hospitality, meetings were held until the church 
of Scroobv was fully organized (1606) ; the sufferings of 
the members of these churches ; their subsecjuent removal 
to Amsterdam and Leyden and later to America, all are 
familiar. 

The great patent for New England, which passed the 
seals November 3, 1620, established by royal consent a 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 65 

company known as the '^ Council established at Plymouth 
in the County of Devon for the planting, ruling, ordering 
and governing New England in America." The Council 
for New England granted a patent March 19, 1627/8, to 
Sir Henr}' Rosewell, Sir John Young, Thomas Southcote, 
John Humphrey, who afterwards became identified with 
Lynn, John Endecott and Simeon Whetcomb, conveying 
all that part of New England lying between three miles to 
the north of the oNIerrimac and three miles to the south of 
the Charles river, in the Massachusetts Bay, and in length 
between the described breadth from the Atlantic Ocean to 
the South Sea.* As the first three of the original patentees 
withdrew, the others purchased or assumed their rights and 
were later known as the '' ?^Iassachusetts Company." 

A company of emigrants sailed for Naumkeag in 1628, 
and as a provisional government was necessary, " The 
Governor and Council of London's Plantation in the 
ALassachusetts Bay in New England " was established, and 
John Endecott was chosen governor. The members of 
the corporation remaining in England were to retain a 
share in the trading stock and the profits for seven ^^ears. 
The management was committed to five persons who were 
going to Massachusetts and to five who stayed at home. 
At the expiration of the seven years the stock and profits 
were to be divided "to each man according to his advent- 
ure." All other powers and privileges were given to the 
planters. It is not known whether any division was ever 
made or any trade carried on for the company, — in con- 
trast to the agreement between the London merchants and 
the Pilgrims. Their partnership continued during seven 
years when the colonists bought out the interests of the 

*Mass. Records, Vol. I. 



m' 



66 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

merchants for £i,Soo, paid in nine equal annual install- 
ments, — after which the whole property was divided. 

The grant was contirmed March 4, 1628/9, by tlie 
charter from Charles I under the name of "The Governor 
and Compan}' of the Massachusetts Ray in Newe England," 
and the next step was to procure the transfer of this charter 
to Massachusetts, thus blending the company and colony 
into one. B}' the general consent of the company, the 
transfer was agreed to and after Winthrop's appointment 
October 20, 1629, he became the chief and Endecott the 
local governor. The transfer was practicalh' effected 
when Governor Winthrop sailed in 1630 and upon his 
arrival in Salem June 12 of that year, with the charter,* 
the subordinate government was abolished. 

GEORGE BURRILL^ 

It is not definitely known when George Burrill came 
to Massachusetts. Thomas Dudley said that some of the 
passengers who accompanied Governor Winthrop settled 
upon the river of Saugus and undoubtedly Mr. Burrill was 
among the number for he was living in Saugus (Lynn) 
in 1630. His home was on the south side of Boston 
street, westerly slope of Tower Hill. The house was 
small without architectural pretension, wrote James R. 
Newhall, and stood where the diminutive one-story school- 
house w^as located until within about fifty years. When the 
lands of the town were divided in 1638 he received two 
hundred acres. There has been some question as to what 
part of England he came from, but the following entry 
appears in a volume entitled " Lincoln Marriage Licenses, 
an abstract of the allegation books preserved in the Regis- 
try of the Bishop of Lincoln, 1598-1628" : — 

"In Boston, England, January 12, 1626, George 

, *Orig-inal is in the oflice of the Secretary of the Commonwealth. 



LYNN IIISTOR/CAL SOCIETV 67 

Biirrill of Boston, ae. 35, and Mary Cooper, of x\ppley, 
ae. 20," were licensed to marry. 

Mary, his wite, died in August, 1653. He died the 
same 3'ear.* His will is dated October 18, 1653, and it 
was proved the following June. 

To George, the second son, was given the dwelling 
house in which he lived, with all the appurtenances 
belonging thereto. 

The house in which the father himself lived was given 
to his son Francis, with certain upland and meadow, barns 
and other buildings. 

To the youngest son, John, was given the house 
which formerly belonged to Francis, with land and salt- 
marsh, but it was provided that in case John should not 
quietly possess this on record which was formerly Francis', 
then he was to have his father's dwelling house and all 
above mentioned was to be given to Francis. 

I have found no record as to which part John accepted, 
but it is recorded that the oldest son, John, Junior, lived in 
his grandfather's house, and that another son, Ebenezer, 
was born there. These facts, together with the will of 
John, Senior, would impl}- that he took his father's dwell- 
ing as his share. 

A memorandum on tile in the Probate Office, Salem, 
states that George owned part of a house in Boston, and 
the goods that were coming from England were to be 
divided among his three sons. The inventory of his prop- 
erty would indicate that he was a merchant in connection 
with his occupation of farming, for it covers almost every- 
thing of w^hich one could think^. His estate, valued at 
-'S|(S.io.o, included part of the house in Boston, upland, 
meadow, three houses in Lynn, owning in old England, etc. 

*Lynn Vital Hecords. . 



6S LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

LIEUTENANT JOHN BURRILL, SENIOR. - 

He was the third son of George, was born in Lynn in 
163 1,* and died April 24, 1703.* His business was 
that of a maltster and tanner. He married Lois Ivory, 
daughter of Thomas and Ann Ivory, May 10, 1656. She 
was born in 1640* and died Septembor 5, 1720.* Both 
were buried in the Western Burying Ground. Their family 
consisted of five sons and five daughters. 

In 1678, John was chosen one of the Selectmen of 
Lynn, and on September 4, 1686, with the six other 
Selectmen, received the Indian deed of L3'nn. The Town 
Clerk's books also record his election as Clerk of the 
Market, six years ; Surveyor of Highways, one year ; 
Commissioner of Assessments, live years ; and he fulfilled 
many other duties in connection with the town affairs. In 
relation to the ofhce of Clerk of the Market, a colony 
law of 1633 gave Linn authority to keep a market on the 
third da}' of the week from time to time. The office of 
Commissioner of Assessments appeared as early as 1646. 

John Burrill was a member of the General Court. 
The town records did not always agree absolutely with the 
Secretary's lists, and as the father and son of the same 
name held like positions, it has been rather ditiicult to 
decipher their respective terms of service, but from a care- 
ful examination of the Court records it would appear that 
John Burrill, Senior, was a Deputy at the sessions begin- 
ning Ma}' 20, October 14, and December 8, 1691 ; also 
from May 31 to July 15, 1693, and from May 26 to 
December 22, 1697. His military service will be referred 
to later. 

On the eighth of January, 1692, the town voted that 
." Leftent Burrill and John Burrill, junior, should have lib- 

*Lynn Vital Kecords. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 69 

ertv to set up a pewe in the meeting house at the eastward 
end of the pulpit ajouning to Mister Sheppard's pew & 
thav to maintain the ghis windows so tar as ajoyne to it." 
This was in the Old Tunnel Meeting House. 

It is not my purpose to review in detail the accusations 
made against the colonists by Charles II., or the attempts 
that were made to annul the charter, but when commission- 
ers were sent to Massachusetts in behalf of the King, the 
patent and a duplicate of it, together with titles of land 
purchased from the Indians and otherwise, were placed in 
the care of a committee of lour for safe keeping. The 
commissioners returned to England defeated, and Massa- 
chusetts kept her charter, yet in the term of the Holy 
Trinity in 1685, (thirty-sixth year of the reign of 
Charles II.) judgment was given in the Court of Chancery 
that the letters patent of Charles I. should be cancelled, 
vacated and annihilated,* and James II. found in the 
judgment of this court ample preparation for the w^ork 
which he proposed for himself in the colonies. He issued 
a commission for the temporary government of Massachu- 
^^etts, New^ Hampshire, Maine and New^ Plymouth, and on 
May 25, 1686, Joseph Dudley appeared as President. In 
December, Sir Edmund x\ndros arrived as Captain General 
and Governor of New England. By the terms of Andros' 
commission the forms of government long established in 
the colonies over which he w^as about to rule, were almost 
wholly ignored and popular government was no longer 
recognized. The King's policy threatened the very life of 
colonial civilization, for there was no part of their political 
system dearer to the Americans than their general assem- 
blies, and his threat to obliterate them antagonized public 
sentiment. His policy first brought into great prominence 

♦Cliartcr of William and Mary, in the ofiicc of the Secretary of the Coinnionwealth. 



70 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

the place of the general assembly in the American political 
system. 

During Andros' administration the people were told 
that all the lands would be taken in the King's name and 
granted to such persons and on such terms as the King 
might appoint ; that their titles were worthless and that the 
grants from the General Court were not legal. Indian 
deeds were presented as original titles, but they were told 
"such titles were worth no more than the scratch of a 
bear's paw." The records of Lynn were pronounced '' not 
worth a rush," and to a committee from Lynri, Andros said 
"there is no such thing as a town in the whole country." 

In explanation of this last sentence it should be stated 
that Edward Randolph had early in 1687 petitioned 
Andros to grant him Nahant.* On February third the 
Council directed the constables to give public notice in 
Lynn that " if any person or persons have any claim or 
pretence to the said land they appear before His Excellency 
the Governor in Council on Wednesday, the seventh of 
March next, then and there to show forth the same and 
why the said land may not be granted to the petitioner."! 
Although it was considered an act of sedition to assemble 
'in town meetings for purposes of deliberation, a town 
meeting was held in Lynn, March 5, 1687/8, and" Thomas 
Laughton, senior. Captain Ralph King, Cornet John 
Lewis, Oliver Purchis, Lieutenant John Burrill, Edward 
Richards and Lieutenant John Ffuller " were chosen to 
draw up the claims of the proprietors to Nahant.J The 
certificate of their appointment, made before Oliver Purchis, 
Clerk, is dated ]March 6, 1687/8. j] Lieutenant Burrill, 
Edward Richards and Captain King were selected as mes- 
sengers to appear before the Governor and Council, jj In 

♦Mjjss. Archives; Vol. 127, p. 172. fMass. Archives; Vol. 127, p. 173, 

JMass. Archives; Vol. 127, p 174-5. jjMass. Archives; Vol. 127, p. 177. 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 7 1 

the statement then made, they took the ground that the 
Lynn records certified that in the year 1635 this tract 
of land was in the hands of the then freemen of Lynn to 
dispose of, who did then grant to several inhabitants lands 
to plant and build upon and possess, and among those to 
whom these lands were granted that honorable and 
worthy gentleman, jNlr. Humphrey, was one, who was a 
patentee and an assistant in the first government, and 
therefore they were sure it was the town's land then ; that 
the inhabitants who built and dwelt there paid a yearly 
rent to the town ; that this tract of land was divided into 
planting lots to the several proprietors by the vote of the 
town as appeared by the town records of 1656 ; and further, 
that they had honestly purchased the land from the natives, 
the original proprietors of the soyle.* The signature of 
Lieutenant John Burrill( Senior) appears on this manuscript. 



^^^^ ^<^jt£^ 



Another petition, made in 1688, (April 2), was signed 
by seventy-four men, John Burrill, Senior and Junior being 
among that number,! and on April 11, the committee of 
seven above mentioned, presented a remonstrance against 
the claim of one Mary Duffeine to the same land.l 

On April 18, 1689, Andros was deposed and the gov- 
ernment overthrown. This marked the downfall of the 
King's policy, and on April 20, a Council of Safety was 
organized and for the time directed public affairs. Town 
meetings were held and a Committee of Safety for the 
County of Essex w^as appointed, with directions to make a 
report of grievances to be laid betore the government. 

*Ma.-;s. Archives; Vol. 127, p. 174-5. 
t.Ma.^s. Archives; Vol. 1:157, P- *7^- 
t-Mass. Archives; Vol. 12S, p. 151-2. 



72 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

The people of Lynn made further representation regarding 
Nahant, and said they had been obliged to spend nearly 
£ioo for the vindication of their honest rights. The com- 
mittee on this occasion was Jeremiah Shepard, Minister, 
and John Burrill, Senior. They testified that aside from 
Sir Edmund Andros' unreasonable demands for money by 
way of taxation, and that without an assembly and deputies 
sent from the towns according to ancient custom for the 
raising of money and levying of rates) their properties, 
their honest and just and true titles to their land were also 
invaded, and particularly a great and considerable tract of 
land called by the name of the Nahants, the only secure 
place for the grazing of some thousands of sheep, and 
without which the inhabitants could neither provide for 
their families nor be capacitated to pay dues or duties for 
the maintenance of the public, but if dispossessed of, the 
town must needs be impoverished, ruined and rendered 
miserable. They further testified that although often 
before the Governor and Council for relief, Andros told 
them their pleas were insignificant, and they could have no 
true title until they could prove a patent from the King.* 
Here the subject will be left for the present. 

John Burrill's will was dated April 13, 1703, and the 
property was valued at £1,158.01.0. The estate was 
divided between his wife and children, and in accordance 
with the custom of the times, the instructions were very 
explicit. The old end of the house in which he lived 
was left to his wife during her life, then to his son Samuel, 
who also received the remaining portion of the house, the 
home lot and all the housing and barns thereon. This 
was the first Burrill house. He also gave Samuel one- 
fourth part of land '' without the field " and three acres 

*Mu5S. Archives, also Lewis' History of Lynn, pp. 289-91. 



I.YNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 73 

"within the field" which he bought of Robert Bron.sdon. 
He gave Ebenezer, the youngest son, all the land he 
bought of Robert Bronsdon at Swampscott, and all the 
housing thereon, except what he gave to Samuel. The 
farm thus purchased w^as valued at £450. It was part of 
the original grant to John Humfrey, who, upon return- 
ing to England, sold it to Lady Deborah Moody. The 
Kings were the next owners. On February 24, 1693, 
EHzabeth, widow of Daniel King, and her son Daniel, had 
mortgaged their property to Robert Bronsdon, a merchant 
of Boston, for £220, and it eventually came into his pos- 
session. John Burrill purchased 120 acres, more or less, 
of Mr. Bronsdon, the consideration being £270. The deed 
is dated September 27, 1700. Other reference to this 
property will be found under Ebenezer Burrill, on a suc- 
ceeding page. 

FROM THE TOWN RECORDS. 

Chosen Clerk of the Market Commissioner of Assessments 

March 7, 1692/3 March 7,1693/4 

March S, 1694/5 March 8, 1696/7 

March 9, 1695/6 March 8, 1697/S 

March S, 1696/7 March 8, 169S/9 

March 8, 1697/8 March 10, 1700/01 
March 8, 1698/9 

Surveyor of Highways * 

March 8, 1694/5 

CAPTAIN JOHN BURRILL, JUNIOR.'^ 

He was generally known as Speaker of the Massa- 
chusetts House of Representatives, and was the son of 
John and Lois Ivory Burrill. He was born in Lynn, in 
the old homestead, October 15, 1657;* married Mary 
Stower, daughter of Richard and Joanna Stower, July 28, 
1680, f and spent all his life in his native town. He died 

•Lynn Vital Records. 
fWyman's " Charlestown." 



74 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



December lo, 1721,* and was buried in the Western Bur\'- 
ing Ground. His wife, jNlary, was born in Charlestown, 
February 9, 1654, ''■'^^^^^ ^'^^^^ ^^'^y --' i7-8- She was 
buried in Charlestown.f They had no children. 

Ver}^ little is recorded regarding the Speaker's early 
life, but his education could not have been neglected, and 
as he grew in years he became a ver}- able man. He w^as 
a man of strong integrity, wisdom, discretion and sound 
judgment, and one writer has said, " As he had more than 
others, it was his care to do more than others." Thus 
endowed, he took it upon himself to serve God and his 
country, and throughout his life, was a true friend Id his 
native land. He was a religious man, a man of prayer. 
" He offered incense morning and evening, and his stated 
retirements, — wherein he enjoyed secret communion with 
God the Father and His Son Christ, — were most delightful 
to him." This last sentence is quoted from a sermonj by 
Rev. Nathaniel Henchman, occasioned by the death of 
Captain Burrill. Mr. Henchman w^as pastor of the First 
Church of Christ, which Captain Burrill attended, and it 
was most fitting that he should prepare this eulogy. 

Just here a word should be recorded about the silver 
Communion service || of the First Church of Christ. John 
Burrill, in his will of December 6, 1721, bequeathed £40 
toward the furnishing of the table of the Lord. Alonzo 
Lewis, in the History of Lynn, sa3's that '' upon several 
articles of the consecrated plate may be seen engraved the 
Burrill coat-of-arms," implying that this appeared on the 
plate bequeathed b}' John Burrill. ^L*. Lewis could not 
have been correctly informed, for there are two distinct 

♦Lynn Vital Records. 

fWyinun's " Charlestown." 

^In possession of Lynn llistoricnl Society. 

IlLoancd to the lJ(<ston .Museum of P'ine Arts, April 30, 1909. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 75 

gifts from that family. Of the seventeen pieces,* one large 
covered tankard, a smaller one without a lid, and two 
beakers, the smaller of which has a handle, bear the in- 
scription : — ''The Gift of the Honourable John I]urrill Esq^ 
to the first Church in Lynn December y^ lo^^^ I72i."t On 
one of the beakers the name is spelled ''Burrell." Aside 
from the inscription, these pieces are perfectly plain. 
Then there are a covered tankard, a bread plate and two 
beakers bearing the inscription " The Gift of Theo : 
Burrill Esq"" to the first Church of Christ in Lynn."i The 
Burrill coat-of-arms is engraved on the four pieces last 
mentioned. Theophilus, who was a brother of John, left 
by his will £ioo, for the purchase of this plate and a like 
sum for the same purpose to the Second Church of Christ 
and to the Society which had lately erected a new^ meet- 
ing house in the westerh^ end of Lynn <£ioo, to be used 
for the best interest of the Society. 

John and his father were admitted as freemen in 
1689-90, and were certified as being in full communion 
with the church. 

John, Senior, was a Lieutenant in the Militia. The 
Court records do not certif}' that a commission was issued 
to him, yet it frequently happened that a company would 
make its selection, and if not actively engaged in war, the 
appointment might not be sent to the governor for official 
sanction. 

The History of Lynn is silent as to the military service 
of the Speaker. On December lo, 1675, in King Philip's 
war, the forces of the Colony were mustered on Dedham 
Plain to march against the Xarrangansett Fort. A pro- 

* See "The Old Communion Service anct Its Donors," by John Alhree and Ellen 
Miidj^e IJurriil, in "The 275th Anniversary of the First Church of Christ, Lynn." 
tMade hy Andrew Tyler, a j^oldsmilii of Boston. 
J Made by Jacob ilurd, an engraver of Boston. 



76 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

clamation was issued that " if the soldiers played the man, 
took the tort and drove the enemy out of the Narragansett 
country, they should have a gratuity of land besides their 
wages."* Agreeable to an order of the Commissioners of 
the United Colonies to raise 1,000 men, Massachusetts 
called for 300 and the quota of Essex was 105 men, the 
time and place of rendezvous being January 5, 1676, at 
Dedham.f A petition was presented to the General Court 
June 4, 16S5, and several Lynn men, soldiers in the Nip- 
mug countr}^ and at Narragansett Fort, were among the 
petitioners. A grant in the Nipmug countr\^ was made* 
but the township seems never to have been located and it 
was not until July i, 1727, forty-two years later, that the 
matter was revived. There were so many claimants that 
two tracts were ordered laid out. J The grantees were 
divided into seven societies. "Narragansett No. 3," or 
** Souhegan West" was on the south side of the Souhegan 
river, the east boundary being four or five miles from the 
Merrimac, w^estward, and was under the Massachusetts 
government until 1741 when the adjusting of the line 
between Massachusetts and New^ Hampshire brought it 
within the limits of the latter state. It became the town of 
Amherst, N. H., and originally embraced parts of Merri- 
mack, Mt. Vernon and Milford.|| The committee in 
charge of the propriety of " Souhegan West " were Richard 
Mower of Lynn, John Trask of Salem, and Ebenezer 
Rayment. The towns of Salem, Lynn, Marblehead, 
Gloucester, Andover, Topstield, Beverly, Wenham, Box- 
ford, Bradford, Scarboro, York, Falmouth and Chatham 
were represented among the grantees. Twenty-seven 

♦Mass. Col. Records; Vol. 5, p, 4S7. 
fBodge: King Philip's War. 
JMass. Archives, Vol. 72, p. 367. 
llSeconib : History of Amherst, N. H. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 77 

Lynn soldiers were represented in the division of the land.* 
In a list of soldiers credited under Captain Samuel Brockle- 
bank, dated June 24, 1676, is John Burrili £03.06.00, and 
the same entry appears in an assignment of wages dated 
August 24, 1676.1 Ebenezer Burrili received lot No 92 
in " Souhegan West" for his brother, John Burrili.* This 
military service undoubtedl}' should be accredited to the 
Speaker. 

A manuscript petition! to the General Court, assem- 
bled in Boston May 29, 1679, from the Troop at L3'nn, 
recites that '' having not long since obtained the Court's 
favor to become a Troop upon the free concurrence of the 
Militia of the Foote souldiers in Lynn," and having been 
committed and disposed to the order of Ralph King and 
John Lewis, who were Corporals to the former Troop, 
called Salem Troop, they petitioned to have Captain 
Richard Walker appointed their commanding officer. It 
was signed by forty-eight members of the Troop, among 
whom were Francis Burrili and John Burrili, Junior. The 
manuscript is endorsed that on May 29, 1679, ^^^ magis- 
trates appointed Richard Walker, Captain, Ralph King, 
Lieutenant, Jno. Lewis, Cornet, and William Bassett, 
Qiiartermaster. The Deputies, however, consented "with 
the Honorable Magistrates herein so far as it refers to 
Captain Walker and in no further." But the other ap- 
pointments were not delayed long. The principal point 
here, of course, is that John Burrili, Junior, w^as a member 
of this Troop in 1679. 

On June 14, 1690, he w^as appointed by the Governor 
and Council to be "Lieutnt of a foot company against the 

*Secomb: History of Amherst, N. H. 

Uiod^c: King Philip's War. 

JM;iss. Archives, Vol. on llie MiliLiry, 1676-16S0. 



78 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Comou Enemy, French & Indians, under the Com and of 
John Floyd*." A manuscript certificate from Major Ijarth^ 
Gedney, dated Salem, 25 of Aprill, 1691, in relation to 
Lynn's Military oilicerst endorsed "For the Honorable 
Waite Winthropin Boston " (Major General of the forces), 
reads in part as follows : — 

"At ye appointment I have visited the foot Company 
at Lin. They have nominated Lieft. John Burrill, junr. 
their Captain. I request his commission be spedilie sent. 
He is prevailed with to give himself to that service. I 
judge him a w^orth}^ person & the company could not have 
done better." 

Still another reference to him is under date of June 2, 
1691, when the Military Company in Lynn tinder the 
command of Cafiain John Burrill, % presented Samuel 
Blighe (Blith) to be their Lieutenant and Samuel Tarbox 
their Ensign. The said persons were confirmed, to be 
commissioned accordingly. |1 So John Burrill received his 
commission as Captain between April 25 and June 2, 1691, 
and there is no doubt whatever about his military service. 

In 1695 further claim w^as made to Nahant by other 
parties. John Burrill, Junior, w^ith Lieut. Samuel Johnson 
and Joseph Breed, were chosen by the town to defend their 
interests. The plaintiffs were called three times, made 
default and were non-suited. The Court ruled that the 
plaintiffs pay costs unto the defendants. This was the 
last heard of any claim being made to Nahant as individual 
property. 

On May 26, 1689, news was received of the accession 
of William and ALary to the throne of England. Application 
was made for a new charter and William authorized the 

♦General Court Records 16S9-169.S, p 142, 
fMass. Arclnves, Vol. 37, p. 17. 
JMass. Archives, Vol. 37, p. 39. 
||Cieneral Court Records i6Sy-i6<>8, p. i(j\. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 79 

new government of the " Province of Massacluisetts Bay," 
tills to include PI vmouth Colony, Maine and Nova Scotia.* 
It was under these new conditions that in 1691 John Burrill, 
Jr., was chosen Town Clerk and Selectman of Lynn and 
he served faithfully for thirty years. His handwriting is 
very clear and plain, and an examination of the two 
volumes which contain his records as Clerk indicate that 
he did not allow the larcrer duties of life to overshadow the 
importance of detail. f He was also Town Treasurer tw^o 
years and was twice sworn as Assessor. 

At a Tow^n meeting of November 6, 1702, he was 
given libert}" to set up a little house in some convenient 
place on the Common for a stable. 

He was first chosen a Deputy in 1692 and represented 
his town under the Province charter for twenty-one 
sessions. Early in the reign of King William, a conspiracy 
known as the '' iVssassination Plot*' was formed, of which 
Sir George Barclay, encouraged by James H and with the 
knowledge of Louis XI\^, was the prime mover. The 
conspirators intended to murder the King on February 14, 
1695-6, but the plot was suppressed and one of the results 
was the formation in Parliament of the "Association,*' 
established by an Act " for the better security of his 
majesties' royal person and government." All persons 
holding office under the government were required to sub- 
scribe to this. It w^as subscribed by the Lieutenant 
Governor, William Stoughton, twenty-seven Councillors 
and forty-eight Representatives, for the first time on 
September 18, 1696. John Burrill, Jr. as a member of the 
House subscribed. J 

*Thc charter is in the ofiice of the Secretary of the Coniinonwcnlth. 

t'lhe earlie-t hook of Lynn Town Uccords, now preserved at City Hall, is; for the 
i"-riO(l from Fehruary 24, i(Xji,U) December \6, i-r/y. when Jolin nurril'l, Jr. was flerk. 
» h( re are 21S naii^cs, which were repaired and rehound by [Jeniainin H. Tones, City Clerk 
Ml 1S70. ' -^ » » J J J » . 

+ Mass. Archives, Vol. 106, p. 3g5, 



8o LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

For ten years (1707 and 171 1-20) he presided over 
the House as Speaker, serving during the stormy adminis- 
trations of Governors Dudley and Shute. It was during 
the latter 3'ears of Governor Dudley's administration that 
there was such a controversy over the currency of the 
Province (1710-15). The wars wnth France, in addition 
to burdening England with debt, had impoverished the 
colonies. The bills of credit issued in 1690 had depreci- 
ated in value, and the stringency in money matters was 
seriously felt. Some advocated a return to gold and silver 
currency ; others favored the formation of a private bank ; 
still others favored a public bank. The Council favored 
the latter. The House w^as divided. Everybody was in- 
terested in the discussion, and linall}' the plan for a public 
bank prevailed. This question was one of such importance 
that it should receive special attention. As already shown, 
John Burrilljjr. was Speaker during this time, and as such 
must have had a great deal of influence. He also must 
have been a man of great diplomacy, for he w^as idolized 
by the members, and yet enjoyed the esteem of both royal 
governors, his appointment as presiding officer being 
approved by them each year. Governor Dudley himself 
said " that post of honor and trust had never been better 
filled, more wisely and prudently managed than by him." 
He was well acquainted with parliamentar}- forms and 
filled the chair with dignity and authority. 



'■/J ^^/r?/fj)c^^z^ 



Signature attached to an Order of the H. of R.June 13, 171 1, on a petition from the 
linisters of West Swansea. Mass. Archives, \'oI. 113, p. ^tf). 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 8 1 

He was then elected a Councillor, serving during 
1720 and 172 1. After his retirement from the House, Mr. 
Cooke was elected Speaker, and Governor Sliute immedi- 
ately negatived the appointment, but the House refused to 
have a second election and the Court was dissolved. A 
Speaker was chosen, however, at the next session in order 
to facilitate public business, but a protest went up against 
the Governor for dissolvinij the Court "for assertincr and 
maintaining their just and ancient privilege of choosing 
their Speaker," and the House refused to acknowledge 
the Governor's power to negative their choice. In 1721, 
John Clarke, Esq., was chosen, and, to prevent his being 
negatived, a message was sent to the Governor and Coun- 
cil that "John Clarke, Esq., is chosen Speaker and is now 
sitting in the chair.* 

That Speaker Burrill was a man of trust, sound judg- 
ment and unspotted integrity is shown by many important 
matters with which he was connected, and the many cases 
on record where money, voted to certain persons for their 
relief, was placed in his hands for proper disposal. He 
was charged with erecting a beacon at Nahant in 1713; 
with serving, upon a committee to wait upon Rev. Mr. 
Increase Mather and acquaint him that the Court had 
chosen him President of Harvard College ; and on Septem- 
ber 14, 1 7 10, he with four others signed a report relative 
to damages due persons convicted of witchraftin 1692. | In 
consideration of his ^ong and good service to the Province, 
a resolve of 1715-16 granted him five hundred acres of land 
in the Township of Rutland. The following year the 
Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company were granted 
five hundred acres in the same Township, but Mr. Bur- 

♦Harry's History of Massachusetts, Second Period, pp. 112-113. 
t Report accepted 1711-12. 



82 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

rill was given the choice as to which end to la}' out his 
grant. He was a Justice of the Peace, a Special Justice 
of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas, a Judge of the 
Inferior Court of Common Pleas for the County of Essex, 
and Special Justice of the Superior Court of Judicature.* 

On December 6, 1721, he made his will. He gave 
his wife the improvement of his house and certain land in 
Lynn and Nahant, also his part of the house in Boston. 
One-half of his farm in Rutland was given to his nephew, 
John Burrill : the other half was bequeathed to Grover 
Pratt and Michael Switzer. The poor of Lynn also were 
remembered. The remainder of his property was left to 
his brothers and sisters, nieces and nephews. The estate 
was valued at £2,051.15.0. 

During the winter of 172 1, the small pox had become 
prevalent in New England, and earl}- in December tlie 
Councillor was stricken with that disease. He fully real- 
ized the nature of his illness yet resigcned himself to it, and 
remained cheerful to the last. A sketch of his life cannot 
more appropriately close than with the words of Rev. Mr. 
Henchman : — " Not many minutes before death closed his 
eyes, he desired one with him, by prayer, to recommend 
his departing soul to God, adding M am now just going,' 
and at length he fell on sleep. 'Twas his delight and joy, 
while he lived, to walk with God, and it was his happiness, 
when he died, that God took him. He had finished his 
course and kept the faith. Such was his life." 

*Whitmore's Mass. Civil List, i^'30-i774; W.T.Davis: History of the Judiciary of 
Mass.; Emory Washburn : Judicial History of Mass. 



I.YNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



83 



At town meetings held on the following dates, John Burrill, Junior, 
was chosen to the otlices named : — 



Feb 
Mai 




1691/2 TOA 

1692/3 


vn Clerk Selectman. 






7> 


1693/4 








8, 


1694/5 


' " -, '* 






9. 


1695/6 








8, 


1696/7 








8, 


I697/S 








8, 


I69S/9 








8, 


1699/1700 




Treasurer. 




10, 


1 700/1 




(( 




9' 


I70I/2 








i» 


1702/3 








6, 


1703/4 








5. 


1704/5 








5' 


1705/6 




- 




8, 


1707/S 








6, 


1709/10 








5» 


I7I0/II ' 








3. 


I7II/I2 








2, 


I7I2/I3 ■ ' 








4' 


1713/14 








7' 


I7I4/I5 








5. 


I7I5/I6 






Sep 


t. 19, 


1716 sworn as Town Clerk and Assessor. 






13' 


1717 " " " " " 




Ma 


'• 4. 


1716/17 Town Clerk. Selectman. 






3' 


1717/18 






2, 


1718/19 






7» 


1719/20 






6, 


1720/21 


( << (t 





Occupied chair as moderator of town meeting for the last time on 
October 27, 1721. 

From Acts and Resolves of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. 

June 8, 1692-March 17, 1692-3 Representative 

N'ov. 8 T693-March 3, 1693-4 



Nov. 8, 1693-March 3, 1693-4 

May 30, 169^-March 16, 1694-5 

.May 29, 1695-March 7, 1695-6 

.May 27, 1 696- March 31, 1696-7 



84 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Maj 25, 1698-December 10, 169S Representative 

Ma3'3i, i699-April 16, 1700 " 

Maj 29, 1700-April 19, 1701 ' " . 

May 2S, i7oi-April 9, 1702 • *' 

May 31, 1704-March 3, 1704-5 

May 28, 1707-December 6, 1707 Speaker 

May 25, i709-April 25, 1709-10 Representative 

May 30, 1711-April 21, 1711-12 Speaker 

May 2S, 1712-April 10, 1712-13 " 

May 27, 1713-April 6, 1713-14 '* 

May 27, 1714-Xovember 5, 1714 *' 

May 25. 1715-December 22, 1715 *' 

May 30, 1716-April 12, 1716-17 " 

May 29, 1717-ApriI 10, 1717-18 . •• 

May 28, lyiS-April 11, 1719 ** 

May 27, 1719-April 2, 1719-20 * " ~ 

From Whitmore's Mass. Civil List 1630-1774; Emory \Vashburn : Judicial History of 
Mass.; W. T. Davis: History of the Judiciary of Mass.. 

Appointed Justice of the Peace June 12, 1701, June 30, 1702; Special 
Justice of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas October 26, 171 1, Sep- 
tember 16, 1715; Judge of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas for the 
County of Essex, July 15, 1720, remaining on the bench until his death; 
Special Justice of the Superior Court of Judicature, October 24, 1712. 



The oldest daughter in this family of Lieutenant John 
and Lois Ivory Burrill, was Sarah, born in the old home- 
stead on Tower Hill, Ma}^ 16, 1661,* and after spending 
her girlhood there, she married John Pickering of Salem. 
She died December 27, 1714. 

One of her grandchildren was Hon. Timothy Picker- 
ing,'^ an intimate friend of Washington, and an eminent 
statesman. He was successively Postmaster General, 
Secretar}^ of War, Secretary of State, United States Sen- 
ator and member of Congress. 

*Lynn Vital llecords. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 85 



Colonel Theophilus Burrill" was the third son of Lieu- 
tenant John and Lois Ivory Burrill, born in Lynn Juh' 15, 
1669;* died July 4, 1737.* His first wife was Lydia Gath- 
ercolef of Boston, born in 1666;* died June 11, 1726.* 
His second wife was Hannah Charnock of Boston, a 
widow.! He had no children. 

Like his brother John, he was interested in Town and 
Province affairs. At the age of twent3^-five (November 8, 
1694), he was chosen to serve at the Superior Court at 
Salem " for y^ jur}^ of Tr3'alls," and on November 5, 1701, 
was ordered to "procure a school master forthwith, or as 
soon as may be." He was Town Treasurer two years ; 
Clerk of the Market three years ; Surveyor of Highways 
two years and Selectman eleven years. 

The New England colonies suffered terribly from at- 
tacks by the French and Indians, and it was not until 1697, 
through the Peace of R3'swick, that hostilities terminated. 
The War of the Spanish succession, however, commenced 
in 1702, and the French and English in America were 
again involved. In June, 1707, an expedition set out for 
Port Royal, and our Lynn men showed their loyalty to the 
government. There w^re two regiments of land forces 
and a fleet, — Colonel John March, Esq., of Newbur}^ 
Commander-in-Chief. Colonel Wainwright commanded 
the First Regiment and the officers of the Lynn company 
were : — Theophilus Burrill, Captain ; John Pooie, Lieuten- 
ant ; Hananiah Hutchinson, Ensign. i| In 1723, Captain 
i^urrill appears to have been promoted to Major. In 1732 



*Lynn Vit:il Rccord.s. 

tMarried at IJoston July 5, 1694, Lynn Vital Records, 
tlntention Nov. 9, 1727, Lynn Vital Kccorda. 
liProviiicc Laws, ijc^-y, roster p. 690. 



86 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

and 1733 he was Colonel of the Essex County Regiment 
of Militia as veritied by a document in the Massachusetts 
Archives impowering him, with others, to administer the 
oath of allegiance ; also, by two other papers bearing his 
signature as Colonel. One is endorsed '' Coll. BurrilTs 
Regiment sworn 1732 & 3."* 

He was appointed Justice of the Peace for the County 
of Essex March 9, 1721/2, and for Suffolk December 19, 
1728. He was also a Special Justice of the Inferior Court 
of Common Pleas, a Judge of the Inferior Court of Com- 
mon Pleas for the County of Essex, and a Special Justice 
of the Superior Court of Judicature. f 

He served as Representative in 17 25-26 J and as a 
member of the Governor's Council from 1 7 27-1 730. |] As 
Councillor on May 29, 1730, he was one of a committee 
appointed to repair to Kittery and view the situation. The 
journal of the House of Representatives records that they 
attended to their duty, and the account of the committee's 
time and expense was ordered paid, the sum being placed 
in the hands of Theophilus Burrill, to be paid by him to 
the committee.^ 

The separation of Town and Parish on March 5, 
1721/22, brought about an unprecedented condition in the 
management of .the Church, as it was no longer supported 
by an appropriation from the Town. The First Congre- 
gational Society w^as called upon to select a Parish Clerk 
and Treasurer. It required a man of tact and diplomacy, 
and the confidence in which Theophilus Burrill was held 



♦Mass. Archives, Vol. 72, pp. 40S-414. 

fEinory Washburn : Judicial History of Mass.; W. T, Davis: History of the Judiciary 
of Mass. 

JActs and Resolves of the Province of Mass. Bay; session May 26, 1725, to April 14, 1726. 

IJGeneral Court Records, Vol. 14. 

Ifjournal J I. of R., May 29 and September 10, 1730. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 87 

in the community was indicated when the Parish, at its 
first meeting after the separation (March 12, 1721/22), 
chose him to serve in the double capacity, and he retained 
both positions until March 22, 1730/31. 

He lived at the northeast corner of Boston and 
Federal streets. The house stood a short distance from 
the street, and on each side of the walk leading to the 
front door was a row of button wood trees, which so pro- 
tected the lawn in the hot summer days that the grass and 
shrubbery were always grreen. He ^c^ve his house to his 
niece, Lydia Burrill (wife of Francis Calley), who had 
been brought up in his family. It was stipulated that she 
should not enter on the place for a year and was to pay 
the widow (who was the executrix of the estate), the sum 
of £100. The widow was unable to collect the money 
and appealed to the court, bringing suit against said Lydia 
and her husband, John Hawks, and recovered judgment. 
The defendants appealed to the General Court, but the 
judgment was sustained. It seemed strange that the widow 
should not have received the home, but there evidently was 
an agreement that both husband and wife should dispose 
of the separate property owned by them before their mar- 
riage. Lydia, the niece, appears to have been a much 
married woman, for later Joshua and Lydia Ward conveyed 
this estate to John Lewis, who married her sister, Mary 
Burrill. The house was demolished about 1885. This 
old mansion was occupied by Col. James Robinson, the 
first postmaster of Lynn, the first post office having been 
located in a building on the premises. 

Theophilus' estate was bequeathed to his brother 
Ebenezer, his nephew Theophilus, and to sisters and 
nieces. Rev. Nathaniel Henchman, who married Lydia, 
daughter of John and Mary Lewis above referred to, was 



SS LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

also remembered. The residue, both real and personal, 
went to the wife. The bequest to Rev. Mr. Henchman 
was £30, and perhaps it was used for the purchase of a 
silver service, for a silver tea pot* and sugar bowl,* 
bearing the Henchman coat-of-arms, are now owned by a 
descendant, Mrs. M. E. S. Curtis of Burlington, Mass., 
and the inscription: — " Tlie Gift of Tlieo. Burrill, Esq"" to 
the Rev^ M"" Nath : Henchman Pastor of y^ tirst Church 
in Lynn July 5**^ i737" is on the teapot. This date, July 
5, is just one day after Mr. Burrill's death. 

His gift of £100 each to the First and Second Churches 
for the purchase of silver plate, and of a like sum to the 
new meeting house in the westerly end of Lynn for the 
use of the Society, have already been mentioned. The 
communion servicef of the Second Church (First Church 
of Lynntield), is of pewter and silver (11 pieces). Six sil- 
ver, two handled beakersij: bear the inscription: — "The 
gift of ye Honourable Coll : Burrill, Esq^ to y^ Second 
Church in Lynn 1737." As for the Saugus church, the 
bequest of Colonel Burrill was probably used for a similar 
purpose. The Universalist Church there, the successor of 
the earlier society, is custodian of a portion of this service 
(6 pieces). Two cups of hammered silver, || two tankards 
and one plate*i of pewter, are engraved "The Gift of The 
Honourable Theophilus Burrill, Esq'' To the third Church 
of Christ in Lynn." That part of the service, which was 
loaned to the Congregatiorialists after the Third Church 
was divided, had not been used for many years and through 
some error was sold to a junk dealer. 

*Made by Jacob Ilurd, enirr;iver. 

fLoantd to the Lvnn Historicul Society in August, 1907. 

:Mudeby"I. G." 

((Made by Clark. 

lyplate made by Richard King of London- 



\v 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 89 

At town meetings held on the following dates, Theophilus Burrill 
as chosen to the offices named : — 



March 


10, 


1 700/1 701 


Treasurer " - 


*' 


1, 


170^/3 




" 


6, 


1703/4 


Clerk of the Market 


(( 


5» 


1704/5 


(4 44 4; (4 


44 


7, 


1719/20 


44 .4 ,44 44 


(4 


20, 


1 700/ 1 


Surveyor of Highways (sworn) 


Feb. 


4' 


1707/8 


44 44 14 


March 


4' 


1706/7 


Selectman 


" 


s, 


1707/S 




" 


4' 


1713/14 




" 


7. 


1714/15 




44 


4' 


1716/17 




'• 


3. 


1717/1S 




4( 


7> 


1719/20 




4( 


2, 


1723/24 




44 


I, 


1724/25 




" 


7> 


1725/26 




" 


4' 


1727/2S 




Co'l. Burrill, Moderator of Town meeting, Maj iS, 1732 



From Emory AVushburn : Judicial History of Mass..; W. T. Davis: History of the 
Judiciary of Mass. 

Appointed Special Justice of the Inferior Court of Common Pleas 
September 30, 1725, April 11, 1729, August 25, 173 1 ; Judge of the Inferior 
Court of Common Pleas for the County of Essex June 21, 1733. serving 
until his death; Special Justice of the Superior Court of Judicature 
December 12, 172S, and April 19, 1735. 

Signature from the Town Records. 



90 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



Captain Ebenezer Burrill, the youngest son of Lieuten- 
ant John and Lois Ivory Burrill, was born in his grand- 
father's house on Boston Street, Lynn, July 13, 1679.* He 
died September 6, 1761.* On October 13, 1702,* he mar- 
ried Martha Farrington, daughter of Matthew Farrington, 
Jr., and Sarah, his wife. She was cousin of John Farring- 
ton, whose son William was Captain of the Second Com- 
pany of Foot in the Revolution. Captain Farrington's 
monument was one of those unveiled June 18, 1904, by the 
Lynn Historical Society and Old Essex Chapter, Sons of 
the American Revolution, at the dedication ot the memo- 
rials to the Lynn men who served in the Revolution. 
Martha was born in Lynn May 2, 1679,* and died August 
9, 1760.* Both husband and wife were buried in the 
Western Burying Ground. 

As already stated, Ebenezer became the owner of the 
land in Swampscott, w^hich had been purchased by his 
father of Robert Bronsdon, and after his marriage he left 
the old homestead and took up his residence there. A 
great deal has been said in regard to the farm house, now 
moved from its original site to the State road, and some 
believe it was built by John Humfrey, the original owner 
of the land. The Humfrey house was probably standing 
when Hon. Ebenezer Burrill owned the property, but is it 
probable that the two houses were identical? In Ebenezer 
Burrill's will is the following paragraph: — 

"To my son Samuel, I give my field and pasture 
j where I now dwell, being all that upland and meadow 

I ground which my honour'd Father purchased of Mr. 

Robert Brosdon, with all the buildings thereon, excepting 

*Lynn Vital Records. 



LYNN HISTORICAI. SOCIETY 9I 

the privilege of convenient room or rooms in my dwelling 
house so as to accommodate my dau«jhter Lvdia Mowers 
dwelling therein so long as she remains a widow, and 
excepting the four acres of land lying in my tield which I 
have given to my son Theophilus."' 

The inventor}^ of the property has these items : — 

"The dwelling house where Samuel Burrill dwells, 
including the clock in the now west room, with tlie barn, 
old hoKSC, and other buildings. £146.13.4 

^'The dwelling house where Theophilus Burrill dwells, 
with the barn and other buildings, £126.13.4 (This is the 
house at the corner of Essex and Burrill Streets.) 

" The dwelling" house where Ebenezer Burrill dwells, 
with the barn and other buildings, £100. (This w^as the 
Farrington homestead.) 

Samuel Burrill died in 1797. His son Ebenezer was 
administrator of the estate and the inventory presents the 
following : — 

" The dwelling house and land on which it stands, $800. 
" The barn, 200. 

" The old house so-called. 50. 

Again the question arises : — Is the farm house the 
Humfrey house? It appears not. 

A part of the Swampscott property was sold in 1798 
to Robert Hooper of Marblehead, for $4,018.00, receipts 
for which are on tile at Salem, ($574.00 each), and in 
1842 his daughter Hannah, widow of Hon. William Reed, 
sold it to Hon. Enoch Redington Mudge. 

The farm house is of the lean-to style of architecture, 
the second story projects over the first at the north end 
and front, and the gable roof projects over the second 
stor}'. The piazza is a recent addition. The house has 
such a small hall that one is surprised to find the parlor 



92 l.YNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

and living room so large, altliough they are very low stud- 
ded. The kitchen extends across the width of the house. 
The balustrade in the hall is hand hewn, as are also the 
oak beams, which show in all the rooms. There was 
originalh' a large fireplace in each of these rooms, and the 
walls surrounding the fire frames were panelled to the 
ceiling. The area where the chimney stood was 14' x 16' 
and the space each side of the chimney was large enough 
for a person to climb from the ground to the garret. When 
the house was moved from its former site, now Elmwood 
Road, to the present State Road, the chimney was taken 
down and the fireplaces boarded up, otherwise it was 
restored as nearl}^ as possible to the original, even to put- 
ting the cellar under only one-half of the house. The 
contract called for moving a frame building, but it was 
found to be, in fact, a brick house, for there was a solid 
brick wall on all sides between the clapboards and plaster- 
ing. It was found necessary to remove the bricks around 
the first story, but above that the bricks are intact. 

Ship building was carried on to a certain extent in 
Lynn. The Sloop " Endeavor "of 35 tons, built herein 
171 1, was owned by Joseph Mansfield, John Breed, 
Samuel Farrington, Benjamin Ivory and Ebenezer Burrill. 
On June 22, 1720, the town gave the latter liberty to set 
up a stable to put his horse in when he was at meeting, 
and the followincr year he, with three others, acted as 
trustees of Lynn's portion of £50,000 in bills of credit, 
which had been issued by the Province.* 

It was during Ebenezer's boyhood that his father and 
elder brother were using their best efforts to aid in preserv- 
ing the lands of Xahant against the encroachments of 

•Lynn Town Records, Oct. 27, 1721. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 93 

Andros, and it is not strange that he inlierited a desire to 
enter public life. His first civil appointment was as Con- 
stable, in 1709. Between 1723 and 1754 ^^^ ^"^^^^ chosen 
Selectman sixteen times. He was Lieutenant of Militia 
in 1727 and Captain in 3730. He was appointed Special 
Justice of the Superior Court of Judicature on June 15, 
1739.* His Legislative career began as a Representative 
from Lynn in 1726, when the Court met in the second 
Town House, Boston, and he served under Governors 
Dummer, Burnett, Tailer and Belcher. After six years 
in the House, he was chosen Councillor, in 1732, being 
the third member of his immediate family to have held 
that position. He retired from the Council Board in 1747, 
during the administration of Governor Shirley. The ques- 
tion of the Governor's salary was one of the principal 
topics of controversy during these years, Governors Shute, 
Burnet and Belcher all contending for a permanent salary, 
but the people claimed the right to pay what they thought 
the chief executive's services justly demanded. The two 
latter, especially, pressed the matter, but the controversy 
was not terminated until 1735, when, by royal consent, the 
Governor received permission to accept such sums as 
should be granted to him. 

Captain Ebenezer Burrill was a man of strict integrity 
and sound business judgment, — a man who was frequently 
called upon in the settlement of private and public affairs. 
The records show that during his Legislative career he 
had many important committee appointments, such as the 
division of real estate, settlement of taxes, Indian affairs 
and especially on the subject of boundary settlements 
within the colony as well as the adjusting of lines between 
Massachusetts and the adjacent colonies. The Ipswich 

*\V.T. Davis: History of the Judiciary of Mass.. 



94 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



River, a matter of interest to Lynn at the present clay, was 
the cause of discussion as early as 1731, for Ebenezer 
Burrill served on a committee of the General Coin-t to 
investigate the incumbrances therein. 

He had one negro slave named Ca?sar, of whom my 
grandmother related a little incident. In those days the 
streets were not well lighted, and perhaps there were some 
who rather feared going out after dark. A certain resi- 
dent of Swampscott, whose mind unfortunately was not 
quite normal, met Caesar one day and said to him : — 
"Ca?sar, I had just as soon walk along with you in the 
evening as anybody." 

Ebenezer BurrilTs will is dated Januar}^ 14, 1761. 
He owned a great deal of real estate, upland and marsh, 
also wood lots in what is now the forest reservation, and a 
large amount of personal property, the estate being ap- 
praised at£2,i82.i9.6. He had a large famih^of children, 
six daughters and four sons, and the property w^as divided 
among the children and grandchildren who survived him. 

At town meetings of the following dates, he was chosen : — 



March 6, 1709/10 Constable 

•' 2, 1723/4 Selectman 

• - 4, 1727/8- 

" 3, 172S/9 

«' 2, 1729/30 

" I, 1730/31 

" 6, 1731/2 

" 5. 1732/3 

'* 4. 1733/4 



March 7, 1742/3 Selectman 

" 4» 1744/5 

^' 2, 1746/7 

- 7, 1748 

" 5» 1749/50 

" 4, 1750/51 

" 5» 1753 

" 4. 1754 

" S> 1754 sworn as Assessor 

From Acts and Resolves of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. 



Representative, se 



sion of Ma;y 25, 1726 to April 5, 1727 
" May 29. 1728 " April 18, 1729 
'* May 28, 1729 " April 15, 1730 
" May 27, 1730 " Jan. 2, 1731 
" Feb. 10, 1731 " April 24, 1731 
" May 26, 1731 " March 31, 1732 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 95 

Councillor 1731-32 (for the Province at large.) 



1732-33 


Co 


unc 


llor 


173S-39 


1733-34 








1739-40 


1734-35 








1740-41 


1735-36 








1742-43 


1736 








1743-44 


1737-3S 








1746-47 





r 



• Signature from a deed of May 4, i733- 

The term "Royal Family of Lynn" was evidently 
attached to this family, owing to the service as Councillor 
under the Province Charter of John and Ebenezer Burrill^ 
but the other brother, Theophilus, can now be added to 
the list. These three brothers were all able men, who 
dealt justly with their fellow citizens. They held many 
positions of honor and trust, were upright, loyal and true 
to the Province, diligent and laborious in serving their 
generation. The effort has simpl}- been to present certain 
facts in their lives, for their memory needs nothing that I 
can contribute to perpetuate it. 



EBENEZER BURRILL, JI'NIOR^ 

Of Ebenezer Burrill's family, the oldest son was 
Ebenezer, born February 6, 1702-3* ; died May 20, 177S.* 
He married, Jul}^ 29, 1725,* Mary, daughter of General 
Joseph and Elizabeth Williams Mansfield, and their home 
was on Boston Street. Mary, the wife, was born May 13, 
1709;* died April 22, 1786.*" Their graves are in the 
Western Burying Ground. 

*Lynn Vital Ilccords. 



96 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Ebenezer, Junior, the subject of this sketch, was 
Town Clerk from March i, 1756, to March 6, 1775, with 
the exception of 1765, 1766 and 1767, seventeen years in 
all. His service as Selectman covered the same period 
with the year 1775 in addition. Within tliis time he also 
filled the office of Town Treasurer thirteen years and 
Assessor fourteen years.* 

His services as a public officer were during the stir- 
ring times preceding the Revolution. The Navigation 
Acts had been passed but were so successfully evaded 
that Francis Newton Thorpe, in his Constitutional History 
of the United States, says " the American people may be 
said to have been the most prosperous violators of law in 
the 1 8th century." As a result goods were smuggled into 
the country, and the Writs of Assistance were issued by 
the Superior Court, — causing the first serious eruption. 
The long struggle for the possession of the Mississippi 
Valley compelled the English Ministry in 1764 to tax the 
colonies for their own defence, and it was on May 30 of 
that year that Mr. Burrill began his Legislative career, 
serving eleven years from 1764 through 1774.! The 
damages which were sustained by the Lieutenant Governor 
and some other gentlemen in Boston, occasioned by the 
tumultuous disturbances there on account of the Stamp 
Act, led the government to cause the towns to give their 
representatives such instructions as they should judge expe- 
dient. In the History of Lynn it is recorded that the 
people rejoiced over the repeal of the Stamp Act by ring- 
ing bells and making bonfires, and yet the same paragraph 
sa3-s that on the first of December, 1766, they directed 
their representative, P^benezer Burrill, to use his endeavors 

*Lynn Town Records. 
fGeneral Court Kecords. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 97 

to procure an act to compensate Mr. Hutchinson and 
others for their losses in tlie riot of the preceding year. 
These two sentiments would appear to conflict. The 
Town Records show that on September i8, Lynn acknowl- 
edged the Governor's desire by voting to give her repre- 
sentative the necessary instructions in regard to compen- 
sating these men, but the next vote, passed at the same 
town meeting, certainly indicates on which side of the 
question Lynn stood. This is the vote: — "That Mr. 
Burrill, representative of Lynn, be and is hereby directed 
to be no ways accessor}'^ to granting & drawing an}- sum 
or sums of money out of the public treasury of this 
Province for making up and repairing the damages sus- 
tained b}' several gentlemen of Boston as set forth in the 
notification &c., but on the contrary to use the utmost of 
his endeavours to prevent the same." 

The tax on tea came the next year (1767). Richard 
Pratt recorded in his Commonplace Book that '' local 
affairs sunk into insigniticance and the ways and means of 
securing independence w^as set up at length." On Sep- 
tember 19, 1768, the Town chose Ebenezer Burrill "by a 
great majority^' to attend a convention at "Funnels Hall" 
in Boston, three days later to consult just, reasonable and 
proper measures for the securing the crown and govern- 
ment ; also the constitutional rights and privileges of the 
inhabitants of the Province w^hich they ought to enjoy by 
charter, etc. On the 28th, ships arrived at Boston with 
troops, and, as recorded by Mr. Pratt, Lynn's first thought 
was to hold a "special solemn Fast Day in the two parish 
meeting houses, — The Old Tunnel and the West Parish on 
Saugus Green." 

Ebenezer Burrill was an earnest advocate of the rights 
of the colonies. It is said he was very strongly opposed 



gS LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

to the introduction of tea and was unwilling that a particle 
should be used in his household, although the female 
members contrived to introduce it. On May 24, i77<^^ 
the Town spread this vote upon the records: — "We will 
do our endeavor to discountenance the use of foreign tea," 
and in 1772 they instructed their representative to '' stand 
firm for their charter rights." In May, 1773, they re- 
corded their protest against the principles of the Governor, 
which were inconsistent with that liberty to which the peo- 
ple were entitled as Englishmen, and instructed Mr. Bur- 
rill to encourage a free communication with their sister 
colonies similar to the plan proposed by Virginia, a measure 
well adapted to restore that harmony between Great Britain 
and her colonies, essential to the happiness of both.* In 
December they concluded the tax on tea was in effect a 
tax upon Americans without their consent, and that the act 
of Parliament allowing the East India Company to send 
tea to America on its own account was artfull}^ framed. 
They resolved their disapproval of the landing and selling 
of said tea and that they w^ould not suffer any tea subject 
to a parliamentary duty to be landed or sold in this town, 
and that they stood ready to assist their brethren at Boston 
or elsewhere whenever their aid was required in repelling 
all attempts to land or sell any tea poisoned with a duty.* 
Here they certainly showed a revolutionary spirit, and the 
next year preparations were made for laying in a stock of 
ammunition. 

General Gage ordered the General Court to convene 
at Salem in October, 1774, but alarmed by the prepara- 
tions being made by the colonists and the patriotic instruc- 
tions of the people to the delegates, he countermanded tlie 
summons, and the members were discharged, but notwith- 

*Lynn Town Records. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY ' 99 

Standing this, ninety of the representatives met at Salem 
October 5, 1774. The convention was organized without 
the Governor, and on October 7, the members resolved 
themselves into the Provincial Congress. Ebenezer Bur- 
rill and Captain John Mansfield were the members from 
L3^nn. In 1775 the town was carefully guarded, a 
watch of twelve men being kept each and every night, 
and on May 18 Ebenezer Burrill was authorized to give 
permits to persons to pass as they should have occasion, 
and to sign said permits as a magistrate.* He was known 
as " one of Sam Adams' rebels ' and zealously aided the 
efforts of the patriots, but did not live to see those efforts 
crowned with success. 

He was the fortunate possessor of a '' chaise " which, 
by his will, was bequeathed to his wife. Pleasure 
carriages were rarely seen, except in Boston, until the 
middle of the i8th centur}'. The chaise was introduced 
about that date. In 1753 there were none in the counties 
of Worcester and Barnstable ; but one was reported in 
Bristol ; there were forty-seven in Essex, fifty in Middle- 
sex and about two hundred in Suffolk county. f Like his 
kinsmen of the earlier generations, he, too, had a strong 
religious nature, and believed in a glorious resurrection to 
eternal life. 

At town meetings held on the following dates he was chosen : — 

March i, 1756, Assessor, Town Clerk, Treasurer, Select 

" 7> 1757, ..." 

" 6, 1758, ..." 

" 5, 1759, 

" 3, 1760, 

" 2, 1761, 

" 5, 1762, 

" 7, 1763, 

*I-ynn Town Record?. 

ffiurry: History of Mass.; Vol. 11, p. 22; Felt's Salem, Vol. i, p. 316 



lOO 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



March 5, 


1764, 


Assessor, Tow 


n Clerk, 


Treasurer, 


Selectman 


'' 7, 


I76S, 




" 


" 


. . . 






" 6, 


1769, 




4t 


(( 


iC 




( 


'' 5, 


1770, 




'♦ " 


(( 


ti 




' 


" 4' 


i77i> 




... " 


t( 


. . • 




( 


" 2, 


1772, 




" " 


" 


(( 




u 


I, 


i773» 




" " 


it 


. . . 




( 


" 7, 


1774' 




l( t( 


(( 


. . . - 




( 


" 6, 


1775. 




H 


. . . 


'* 




t 


From 


Genera 


1 Court Records 








Representative Ma_y 


25, 17^^,* at 


Concord 


(later Bosto 


n; 


(< 






29, 1765, 


Boston 






*v 






28, 1766, 


" 






({ 






27> 1767, 


(( 






••' 






25, 176S, 


4t 




- 


(( 






3^ 1^69, 


(( 






«* 






30, 1770, 


Harvard College 




C4 






29. 1771, 


" 


(( 




(( 






27» 1772. 


*' 


(( 




(( 






26, 1773, 


Boston 






(( 






25, 1774. 


(( 









From the Town Records :— October 3, 1774, Ebenezer Burrill and 
Captain John Mansfield were chosen Representatives to go to the General 
Assembly at Salem. 

♦Sessions beginning on these dates. 



,^-^^x.^^^^ 



Signature from the Town Records. 



Y'i.£.aJn^<^r-~c^ 



EUNICE BURRILL GREEN* 

In this same family Eunice married Ezra Green of 
Maiden. He was a Deacon of the Maiden church, Select- 
man, Town Clerk and Representative. One of their de- 
scendants, Rev. James D. Green, ^ was formerly minister 
of the Unitarian Church in Lynn. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY lOI 



Samuel Burrill was born in Lynn, April i, 1717 ;* 
died May 3, 1797.* His wife was Anna, daughter of 
Jolin and Anna Brame Alden of Boston, born January 29, 
1722 ;t died December 10, 1795.* Her mother, a widow, 
in 1728 married Dr. Henry Burchstead. Samuel lived on 
the farm at Swampscott which had been left him by his 
father, as already described, and his son Ebenezer was 
administrator of the estate. 

Samuel Burrill was the Lynn member to a County 
Convention April 25, 1776, held in an endeavor to procure 
more equal representation in the House of Representatives.^ 
A memorial signed by twenty-two delegates was presented 
to the House, the committee were assigned a pew and Mr. 
John Lowell, of Newburyport, as chairman, was given 
the privilege of the floor. The result was an act provid- 
ing for more equal representation, passed May 4, 1776. 
On March 3, 1777, Samuel Burrill was chosen by the 
Town a member of the Committee of Correspondence. 
The other members were Deacon Daniel Mansfield, Col- 
onel John Mansfield, Dr. John Flagg, Daniel Newliall, 
Thomas Stocker and Benjamin Johnson. He was also 
Representative to the General Court in 1779, 1780, 1781 
and 1783, and was a member of the convention which 
framed the constitution of the Commonwealth, adopted in 
1780.11 



♦Lynn Vital Records. 

tlJoston Record Commissioner's Report, 
:M:iss. Archives, Vol. 156, p. 162. 
lijournal of Convention. 



I02 LYNN IIIS7 0RICAL SOCIETY 

THEOPHILUS BURRILK' 

Theophilus Burrill, in the fifth generation, was the 
son of Theophilus and jNIary Hills Burrill, and was born 
October 30, 1740. The record of his death has not been 
found. He married, May 3, 1762,* Martha Newhall, 
daughter of Benjamin and Elizabeth Fowle Newhall. She 
was born Februar}' 23, 1743.* Theophilus enlisted as a 
private on the Lexington Alarm Roll, Captain William 
Farrington's company,^ Second company of Lynn, and 
marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775, from Lynn to 
Concord. t He re-enlisted November 11, 1777, in Colonel 
Jacob Gerrish's regiment of Guards ;:{: received his dis- 
charge February 3, 1778, and again enlisted the following 
day in the same regiment and probably as Corporal, serv- 
ing until x\pril 3, 1778. || 

His residence was at the corner of Essex and Burrill 
Streets, Svvampscott. The house is now standing. During 
his life a path led from Essex Street to the front door. 
The house is square, with four rooms on a floor, the ell 
being an addition of later years. There is a large, old- 
fashioned fireplace and oven in the kitchen ; the beams are 
visible in the parlor and dining room, and in one or two of 
the rooms the inside wall is wainscoted to the ceiling. 
The roof is typical of the time, the timbers being fastened 
together with treenails. The house is well preserved and 
is most interesting. It is now owned by Charles E. Burrill 
and Mrs. Ella F. Moore, direct descendants of Theophilus' 
brother, Ebenezer Burrill. During the Revolution, as the 
troops passed the house on their way from Salem to Bos- 
ton, Theophilus' wife frequently treated the soldiers to 
cider — incidentally, no doubt, gaining some news of the war. 

*Lynn Vital Records. JMass. Archives, Vol. 19, p. 152. 

- ' 'tM^tis. Archives. Vol. 12. n. 77. IIMass. Archives. Vol. 10. ». no. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY IO3 



MICAJAH BURRILl/' 



In the family of Theophilus and Martha Newhall 
BuiTill, there were six sons and three daughters, but the 
second child onlv will be mentioned, — Micajah Burrill, my 
great grandfather. He was born December lo, 1764,* in 
the house on Essex Street, corner- of Burrill, Swampscott, 
which had been occupied by his father and grandfather. 
He died Monday evening, December 7, 1S63, aged ninety- 
eight years, eleven months, twenty-eight days, and his 
funeral occurred on the ninety-ninth anniversary of his 
birth. A portrait in the possession of ^Nliss Martha Ellen 
Burrill, represents him at the age of seventy-five, wearing 
a dark suit of clothes, with single-breasted vest, cut rather 
high, and a white shirt with soft, turn-over collar. He was 
a man of fine proportions, with round, full features. His 
skin was very fair and his hair w^as white as snow, thick 
and rather long. His hair turned gray when he was quite 
a young man'. He married Mercy Ingalls, daughter of 
Nathaniel and Mercy Pratt Ingalls, May 17, 1787,* She 
was born in a house situated on the easterly side of Fayette 
Street, just north of the railroad bridge. She died August 
5, 1838,* aged sevent^'-three. 

Micajah went to school on Water Hill, and each boy 
was obliged to carry a '' cleft" of wood for the school fire. 
When the battle of Bunker Hill was fought he was eleven 
years old, and on that day was ploughing on Pearl Street, 
near where the residence of Edwin Sheldon stood. He 
ran up to High Rock and could hear the guns and see the 
smoke of the battle. Two years later he was lel't an 
orphan, with the care of his younger brothers and sisters. 

♦Lynn Vital Records. 

NoTK : — The j^raves of Micajah and Mercy Rurrillare in the Eastern Burying^ Ground. 



I04 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

During his early married life he lived in the home- 
stead, then built a house on what is now the eastern corner 
of Essex and Mt. Pleasant Streets, Lynn, owning all the 
land from there to Mt. Pleasant Place. It was in this 
house that his wife died. Just west of his home there was 
a natural well, and a brook ran through his orchard, 
crossing below the house, thence to Amos Breed's field, 
now Lincoln Street. On his land were also the dwellings 
of his son Theophilus and daughter Patty, wife of Captain 
Samuel INIudge. Her house was on the westerl}^ corner 
of Mt. Pleasant Street, but it has since been removed to 
Sheridan Street. Micajah spent his last days with his 
daughter Patty. His own house, now much changed in 
appearance, stands on Ezra Street. 

As a young man he was a weaver and wove all his 
Imen when he was married. He manufactured shoes for 
between forty and lifty years, making the hrst ''buffed" 
bottom shoes ever manufactured in Lynn. As early as 
1790 it was his custom to carry shoes in a bag to Boston, 
walking the entire distance by way of Maiden, then after 
selling the stock he would walk back again. His shop 
was situated just east of his house. It was a two story 
building, and is now used as a dwelling. 

In addition to his extensive shoe business in Lynn he 
conducted a store in Baltimore and also owned consider- 
able shipping. He was very active and amassed what in 
those days was considered a large fortune, but during the 
war with Great Britain he lost very heavily. He said the 
year 18 19 was the hardest he had ever seen. It was im- 
possible to collect bills from Southern customers, and he 
lost $20,000 w^orth of shoes that were wrecked on their 
way South. Between 1825 and 1830 he lost practically 
everything, but went to work with renewed vigor and 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY IO5 

recovered in part that which he had lost. He was a man 
of great courage and energy. 

He was one of the incorporators of the First Metho- 
dist Society, but later became one of the five original trus- 
tees of the Methodist church on Union street. He was 
very much interested in the formation of that society in 
181 1 and did a great deal toward securing the erection of 
their meeting house.* The society was incorporated as 
the "Eastern Methodist Society in Lynn" on February 
27, 1813, with power to "hold the lot ot land whereon 
they had lately built a meeting house, together with said 
meeting house." ^Ir. Burrill was one of the incorporators 
named in the act of the Legislature.! 

He was one of the first directors of the Lynn Me- 
chanics Bank ;1 became a member of the Board of Select- 
men, and took part in the greeting to General Lafayette 
when he passed through Lynn on August 31, 1824. In 
politics he was a staunch Whig, and even though he held 
no public office other than that of selectman, he was greatly 
interested in public affairs throughout his long life. He was 
a staunch supporter of the Union cause and believed that 
the Union would not be destroyed. He voted for George 
Washington for President of the United States and cast 
his ballot at every presidential election, with one exception, 
up to i860. On November sixth of that year, at the age 
of ninety-six, he went to the polls and voted for Abraham 
Lincoln. His was a long, active and useful life, domi- 
nated by great courage and a firm will. He was always 
strictly upright in his dealings and commanded the respect 
and esteem of all with whom he was acquainted. " Thus 

♦Dcdicjited November 27, iSii,:md Ijurnecl in 1S59. 

t'lhe name was chang^etl to " iSt. I'aul's Methodist Eijiscop.il Church," incorporated 
June 2y, 1S61. 

^Incorporated February 23, 1S14. 



I06 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

has gone away from us one of those links which connect 
us with the past, whose memories reached back to the 
time that tried men's souls and who were eye witnesses of 
events big with the fate of this nation."* 

His wife was accustomed to wear what was called a 
"Methody" bonnet, made of black satin and lined with 
white satin, the crown being plaited : it was similar to the 
Quaker bonnet. Their family consisted of eleven sons 
and two daughters. As the father left no will his son 
Warren settled the estate, w^hich was divided among the 
children then living. 

Another old house, still standing, is that now owned by 
the Women's Union for Christian Work. It is situated on 
Olive Street and was built by Theophilus Burrill, a brother 
of Micajah. 



The Lynn Historical Society has in its possession a 
portrait of Rebecca Taylor of Lynn, great-great-grand- 
daughter of the first George Burrill. She was a daughter 
of Sarah Burrill and William Taylor, the latter a son of 
James Taylor, who was Treasurer of the Province from 
1693 to 17 14. The original portrait, of w^hich this is a 
copy, w^as painted in 1757 by Joseph Badger of Boston. 



EBENEZER BURRILL^ 

Ebenezer Burrill was the son of John and Anne 
Tompson Burrill, and grandson of Ebenezer, Junior. He 
was born in Lynn July 27, 1762,! and died July 29, 1839, f 



♦Lynn Weekly Reporter, December 12, 1S63. 
tLynn Vital Kecords. 



T.YNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY IO7 

in New York City. His request that he might be buried 
in the Western Burying Ground was fuhilled. His early 
boyhood was passed in Lynn, but at nine years of age he 
was adopted b}- his uncle Ebenezer, who resided in New- 
port, Rhode Island. He married Phebe, daughter of 
Captain James Cahoone and Phebe Wilcox of Newport, 
August 3, 1788. His wife was born October 12, 1768, 
and died March 30, 1841. 

He is said to have visited Lynn in 1778, and when he 
undertook to return, the British were so near Newport 
that he went to New Haven, Connecticut, which accounts 
for his services as a Revolutionary soldier being accredited 
to Connecticut rather than to Rhode Island. He appears 
on a pay roll of Captain Phineas Bradley's company of 
Artillery Guards in the Connecticut service, from April 3, 
1780, to January i, 1781.* He represented Newport in 
the General Assembly in 1799 and 1800. f In 1797 and 
1798 he was Inspector of the Brigade of Militia for the 
Counties of Newport and Bristol, and was elected Adju- 
tant General of Rhode Island in 1799, 1800 and i8oi.:|: 
The following year he moved to New York. He had a 
very extensive business career and for many years was 
engaged in the shipping and commission business. One 
of his descendants, Mrs. Montgomery Schuyler of New 
Rochelle, New York, also Mrs. Breese J. Stevens of 
Madison, Wisconsin, a descendant of his sister, Mary 
Burrill Tuttle, have made a special study of the genealogy 
of the family. 



♦Connecticut Men in the Kevolution. 

tLegislative Record of Rhode Island. 

^Smith's Civil and Military List of Rhode Island. 



lOS LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

JAMES BURRILL, JUNIOR^ 

James Burrill, Junior, was born April 25, 1772, in 
Providence, Rhode Island, and died December, 25, 1820, 
in Washington, D. C. He was a great grandson of Hon. 
Ebenezer Burrill, a grandson of Ebenezer, Junior, and son 
of James and Elizabeth Rawson Burrill, — a lawyer by 
profession. He became Attorney General of Rhode 
Island in 1797, the year his cousin Ebenezer was elected 
Inspector of Militia ; a member of the General i\ssembly 
from Providence in 1813 ; was chosen Speaker in 1814 ; 
appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Rhode 
Island in 1816, and later United States Senator. His 
mother was descended from Edward Rawson, Secretary 
of Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

It is w^orthy of note that John Burrill and his kinsman 
James, although residing in different states, held similar 
positions and continued in the public service during their 
lifetime. They were Speakers of the House of Repre- 
sentatives in Massachusetts and Rhode Island respectively ; 
both judges, though of different courts ; both members of 
an upper legislative body, one provincial, the other 
national. Both died at their posts of dut}^ in the public 
service, in the midst of their usefulness, after a sudden and 
short illness, in the same month, December, and within 
one year of a century apart. James Burrill's daughter, 
Elizabeth, was the- mother of George William Curtis'^, the 
American journalist, orator and author. 

In closing, a word may be permitted about "Burrill 
Hill," an elevation in the Lynn woods, from whose summit, 
two hundred and eighty-five feet above the sea, an un- 
broken view of the surrounding country may be obtained. 



I.YNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY IO9 

The Burrill school ma}- be razed, the two streets wliich 
bear the name may be discontinued, but it is a pleasure to 
know that the family name of these eminent and distin- 
guished men will be perpetuated through this granite hill 
in Lynn's public forest. 

Note. — All quotations are from orig^inal records, whose capitalization and spelling 
have been followed. 



no ~ LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



APPENDIX 



- DESCENDANTS OF GEORGE BURRILL 

This only ^^I'ves the family record of the persons named in the preceding- paper. 

1. George^ Burrii.i. was born in England. He came to 
Massachusetts Bay Colony and was settled in Saugiis (Lynn), 
as early as 1630. His wife was Mary Cooper of Appley. 
When their marriage license was granted, 12 Jan., 1626, he was 
recorded as of Boston, age 35 ; her age was 20. He was one of 
the proprietors of Lynn in 1638, and died there in 1653. ^^^^ 
died in August, 1653. 

Children ; 

i. Francis^, b. in England in 1626; d. 10 Nov. 1704, in Lynn, 

Mass. ; m. Elizabeth . 

ii. George, b. in England ; d. 5 July, 169S: m. Deborah Simpkins, 

of Boston, Mass., dau. of Nicholas and Isabel. 

2. iii. Lieut. John, b. 1631. 

2. Lieut. Joiix- Burrill (George^) was born in Lynn, 

Mass., in 163 1 and died there 24 April, 1703. He married 
10 May, 1656, Lois Ivor}-, born in 1640, died in Lynn 5 
Sept., 1720, dau. of Thomas and Ann (vSoiith). 
Children, born in Lynn : 

3. i. " Speaker" John (Captain)^, b. 15 Oct., 1657. 

4. ii. Sarah, b. 16 May, 1661. 
iii. Thomas, b. 7. Jan., 1663. 

iv. Anna, b. 15 Sept.. 1666; in. 24 July, 1695, Josiah Rhoads. 

5. V. Theophilus (Col.), b. 15 July, 1669. 

vi. Lois, b. 27 Jan. 1671 ; in. at Boston, 5 June, 1695, Samuel Sprague 
of Woburn. 

6. vii. Samuel, b. 20 Apr., 1674. 

viii. Mary, b. 18 Feb., 1676; d. 26 Oct. 1694; unm- 

7. ix Ebenezer (Capt.), b. 13 July, 1679. 

X. Ruth, b. 17 May, 1682; m. 9 May, 1705, Capt. Benjamin 
Potter. 

3, " Speaker " John'^ Bltrrill (JoJiii-^ George^^ was born 

in Lynn, 15 Oct , 1657; died 10 Dec, 1721 ; m. 28 July, 
16S0, ?vlary vStower of Charlestown, l^orn 9 Feb., 1654, 
died 22 May, 1728. She was buried in Charlestown. 
They had no children. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY III 

4. Saraii^ Bukrii.l {Jo/nr^ Gcorgc^^ was born in Lynn, i6 

^lay, 1661, and died (in Salem) 27 Dec, 1714. She 
married John Pickerinir of Salem. Amon^r Iier errand- 
children was Hon. Timothy Pickering' (Timothy*), born 
in Salem 17 July, 1745 ; died there 29 Jan., 1S29. 

5. Col. Theopiiilus^ BuRRiLL (y(?/^;z-, Gcorge^^ was born in 

Lynn, 15 July, 1669, and died there4:5mo: 1737. He 
married, first, 5 July, 1694, Lydia Gathercole of Boston, 
born in 1666, died 11 June, 1726; married, second, 6 
Nov., L737, Hannah Charnock of Boston, born 15 
Feb., 16S6, daughter of Elizur Holyoke, widow of Capt. 
John Charnock. Xo children. 

6. Samuel^ Burrill (John-^ George^) was born in Lynn, 

20 i\pr., 1674, and died there 23 ]May, 1713. He mar- 
ried 14 Sept., 1697, Margaret Jarvis, of Boston. She 
married, second, 12 May, 1715, Daniel ]\Luistield. 
Children, born in Lynn : 

i. Mary"*, b. 24 Aug., 1698: d. 31 Aug. 1754; "i- 10 Nov., 1715, 

John Lewis. Their daughter. Lydi.T% b. 20 Aug., 1716, m. 

3 Dec, 1734, Rev. Nathaniel Henchman, b. 22 Nov., 1700, 

d. 23 Dec, 1761. 
ii. Lois, b. 15 F>b., 1700-1; d. 22 Feb., 1720-1 ; m, 15 Oct., 1719, 

" Roby. 

iii. Lydia, b. 11 Feb., 1702-3; m., first, 21 Mar., 1722-3, Francis 

Calley of Marblehead ; second. Int. 25 June, 173S, John 

Hawks of Lynn : third, Joshua Ward. 
iv. Anna, b. 7 Mar., 1704-5; d. 10 Nov., 1740; m., first, 9 May, 

1723, Nathaniel Fuller; m.. second, 15 Feb., 1738, at Boston, 

Nathan Cheever of Boston (Chelsea). 
V. Sarah, b, 14 Mar., 1706-7: m. Int. 29 May, 1726, William 

Taylor, son of James Taylor, Treasurer of the Province of 

Mass. Bay. Their daughter Rebecca, b. 5 June, 1727, m. 20 

June, 1747, Timothy Orne of Salem. 
vi. Abigail, b. 12 May, 1709; m. 29 Jan., 1729-30, Humphrey 

Deverix (Int. of Marblehead). 
vii. Ruth, b. 25 Jan., 1711-12 ; d. before 1732 : m. Robert Hooper, Jr. 

7. Capt. Ep.enezer'^ Burrill (John-,, George^ ) was born in 

Lynn, 13 July, 1679, died there 6 Sept., 1761. He mar- 
ried 13 Oct., 1702, Martha Farrin!:2;-ton, born 2 May, 1679, 
died 9 Aug., 1760, daughter of Matthew Farrington, Jr., 

of Lynn, and vSarah . 

Children, born in Lynn : 

8. i. Ebenezf.r^, b. 6 Feb., 1702-3. 

ii- John, b. 24 Feb., 1704-5 ; d. 5 Dec, 1724. 
iii. Martha, b. 21 Apr., 1707; m. Barrett. 



112 , I.YNX HISTORICAL SOCIF.TV 

9. iv. TuEOiMiii.rs, b. 21 May, 1709. 

V. Mary, b. 31 July, 1711: d. 19 Apr., 173S; m. 10 Aug. 1732, 

John Mower, 
vi. Eunice, b. 27 Oct., 1713: d. 2 Oct.. 1760: m. 3 .Vpr., 1744. Ezra 

Green of MaIJou. Their grandson. Rev. Jiiines D. Green*' 

(Bernard^) was a Unitarian minister. 
vii. Lois, b. 7 Aug., 1715 ; d. 15 June, 1736. 
viii. Samuel, b. i Apr., 1717: d. 3 May, 1797: m. Anna Alden. b. 

29 Jan., 1722, d. 10 Dec, 1795, dau. ot John and Anna 

(Brame) of Boston. 
ix. Sarah, b. 15 Apr., I7i9:d. 15 Sept., 174S; m. 2^ Dec. I74';- 

Thomas Hills of Maiden. 
X. Lydia, b. 25 Feb., 1721-2; m. 20 Oct., 1743, Ezra Mower. 

8. Ebexezer^ BuiiRiLi. ( Ehcnczer'^ , JoJur^ George^) was 

born in Lynn, 6 Feb., 1702 3, died there 20 May, 177S, 
and married, 29 July, 1725, Mary Mansiield. born 13 M ly, 
1709, died 22 Apr., 17S6, daughter of Gen. Joseph and 
Elizabeth (Williams). 
Children, born in Lynn : 

10. i. JoHN^, b. 29 Aug., 1726. 

ii. Joseph, b. 25 June, 172S: settled in Newport, R. I.: d. there 4 
Dec, 1791 : m. Bennett, dau. of Lydia. 

iii. Martha, b. 19 Dec, 1730: d. 27 Dec-, 1759 ; m. 4 Aug., 1752, 
Benjamin Xewhall. 

11. iv. Mary, b. 20 Feb., 1732-3. 

V. Ebenezer, b. 14 Feb., 1734-5: settled in Newport, R. L; d. 

there 20 May, 17SS; m. Lydia Bennett. 
vi. Lois, b. 9 May, 1737: m. 17 Sept.. 1756, James Newhall. 
vii. ^L\NSFiELD, b. I Oct., 1739: settled in Salem: d. .there 2 Jan., 

1S26 : m. I Dec, 1763, Joanna Silsbee. 
viii. Thomas, b. 20 Sept., 1741 : settled in New Haven. Conn, ; m. 

9 June, 1767, Sarah Johnson, at Lynn. 

12. ix. James, b. 7 Mar., 1743-4. 

X. Ezra, b. 10 >Lay, 1746: d. in Salem, 15 June, 1796: m., first, 
Anna Breed, at Lvnn, 22 Feb., 1770; m., second, 13 Oct., 
1795, Elizabeth Mansfield, at Salem. 

xi. Sarah, b. 15 Aug., 174S: d. 2 June. 1S19; m. 23 Mar., 1769, 
Amos Stocker. 

9. TiiEOPHiLUS"' Bl'RRILL {Eheiiczc}'"^^ Johrr^ Georo-c^ ) was 

born in Lynn, 21 May. 1709, and died there in 1791. He 
married 24 vScpt., 1736, ^[ary Hills of Maiden. 
Children, born in Lynn : 

i. Lois^, b. 15 June, 1737; rn. 2S Apr., 176S, Samuel Graves. 

13. ii. Theoi'HIlus, b. 30 ()ct., 1740. 

iii. NL\RY, b. 6 Feb., 1743; m. 7 Mar., 177 1, Samuel Collins. 

iv. Benjamin, b. 14 Aug., 1745. 

V. Ehenkzer, b. 7 Mar.. 1747-S. 

vi. >L\RTHA, b. 23 July, 1750: m., first, 26 Oct.. i'; 

Tuttle ; m. second. 25 Feb., 1779, Joseph Richards, 
vii. MiCAjAH, b. 5 Dec, 1753. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY II3 

10. Joiix^ BuRRiLL ( Erhenezer^^ Ebcnczer^^ John-. George^ ) 

was born in Lynn, 29 Aug., 1726, and died there 14 
Dec, 1793. He married z6 Jan., 174S, Anne Tonipson, 
at Haverhill. She was born 24 Feb., 1729, and died in 
Lynn, 15 April, i 79S. 
Children, born in Lynn : 

i. Anne®, b. 21 Nov., 1749; d. 20 Oct., 1753. 

ii. Col. John, b. 17 Nov., 1751 : d. 2 Dec, 1826: m. 17 Nov., 1774, 

Anna Fuller. 
iii. Mary, b. 2 Mar., 1754; d. 8 Apr., 1S35; m. 22 Feb., 1774, 

Joseph Hawks. 
iv. Joseph, b. 13 Feb., 1756; d. 31 May, 1S3S; m. 17 Dec, 1791, 

Susannah Mulliken. 
V. AxNE, b. 13 Mar., 175S; d. 16 May, iSiS; m., first, 17 Nov., 

1791, William Whittemore ; m., second, 6 Nov., 179S, Wil- 
liam Brown. 
vi. MiCAjAH, b. 5 Oct., 1760 ;d. 25 Mar., 1S47; m. Ruth Farrington 

(Int. 3 Oct., 1790). 
14. vii. Ebenezer, b. 27 July, 1762. 

viii. ToMPsox, b. 30 Apr., 1764; d. 12 Mar., 1S42 : m. 5 Mar,, 17S9, 

Lydia Quiner. 
ix. Sarah, b. 21 July, 1767; d. 23 Feb., 1773. 

11. '^Ixv.x''' ^\JKV-.\\^\^ ( Ebenezer''^ Ebenezer^^ Johyr^ George^) 

was born in Lynn, 20 Feb., 1732-3, and died there 6 
Aug., 177S; She married 14 Dec, 1752, John Tuttle of 
Chelsea, who was born 16 Oct., 172S. One of their 
descendants through Ezra Tuttle*^, James Smith Tuttle', 
Jemimaette Tuttle^ who married ]\Lircellus Farmer, is 
Mar)' Elizabeth Farmer^, born 11 Nov., 1S44, in Syra- 
cuse, N. Y,, married 25 Oct., 1S76, Breese J. Stevens of 
Madison, Wis. 

12. James'^ Burkill {Ebenezer*^ Ebenezer^^ Jokn-^ George^) 

was born in Lynn 7 ^L1r., 1743-4. and died in Provi- 
dence, R. L, in 1S25. He married first, 12 June, 176S, 
Elizabeth Rawson, daughter of Deacon Stephen, who 
was descended from Edward Rawson, Secretary of Mass. 
Bay Colony from 1650 to 16S6. 
Children : 

i. George^ Rawson, b. 8 Feb., 1770; m. Amelia Smith of Prov- 
idence. 
15. ii. James, Junior, b. 25 Apr., 1772. 

13. Theophilus^ Burrill ( Theophilus^^ Ebenezer^^ JoJui-^ 
George^) was born in Lynn 30 Oct., 1740; married 3 May, 



114 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

1762, Martha Xewhall. born 23 Feb.. 1742-3, daughter of 
Benjamin, of Lynn, and Elizabeth (Fowle) of Woburn. 
Children, born in Lynn : 

i. SusANNAH^\ b. 27 Aug., 1762: d. 6 Jan , 1S36: m., first, 5 July. 

17S3, Benjamin Ingails ; m., second. 23 May, 1790, Benjamin 

Ireson. 
16. ii. MicAjAH, b. 10 Dec, 1764. 
iii. Benjamin, b. 24 Dec, 1766. 

iv. Theophilus, b. 21 May, 1769; m. 7 Oct., 179S, Rebecca Fuller. 
V. Fredrick, b. 13 Sept.. 1772. 
vi. Bexjamix. b. 14 Nov., 1774: d. 28 June, 1841 ; m. 28 Sept., 

1806. Mary Johnson. 
vii. Ruth, b. 13 Dec, 1775; d. 17 Feb., 1823; m. 5 Oct., 1795, 

John Meservey. 
viii. Mary, b. 10 June, 177S; m. 14 Oct., 1797, Theophilus Clark. 
ix. Isaiah, b. 17S1 ; d. 6 Mar., 1S47 ; m. first, 8 Apr., 1S04, Mary 

Tarbox ; m., second, 26 June, 1S25, Abigail Tarbox. 

14. Ebexezer® Burrill (yJoJnf^ Ebeiie^er''. Ehenezer^^ 

Johfi^^ George^^ was l^orn 27 July, 1762 in Lynn, died 
29 July, 1S39. in New York. He married 3 Aug., 17SS, 
Phebe Cahoone, who was born 12 Oct., 176S in New- 
port. R. I., died 30 Mar., 1S41, daughter of Capt. James 
and Phebe (Wilcox). 

Children, born in Newport, except the two youngest : 

i. Phebe Anne', b. i May, 1789; d. 6 Apr., 1843 in New York. 

ii. Eliza Tompson, b. 24 May, 1792; d. 7 Aug., 1S70: m. 17 Sept., 
1812 in New York, Re%-. Gilbert R. Livingston, b. 16 Oct., 
1786, d. in Philadelphia 9 Mar.. 1834. One of their grand- 
children is Katherine Beeckman Livingston'-* (Robert 
Dwight^) b. 28 June, 1842: m. 16 Sept., 1S76, Montgomery 
Schuyler of New Rochelle, N. Y., b. 19 Aug., 1S43, 

iii. John Ebenezer, b. 5 July, 1795; ^' 2 June, 1855, at Bedford, 
N. Y.i m. at Charleston 1822, Ann G. Shoelbred. 

iv. Sarah Cahoone, b. 12 May, 1798. 

V. George Tompson, b. 20 Mar., 1800; d. in California 2 Feb., 
1856. 

vi. Mary >L\tilda, b. in New York 24 Nov., 1804; d. there 29 
Apr., 1843. 

vii. Alexander Mansfield, b. in Greenwich, N. Y., 19 June, 
1807; d. in Newark. N. J., 7 Feb., 1869. 
There were four other children. 

15. James^ Burrill, Jr., {Jaine^^ Ebenezer^^ Ebenezer^ ^ 

John^ ^ George^) was ]>orn in Pro\'idence, R. I., 23 Apr., 
1772 and died in Washington, D. C, 25 Dec, 1820. 
He married S Oct., 1797, Sarah Arnold, who died in 
1 814 His oldest daughter, Mary- Elizabetlv, b. in Provi- 
dence 26 Oct., 179S; m. 6 Mar., 1S21, George Curtis, b. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



II 



23 Feb., 1796 in Worcester, Mass., d. in Jackson\ille. 
Fla., 9 Jan., 1S56, son of David and Susannah of 
Worcester. One of their children was George William^ 
Curtis, b. in Providence 34 Feb., 1S24 d. in West New 
Brighton, Staten Island, X. Y., 31 Aug. 1S92. 

16. MiCAjAH^BuRRiLL ( Theopliiliis^ > T/ieop/iiliis^, Ebe?zezer^^ 
John-^ Geoj'o-e^) was born in Lynn 10 Dec, 1764 and 
died there 7 Dec, 1S63. He married 17 May, 17S7, 
Mercy Ingalls. died 5 Aug., 1S3S, daughter of Nathaniel 
and Mercy (Pratt). 

Children born in Lynn : 

Micajah", b. 14 Oct., 1787 

Sally Curtin, She m., 
i. Martha, b. 6 Mar., 1790; 

Capt. Samuel Mudge. 
ii. Theophilus. b. 24 Aug., 

Newhall. 
V. Amos, b. 15 Apr., 1793; ^' 



d. 13 Oct., 1S12 : m. 24 Nov., 1811, 
second, Daniel Silsbee. 
d. 2 Oct.. 1877: m. 2 Feb., 1S26, 

1791 ; m. 20 Aug., 1820, Eunice 



Dec, 1793. 
795; d. 28 Apr., 



1S23; m. 6 Oct., 



V. Nathaniel, b. 16 Feb., i 

1822, Elizabeth Ward. 
vi. John, b. i Nov., 1796: d. 15 Mar. 1798. 
vii. John Bridden, b. 16 Mar. 179S: d. 9 July. 1S68; m. 29 May, 

1820, Hannah Mudge, b. 20 Feb., 1S02 ; d. 30 Dec, iS7'8, 

daughter of Nathan and Martha (Brown) of Lynn. 
v\\\. Alanson, b. I Jan.. 1800; d. 31 Jan., 1869: m. 27 Oct., 1825, 

Betsey Brewer Mudge. 
ix. George Jackson, b. 16 Oct., 1S02 ; d. 7 Oct., 1839 ; m. 31 Aug., 

1823, Nancy Ingalls. 
X. Amos, b. 10 Dec. 1S03: m. 31 Dec, 1S29, Eliza Ann Oilman. 
xi. Warren, b. 5 May, 1S05 ; d. 25 Sept., 1S76; m. 30 Dec, 1828, 

Jane M. Newhall. 
xii. Alden, b. 27 Aug., 1808. 
xiii. Ruth, b. 1809. 



^^' 



Vf. 



m 



^^-; 



^^.-, 

''^"''^^^^, 





THE I^EGI5TI:I> 



OF THE 



Lynn Historical Society 

LVMi\, HASSACHUSET TS 
NUNBllP XII 

rOQ Tlir: YKP 1900 
Cdirccj Dv \\\c Coinmirree or PuDiicarioQ 



C. J. H. W'ocHJbury, Chdinnan 







LYNX, MASS. » 
Fraxk S. Whittf.n, Pkixtkr 



FORM OF BEQUEST 



I bequeath the sum of dollars to 

the Lynn Historical Society, incorporated under the laws 
of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and direct that 
the receipt of the Treasurer of the said Society shall be a 
release to m}- estate and to its executors from further liability 
under said bequest. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



The Lynn Historical Society commends itself to the 
co-operation of every person interested in the present, past 
or future of Lynn. 

It is believed to be one of the larcrest local historical 
societies in this country, having nearly 600 members, 
{73chiding both men and zvomcn^ many of whom, while not 
natives of this city, are actively interested in its prosperity. 

This ^Association endeavors by the variety of its oper- 
ations to appeal to the interests of all. 

Six meetings are held in its rooms each ^^ear, which 
are largely devoted to addresses upon historical matters 
pertaining to this city and vicinity, for Essex County has 
been termed. the most historic County in America. 

In additions to these functions there is the annual 
meeting, and also the annual reception is an occasion of 
great interest, and during the winter season a number of 
informal receptions are given late in afternoons, generally 
based upon some nucleus of remembrances to people or 
families closely identified with Lynn, or to those connected 
with its early organizations. 

These occasions during the year 1908, open to the 
members of this Society, numbered twenty as w^ill be seen 
by the register for the year. 

It has placed six bronze memorial tablets at various 
points of historical interest in this city, especially the one 
recently erected in commemoration of the " Old Tunnel," 
one of the most notably historic buildings in the Colony of 
Massachusetts Bay. 



4 LYNN mSlORICAI. SOCIETY 

It has gathered the records of births, marriages and 
deaths in Lynn from the earhest records to 1S50, which 
are pubhshed in two Large volumes, obtaining from private 
sources much information not on the town records. 

Numerous other lines of historical note not as yet 
published will be undertaken as rapidly as the means of 
the Society will permit. 

The members of the Society are invited to attend and 
to participate in many public occasions. 

It has an interesting collection of articles pertaining 
to early history, which is open to the members at every 
meeting. 

During the summer several excursions under compe- 
tent guides are taken to points of interest w^here special 
courtesies are extended to the party. 

The transactions of the organization are compiled in 
annual volumes w^iich are distributed to the members, 
without charge. 

Large as this Society may be, there are many who 
have not joined, merely because they have not been asked, 
and it is desired that the members will actively co-operate 
with the interests of the Society by bringing its advantages 
to the attention of those who would make desirable mem- 
bers, and after signing their own name as proposer in 
addition to the full name and address of the candidate, 
mail the proposition to Mr. William S. Burrill, Correspond- 
ing Secretary Lynn Historical Society, 25 Exchange 
Street, Lynn, Mass. 

The cost of membership is $1 admission fee, and 
annual dues $2 each, making a charge of $3 for the first 
year, and $2 a year subsequently. 



LYNN VITAL RECORDS 



Through the work supported by this Society there 
were collected 317 records from family Bibles and other 
private material containing over 3,700 entries in which 
were 615 items not on the old Town records. These 
results, incorporated in the Vital Records of Lynn to 1850. 
two volumes, printed under the supervision of the Essex 
Institute, supplement materially the authoritative genealog- 
ical material of Lynn. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



COMMITTEES 



Cusiodia?is 



William S. Burrill, Chairman. 
John Albree 

Earl A 



George S. Bliss 
Anthony Earle 
Mower 



Finance, 



Benjamin N. Johnson, Chairman. 
Everett \\. Black 
MicAjAH P. Clough 



Luther S. Johnson 
Ch.arles H. Newhall 
Henry B. Sprague 



Publication, 



C. J. W. Woodbury, Chairman, 

John Albree 

C. Neal Barney 

George Herbert Breed 

Frederick L. Bubier 

George S. Bliss 

Joseph Caunt 



L Clarkson Chase 
MicAjAH P. Clough 
Charles S. Grover 
Charles H. Hastings 
Harriet L. Matthews 
Edward L. Pease 
Henry F. Tapley 



I^ecturcs and Public 



William S. Burrill, Chairman. 
John Albree 
Isabel >L Breed 
Sallie \l. Hacker 



•\IeelingSy 

George H. >L\rtin 
Howard Mudge Newhall 
Eugene A. Putnam 
May L. Sheldon 



C. J. H. Woodbury 



Nathan ^L }{awkes, 
RuFUs Kimball 



Necrology, 

Chairman. George H. >L\rtin 

Israel A. Newhall 
Wilbur F. Newhall 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



Recepti 



lucixda m. lum.mus, 
Ella D. Bartlett 
M, Nellie Buiher 
Anna L. Dunx 
Addie G Fuller 
Sallie II. Hacker 
Maria B. Harmox 
Lydia H. Johxsox 
Mary M. Johxsox 
Virgixia N. Johxsox 



C/iai 



Kittie M. Newhall 
Lucy E, B. Newhall 
Mariox W. Newhall 
Katharixe M. Parsoxs 
Axxa R. Phillips 
Elizabeth E. Rule 
Sarah F. Smith 
Ida J. Tapley 
Ellex L. Warxer 
Maria B. Woodbury 



and Members of the Couxcil. 

Publication of Quaker /Records, 
Nathax M. Hawkes, Chairtnan. Harriet L. Matthews 

John L. Parker 



Genealogy^ 

Ellex Mudge Burrill, C/iairman. 

Harriet Fitts Parker, Secretary. 

John Albree 

Grace Crafts Aldex 

Luther Atwood 

Harriet K. Clough 



Nathax M. Hawkes 
Harriet L. Matthews 
Emma F. P. Mower 
John L. Parker 
Mary A. Parsoxs 
Ruth Wood 



A. Dudley Johxsox, 



Excursions, 

C/iairmau. William S. Burrill 

Charles S. Viall 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



BY-LAWS 



ARTICLE I 

MEMBERS 

Menibership shall consist of the present members of 
the voluntary association known as the Lynn Historical 
Society, of the signers of the agreement of association, 
and such persons as shall hereafter be elected by the Coun- 
cil. The Council shall have authoritv to drop members 
from the rolls for non-payment of dues for two years. 

Any member who shall pay to the Treasurer the sum 
of fifty dollars in one payment, and who is not indebted to 
the Society for dues or otherwise, may become a life mem- 
ber, and be released from the payment of further dues. 

ARTICLE II 

MEETINGS 

The annual meeting shall be held on the second 
Wednesday evening in January, time and place to be 
determined by the Council. Twenty members shall con- 
stitute a quorum for the transaction of business. A less 
number may adjourn. Special meetings may be called by 
direction of the Council or President, and shall be called 
upon the written request of twenty members. 

ARTICLE III 

COUNCIL 

There shall be elected by ballot annually a Council of 
twenty-five, of which five shall be women. The Council 
shall have the entire executix'e control and management of 



I.YXN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 9 

he affairs, property, and finances of the society, and shall 
carry out all its votes. The Council shall appoint all 
committees for special work, and all subordinate officers 
and agents, and make all necessar}- rules and regulations 
for itself and them. 

ARTICLE IV 

OFFICERS 

The officers shall consist of President, Vice-Presi- 
dent, Recording Secretary, Corresponding Secretary, and 
Treasurer, who shall be elected annually by ballot, from 
the members of the Council. They shall perform the 
usual duties of such otficers, and such other duties as the 
Council may require. 

In case of the occurrence of any vacancy in office, or 
in the Council, from any cause whatsoever, the Council 
shall at their next meeting fill the vacancy for the unex- 
pired term by election by ballot. 

ARTICLE V .^^ 

DUES 

The admission fee shall be one dollar, and the annual 
assessment shall be two dollars, payable on^July first of 
each year. 

ARTICLE VI 

AMENDMENTS 

These By-Laws may be amended at any meeting 
regularly called, by a vote of two-thirds of the members 
present. 



lO LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



REGISTER OF THE LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

FOR 1908 



In accordance with the usual custom, the twelfth year 
of this organization was celebrated by the annual recep- 
tion, w^hich was held at the rooms on January i, 1908. 
President Benjamin N. Johnson and Mrs. Johnson received 
from 8 to 10, and a large number were in attendance at 
this occasion, w4iose informality partakes more of the 
nature of a reunion than a formal reception, and the 
opportunit}^ which it affords for the greetings of old friends 
and the formation of new acquaintances. 

Mrs. Joseph N. Smith was the hostess of the evening, 
and Mesdames Luther S. Johnson and Catherine Parsons 
poured. These ladies were assisted by Misses Ellen Mudge 
Burrill, Gertrude Caunt, Vivian Caunt, Margaret Clough, 
Lofeise Currier, Marion Johnson, Mabel Lamkin, Helen 
N. Mower, Marjorie Newhall, Isabella Pinkham and Grace 
E. Silsbee. 

The annual business meeting was held on January 9, 
1908, at which the officers noted in the first part of this 
book were elected for the ensuing year. Mr. Charles S. 
Viall after five years of efficient service declined to act 
longer as Treasurer, and he was succeeded by Mr. Everett 
H. Black. 

On January 20, 1908, Mrs. Joseph N. Smith gave the 
Society a tablecloth for use at its teas and spreads. 

During the year, 1908, the following meetings of the 
Society have been held, including other occasions to which 
its members have been invited. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY II 

February 3, 1908, an afternoon tea was given to special 
guests, and descendants of soldiers of the Revolutionary 
War. 

February 13, 1908, President Benjamin X. Johnson 
spoke on King's Lynn as it Was, and as it Is, the many 
interesting remembrances of his several visits to that city, 
which may be considered as the progenitor of our own 
Lynn were also illustrated by numerous stereopticon views. 

On the same evening, a paper by Miss B.J. Black, 
of Church House, Heacham, King's Lynn, England, on 
How Francis Rolfe, the Town Clerk, saved the Lynn 
Charters, was read on behalf of the author, by IVIr. John 
Albree and this heretofore unwritten chapter of English 
history prepared for this Society is contained elsewhere in 
this book. 

On March 2, an afternoon tea was given to special 
guests, the clergy and their wives of Lynn and vicinity. 

March 12, 1908, Miss Helen Tilden Wild of Medford 
read a paper on The Royall House and Its People, giving 
a description of that historical estate originally a part of 
the grant to Governor John Winthrop, which was for many 
years the home of men active in the affairs of Massachu- 
setts. It was one of the leading mansions of the colonial 
days, the original part having been built before 1690, and 
succeeding owners made many additions to the original 
house. 

It derived its name from Colonel Isaac Royall, who 
made his fortune in the West Indies, and bought the estate 
in 1732, after which five years were occupied by him in 
making improvements. 

On this occasion Mrs. Howard Mudge Xewhall was 
the hostess, assisted by Mrs. William B. Littlefield, who 
poured, and Mesdames Abbie C. Abbott, Henr}- Sawyer, 



12 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Arthur J. Winthrop and Misses Mary A. Sweetser, Lena 
Wood and Ruth Wood. 

March 22, 1908, the Lynn Historical Society was 
invited to attend the services in commemoration of the 
sevent3'-fifth anniversary of the First Universalist Parish/' 
The morning service was devoted to a commemoration of 
the occasion, and the afternoon service was more particu- 
larly historical in its nature. The addresses being, Our 
Church and the People Who Made It, by Miss Ellen Mudge 
Burrill ; Seventy- five Years Ago, bv the Reverend John 
Coleman Adams, D. D., minister of this parish from 18S0 
to 1884; and What of the Future? by the Reverend 
Frederic Williams Perkins, the present pastor. 

April 6, 1908, an afternoon tea and reception was 
given to the members of the Alley and Bubier families of 
Lynn. 

The Alley family is descended from Hugh iVlley, who 
settled in Nahant between 1635 ^"^ 1640. The hostess of 
the Alley family was Miss Addie H. Alley, and the hostess 
of the Bubier family, Miss May Adelaide Bubier. The 
assistants on this occasion w^ere Mesdames A. F. Breed, 
Carrie Alley Bruce, Harriet Stone Cloudman, Sylvia 
Drown Kimball, Walter Porter and Misses Joanna Bubier, 
Frances E. Clifford and M. Elizabeth Newhall. 

April 16, 1908, Dr. George H. Martin, Secretary of 
the Massachusetts Board of Education, and Vice-President 
of this Society, read a paper on The Lynn Academes 
which is contained elsewhere in this book. 

April 18, 1908, the Lynn Historical Society met with 
the Bay State Historical League in the rooms of the Brook- 

*The book issued in conimeiiioration of this occasion containing the by-laws of the 
parish, tlie pa})er by Miss Burrill, the prog^rani of the meetings and a historical register 
of officers in Church and Society from its organization, maybe obtained from Mr. William 
Stocker Burrill, clerk of the Parish, 25 Exchange Street, Lynn, Mass. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 1 3 

line Historical Society in the Brookline Town Hall. The 
topic for this meeting was, What can the local Historical 
Society do for the improvement of its local it}', addresses 
were made b}^ George Gregerson Wolkins of the Old 
South Historical Society, David H. Floyd of the Dean 
Winthrop House Association and the Reverend Bradley 
Gilman of Canton. 

May 14, 1908, the Lynn Historical Society gave a 
reunion to those who were members of the Everett Debat- 
ing Societ}" and their families and friends, of which an 
account appears elsewhere in this book. The arrange- 
ments were in the hands of a special committee consisting 
of C. J. H. Woodbury, Chairman, Honorable Arthur B. 
Breed, Charles S. Goodridge and Howard Mudge New- 
hall. The hostess of the evening was Mrs. C. J. H. 
Woodbury, assisted by Mesdames Arthur B. Breed, Charles 
S. Goodridge and Henry B. Sprague and Misses Ellen 
Mudge Burrill, Emily A. Earp and Elizabeth E. Rule. 

June 6, 1908, the Lynn Historical Society met with 
the Bay State Historical League in Qiiincy at the birth- 
place of President John Quincy Adams, by invitation 
of the Qiiincy Historical Society. During this meeting, 
How^ard Mudge Newhall, Secretary of the Lynn Historical 
Societ}' , was re-elected Treasurer of the Bay State Histor- 
ical League. This meetincj was largrelv devoted to the 
reports of officers and other business of the League, 
especially in connection with amendments to the by-laws. 

The John Quincy Adams House in wdiich this meet- 
ing was held, is owned by the Quincy Historical Society 
and after the meeting visits were made to the John Adams 
Birthplace wdiich is owned by the Quincy Chapter of the 
Daughters of the American Revolution, the Dorothy Q. 
mansion which is owaied by the Society of Colonial Dames, 



14 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

and to other points of rare historical interest, which were 
hospitably opened to those attending the meeting. 

June 17, 190S, an excursion was taken in company 
with the Houghton Horticultural Society to Canobie Lake 
Park, Salem, N. H., leaving by special electric cars, and 
returning late in the afternoon. 

June 20, 1908, the Lynn Historical Society was 
invited to the meetin^x of the Historical Societies of Essex 
'Count}', held at the Essex Institute, Salem, on which 
occasion General Francis Henry Appleton, President of 
the Essex Institute, gave an address of welcome, after tliis 
the members were afforded an opportunit}' to inspect the 
newly arranged Museum of the Institute, and members of 
the committee were present to act as guides. At 12.30 
P. jNI. electric cars took the party to Salem Willows, where 
lunch was served, and on returning to the city early in the 
afternoon, they visited the Peabody Museum, 161 Essex 
street, and inspected the collections of this institution, and 
Professor Edw^ard S. Morse, Director of the Museum, 
delivered an address. The last part of the afternoon was 
devoted to visiting historical places in Salem. 

September 20, 190S, the members of the Lynn His- 
torical Society took an extended trip to Hingham, the 
South Shore and Quinc}^ 

The trip was taken from Boston by boat to Xantasket, 
where special trolley cars carried them to Hingham where 
the First Church, familiarly known as The Old Ship built 
in 1 68 1, and the new North Church were visited. The 
Old Ship was similar in many respects to The Old Tunnel 
at Lynn, w^hich was built a year later and was either 
modeled after it, or the two had a common source of design. 
Lunch was taken at Lorinir Hall, after which the trollev 
cars brought the part}^ to Quincy, visiting points of histori- 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 1 5 ' 

cal interest which were already referred to as on the 
occasion of the meeting of tlie Bay State Historical League 
on June 6, and the party returned by train to Boston. 

October 8, 1908, a paper by Mr. Charles I^uffum on 
Reminiscences of a Business Life in L3'nn, was read on 
behalf of the author by President Benjamin N. Johnson, 
which appears elsewhere in this book. 

November 12, 1908, Dr. Benjamin Percival read a 
paper on Abolitionism in L^'nn and in Essex County which 
is contained in this book. 

December 5, 1908, the Bay State Historical League 
held its fall meetincr as the c^uests of the Lynn Historical 
Society in its room, the subject for discussion being, What 
can be done to broaden interest in the work of the local 
Historical Society. W. C. Eddy of Medford, President of 
the League, was in the chair, and members were present 
from Haverhill, Peabody, Swampscott, Arlington, Natick, 
Medford, Brookline, Danvers, Somerville, Xantucket, 
Lowell, Boston and Lynn. Papers and discussions were 
given by P. Hildreth Parker of Lowell, Professor Henry 
E. Scott of Medford, Professor J. C. S. Andrews of Lynn, 
Mrs. Elizabeth Osborn of the Peabody Historical Society, 
Howard Mudge Xewhallof L3^nn, A. Dudley Johnson of 
Lynn, E. G. PVothingham of Haverhill, Charles F. Read 
of Boston, John F. Ayer of Somerville and Benjamin N. 
Johnson, Esq., President of the Lynn Historical Society, 
who gave a cordial welcome to those present. 

December 10, 1908, Dr. Charles E. Clark, A. M., 
M. D,, read a paper on Book-Plates, Their Story and Their 
Charm which appears in this book and which has since 
been given before several historical societies and other 
occasions. His remarks were illustrated by valuable speci- 
mens from his collection, including manuscript books on 



l6 I.YNN HISTORICAL SOCIKTV 

vellum made before 1500. and some of the author's rarer 
book-plates, including the first book-plate ever used. 

During the year the following members have passed 
away : 

George Allen Bodwell, November 6, 1908. 

Benjamin Willis Currier. October 31, 1908. 

Miss Marion Halliday, April 22, 190S. 

Mrs. Caroline Augusta Hallowell, P"ebruar\' 6, 190S. 

Hon. Peter Mbrrell Xeal, April 13, 1908. 

Charles Henry New hall, April 22, 1908. 

William Oliver Newhall, April 14, 1908. 

Miss Jane Kendall Sanger, March 18, 1908. 

Zephaniah Hack Spinney, May 30, 1908. 

Miss Maiy Anna Swectser, x\ugust 31, 1908. 

Samuel Clarence Tozzer, November 22, 1908. 

In addition to the bereavement to his many friends, 
the Society sustained a severe loss in the death of Howard 
Mudge Newhall, December 25, 1908, secretary from the 
beginning of the organization. An account of the services 
of Mr. Newhall with an estimate of his rare character as 
a man appears elsewhere in this book. 

The Lynn Historical Society avails itself of this 
opportunity to express its obligations to the Lynn news- 
papers for their full and accurate reports of the proceedings 
at its various meetincrs. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 1 7 



TREASURER'S REPORT 



EVERETT H. BLACK, Treasurer, 

in account with LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY, 
from January i, 1908, to January r, 1909. 

Debtors. 

Balance on hand, Jan. i, 190S 

Reserve fund, Jan. i, 190S 

Life membership fund, Jan. i, 190S 
Receipts for dues and admission fees for 1909 
Receipts for portraits in Register, 1906 
Receipts for interest, 1909 ....... 

Total 

Creditors. 

Hall and Rooms : 

Ljnn Gas & Electric Co., rent 

Lynn Gas & Electric Co., lighting .... 

W. S. Burrill, hall expenses 

W. L. Baird, painting and oiling floors 



'663 52 




72S 63 




164 96 




934 00 




57 25 




52 41 







$2,600 Ti 



$360 


00 


33 


01 


12 


65 


6 


84 


$412 


50 


194 


12 



Less rent received from W. S. Burrill . 

Net cost of hall and rooms $2iS 38 

Expense : 

Clerical services 

Insurance 

A. Earle, carpenter work 

C. A. Lawrence, maps 

C. F. Wentworth, platinum prints .... 

Amounts carried Jorvjard, 



$36 10 








9 40 








51 57 








27 28 








4665 








$171 00 


$2 


13 


38 



$i7i oo 


$213 38 


6 So 




17 S5 




485 




13 27 









$83 


79 


222 


7S 


9 


00 


35 


60 


20 


90 


30 


75 



18 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Ainonnfs brous^ht for-vard, 

Burro^vs & Sanborn, cloth 

Express, delivering register . 

M. E. S. Curtis, typewriting . 

Sundries 

Total 

Printing, Postage and Supplies: 

General postage 

F. S. Whitten, printing register 1906 .... 

R. S. Bauer Co., supplies 

T. P. Nichols & Sons, circulars 

The Bartlett Co.. circulars 

G. II. & A. L. Nichols, miscellaneous printing, 
Total 402 82 

Entertainment : 

A. Schlehuber, catering 

Helen T. Wild, expensing of lecture 

Mrs. G. E. Libby, tlowers 

T. Warren Bray, carriages 

Canobie Lake Outing 

Total 109 63 

Photograph Committee : 
C. F. Pollard $2 62 2 62 

Reserve fund deposited as follows : 

Lynn Institution for Savings 

Lynn Five Cent Savings Bank 

Commonwealth Savings Bank 

Total 

Life Membership Fund deposited as follows : 

Lynn Institution for Savings 

Total Fund 

Balance of cash on hand deposited in Security 

Safe Deposit Sl Trust Co $724 00 724 00 

Total $2,600 77 



$92 


50 


6 


00 


2 


00 


3 


50 


5 


63 



$265 20 
247 46 
245 30 


757 96 
171 59 


$171 59 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY * I9 



REPORT OF THE CUSTODIANS 

For the Year 190S 



The followiiiij articles have been received : 

From bequest of Mrs. Annie L. Baker, set of gold 
band china (74 pieces), silk shawl and bead bag. 

From Mrs. Anna L. Johnson, three pictures of Lynn, 
England. 

From Chester E. Morse, photograph of the Old Rail- 
road House. 

From Mrs. Caroline A. Lee, pictures of the Lynn 
Home for Aged Women, and the residence of Nehemiah 
Lee, West Baltimore street. 

From William x\rthur Wing of New Bedford, old 
toddy stick or muddler from an old Lynn tavern. 

From Mrs Joseph N. Smith, flax wheel and hackle. 

From Thaxter N. Tripp, framed picture of machines 
invented by his father, Seth D. Tripp, and catalogue of boot 
and shoe machiner}-. 

From James B. Small, warming pan. 

From Mary Ida Peck, large brass key, cradle, hat, 
bonnets, chair, toasters, shoemaker's seat and chair, dishes, 
bottles, trunk, bucket, clock, almanacs, medicine glass, etc. 

From Hon. William M. Olin, Secretary of State, 
Vital Records of Marlborough, Dover, Hamilton, West- 
minster, Lynnfield, Middlefield, Saugus, Beverh', Lin- 
coln, Holliston, Dudley and Essex, also Vol. XVI., Massa- 
chusetts Soldiers and Sailors of the Revolutionary^ War. 

From Essex Institute, Salem, Mass., historical col- 
lections. 



20 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

From Cambridi^e Historical Society, Library of Con- 
gress, Maine Historical Society, Mediord Historical Soci- 
ety, Ipswich Historical Society, Bostonian Society, Abl^ot 
Public Library, New York Public Library, Astor, Len- 
nox, and Tilden Foundations ; Proyidence Historical Soci- 
ety, and Peabody Historical Society, Reports, Registers 
and Pamphlets. 

From William W. George, Daniel Woodman (his 
book) diary December i8, 1776, and a pair of old nippers. 

From William D. Thompson, certificate of member- 
ship Engine Co., No. 4. 

From jNL-s. ]NrGiarc, letter card from King's Lynn, 
England. 

From Luther Atwood, Report of Massachusetts Soci- 
ety of the American Reyolution. 

From Dr. Isaac Francis Galloupe, copy of the morn- 
ing Citizen, Beyerly, x\ugust 8, 1908, containing a partial 
list of prisoners in Dartmouth Prison, 181 5. 

From Merrill P'illmore Delnow, pamphlet, poem deliy- 
ered at the dedication of the Cit\^ Hall, Noyember 30, 
1867, by C3'rus Mason Tracy. 

From Howard Mudge Newhall, exercises of exhibition 
and graduation at Lynn High School, May i and 19, 187 1, 
and picture of Rey. Timothy Merritt. 

P'rom Charles F. Peirce, Constitution and By-laws of 
the Lynn Female Fragment Society, instituted January 6, 
1820. 

From Isaiah Grayes, Constitution of the Woodend 
Charitable Society for proyiding watchers for the sick, 
established July 16, 1S27, 

Warrant from the Selectmen to assemble at the Town 
House on Monday, March 13, 1826. 

Annual Reports of the Trus.tees of Lynn Free Public 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCILTV 21 

Library, of the School Department and the Cemeterv 
Department of Boston. 

Copies of the Register 

New members can obtain back copies of the Register 
from the undersigned to complete their sets. It is recom- 
mended that members should have their sets bound to- 
gether in groups containing live or six years as thev are 
more likely to be preserved in that form than in separate 
pamphlets, and in the near future complete sets will have 
a material value which they do not now possess. 

At the semi-annual stock taking, the following copies 
were on hand : 



1897-98, 


241 


1898-99, 


311 


1899-00, 


201 


1900-01, 


215 


1901-02, 


298 



1902-03, 


211 


1903-04, 


144 


1904-05, 


246 


1905-06, 


349 


1906-07, 


367 



Respectfull}^ submitted, 

WILLIAM S. BURRILL, 
Chairmcui 



22 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



RhTORT OF COMMITTEE ON GENEALOGY 

For the year 190S. 



The Committee on Genealogy of the Lynn Historical 
Society, Miss Ellen Mudge Burrill, Chairman, has met 
at various times to receive, inspect and tile for the Society 
such books, pamphlets and ancestral sheets as have been 
presented by members and others interested, and has 
assisted those who are engaged in making genealogical 
researches. 

This Committee has now in charge 175 ancestral 
sheets, ten of which were received during the past year ; 
also charts, books and vital records, useful to the genealo- 
gist, all of which are deposited in the rooms of the Society. 

Blank sheets for compiling ancestrv have been fur- 
nished on request, all of which, it is desired, may be 
properly made out and returned to our committee. 

Respectfully submitted, 

HARRIET F. PARKER, 

Secretary. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 23 



NECROLOGIES 



GEORGE ALLEN BODWELL 
George x\llen Bodwell was born at Pliiladelphia, Pa., 
Dec. 15, 1S59, ^^"^^ moved to Lynn in 1870, and made 
this city his home until his death November 6, 1908. 
After finishing his education in the Lynn public schools 
he entered the employment of Boynton & Bancroft, leather 
dealers, and by strict attention to business he was rapidly 
advanced and on the death of Mr. Bancroft in 1884 (Mr. 
Boynton having retired in the meantime) he assumed the 
business, in conjunction with the late Charles S. Sweetser 
as a silent partner. In 1889 W. H. McConnell entered 
into the partnership, since which time the firm has contin- 
ued under the name of George x\. Bodwell & Co. He 
was very widelv known in shoe and leather circles, was a 
director in the National Security Bank and the Security 
Safe Deposit and Trust Co., a member of the Board of 
Managers of the Lynn Hospital and the Home for Aged 
Women, member of the Oxford Club, the Boston Boot and 
Shoe Club, the Boston Baptist Social Union and the Lynn 
Historical Society, in all of which he took great pleasure 
and interest, and many institutions and friends will miss 
his kindly advice and generosity. He united with the 
First Baptist Church of this city many years ago, and was 
for a long time one of its active members and for many 
years its Treasurer, supervising and directing the extensive 
repairs made to its building several years ago, and in 1905 
he transferred his membership to the Washington Street 
Baptist Church, and after the loss of their building by fire. 



24 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

entered lieartilv in the plans for rebuilding, and largely 
from his interest and efforts the new church building is 
free from debt. Pie was married January 12, 1SS7 to 
Miss Emma W. Edson, by whom he is survived, together 
with two daughters, Lucille and Persis, and by one 
brother, Fred M. Bod well, all of this city. 

Charles S. Viall. 



BENJAMIN WILLIS CURRIER 

Benjamin Willis Currier was born in Lynn, Mass., 
January 14, 1838. Receiving his education here, he 
became one of Master King's schoolboys and later entered 
the High School, in the class of 1852. The school cata- 
logue also records him as a member in 1853. He trav- 
elled extensively at different periods in his life, but never 
changed his residence and Lynn remained his permanent 
home. When the final call came to him, at his summer 
camp in Wenham, on the morning of October 31, 1908, it 
found him in the fullness and vigor of his manhood so 
characteristic of his whole life. 

He was the son of Benjamin Hallowell and Rebecca 
(Estes) Currier, and on the paternal side was a descend- 
ant of : — 

Richard Currier^ of Salisbury and x\mesburv, and his 

first wife, Ann . Richard was born about 1616 and 

died in Amesbury February 22, 1686-7. By occupation a 
planter and millwright, he received land in both townships, 
was clerk of Amesbury and in the seating of the meeting- 
house in 1667, his name stands first ''to set at the tabell." 
He also appeared to be one of the brethren of the Salisbury 
church ten years later. 

Thomas-, deacon and town clerk, was born in Salis- 




BENJAMIN WILLIS CURRIER 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 25 

burv, March 8, 1646, married Mary Osgood, December 9. 
166S, and resided in Amesburv. He died vSeptember 27, 
171 2, nearly seven years after his wife, who died Xovem- 
ber 2, 1705. 

Thomas"^, of Amesburv, veoman, was born November 
28, 167 1, and married Sarah Barnard, September 19, 1700. 

Thomas^ was born in Amesbury, ^Tay 10, 1717 ; 
Jemima Morrill of Salisburv, born December 9, 17 17, 
the daughter of Ensign Daniel and Hannah ( Stevens j 
Morrill, became his wife on March 5, 1 740-1. 

Joseph'^, born in 1746, married Elizabeth Tweed, a 
resident of York when that town was in the Province of 
Massachusetts Bay. After their marriage they resided in 
Deerfield, X. H. ^ 

Joseph^, a tailor, was born October 30, 1775. He 
married Lydia Witt Richards of Lynn, Mass., October 
26, 1802. Her birth is given as October 17, 17S1. 

Benjamin Hallowell', born in Lynn, May 15, 1812, 
married Rebecca Estes, April 14, 1836, and died Decem- 
ber 24, 1887, 

Benjamin Willis^. 

On the maternal side he was descended from : — 

Matthew Estes^ a master mariner and Qj.iaker, son of 
Robert and Dorathy of England. The records of the 
Salem Monthly Meeting, Society of Friends, give Mat- 
thew's birth as 28 :3m :i645. ^Matthew came to New Eng- 
land before 1676 and as early as 1695 owned considerable 
land in Lynn, especially in Woodend and on Sagamore 
Hill. 

John- was born in Dover or Portsmouth, N^. H., July 
14, 1684, and died in L}'nn, September 29, 1723. He 
removed with his father from Portsmouth to Salem, and 
then to Lynn. He married 15 :12m :i705-6, Hannah, 



26 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

daughter of William, Jr., yeoman, and Sarah (Hood) 
Basset. 

William^, a feltmaker, was born 23 :6m :i7i8 (August) 
and died April 6, 1781. He also lived in Lynn and mar- 
ried Ruth Graves January i, 1745-6. 

Mark*^, born September 13, 1752, married Elizabeth 
Fowler, and died March 11, 184 1. It was his good for- 
tune to receive from his father, William, ''all his tools for the 
hatting business and all the ingredients for coloring hats." 

EzekieP was born in Lynn, i\pril 17, 1781, and died 
October 15, 1844. He married Mar}', daughter of Eben- 
ezer and Mary Breed of Weare, N. H., 23 :iom :i8o5. 

Rebecca^, born June 9, 1813, died April 12, 1881 ; 
married on April 14, 1836, Benjamin Halloweil Currier, 
son of Joseph and Lydia (Witt Richards) Currier. 

Benjamin Willis", born Jan. 14, 1838, died Oct. 31, 
1908. 

Throuo-h the rather unusual coincidence of one ances- 
tor following the trade of tailoring, while others in the 
opposite branch of the familv were feltmakers and hatters, 
and throuc>h the long association of his father with the cloth- 
ing business, it was not strange that the son should be 
attracted to that profession. Mr. Currier's business career 
began with Macullar, Williams & Company, clothiers at 
47 Milk Street, Boston, soon after he left the High School. 
In 1857 he entered the employment of Jesse C. Johnson & 
Company, 65 Congress Street. In 1858 he transferred 
his duties to Talbot, Newell & Company, 98 Congress 
Street, who in i860 moved to 138 Devonshire Street, Win- 
throp Square. Mr. Currier, with E. D. Chamberlin, 
formed a copartnership in 1S63 under the name of Cham- 
berlin and Currier, in which tirm George A. Newell was 
a special partner. They sutlered a total loss by the Bos- 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 2*J 

ton fire in November, 1S72, and found temporary quarters 
in the Pine Street Church, 658 Washington Street, where 
they remained during the rebuilding of the burnt district, 
and in 1874 they removed to 38 Summer Street. In iSSi 
the business was transferred to 403 Washington Street, 
the present location. The Standard Clothing Company 
was formed in 1887 with Mr. Currier as Treasurer, and in 
1903 the name was changed to The Talbot Company. 
His interests were also extended to other cities, and at the 
time of his departure he was not only Treasurer of The 
Talbot Company but closely associated with several retail 
firms. 

And yet his busy days were not confined solely to the 
clothing industry. He w^as a director of the Commercial 
National Bank, Boston, of the Merchants National Bank, 
Salem, and of the Salem Electric Light Company. He 
was President of the Manufacturers' National Bank, Lynn, 
and of Master King's Schoolboys' Association, a member 
of the Lynn Historical Society and Oxford Club, the 
Tedesco Club of Swampscott, the Merchants' Club and 
Beacon Society of Boston. 

As a boy Mr. Currier attended the First Universalist 
Church w'hen the Society worshipped on Union Street. 
He had seen the society grow^ until the church edifice was 
twice enlarged, and in 1870 when it w^as decided to erect 
a new house of worship on Nahant Street, he was one of 
the eighteen gentlemen who served on the building com- 
mittee. He had a deep interest in the welfare of the church, 
was always found among those who substantially con- 
tributed to the financial needs of the society, and at the 
time of his death was a member of the Board of Manacre- 
ment. 

Mr. Currier married on August 22, i860, Clara Bas- 



28 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

set, daughter of Ephraim and Elizabeth (Cloon) Ingalls 
of Swampscott. She. was born in Lynn, September lo, 
183S, and died June i, 1862, in Swampscott. One child 
lived but a short time. 

On February 3, 1864, he married (2nd) Louise 
Carleton, daughter of William Phippen IMerritt and Jemima 
Carleton) ?vlartin, who then resided in Swampscott. She 
was born in Marblehead, Februar}' 19, 1834, and lived until 
February 22, 1881. Of their seven children, five are now- 
living, William ^Martin, Clara Ingalls (Mrs George x\. 
Seaverns), Frank Josselyn, Charles Hasseltine, and Louise 
(Mrs. Frank W. Howard). 

Mr. Currier married (3rd) on x\pril 22, 1886, Emily 
M. daughter of Charles H. and Julia ^L Pinkham of 
Salem, Mass., who with three of their four children, Helen, 
Donald Estes and Benjamin Willis, Jr., survive him. 

Mr. Currier was charitable and kind hearted, a man 
of sterling character, conscientious motives, and possessed 
of seemingly undying buoyancy of spirit and energy. His 
home and famil}- life were ideal. He took especial pride 
in his garden, not for himself alone but for the pleasure 
and happiness it could give to his friends. As a business 
man he was successful in the widest and highest meaning 
of that word and considered himself a trustee of the money 
he had gained to be used for the welfare of others. 

Optimistic and hopeful by nature, he believed in the 
ultimate triumph of good as a means to a higher freedom. 
One quality that stood out in bold relief was his kindness 
to those with whom he came in daily contact. It was an 
inspiration to hear Mr Currier greet the policeman at the 
street crossing, the clerk in the store, the conductor on the 
train, with a cheerful '' good morning." For everyone, in 
whatever walk of life, he always had a pleasant salutation. 

Ellen Mudge Burrill. 



LYNN HISTORTCAT. SOCIETY 29 

MARION IIALLIDAY 

Miss Marion Halliday was born in Lynn, August 22, 
1 8 26, and died in Nashua, N. H., April 22, 1908. 

Her father John Halliday was a calico printer who 
came from England to Philadelphia, where he married 
and moved with his family to Lynn where he was inter- 
ested in the print works on Boston Street near to Franklin 
Street. 

Her life work w^as closely identihed with St. Stephen's 
Church of which she was one of the original members. 
She had charge of the infant department for thirty-five 
years, and was always actively engaged in the various 
organizations of the church, in which her ability was 
administered with a dignity and kindly grace of manner, and 
whose serenity of disposition was so attractive that the 
young especialh' w^ere strongly influenced by her good 
works. A. Stranger. 



CAROLINE AUGUSTA (GOWEN) HALLOWELL 

Caroline Augusta Hallowell w^as the daughter of James 
Gowen and Sarah Newhall Lewis, her paternal ancestors 
being William^ Nicholas^, William^, John"*, John\ and 
James^' Gowen of Kittery, Maine. 

Her maternal ancesters were Edmund^John-,Thomas'% 
John^, John-^, Samuef^ Thomas", Sarah Newhall^ Lewis 
of L3mn, Massachusetts, James Gowan was a builder and 
owned the house and land Northwest corner of Light Street, 
and the Turnpike, now Western xVvenue. 

Mrs. Hallowell was probably born in the house which 
is now standing there. James Gowen later had his home 
on the westerly side of Centre Street, on the site of one of 
the buildings of the General Electric Company. 



30 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Mrs. Hallowell was boni April 22, 1830. She was a 
pupil of Emmeliiie Mansfield, and assisted her, teaching 
some of the younger pupils when 13 \'ears of age, and this 
earl}^ experience gave trend to later life, and when the 
fourth Primary School was organized in a new school- 
house on Grove Street, Ward 6, August 30, 1847, Miss 
Gowen was the teacher. 

After teaching four years, she resigned on the occasion 
of her marriage, July 8, 11851, to Benjamin Augustus 
Hallowell, son of Samuel and Lydia (Johnson) Hallowell. 
Mrs. Hallowell's maternal ancesters, Thomas" and 
John"^ Lewis owned the farm through which Lew^is Street 
was made and derived its name. They were also owners 
of the Blue Anchor Tavern at Saugus. 

Mrs. Hallowell's brother, Col. John Emery Gowen, 
was a civil engineer, eminent in both America and Europe, 
and obtained especial renown for his work in raising the 
Russian vessels sunk in the Black Sea during the Crimean 
War, for which the Czar both ennobled and enriched him 
bountifully. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hallowell were members of the Free 
Church on Oxford Street, so called because seats were 
without pew rent ; Rev. Samuel Johnson was the preacher. 
When that Church was disbanded, they joined the Second 
Congregational Society (Unitarian). 

Mrs. Hallowell was a member of the Thought and 
Work Club of Salem, also a member of the Women's Club 
of Lynn. She was interested in all good works that tend 
to uplift society, doing her share in a quiet and eflective 
way. She was one of the early members of the Lynn 
Historical Society, and always deeply interested in its 
welfare. 

She died Februar}- 6, 1908, at her home on Hanover 
Street, Lynn. C. F. Peirce. 



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LVNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 3 1 

HON. PETER MORRELL NEAL 

Peter Morrell Neal was born at North Berwick, 
Maine, on September 21, 1811, and died in Lynn, at tlie 
home of his son, William E. Neal, on Nahant Street, 
April 13, 1908. His father was Elijah Neal and his 
mother Comfort Morrell. The Neal and Morrell families 
were among tlie earliest to settle in Maine. 

Mr. Neal's education was obtained in the local schools 
of his home town, at the Friends' School (now the Moses 
BroVn School) in Providence, R. I., and at the South 
Berwick Academ}^. On his way to Providence to school, 
Mr. Neal passed through Lynn on the stage coach, for the 
Eastern Railroad had not then been built. 

In 1830 Mr. Neal taught school at Eliot, Maine, and 
for the ten years between 1832 and 1842, he kept a private 
school in Portland, after which, until 1850, he was prin- 
cipal of the high school at North Berwick. One of the 
most interesting reunions of Mr. Neal's later life was that 
of former pupils of his, all of whom were over 76 3'ears of 
age, held in 1901 at Eliot, Maine. , 

The indoor life of the school-room did not agree with 
Mr. Neal, and in 1850 he moved to Lynn and engaged in 
the lumber business. At first he was in partnership with 
Philo Clitlbrd, but in 1863 he became a partner with 
Nehemiah Lee, under the firm name of Neal & Lee. A 
few years later this partnership was dissolved, and he 
entered business for himself on the harbor front property 
owned by him on Beach Street (now Washington Street) 
opposite the foot of Tudor Street and directly across from 
Mr. Neal's residence, where he lived practically the whole 
of his life in Lynn. He retired from business in 1898. 

Mr. Neal bought the land upon which his residence 



32 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

was situated, in 185 1 from Moses Breed, and shortly after 
erected his house, which for many years was notable for 
the kindly hospitality of ^Tr. and Mrs. Neal. At the time 
he built, there were few houses on Sagamore Hill between 
the water front and Broad Street, or along what is now 
Washington Street. 

Through his whole life, Mr. Neal took a keen interest 
in public affairs. His first yote was cast in Maine as a 
Whig for Henry Clay. Like many of the members of the 
Society of Friends, he was a strong Abolitionist and early 
became a Free Soiler and then a Republican. In 1853 
and 1858 he was a member of the Common Council of 
Lynn from Ward Four. He was a member of the School 
Board in 1854, 1856, 1S68, 1869, 1870 (as Chairman part 
of the year) 187 1, and ex officio during his terms as 
Mayor. Mr. Neal was elected the tenth Mayor of Lynn 
and held that position in 1862, 1863, 1864 and 1865. In 
1870 and 187 1 he was a member of the Massachusetts 
House of Representatives, and in 1876 of the State Senate. 
At the formation of the Republican party, he was its first 
candidate for Representative from his Lynn district, but 
was defeated. 

Of the several public positions held by Mr. Neal, that 
of Mayor during the dark years of the Civil War gave him 
the greatest opportunities for usefulness. As the repre- 
sentative of the city, he went many times to the front, after 
battles, to comfort and to care for the wounded Lynn men, 
and frequently conferred with President Lincoln upon sub- 
jects of interests to Lynn people. During his term as 
Mayor, the Public Library was opened and the old City 
Hall destroyed by fire. He laid the corner stone of the 
present City Hall in 1862. Nowhere is there shown better 
evidence of his far-sightedness and great faith in the future 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 33 

of L^-nn, than in the erection of a city building large 
enough to accommodate municipal business for forty-live 
years. 

Mr. NeaFs interest in public affairs continued unabated 
until his death. He was present at almost ever3Mnaugura- 
tion of a Mayor in Lynn. During the Old Home Week in 
1907, he was present at the Mayor's office when his grand- 
son, Charles Neal Barney, then Mavor, unveiled a bust of 
Mr. Neal by Carlos Balboni, a local sculptor. Mr. Neal 
made a short address to the people there assembled to do 
him honor. 

For many years Mr. Neal was active in various 
organizations connected with his religious society, a trus- 
tee of the Friends' School at Providence, an earnest worker 
in the Houo^hton Horticultural Society, and President of 
the Old Boys of Ward P^our. 

From bo\'hood Mr. Neal was a member of the Society 
of Friends, and in Lynn regularly attended the Silsbee 
Street meeting. A friendship, marked by a frequent inter- 
change of visits and letters, had existed between him and 
the Qiiaker poet and publicist, John G. Whittier, since the 
"time when as young men the}' rlshed together the same 
trout brooks in Maine. Although a regular attendant of 
meeting and a fluent speaker upon occasions, Mr. Neal 
was never '' moved by the Spirit '' to speak at vSunday 
worship. For many years, however, he attracted the 
ablest minds in the local meetincr to his adult class in the 
Sunday School for the study of the Bible. xVlthough a 
wide reader on general subjects, Mr. Neal read with 
especial interest the results of modern scholarship in inter- 
preting the Bible, and when 90 years of age read a paper 
upon this subject before local organizations. His last 
public appearance was at the 275th anniversary of Lynn's 



3? 



34 LYNN HISTORICAT. SOCIETY. 

Society of Friends in 1908, at one of the sessions of which 
he spoke in a reminiscent vein. 

Mr. NeaFs domestic life was one of particular charm. 
On Sept. 8, 1S36, he was united in marria^^e at Portland, 
according to the Friends' ceremony, with Lydia Cobb 
(see Lynn Historical Society register for 1902-3) who for 
more than 66 years, until her death in 1903, was his 
worth}' companion in all his interests. There were born 
of this union Captain Edward Cobb Neal (who died 
unmarried, September, 1903), Mary Louise Neal (wife of 
William M. Barney), Ellen Neal (widow of John E. 
Chene}^) and William E. Neal. 

In personal appearance Mr. Neal so closeh' resembled 
the poet Longfellow that in Portland he was frequently 
mistaken for him. Lentil his death in his ninety-seventh 
year, Mr. Neal's mind and memory were clear, his body 
vigorous and his delight in the companionship of younger 
persons keen. Until three vears before his death, he was 
in the habit of taking an annual fishing trip to his old home 
in Maine, and at his last attendance at the Friends' School 
at Providence in 1903, kicked off the football for the 
Alumni game. 

He kept closely in touch with the world's progress 
through books, magazines and papers, and more than 
once reminded his younger associates that life grew 
sweeter and happier if one advanced in years with the 
clear belief that the world is constantly growing better. 

C. Neal Barney. 



CHARLES HENRY NEWHALL 

It is my sad privilege to offer this slight tribute to the 
memor}' of Charles Henry Newhall. 



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CHARLES HENRY NEW HALL 



LYNN IIISTORICAI. SOCIETY 35 

Vanquished in the conflict, disease obtained the vic- 
toiy, and the pure and gentle spirit of our associate passed 
to the future life on the morning of April 22, 1908. 

Charles Henry, son of Henry and x\nn (Atwell) 
Newhall, was born in the family homestead, Market Street, 
Januar}^ 18, 1846. A delicate child, his health during his 
earlier years required the greatest care and his education 
was acquired principally in the private schools of this city 
and finished at Chauncey Hall, Boston. His father, a 
man of grreat intellig^ence and wide readincr looked for- 
ward to a University (Harvard) course for his only son, and 
both were greatly disappointed at the final decision that 
it would be unwise on the score of health to make the 
attempt. 

After some months with Keene Brothers, shoe manu- 
facturers, he withdrew from that business and devoted him- 
self to the loving care of his father ; I say " loving care" 
for it is the only phrase that will express his devotion, and 
this love and unselfish affection was deeply felt and fully 
reciprocated by the parent. 

Henr}' Newhall died July 15, 1878. 

Charles Henry, although he had for some years been 
virtually manager, came into a large property. His 
capacit}' was early recognized, and he became connected 
with many business enterprises, as president, director, 
member of executive committees, etc. of horse and electric 
railroads, banks, gas and trust companies, and The Thom- 
son-Houston Electric Company now a part of the great 
General Electric Company, but to him the Central National 
Bank and the Lynn Gas and Electric Company were the 
nearest. The first, from the prominence, of his family in 
its formation, both his uncle and father having been presi- 
dent, and he vice-president ; the second, because he as its 



36 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

head, with the loyal and unselfish co-operation of his 
associates, had made this one of the leading companies in 
New England, if not in the country. 

While he felt it to be the duty of every good citizen 
to give a portion of time to the public, he would not as a 
rule accept political oflice, but did in May 1893 accept an 
election from the City Government, as Commissioner of 
Pine Grove Cemetery, and February 19, 1907, that of a 
Trustee of the L^mn Free Public Library. To the for- 
mer he gave close and unremitting attention. 

The beautiful ^Slemorial Chapel, a bequest from his 
aunt in memory of her husband, Amos Rhodes, was made 
after consultincr him, and laro^elv throug^h his influence, 
the dignified and impressive gates at the Springvale 
entrance, erected to the memor}^ of his father, are visible 
proofs of thoughtfulness. 

His services on the Public Library Board were com- 
paratively brief, but his knowledge of and familiarity with 
books, would have been of great value had his life been 
spared. 

To the broad field of public charity, he devoted much 
thought and attention. The hospital which he daily visited 
or with whose head he was in dail}- consultation, received, 
in addition to liberal gifts of money, valuable surgical 
instruments and appliances. The Home for Aged Women, 
and other institutions with which he was connected, also 
received the same thoughtful and unselfish care. 

Possessing a sympathetic personality, which, while it 
inspires respect, also invited confidence, and easily accessi- 
ble, brought him in touch with the unfortunate in everv 
walk of life, and enabled him to quietly aid some with 
sound advice, and others pecuniarilv, and all left his pres- 
ence with the feeling that their confidence was invioable. 



■i; 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 37 

Brought up in the liberal faith of the Unitarian denom- 
ination, of which his father was one of the earliest mem- 
bers, he was a constant cliurch attendant, and a consistent 
and generous supporter of its home and national work. 

Mr. Xewhall was twice married; tirst to Miss Helen, 
daughter of John H. Swasey of Boston, who died in June, 
1873, and secondly on October 12, 1881, to Miss Lizzie 
H., daughter of Nathaniel White of Concord, N. H. She 
passed away in November, 1887. 

He is survived by his sister, Mrs. B. J. Berry, her hus- 
band and their two sons, Harry N. and Benjamin H. Berry. 

B}' his will the large sum of nearly $150,000 was left 
to various charities, public institutions and his church, and 
no man in the communitv was more respected and no man 
has been more greatly missed. 

Some members are aware that it was his hope to pre- 
sent this Society with a suitable house for its work, but 
he passed away before the right property could be found. 

We hear much of the obstacles which the poor boy 
must overcome to win success, and but little of the boy 
with a rich parent who has every incentive to idleness. 
In this case the boy overcame the temptation and was the 
worthy son of an honored father. 

Henry F. Tapley. 



HOWARD .MUDGE NEWHALL 

Among the types of men under usual notice, the most 
predominant are men of finance, men of labor and men of 
enterprise, each of whom is dependent upon the others, but 
especially so upon the men of enterprise. 

The man of enterprise is a man of imaginative vision, 
he forsees the trend of population, he comprehends the 



38 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

needs of the people, he is replete with suggestions for tlie 
material good of others, and the man of linance is guided 
by these thoughts however diflusive and finishes them into 
concrete form and plans highways, railroads, develops 
buildmg sites and furnishes the money to employ the labor 
which executes the initiatives of the man of enterprise. 

Howard INIudge Newhall was most intensely a man of 
enterprise ; his initiative in suggestions along the line of 
the duty which a man owes to the town he lives in liave 
benefited thousands in the past and the results of his good 
works will benefit thousands to come. 

While a schoolboy he w^as one of the organizers of 
the Everett Debating Society, a most potent influence for 
the benefit of young men during its fifteen years of exist- 
ence. 

He organized courses of free lectures at Odd Fellows' 
Hall for employees, and later established a reading room 
in a shoe factory of which he was a partner. 

As clerk of the Lynn Hospital Corporation he was a 
diligent worker for that noble institution, and the origina- 
tor of Hospital Sunday. H^e was a member of the Board 
of Mangers of Lynn Home for Aged Women, and also 
one of the incorporators of the Lynn Home for Aged Men. 
As a director of the Associated Charities, he did much for 
the welfare of the needy. 

His declination of several nomination to offices did not 
diminish his zeal for the affairs of the city. He took an 
active part in the celebrations of both the 250th Anniversary 
of the settlement of Lynn, and the 50th xVnniversary of its 
incorporation as a city, serving on important committees, 
and in connection with the latter function, was the author 
of the chapter, In Da\-s of Yore, contained in the memorial 
volume and afterwards published separate!}'. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIKTV 39 

He was vice president of the Lynn Board of Trade, 
and a member of the ?^Ierchants* Association : while his 
activities in the annual May Breakfast are well known to 
those earh' risers attending these interesting occasions. 

The settlement of some of our desirable suburbs was 
due to his activities in callinfr o;eneral attention to advan- 
tages of those districts, and change of name of Park 
Square to City Hall Square was made at his instance. 

The Lynn Historical Society was organized upon his 
suggestions and he was its loyal Recording Secretary from 
the first. He toiled for its interests early and late, in sea- 
son and when self-interest would have dictated other tasks. 
Members were enrolled at his invitation, speakers obtained, 
meetings organized and excursions planned, in short there 
was no portion of its work to which he did not apply his 
activities. Among his man}- interests this was so near to 
his heart that he gave to it much which he should have 
given to himself. 

He was actively interested in the Bay State Historical 
League of which he was Treasurer. 

When his Rector, the Reverend Augustine Heard 
Armory, wished to form The Whiting Club, it was to Mr. 
Newhall that he entrusted the task of selecting from among 
the many citizens desirable for such an organization, the 
thirty-five necessary to bring it within the convenience of 
the households where it should meet. He became one of 
the Trustees of the Club and his interest in that unique 
organization is indicated by the fact that he never missed 
a meeting. 

Among other organizations, he was a member of the 
Oxford Club, Sons of the American Revolution, the Civic 
League and the Cobden Club of London. 

Lynn is the only municipality on the eastern coast 



40 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

of the United States which fronts on the Atlantic Ocean, 
and the magniticent J^ouievard which is to preserve this 
view to the pubHc for time to come is solely due to the 
initiative of Howard Mudge New^hall. 

Only a few weeks before his last illness, the writer 
who had known him from childhood mentioned the obliga- 
tions which the people of Lynn bore to him for his many 
philanthropies, and the compliment was waved aside with 
the remark that he had willing associates in everything 
except the Lynn Shore Drive, in that he w^as alone until 
the Metropolitan Park Commission was convinced that the 
work ought to be built. 

Whatever may be the inscription commemorating this 
useful life, it is submitted that there is no more appropriate 
site than the bastion on this Boulevard which overlooks 
the little bay which tradition delares to have been the 
landing place of the first settlers in 1629. 

Those who heard or read his annual reports as Record- 
ing Secretar}^ of the Lynn Historical Society need no 
reminder as to his fluency as a writer ; this talent extended 
to rapid rh3^ming and when at a public dinner, he would 
note comments upon the speakers, and at the close, read a 
rhyming critique upon the occasion, but it is not known 
that he ever applied this gift of song to serious poems. 

He was a frequent writer for the press and magazines, 
his contributions appearing in the Boot and Shoe Traders' 
Journal of London, the Boston Transcript, and Harper's 
Magazine ; his article in the latter on A Pair of Shoes*, 
attracted the Baxter Leather Company, Ltd., of London 
and resulted in a most fortunate business connection with 
that company. 

♦Harpers Magazine, JaiuKiry, 1S85. 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 4I 

He lectured in the Old South Church course in Bos- 
ton, on tariff reform. 

With his brothers he republished the local historical 
works of his uncle, James R. Xewhall, and assisted in his 
later historical works, notably a contribution to the history 
of Essex Connty. 

The record of his life is a short one. He found in 
Lynn his birthplace, home and grave, and could not have 
wished it otherwise. 

He was born May 7, 1854, ^^^ *^^^^^^ December 25, 
1908, and married on January 20, 1880, Miss Kitde May 
Knox of Lawrence, Mass., who survives him. 

He was graduated from the Lynn High School in 
187 1, then at the Wesley an Academy at Wilbraham com- 
pleted his preparation for Weslevan College at Middle- 
town, Conn., through which he worked his way until three 
months before commencement, when he was arbitrarily 
compelled to leave by a culmination of family misfortunes. 

He was afterwards in the shoe business in Lynn, and 
later in real estate and insurance, first in a partnership and 
later for man}^ years on his own account. 

He was Junior Warden of St. Stephen's Memorial 
Church and Superintendent of its Sunday School. 

He was always courteous, patient and serene even 
under trying conditions which occurred at times, even in 
public meetings, when he assumed the brunt of criticisms 
which were called forth b}- acts of commission or of omis- 
sion on the part of others. 

Thus ended an unselfish life replete with all the vir- 
tues which a pure character can endow. 

It has been said that it takes three generations to make 
a gentleman, but no one has ever ventured to state how 
many it requires to make a publicist. 



^2 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

On both sides he was descended from a long line of 
staunch New England stock ; on his father's line, his an- 
cestry being : 

1. Thomas Newhall, came to New England 1630, d. 
May 25, 1674; and INIary d. September 25, 1665. 

2. Ensign Thomas Newhall, iirst white child born 
in Lynn. Baptized June 8, 1632, d. April i, 16S7 ; and 
Elizabeth Potter, b. 9 :12m 11667, buried February 22, 
16S6/7. 

3. Ensign Joseph Newhall, b. September 22, 1658, 
d. January 29, 1705/6; and Susanna Farrer, b. 26:1m: 
1659. 

4. Daniel Newhall, b. February 5, 1 690/1, d. No- 
vember 4, 1752; and INIary Breed, b. March 21, 1691/2, 
d. January i, 1775. 

5. Josiah Newhall, b. 1717, d. October 29, 1789 ; 

and Hannah , b. October 13, 1722, d. January 27, 

1806. 

6. William Newhall, b. May 22, 175 1, d. January 
13, 1805 ; and Martha Mansfield, b. March 27, 1753, d. 
April 10, 1822. 

7. Josiah H. Newhall, b. January 7, 1790, d. No- 
vember 7, 1842 ; and Lydia Johnson, b. December 14, 
1 791, d. February 21, 1830. 

8. Harrison Newhall, b. October 18, 1819 (living) : 
and Martha Mudge Perkins, b. October 3, 1818, d. 
September 19, 1889.. 

9 Howard Mudge Newhall, b. May 7, 1854, ^^' 
December 25, 1908 ; and Kittie May Knox, b. October 9, 
1855 (living). 

C. J. H. WOODBL-RY. 



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LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 43 

WILLIAM OLI\^ER XEWHALL 

William Oliver Xewhall, the youngest son of John 
and Delia (Breed) Xewhall, died at his home 52 Atlantic 
Street, this city on x\pril 4, 1908, after a short illness. 
He was the last one of a family of seven children. In 
looking up his genealogy we find he was a descendant 
from som'e of the early settlers of Lynn, among them being 
Thomas Xewhall, Allen Breed as well as the three resi- 
dents of Xaiiant Street in 1706, William Barrett, Richard 
Hood and Thomas Farrar. 

He was born on Xovember 9, 1828, in the home 
which now^ stands on the corner of Broad and Atlantic 
Streets, where he lived until his marnage to Mary E. 
Boyce, October 23, 1856, since which time he made his 
home at 52 Atlantic Street. He received his education 
in the Lynn schools and the Moses Brown School in 
Providence, R. I. He was a member of the School Com- 
mittee of the latter school for more than twenty-five years. 
Born in the Society of Friends most of his activities and 
endeavor were in connection wdth that Society. He w^as a 
minister for half his life in the Society of Friends and held 
a prominent position in its councils. He served as clerk 
of the Xew England yearly meeting for sixteen years, a 
position to w^kich he brought dignity and ability. It is 
doubtful if there is one living today who knew personally 
so large a part of the membership of the yearly meeting 
through which he had traveled at different times. He had 
also attended many of the other yearl}^ meetings, which 
fact, together with his membership, on the Associated 
Executive Committee on Indian Aflairs widened his 
acquaintance and usefulness. Although he never held any 
public office, he has been prominent in the management of 



44 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

several local institutions. He has been a member of the 
corporation of the Home for Aged Women since its start, 
and was its Treasurer for nearly twenty years, holding 
that position at the time of his death. He was also Vice- 
President of the Lynn Institution for Savings for a long 
time. He was a member of the Lynn Historical Society 
for many years in which he took a great interest ; also a 
member of the Houcrhton Horticultural Society. He was 
a man of conservative tendencies and never rushed after 
new f angled ideas. He was of a cheerful and amiable 
disposition, domestic in his tastes, social among his friends, 
hospitable in his home. Particularly was he fitted to carry 
comfort and cheer to the aged and afflicted, and in the 
Home for Aged Women was a great favorite. He had a 
wonderfully retentive memory of men and events and a 
fund of anecdotes of the experiences of his early life upon 
which he drew largely in his recollections at the 275th 
anniversary celebration, in the summer of 1907 at the 
Friends' meeting house, and at the Whittier memorial 
service during the winter. His wife died nearly two years 
before his death. He leaves a son, William B. Xewhall, 
who resided with his father, and a daugher, ^L Alice 
Bufflnton, wife of Edmund F. Buffinton of Fall River, 
Mass. 

John B. Newhall. 



JANE KENDALL SANGER 
Miss Jane Kendall Sanger was born in Salem, March 
20, 1849 ^'^^^ ^'^^^^ ^^^ Lynn, >Larch 18, 1908. She was the 
seventh child of Edward Harrington and Clarissa Lummus 
(Attwill) Sanger. Her father was seventh in line from 
Richard Sanger, who arrived in Hingham in 1634 and 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 45 

died in 1661, the line of descent being (2) Richard, Jr., 
(3) John, (4) David, (5) Samuel, (6) Daniel, (7) Edward 
Harrington Sanger, who was born in Xorthborough, Mass- 
achusetts, July 29. 1S14, came to Lynn when a young 
man, married May 28, 1S37, Clarissa Lummus Attwill : 
after their marriage they removed to Salem, which city 
was their home until his death, August 8, 1863. 

On the maternal side she was from one of the oldest 
Lynn families, being sixth in descent from Nathan Attwill 
who married Anna Ramsdell and lived in the old Attwill 
House on the Common which w^as said to have been built in 
1682 by the first parish as a residence for the sexton of the 
church, and which came into the possession of the Attwill 
family some seventy-five years later : the line of descent 
being (2) William, (3) Zachariah, and (4) Jesse Lee, 
who married Rebecca Woodbury, their daughter, Clarissa 
Lummus Attwill being born October 22, 181 7. 

After the death of her father in 1863, her mother 
returned with the family to her native city and from that 
time Lynn was Miss Sanger's home. 

She attended the grammar school under Master Leon- 
ard P. Brickett, the Lynn High School, and in January 
1868 graduated from the Salem Normal School. 

Miss Sanger made book-keeping her life work, she 
was with Isaac ^L Attwill till after the Lynn fire in 1889, 
and with J. L. Libbey & Son during the last twelve years 
of her life. 

Miss Sanger met a most tragic death, being thrown 
to the ground by a runaway horse in Central Square, 
receiving injuries from which she died two days later with- 
out ever regaining full consciousness. 

Reared in the Universalist faith, she was always 
staunch in her allegiance to it, being connected with the 



46 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

First Universalist Society. She became a member of the 
Historical Society June 20, 1904. 

Faithful to every dut}', loyal to her ideals, which were 
always high, uniforn^lv cheert\il, even when suffering 
from physical weakness, a lover of nature in all her forms, 
happy in making others happv, the many friends to whom 
she had endeared herself felt that, when her life here was 
ended, one of the choice spirits of earth had departed. 

Margaret E. Porter. 



ZEPHANIAH HACK SPINNEY 

Zephaniah Hack Spinney was born in Lynn, ^lay 21, 
1842. He was the son of William Newhall and Charlotte 
(Hack) Spinney and was the eldest child of their marriage. 
On his father's side he was connected with the large New- 
hall family of L^-nn, and of his mother's family, he was 
the seventh to bear the name Zephaniah Hack. 

Until the acje of sixteen he was educated in the Lvnn 
schools, after which he went to a private school in Fishkill, 
N. Y. On his return to this city he entered the shoe busi- 
ness in the employment of his father, in the factory which 
is still standing at 50 South Common Street and took up 
the cutters' branch of the trade, which he continued in 
various factories in Lynn after his father retired from 
business. 

December 10, 1867, he married xVlice Moore of .^Nled- 
ford, Mass., and at his death on May 30, 1908 she sur- 
vived him with one daughter, Edna Oliver Spinnev. 

Always an omniverous reader, he was a man of wide 
information ; and no matter what part of the world was 
being discussed, he could often furnish accurate statements 



LYNN IIISTORTCAL SOCIETY 47 

to settle the discussion. The City of Lynn he knew 
thoroughly and he was very fond of reminiscencing in 
regard to the many changes that had taken place in the 
buildin nrs and streets since his boyhood. He was a life- 
long Republican and in national affairs a strict party man, 
but in matters of ciyic welfare, he believed always in voting 
for the best man obtainable for the office. 

He was' a devotee of Lvnn Woods and there are few 
who possess his knowledge of the intricate by-paths of that 
beautiful section, wdiich he learned from boyhood, begin- 
ning .his rambles there in company with his father and 
Cyrus Mason Trac}^ and continuing them nearl}' every 
pleasant Sunday during his later years. 

He was a member of the Lynn Historical Society and 
of the Unitarian Church, and wherever his services could 
be helpful to his church fellows he stood ready to render 
them. To those who knew him well, his life stands as an 
example of sterling honesty and upright character which 
always exerted a quiet influence for good among his fellow 
men. 



]\L\RY AXXA SWEETS ER 
Miss Mary Anna Sweetser, a member of this Society 
since January, 1900, the daughter of David Smith and 
Peace Buffum (Alley) Sweetser, was born on Summer 
vStreet, L^•nn, August 14, 1839, ^"^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^' i"esidence, 
Chatsworth Hall, Ocean Street, x\ugust 31, 1908. 

Her father, David Smith Sweetser, born in Lynn, 
Januar}^ 3, 1806, was a descendant of Seth Sweetser, who 
came to America from Tring, England, and settled in 
Charlestown, Massachusetts, 1637. The lint of descent 
was through Benjamin and xVbigail (Wigglesworth), 
Samuel and Elizabeth (Sprague) of ^Lalden, Michael and 



48 LYXX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Mary Smith of Reading, Williani and Lydia Smith of 
Lynn, Epliraim and Maiy Smith. 

Her mother, Peace Buffum Alley, was born in Lvnn, 
October 18, 1810, the daughter of John Allev, Jr., (born 
January 14, 1777), and Mercy BuiTum (born April 5, 
1779), daughter of Jonathan and Anna But^um of Salem. 

Miss Sweetser was a true daughter of Lynn, for on 
the maternal side all her genealogical lines with one 
exception, the Buffums, run back to its early settlers. She 
was a descendant of Hugh Alley who came from England 
in 1635, aged 27, and settled in Lynn at the South end of 
Market street. The line of descent was through the son 
Hugh and Rebecca Hood, daughter of Richard Hood ; 
Benjamin and Elizabeth Newhall, daughter of Samuel and 
Abigail (Lindsey) Newhall ; John and Sarah Bassett. 

Miss Sweetser gained her early education in the Ward 
Fiye public schools, later she attended the priyate school of 
Miss Henrietta Lindsey which wcs first held in the build- 
ing which stood on the Public Librar}^ site, known at the 
time of its removal as the " Sullivan paint shop " and after- 
ward over the store lately occupied by Joseph W. Breed, 
on South Common Street, corner of Blossom, still later she 
attended a private school in Barrington, New Hampshire. 

Having lost her mother in early girlhood. Miss Sweet- 
ser grew up with her three brothers, gaining from their 
companionship many of the strong characteristics which 
marked her later life, but it was from her Puritan and 
Quaker ancestry that she inherited her reticent New 
England nature under which she concealed her deeper 
feelings from all except her nearest friends. She possessed 
a cheerful and optimistic temperament, and was loyal and 
generous to all who were so fortunate as to gain her friend- 
ship. wShe was ever ready to lend her aid to those in 
aflliction and to contribute to the charities of her native city. 






\./ 



.w 



y.'-- 



SAMUEL C. TOZZER 



LYxNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 49 

Miss Sweetser was a member of the North Congrega- 
tional Church, active in all its social and philanthropic 
work. Besides the Lynn Historical Society, in which she 
was greatly interested, she was a loyal member of the 
Lynn Woman's Club, having served as one of its directors 
in 1895-6. She was also a member of the Lynn branch 
of the Civil Service Retbrm Association. 

Her character has been well portrayed b}^ a friend 
who paid her tribute at the Lynn Woman's Club : " She 
had strong convictions, and expressed them plainly, even 
bluntly to those who knew her well. By nature she dis- 
liked anything approaching formality or conventionality, 
or, what seemed to her any excess of manner, but she 
learned to recognize that it is not necessarily insincere to 
clothe the honest yea and nay in gracious speech. She 
kept young in spirit to the end, happy in the society of 
her friends young and old, who were always made wel- 
come to her pleasant home. Though her life was quiet 
and uneventful, her absence leaves a wide gap in the 
circle of her many friends." 

Harriet L. Matthews. 



SAMUEL CLARENCE TOZZER 

Samuel Clarence Tozzer died suddenly at his home, 
62 Nahant Street, Lynn, on Sunday, November 22, 1908. 
He had not been in good health for about two years. 

Mr. Tozzer was born in Lynn, August 18, 1846, and 
was the son of Samuel ]\L Tozzer, originally of Salem, 
and Hannah (Ripley) Tozzer. His grandparents were 
William Tozzer, and Mary (Lane) Tozzer, and Thomas 
Ripley and Elizabeth (Choate) Ripley. 



50 LYNN IIISTORTCAI. SOCIETY 

He was educated in tlie public schools of Lynn, and 
on leaving the high school he entered the employment of 
James W. Holder, who was in the drug business on 
Washington Square and later at the corner of Broad and 
Silsbee Streets. In 1873 Tvlr. Tozzer was graduated from 
the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and in the same 
year he formed a partnership with Miss Abbie D. Beede, 
under the hrm name of S. C. Tozzer & Co. This firm 
was dissolved in 1S88, Mr. Tozzer retiring that he might 
devote his entire attention to the business of life insurance, 
in which he had been interested for some ten years. From 
1878 to the time of his death he was actively engaged in 
this latter business, being identified this entire time with 
The Provident Life & Trust Co. of Philadelphia, for which 
he became a special agent. During these thirty years, or 
until his death, he was one of the company's most success- 
ful representatives. 

For twenty-five years he was a member of the First 
Methodist Episcopal Church of Lynn, and for practically 
that entire time he was a member of the official Board and 
Treasurer of that Church. 

He was also a member of the Oxford Club, of the 
Young Men's Christian Association, a Trustee of the Lynn 
Institution for Savings, a Past Noble Grand of Bay State 
Lodge I. O. O. F., and a member of the Lynn Historical 
Society. 

In 1873, he married Caroline B. Marston of Sand- 
wich, New Hampshire, who with their two sons, Alfred 
Marston and Arthur Clarence, survive him. 

Possessed of wide information, joined to a keen sense 
of humor and a readv wit, Mr. Tozzer was a genial and 
ever welcome companion. 

In the intimate relations of the familv circle there 



52 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



HOW FRANCIS ROLFE, THE TOWN CLERK, SAVED 
THE LYNN REGIS CHARTERS 

By Miss B. J. Black, Church House, Ileacluiin, Lynn Ileg^is, England. 
February 13, 190S. 



This paper describes the saving of the Lynn charters 
from Cromwell in 1656, and is based on an hitherto unpub- 
lished letter from Francis Rolfe, the Town Clerk, written 
twent}' years afterward. It should be remembered that at 
this time, the actual physical possession of a charter was 
essential for its effectiveness. 

It is dated ''Lynn, Februar}- y^ 4th, 1677," and 
addressed '' To the right wortlw the Mayor, Alderman and 
Common Council of the Boroucrh of Kincr's Lvnn in Nor- 
folk." The original letter is in the possession of Eustace 
Neville Rolfe, C. V. O., H. B. M. Consul General, 
Naples, the present head of the Rolfe family. It is evi- 
dently the completed draft of the letter actually sent, for 
there are erasures in one or two places. It is endorsed in 
the handwriting of Francis Rolfe's grandson (William 
Rolfe of Norwich, b. 1669. . d. 1754.) "My grandfather's 
letter about keeping the Lynn old charters from Oliver 
Cromwell." 

Francis Rolfe is buried in St. Nicholas Church, Lynn, 
his tombstone inscribed thus : 

" Sub hoc ?vIarmose conduntur Exuviae Francisci 
Rolfe, Gen : Qiii post quam hoc Oppido Viginti Annis 
Communis clerici Munere summa cum Laude functus erat, 
sexagenarius occubit 4° Id, Sep. A Dni 1678." 

In the late spring of the year 1656 an assembly of 
grave and troubled faces met around the Council table in 
the beautiful Guild hall of King's Lynn, Norfolk. And 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 53 

good reason had the worthy burgesses of Lynn for their 
perplexity. The glory and pride of Lynn centered in her 
lonor succession of Royal Charters, bv which the town 
enjoyed liberties and privileges innumerable, ranging from 
the rio-ht of ''takino- toll'' and freedom from " suits and 
services '", granted by King John in 1205, to the high 
honour of an Admiralty Court and citizen Admiral of her 
own, granted by James L just four centuMes later. 

But the old times had passed away, and the royal 
borough, which had stood a siege for the king in 1642, 
was now under the lirm government of the Lord Protector, 
who had o-arrisoned the town strontrly to check the Roval- 
ist spirit which had already shown itself in several abor- 
tive risings. Not that Cromwell had oppressed the citi- 
zens. On the contrary, in 1654, he had given them a 
" much enlarged " charter, as old Mackarell puts it — but 
— and this accounted for the grave faces of the Council — 
he had now sent to the INLu'or a peremptory demand for 
the surrender to himself, in London, of the ancient Royal 
Charters, so long treasured by the town. 

After a long discussion it was arranged that a deputa- 
tion, to consist of the [Mayor, the Town Clerk, Rolfe, and 
Aldermen Henry Bell and Benjamin Holly, should as 
directed, convey the Charters to London, and there obtain 
the advice and support of a very important dignitary, 
Guybon Goddard, counsellor-at-law and also Recorder 
of Lynn and Member of Parliament for the Borough. 

To his house in London the weary Councillors repaired, 
after a tedious journey on horseback over the roughest of 
roads. The charters, carefully locked and sealed, each 
in its own box, travelled on a pack-horse in charge of 
Francis Rolfe and his trusty servant, Eliab. From this 
point the narrative of Francis Rolfe is very precise as to 



54 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

what took place, and will be followed as closely as pos- 
sible. '' At Goddard's ree|uest, the Lord Protector at once 
consented to receive the deputation, who accordingly as 
Rolfe relates ''in solemn manner upon their knees surren- 
dered up all the said Charters, and all the liberties and 
privileges in them contained, into the Lord Protector's own 
hands, w^ho received the same from the hands of Mr. 
Recorder Goddard with abundant expressions of gratitude 
and great love for this town. And after he had read what 
he pleased in them and (was) readv to dismiss the com- 
pan}', I began to gather up the charters, and would have 
carried them away, but Oliver laid his hand upon me, 
saying, 'Xay, nay, young man, these are mine and belong 
to me, and I will take care of them and keep them.' At 
w^hich I was very much troubled, but durst not say a 
word." 

The Charters were left in Cromwell's keeping bv the 
reluctant burgesses, who soon after returned to Norfolk, 
leaving Francis Rolfe and Mr. Recorder Goddard to take 
wiiat steps w^ere possible in the matter. In one point the 
petitioners were successful — Cromwell consented that his 
new Charter should be compared with the old ones, and 
xertain emendations made in it. But it was with the utmost 
difficulty that Goddard and Rolfe obtained permission to 
be present at the inspection. 

September had now come, and in the previous month, 
Major General Desborough, Cromwell's brother-in-law, 
had replaced Goddard as member for Lynn Regis, 
probably by desire of the protector, the other member, 
Phillip Skippon, a Privy Councillor of Cromwell's retain- 
ing his seat as before. Goddard was known to have Roy- 
alist sympathies, and his position was therefore a very 
difficult one. 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



OD 



."We were forced to petition him (Cromwell )." says 
Francis Rolte, "by the means of Major General Des])ro\\' 
and Colonel Joanes, (and) he was pleased to deliver them 
(the Charters) to the care of Mr. Jessopp, Clerk of the 
Council, on whom we were ordered to attend upon all 
occasions for our inspection of them." 

But here was Francis Rolfe's chance ! For Jessopp, 
known to the readers of Pepy's Diary as "Mr. Secretary 
Jessopp," *was an old friend, probably a schoolmate of 
Francis. ''Judicious pressure was brought to bear upon 
him, and," says Francis, ''he, being wearied with our often 
attendance, was pleased upon my engagement and promise 
to re-deliyer them to himself, to deliyer them ( 'them ' evi- 
dently the keys of the boxes) into my hands, he being 
well acquainted with me long before." 

The precious documents were still under charge of 
Jessopp, in his house or office, and the weary work of 
comparing the charters went on, as Francis tells us, ''for 
several weeks " the office clerks probably doing the actual 
work. 

What followed is very naiyely told. 

"And we havingr after several weeks' time finished 
Oliver's new Charter, I, fearing the consequences of losing 
(sic) the old Charters, purposely forgot to deliver them 
back to Jessopp according to my engagement, but brought 
them away to Lynn without taking any leave of him, only 
leaving the boxes behind for fear of discovery." 

How much of determination, of risk, of terror, lies 
behind these few words ! The brilliant idea of "purposely 
forgetting" to return the Charters, the anxious delay while 
all the tbrmalities for the completion of the new Charter 

* Under date January 31, 1667 -S — "They (the Coniini^^^sioners for Accounts) have Mr. 
Jessopp their Secretary ; and it is [)retty to see tliat tliey arc fain to tiiul out an old-fasiiioneci 
man of Cronnvell's to do tlieir business for them." — Pej)y'-^ Diary. 



56 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

took place, the secret filling of the empty boxes (probably) 
with waste paper, the solemn handing over of the keys to 
a clerk — one sees it all ! And then the hurried ride back 
to Lynn with the precious Charters in his saddle-bags — a 
hundred mile ride of mingled joy, pride and terror. Then, 
on his arrival in Lynn, the need of concealing the Char- 
ters in his own house, and maintaining absolute silence 
about them — for it is obvious that with a Republican 
majority of the Council, and a strong garrison of Crom- 
well's soldiers in the town, his bold deed could not be 
acknowledged. His narrative speaks of ''the hazard of 
ruin and destruction of me and my very being " in which 
he lived through the next two years, while the empty Char- 
ter-boxes lay gathering dust in Jessopp's office. 

" I lived," he says, " a long time in terrible fear of 
being questioned for the same, and of being sent for by a 
pursuivant and was enforced during Oliver's time to be 
silent, lest I might meet with some enemies." 

May 29, 1660, relieved Francis Rolfe from his fears 
and silence. Not one of the "three hundred young maids 
cloathed all in White" who, as old Mackerell tell us 
"walked about the Streets in the Town for Joy of His 
Majesty's Restoration," had a lighter heart we may be 
sure, than the Town Clerk, now at length free to deliver 
up his precious charge. 

One would like to know what was said and done when 
the charters emerged from their hiding-place and were 
restored to the council chamber and the delighted Burgesses. 

One thing is certain. Within a month of the acces- 
sion of Charles II., the Corporation on (June 23, 1660,) 
"agreed and ordered that Oliver's Charter confirming the 
privileges of the town, be cancelled." It was probably 
destroyed at once — and every allusion to the memorable 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 57 

journey of tlie Ro\'al Charters, to their surrender " on 
bended knees," and other compromising matter, must have 
been erased from the town record — for Francis Rolfe, 
writing twenty years later, speaks of the events as " alto- 
gether unknown to most of you, and forgotten by the rest." 

He does not appear to have received any regard for 
his notable services, except that, having been dismissed 
from his office in 1662, apparently by the desire of the 
Commissioner then visiting Lynn*, a very arbitrary body 
of men, he was afterwards reinstated by his fellow-citizens, 
and continued to hold it until his death in 1678. But the 
peroration of his letter to '' tne right worth the Mayor, 
Aldermen and Common Council ". contains an amusingly 
lurid picture of what might have been but for his action, 
which is worth quoting. "Consider the sad consequences 
which the loss of the Charters would have been unto you. 
All the footsteps of your rights and privileges being totally 
abrogated, and nothing left but the infamy and reproach 
of being unfaithful and disloyal subjects, and having noth- 
ing to rely upon but what you had unadvisedly accepted 
from the hands of a wicked traitor, and how could you have 
looked upon his sacred ma'tie for gaining a new Charter 
from him, having thus renounced his government, and 
what would have been expected but the seizure of your 
lands as well as privileges, there being persons about the 
King fit and willing to have begged the same. But now, 
by the retrieving of your old Charters and having them in 
your custody, it was no more but destroying or burning 
Oliver s and concealing it, and then by help of the act of 
oblivion, all was salved with little or no noise." 

Poor, forgotten Francis I Perhaps it is well that his 
little bit of good work should be at last set to his credit. 
Peace to his ashes I 

♦Richard's History of Lynn, Vol II., p. 8u. 



58 I.YNX mSTORICAI. SOCIETY 



THE LYNN ACADEMY 

By George H. >fARTiN, A. M., Litt. D. 
April 16, 190S. 



Lewis' History of Lynn, like all local histories written 
in the form of annals, reminds the reader of that valley of 
bones seen in the vision by the prophet Ezekiel. Like the 
bones the records are ''very many" and they are ''very 
dry." It is hard to realize that the stories were once full 
of life, pulsating with human interest, that they tell of real 
men and women living in a real world, breathing the same 
air, seeing the same sky and hills and shore and ocean 
that we see, and moved b}" them as we are. 

It is the work of the modern historian to make these 
dry bones live again, to set them in their proper relations, 
and to crive them warmth and motion. 

I have been led to these reflections by reading in 
Lewis' History the statement under the date 1805 : ''The 
Lynn Academy was opened on the 5th of April under 
the care of Mr. William Ballard. A bell was presented 
to the institution by Col. James Robinson." 

The story of the iVcademy begins a year earlier than 
the event thus briefly told by the historian, and is con- 
tained in sundry records which read as follows : 

In a warrant for a meetino- of the First Parish, dated 
Lynn, May 5, 1804, an article reads: 

To see if the Parish will lease to a number of persons one fourth of 
an acre of land of the parish .for the purpose of erecting an academy 
thereon for a term not exceeding one hundred jears, — agreeable to the 
request of twelve of said parish. Fred'k Breed, 

Parish Clerk. 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 59 

At a meeting held May 14, 1804, it was : 

Voted to Lease to the Proprietor of the Entended Academy one 
fourth of an acre of the Parishes land adjoining Jonathan Breed Land and 
fronting the Comnion for and Duering the term of Ninety Nine years. 

Voted that there Be a Committee Chosen annualy to estimate the 
Rent that the said Proprietors shall Pay yerly for said land. 

Voted that the Proseeds of the Rent of said land Be Paid to the minis- 
ter of said Parish yerly and his Resait shall Be their Discharge from the 
same. 

Voted that Epheram Breed, Thomas Rhodes and Charles Newhall Be 
a Committe the Present year to Estemate the Rent the Present year. 

The land having been leased, the next step . was to 
provide a building. How^ this was done is graphically told 
bv the followinof bills the orio-inals of which are in the 
possession of Dr. Mangan, one of our members : 

The proprietors of Lynn Academy to Alasy Faulkner, Dr. 

1S04. 

To Building the Academy as per agreement . 

Dec. 12, To my bill rendered .... 
1805. 

Apr. II, To my bill rendered . . . 

Apr. 28, To my bill rendered .... 

May 21, To my bill rendered .... 
To work on ye Thunder rood . 

$2,069 91 

LvNN, 14th June, 1S05. 

Errors Excepted and payment received in full of Amos Rhodes, 

Alasv Faulkner. 



$] 


,825 00 




90 44 




103 51 
8 86 




41 45 
65 



Rev. Mr. Thatcher to Sam Mclntire, Dr. 

To an Eagle and Iron work for the Cupola of the 

New Academy at Lynn @ . . • . £14.0.0. 

Salem, iSth Augt., 1804. 

Received payment, 

Same. McIntire. 



6o LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Amos Rliodes To Zacheus Collins, Dr. 

1S04. 

9 mo., 24th, To A Cross with 4 Letters for the 

academy $4 00 

Received payment, in full, 

Zacheus Collins. 

The property was held in shares, no in all. The 
only hint of their value is contained in a receipt still in 
existence : 

Received of Amos Rhodes P'orty four Dollars in full for Two 
Shares in the Academy which I promise to give him a Transfer for. 
$44- 
Lynn, 17 Apr., 1805. 

Saml. Johnson. 

The petition to the General Court for an act of incor- 
poration came next. 

To the Honorable the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
Commomvealth of Massachusetts in General Courts Assembled, 
January, i8oj. 

The petition of the subscribers Inhabitants of the Town of Lynn in 
the County of Essex humbly sheweth : 

That your petitioners have associated themselves into a company for 
the purpose of establishing an Academy in said town of Lynn — that they 
have erected a large and commodious building on the most approved con- 
struction for the purpose. Your petitioners conceive that the local situa- 
tion of the Town, the salubrity of the air, and the proximity of the great 
Towns of Boston, Salem and Marblehead will all contribute to render 
such an institution extremely beneficial to the Youth of this town and the 
vicinity, by rendering an Academic education more easily obtained and 
much less expensive than it has heretofore been. And as innumerable 
inconveniences must arise in our present unincorporate State, your peti- 
tioners are induced to pray your Honors to grant them, with others of 
their associates, an Act of incorporation vesting them with all the pri\ i- 
leges and immunities, which are granted to other similar institutions in 
this Commonwealth : and in duty bound will ever pray 



LYNN PIISTORICAL SOCIETY 6l 

Amos Rhodes Thos. Witt 

James Gardner Dan'l R. Witt 

Fred'k Breed John Collins 

William Rose John Stone 

Edmund Manstield Joseph Lve 

Francis Spinney Sam'l Brimblecom 

Ephraim Sweetser William Mansfield 
David Tufts 

It will be noticed that all the signers of the petition 
were residents of what is now West Lynn. James Gard- 
ner, Frederick Breed, Edmund Mansfield, John Stone and 
William Manstield lived on Boston Street. Amos Rhodes, 
Ephraim Sweetser, John Collins and Daniel Tufts lived on 
Federal Street. William Rose, Thomas Witt, Daniel R. 
Witt and Joseph Lye lived on the Common. Samuel 
Brimblecom lived on the Turnpike. 

The response to the petition is in the act passed on 
March 15, 1805 : 



LAWS OF MASSACHUSETTS 

May, iSo2toJune, 1S05 

VOL. 4 
CHAPTER LXXX 
An act to incorporate certain persons as Trus- 
tees OF an Academy, in the town of Lynn, in 
the county of Essex. 

Whereas Amos Rhodes and others, have 
subscribed tJircc thousand dollars^ and have 
expended the same in erecting a building, 
accommodated for the instruction of youth, in 
the town of Lynn; and w^hereas it appears to 
this court, that the said town of Lynn is a suita- 
ble place for such institution. 



Preamble. 



62 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

tabHsS, :ind Sect. I. Bc it Eiuictcd by the Senate 

appointed. and House of Representatives^ in General 
Court assembled^ and by tJie aiit/iority of tJie 
same^ That there be, and hereby is established 
in the town of Lynn aforesaid, an academy, by 
the name of the ^' Lynn Academy," for the pur- 
pose of promoting piety, religion, and morality, 
and for the education of youth, in such languages 
and such of the liberal arts and sciences as the 
trustees of said academy shall direct, and that 
the following persons, yiz., Amos Rhodes, James 
Gardner, William Rose, Jeremiah Bullfinch, 
Samuel Brimblecomb, Thomas Mansfield, and 
their associates, be, and hereby are incorporated 
into a body politic, by the name of '' The Trus- 
tees of the Lynn Academy^'' and that they and 
their successors shall be and continue a body 
h^wecUo^^" politic and corporate by the same name foreyer. 

hold t-states ^ 

with a proviso. oECT. 2. 

General powers 

of the trustees. '^xT^r^^ o 

Trustees to Oh.L- 1 . J. 



have a .seal; 

tosicrn Sect. 4 

deeds, &c. » 

Number of 

trustees. 



First meeting 



Sect. 5. Be it further enacted, Tha.t the 
number of said trustees shall not, at any one 
time, be more than eleyen nor less than seyen ; 
five of whom shall constitute a quorum to do 
business, and that a majority of said trustees 
shall consist of inhabitants of the town of Lynn. 

Sect. 6. Be it further enacted^ That 
James Gardner, Esq., be, and hereby is author- 
ized to fix the time and place for holding the 
first meeting of said trustees, and to notify them 
thereof accordincjly. 

(This act passed March 16, 1805). 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIFTY 63 

The land leased, the building erected thereon, on 
the site now known as 170 South Common Street, and 
the corporation formed, everything was ready for the 
opening of the school which took place, according to 
Lewis, on April 5, 1805. 

We need to cro back of these records of leoral and 
commercial transactions to get the real story of the old 
academy. What had these petitioners and proprietors in 
mind? What did they want to accomplish? Whence 
came the moving impulse? 

This was no isolated act. These men, ancestors of 
some of us, were not pioneers. They felt the impulse of 
a wide-spread movement and yielded to it. The purpose 
of this movement was to furnish to the youth of the time 
an education hicrher than the rudiments. Outside of two 
or three commercial cities, no public opportunity to acquire 
such an education existed. The impulse was noble in its 
inception and splendid in its results. 

The movement begjan with the foundingr of Dummer 
Free School in Newbury in 1763. William Dummer who 
had been Lieutenant-Go\'ernor, dying in 1761, lell: by will 
his mansion house and farm in Newbury for the establish- 
ment of a free school to be maintained forever on the 
estate. Among the early pupils in this school was Samuel 
Phillips of x\ndover. Through his influence a second 
school of a similar character was founded in Andover in 
1778, by three brothers, Samuel Phillips of Andover, John 
Phillips of Exeter and William Phillips of Boston. It was 
at first called the Phillips school but was incorporated in 
1780 under the name of Phillips Academy. Two years 
later the Dummer Free School was incorporated as Dum- 
mer Academy. In 1784 the famous Leicester Academy 
was established, and within a few years Derby, Bristol, 



64 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Marblehead, Westford, Westfield, Plymouth and New 
Salem academies. To three of these the State had given 
a grant of land in Maine. Petitions for similar aid came 
from other towns and in 1797 the legislature adopted the 
report of a committee and established a uniform policy for 
the future. 

Under the provisions of the act, State aid should be 
given onlv on condition that there be a neighborhood of 
thirty or forty thousand inhabitants not provided for by 
existing academies, and, second, that there should be a 
permanent fund contributed by towns or individuals. 

Following this decision, acts of incorporation suc- 
ceeded each other with great rapidity. Before 1840, 112 
acts had passed the legislature, authorizing academies in 88 
towns. Among these was the act which has been read 
concerning Lynn. 

It is evident that the motive urging the Ljmn men was 
to do what other towns were doing, — to have what other 
towns were having, — to keep up with the procession. 
Under the conditions imposed by the State, Lynn could 
not receive State aid. There was not the requisite number 
of people unaccomodated and the school had no endow- 
ment. Marblehead fared better. Her academy had 
received an endowment and she had received a land grant 
before the restrictions were imposed. This land was sold 
for £3,000, and the school put upon a permanent footing. 

Just what the Lynn petitioners thought when they 
urged that their prayer be granted because they were near 
Boston, Salem and Marblehead, it is hard to tell, for Bos- 
ton had its old Latin School, Salem had a grammar school 
almost equally old, and Marblehead had its new academy. 

Up to this time the provision for secondary education 
had been scanty. The early school law of 1647 had 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 65 

decreed that towns having one hundred families should 
maintain a school where youth might be fitted for the 
university. In the commercial and larger towns such 
schools had been kept almost continuously. Elsewhere 
the Latin school was felt to be a burden and kept only 
intermittently if kept at all. There was a penalty for non- 
compliance with the law and this penalty was several times 
increased, but in spite of it the county records contain 
frequent entries of the presentment of towns to the Grand 
Jury for not maintaining a grammar school. 

Lewis' records show that Lynn employed a grammar 
school master with considerable regularity. Parson Shep- 
ard was hired to keep the school several terms, but this 
effort at economy was afterwards cut short by the Legisla- 
ture which forbade the employment of the minister as 
schoolmaster. 

So heavy had the burden become during the long 
impoverishing period of the Indian and Revolutionary 
wars, that, under the terms of a new law enacted in 1789, 
only towns having 200 families were to maintain the high 
school. 

Out of this dearth of opportunity for learning grew 
the academies. When Leicester was founded in 17S4, 
there was not in all Worcester Count}" a school in which 
anything beyond the rudiments was taught. So eager, 
however, was the desire for learning that the new schools 
were crowded and crowded with the choice spirits of the 
towns. By 1876 the four schools at Leicester, Westford, 
Groton and New Salem had instructed more than 30,000 
young men and women. 

The work which the academies undertook to do is 
shown by the list of studies included in the act of founda- 
tion of Leicester Academy : ''English, Latin, French and 



66 LYXN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Greek languages; writing, arithmetic and geography; the^ 
art of speaking ; practical geometry, logic and philosophy ' 
and "such other liberal arts and sciences as the trustees 
shall direct."' That all these studies were taught in all the 
schools is not probable. But the opportunity was offered, 
the fountain of learning was unsealed, and those who 
thirsted might go and drink. 

What sort of boys took advantage of the new oppor- 
tunities and what the schools did for them is shown 'by the 
fact that, under its first master Moody, Dummer educated 
fifteen Members of Congress, two Chief Justices of the 
Supreme Court, one President of Harvard College and four 
college professors. Among the alumni of Monson have 
been more than two hundred ministers. 

Our own Lynn x\cademy can boast of no such dis- 
tinguished body of alumni. Handicapped at the start by 
the lack of an endowment, it depended wholly on tuition 
fees for its support, and it could never maintain teachers 
of standing sufficiently high to attract students from abroad. 
It had only a quarter of an acre of land and no dormitories. 

The list of preceptors given in Lewis' Historv shows that 
until Master Batchelder came a man rarely remained more 
than a year and apparently some were here for but a term. 

The preceptors were all 3'oung men, most of them 
just out of college. Of the nineteen names recorded by 
Lewis, eight had been matriculated at Harvard, five at 
Dartmouth, three at Yale, and two at Brown. One, our 
own Alonzo Lewis, was not a graduate. 

For a part of the time at least the school was large 
enough to employ an assistant, as is shown by one or two 
receipts which have fortunately been preserved. To the 
same source we are forced to look for our only information 
concerning the early preceptresses who taught the girls. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 67 

What the young preceptors Licked in experience they 
made up in promise. I have been able to sketch tlie career 
of most of these young men and present it here with tliis 
caveat. In most cases their stay in Lynn counted so Httle 
in their lives that no mention is made of it in the colle<xe 
biographies or the genealogical records from which my 
data are obtained. Yet I have no doubt that the name 
which is associated w'ith the Lynn history and the name in 
the other record stand for the same person, and I shall 
assume that to be the fact. 

William Ballard, under whom the academy was opened 
in April, 1805, w^as born in Framingham, ^Lass., July 6, 
1776; and was graduated from Harvard College in 1799. 
In a genealogical sketch of the Ballard family, he is said to 
have been a physcian and to have died in Framingham in 
1827, but he is not recorded among the physicians of that 
town. He w^rote and published anon\'mously an " Historical 
Sketch of Framingham," now very rare. It is a queer com- 
pound of description of the natural history of the town, 
brief mention of a few historic facts and garrulous disquisi- 
tions on the folly of women, the weaknesses of lawyers 
and doctors and the wickedness of Calvinistic ministers. 
He seems to have taught but a single term. 

Francis Moore followed him and tau<xht one term or 
more. A man of this name was born in Cambridore, May 
30, 1787 ; studied medicine without going to college and was 
graduated from the medical school in 181 2. He practiced 
in Ipswich, Mass., and later in W>st Sparta, N. Y., where 
he died May 16, 1836. If he is our teacher, he could 
have been but 18 years of age at the time. A receipt for 
his salary seems to show that he was employed at the rate 
of only vf 500 per annum. This may have been on account 
of his youth. 



68 LYNN IIISTORICAI. SOCIETY 

Hosea Hildreth was born in Ciielmsford January 2, 
1782 ; was graduated from Harvard in 1805 and seems to 
have come to Lynn directly. He is said to have taught 
school in various places from 1805 to 181 1. He seems to 
have gone to Deertield Academy from Lynn, as his son 
Richard, the historian, was born in Deerfield in 1807. He 
was professor of mathematics and natural philosophy in 
Phillips (Exeter) Academy from 181 1 to 1825. He then 
entered the Congregational ministry and became pastor of 
a church in Gloucester, where he remained until 1833. 
He became an Agent of the Massachusetts Temperance 
Society, and died in Sterling, Vt., July 10, 1835. 

Perhaps the most interesting of all these men was 
Abiel Chandler who followed Hildreth in 1807. He was 
born in Concord, N. H., February 26, 1777. x\t the age 
of twenty-one he was given some wild land in Maine on 
condition that he should settle on it and develop it. He 
went to Maine, worked on his land in summer and attended 
academies at Fryeburg and Exeter in winter. One day 
he heard some Dartmouth Colle^ce men conversin<x. The 
superiority of their language impressed him and led him 
to think of coUecre advantacres for himself. He entered 
Harvard and was graduated in 1806, coming to Lynn the 
next year. 

After teaching in our academy one term, he seems to 
have been tempted by a liberal salary of $1,200 to go to 
the grammar school in Salem where he taught twelve 
years. 

He then left teaching for business, establishing him- 
self as a commission merchant in Boston where he amassed 
what in those days was a fortune. At his death he left 
the bulk of his property, about $75,000, to Dartmouth 
College., and the New Hampshire Insane Asylum. His 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETV 69 

name is perpetuated in the Chandler Scientific School of 
Dartmouth College. 

Of Abner Loring, who seems to have tinished out the 
year 1807, I have been able to find but a single fact, 
namely, that he was graduated from Harvard in 1S07. He 
evidently came here directly from college. 

The next name is an historic one. Samuel Newell was 
born in Durham, Maine, July 24, 1781. He was early 
left an orphan but found a home in Roxbury. He showed 
scholarly tastes and was aided in getting an education, 
fitting for college in two years and being graduated from 
Harvard in 1807. 

He came soon after to Lynn. Lewis says of him : 
"He w^as feeble and unable to keep up a rigid discipline." 
While teaching here he formed the purpose of entering 
the ministry and went to Andover Theological Seminary 
in 1809. Here he came under the influence of Judson 
and Nott and became inspired with the enthusiasm for 
missions to the heathen then prevalent. He was ordained 
as a missionary in 181 2 ; married Harriet Atwood of 
Haverhill and sailed for Calcutta in the same year. He 
died in 1821. His name and that of his wife are promi- 
nent in the annals of foreign missionary work. 

Proctor Pierce, the next in the list, was born in New 
Salem, Mass., March 20, 1768, and died in Boston in 
182 1. He was graduated from Dartmouth College in 
1796 and received an honorary degree of Master of Arts 
from Harvard in 1814. His life was spent in teaching in 
Lynn, Greenfield, Cambridge and Boston. 

Joseph Wardwell, who was here in 1811, seems to 
have taught our academy during his college course, as he 
was not graduated from Dartmouth until 1813. He was 
born in Salisbury, Mass., July 3, 1788, and died in Bos- 



70 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

ton, February 3, 18 14, aged 25. A record says, "He 
taught there until his premature decease." 

Solomon Smith Whipple was born in Hamilton, Mass., 
March 29, 1789, and died in Boston in 1840. He was 
graduated from Dartmouth in 1811. Chapman's x\lumni 
of Dartmouth College says he taught in Lynn in 1811. 
Lewis says 181 2. He read law with Robert W. Trevett of 
Lynn and Hon. Samuel Putnam of Salem and be<^an the 
practice of law in Salem in 1816. 

A few receipts still in existence in the possession of 
Dr. iNIangan tell us something of the terms on which these 
men taught, and also give us our only knowledge of the 
fact that girls shared with boys the benefits of the school 
and were taught by women preceptresses. The practice 
seems to have been for the trustees to pay a fixed salary 
to the instructor who collected as much of it as he could 
from the parents of the pupils. The preceptor hired the 
preceptress and paid her salary, charging it to the trustees 
with his own. 

Lynn, 18th Octr., 1S05. 
Trustees of Lynn Academy, Dr., 

Francis Moore, Junr. 
For instructing in the Academy from July Sth to 

October S, at $500 per annum .... $125 00 
For the assistance of Rev. Wm. Frothingham four 

Aveeks at $600 per annum ..... 50 00 

From 10th Oct. to 17th Oct 7 Si 



$182 Si 
Received Pay for the above Acct., 

Francis Moore, Junr. 
REV. WILLIAM FROTHINGHAM 

He was l)orn in Cambridge, Mass., on March 14, 
1777: was graduated from Harvard College in 1799; 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



71 



taught school ; was licensed to preach in 1801 ; married in 
1804 ; in September, 1804, was ordained pastor of church 
in Saugus. 

"In that place he struggled with the difficulties of an 
incompetent support for more than 12 years, when he felt 
constrained to resign his pastoral charge." 

He did some missionary work in Maine. In 18 16 he 
became preceptor of the Academy in Belfast, Maine, and 
soon after was employed to preach there. He was 
formally called to preach in 18 18 and was installed the 
next 3'ear. He had a successful pastorate of 27 years. 

In Williamson's History of Belfast, may be found an 
extended sketch of Mr. Frothingham and a portrait of 
him. 

Lynx Academy. 
Dr. The Trustees of Lynn Academy with H. Hildreth. Ci . 



1505. To three months' 
Nov. 1. service as col- 
league preceptor $150 

1506. To nine months' 
Aug. I. service as Princi- 
pal .. . 750 

Cash paid to the 

Preceptress . 195 



$1,095 



1805. By cash . . $68 00 
Nov. By absence from 

my duty . . 32 oo 

1806. By one months' 
Aug. absence of assist- 
ant . . . . 25 00 

Aug I. By tuition received 
in behalf of Trus- 
tees . . . 935 89 
Balance due . . 34 16 



$1,095 00 



July 31st, 1806. 

Received the above Balance 

HOSEA lilLDRETH. 



/- 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



Lynn Academy 



Amos, Benj. & Eliza Rhodes, 

To the Preceptor of Lynn Academy, Dr. 

To I quarter's tuition, ...... $i6 oo 

Books i.oo, Stationery, 64, Pane glass, 1,00 . 2 64 

$18 64 
July 6, iSoS. 

Received Payt. 

Abner Loring. 



Lynn Academy. 

Mr. Samuel Newhall, 

To Eliza H. Mansfield, Dr. 
To instructing in the female apartment, Lynn, 
Academy, from August 25th to Oct. 5, iSoS, six 
weeks at $6.56 $39 36 

Received payment, 

Eliza H. Mansfield. 



Trustees of Lynn Academy, Dr., to Mary Bord- 

man for thirteen weeks' instruction . . . $97 50 

Received payment of Mr. Moore in full, 
Oct. 21st, 1S05. 

Mary Bordman. 



Lynn, Jan. i, 1806. 

Trustees of Lynn Academy indebted to Mary Bord- 
man for one quarter's services in the Academy, $97 50 

Received payment of the Preceptor, 

Mary Bordman. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 73 

Lynk, Dec. 19, 1812. 
Amos Rhodes, Esq., 

Please to pay Mr. Proctor Pierce twentj-four dollars on my account, 
it being due me from the Trustees of Ljnn Academy for land rent. 

Thos. C. Thacher. 



Lynn, 5th Feb., 1813. 

Rec'd the within for Proctor Pierce 
$23 19 
81 



$24 10 

Peter G. Conant. 



The period during the war of 1812 and subsequent to 
it seems to have been a time of stress in academy affairs as 
well as in those of the nation. Between 1812 and 1817 are 
but two names, both sons of trustees, John Flagg Gardner, 
son of Dr. James Gardner, who left Harvard in 1813 and 
was in the Academy in 1815, and Amos Rhodes, son of 
Amos the millwright and treasurer, who left Harvard in 
1816 and taught in 1817. 

Afterwards Rhodes became treasurer of The Lynn 
Institution for Savings, and had a long and honorable career 
as a business man. 

Things seem to have been going so badly that the 
proprietors became discouraged and in 1817 the following 
petition was sent to the Legislature : 

To the Honorable the Senate and the Honorable House of Representatives 
of the Commonvuealth of Massachusetts in General Court Assembled: 

The Petition of the Undersigned Trustees of the Lynn Academy, 
humbly shews, 

That the Building, accommodated for the instruction of youth in the 
Town of Lynn Avas about ten years ago, erected by voluntary subscription 
and contributions and a Charter of Incorporation for the same obtained 



74 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

in the same jear : that !>aid Building and property of the Corporation are 
and have been held in one hundred and ten shares bv the said subscribers, 
or their assigns and legal representatives : that said Corporation has 
received no public or private Donations : that for want of Funds and 
Patronage, the said Building has for some \ears past not been occupied 
as an Academy, and is now in a decayed condition. 

Wherefore, your Petitioners pray that an Act maybe passed authoriz- 
ing the said Trustees to call a meeting of the holders of shares in said 
Academy, as well as those who originally subscribed as those who hold by 
assignment, authorizing the said holders of shares by a major vote in 
interest to dissolve and discontinue the said Academy, and to sell and dis- 
pose of the said Building for their own use. 

Amos Rhodes, 
James Gardner, 
Epm. Sweetser. 
Lyxn, November 29, 1S16. 

The petition received favorable consideration and an 
act dissolving the corporation was passed. 

The buildincr seems to have remained in the hands of 
the proprietors, and a school was kept probably intermit- 
tently for several years. In the records of the First Parish 
are the following entries indicating that the parish had 
some difficulty in collecting rent for its land. 

March 22, 1819. Voted to choose a committee of 
three persons to ascertain what is due from the proprietors 
of the Academy to the Parish for the ground rent of the 
same, and report at the adjournment. 

Voted that Rev. Trevett, Dr. Hazeltine and J. Burrill 
be the committee. 

April 12, 1819. Voted to accept the report of the 
committee respecting the Academy land. 

Voted that the said rent be put into the hands of the 
Collector to collect. 

April 18, 1820. Voted that the Clerk be directed to 
make out a bill against the proprietors of the Academy 
and deliver it to the Collector to collect and that he have 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



/D 



six per cent, for what he collects of the same and that he 
endeavor to collect it before the adjournment. 

"December 6, 1824. Voted that the parish committee 
be authorized to settle with the proprietors of the Academy 
for rents for the use of the Academy building on the one 
side, and the ground on which the building stands on the 
other." 

The use of the building referred to was for the Sunday 
School connected with the First Parish which was founded 
1818, held tirst in the "Old Red School House" so-called 
at the West End of the Common, then transferred to the 
Academy building. Later the school was removed to the 
meeting-house. "The soiling of the ladies' dresses by the 
schoolroom floor is said to have led to this step." Subse- 
quently, the academy building was again used for a short 
time. 

The Legislature, having in 1824 granted to the parish 
permission to sell its parsonage land, the academy lot was 
off'ered at auction in March, 1824, and purchased by Rev. 
Otis Rockwood for $250. On December 4, 1826, Mr. 
Rockwood sold the land and building to six men, all of 
West Lynn, for $609, the grantees to hold the property in 
the following proportions : Jonathan Bacheller 11/29, Caleb 
Wiley, 8/29, Hezekiah Chase 6/29, Isaiah Newhall 2/29, 
and Isaac Childs and James Gardner each 1/29, the single 
share being valued at $21. 

W^hile the property was in this non-corporate and 
shifting ownership, young men as preceptors came and 
went as before. Lewis gives their names associated with 
a single date. The exact time of their service cannot be 
ascertained. 

In 1819 Benjamin Dudley Emerson was here. He 
was born in Ilampstead, N. H., April 20, 1781 ; was 



70 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

graduated from Dartmouth College in 1805 ; is said to 
have begun to teach in Newburyport in iSio, and to have 
been principal of the Adams Grammar School in Boston in 
1817. In later years he published a Spelling Book and 
and "The Academical Speaker." 

In 1823 x\lonzo Lewis, who had been a pupil earlier, 
taught for a little time. 

In 1825 Riple}' Perkins Adams came directly from 
his graduation at Yale. He was born at Colchester, Conn., 
January 11, 1804, and died at Reidsville, N. C, April 30, 
1870. His father, John Adams, LL.D., was a noted 
teacher, a graduate of Yale in 1795. He taught in the 
academies at Plainfield and Colchester, Conn., and was 
from 1810 to 1833 preceptor of Phillips Academy at 
Andover. Later he was engaged in Sunday school work 
in Illinois and died in 1863 at the age of 90. 

In 1827 George Edwin Delavan of Danbury, Conn., 
was graduated from Yale and entered at once on his 
teaching here. 

In 1829 Joseph Hardy Towne of Salem, a classmate 
of Delavan's in the Yale class of 1827, took the school. 

He was born ^vlay 6, 1805, and died in Andover 
August 3, 1897, at that time the oldest living Yale gradu- 
ate. He probably remained here not more than a year, 
as he studied theology at Andover in the class with Horace 
Bushnell and Nathaniel P. Willis ; was ordained in 1833 
and held long and important pastorates in the Congrega- 
tional Churches in Portsmouth, Lowell, Boston and 
Bridgeport, Conn. 

In 1830 Samuel Lamson, also of Salem, was here. 
He was graduated from Brown University in 1828, became 
clergyman and died in 1864. 

We now approach the third period in the history of 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 77 

the old school, the closing years of which are within the 
memory of many now living. 

Prior to 1S32 the proprietors and patrons had been the 
well-to-do merchants and manufacturers of West Lynn. 
But business was extending eastward and the number of 
families opulent enough to afford their children an educa- 
tion beyond the rudiments had greatly increased. 

A petition which reached the legislature in 1832 is 
significant in revealing these social changes in the town, as 
nine of the signers marked* lived east of the Common. 

To the Honorable the Senate and House of Representatives of the Co?n- 
nionivealth of Massachusetts in General Court Assembled : 

The undersigned having purchased a building to be occupied as an 
academy with the land thereunto belonging, request of jour Honorable 
bodies that thej maj be incorporated into a bodv politic, bv the name of 
the Proprietors of the Lvnn Academy, with the liberty of increasing their 
present funds and with all the privileges usually granted to similar 
Corporations. 

And as in duty bound will ever pray. 
Lynn, March i, 1S32. 

Andrews Breed. ' " *John Lovejoy. 

Isaac Storey. Josiah Newhall. 

Henry A. Breed. *John Alley, 3rd. 
William Chase. F. S. Newhall. 

David Ellis. *Amos Mower. 

J. C. Holmes. *Dan'l Chase. 

Jona. Bacheller. *Otis Wright. 
Ezekiel H. Parker. James Pool. 

Caleb Wiley. Jacob Chase. 

Samuel T. Huse. *Dan'l Farrington. 

George Johnson. ♦Jona. Buffum. 
♦Isaiah Breed. 

March 13, 1832, a new act of incorporation was 
passed in which Andrews Breed, Isaiah Breed, Josiah 
Newhall, Jonathan Buffum, Francis S. Newhall, Caleb 



78 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Wiley and Hezekiah Chase were named as incorporators. 

The trustees turned again to Ripley P. Adams, who 
had been here some years before. The first Lynn Direc- 
tory (1832) gives these items: 

"Lynn Academy, Preceptor, Ripley P. Adams, resi- 
dence, Waterhill ; Preceptress, Mary Kidder, 70 pupils. 
A boarding house attached on Commercial Street, kept by 
John Russell," 

This is the first and only intimation that students 
attended from out of town. 

How long Adams remained is not known,, but in 1835 
Ephram Ward was here. He was born in Middleton, 
Mass., October 5, 181 1, and was graduated from Brown 
Universit}' in 1834. After leaving Lynn he taught in the 
Sanderson Academy at Ashfield, Mass., for ten years, 
subsequently became a lawyer in Ohio, a Baptist clergyman 
in Raynham, Mass., a land commissioner in Chicago, and 
died in Highland, Kansas, December 25, 1873. 

With Ward the days of transient and itinerant peda- 
gogues ended, and in 1835 ^^^^ academy settled down to 
its only period of stable existence and steady work under 
Jacob Batchelder as preceptor and Priscilla Titcomb as 
preceptress. 

Jacob Batchelder was born in Topsfield, Mass., July 
10, 1806; was graduated from Dartmouth College in 1830, 
and then taught a flourishing private school in Ris native 
tow^n. He came to the Lynn Academy in 1835 '^^^ 
remained until the opening of the High School in 1849, 
when he gave up his position as preceptor to become 
principal of the new school. His service as principal of 
the High School continued until 1856 when he removed to 
Salem to become principal of the Classical High School 
of that city. After serving there five years he was again 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 79 

placed in charge of the Lynn school, November, iS6i, but 
resigned after about a year to take the otlice of Collector of 
Internal Revenue. The same year he became Librarian of 
the newly opened Public Library. He held this position 
until his death December 19, 1876. '' Master Jacob," as he 
was familiarh' called to distinguished him from his cousin 
" Master John " Batchelder who was teaching the grammar 
schools in Wards 5 and 6 during the period of Master 
Jacob's service in the Academ}- and High School, was a 
teacher in the best sense of that word. 

Although scholarly after the fashion of the time, he 
was no narrow pedant. His scholarship was broad rather 
than deep. His tastes were literary and scientific, yet his 
teaching of mathematics was singularly clear. 

His conception of the functions of a teacher was 
unusually broad. To help boys and girls to love study and 
knowledge was his aim rather than to fit them for examin- 
ations. He cared less for actual attainments than for the 
cultivation of tastes and sought by all kinds of ingenious 
illustrations to create an interest in the subjects he was 
teaching. His Saturday morning talks or lectures on 
natural philosophy with experiments often with apparatus 
of his own devising have not been forgotten by his students. 
He felt responsibility, too, for the moral culture of his 
pupils, and most of those who came under his instruction 
remember his Monday morning sermons. In his discipline 
he was in advance of his time. He wanted his students to 
learn to control themselves and threw on them much 
responsibilit}', more in fact than many of them were equal 
to. 

During these years from 1835 ^o 1850 the girls were 
as fortunate as the boys in having for an instructor Miss 
Priscilla Titcomb. I have known few teachers for whom 



8o LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

their pupils cherished such kisting and grateful memories. 
She remained in the Academy a short time after the boys' 
department had been closed, then tbllowed Mr. Batchelder 
to the hio-h school where she taught as his assistant for 
several years. 

The followingr letter from a near relative of Miss 
Titcomb is an interesting contribution to our biographies : 

248 High St., Newblryport, 
Mr. Geo. H. Mat-fin : Jan. 20, 190S. 

Dear Sir, — I fear that I shall not be able to give jou all the dates 
that you \vish concerning the work of Miss Priscilla Titcomb, but I will 
do what I can. 

She was born in Newburjport, March 7, iSii, and died there June 13, 
1899. 

In earlv. life she taught in public and private schools in Newburvport, 
thus earning money to carry on her own education, which she received 
largely at Bradford Academy. She was a great student of the languages, 
in which she received private instruction from different teachers. 

She was a teacher in the Academy at Hampton, N. H., but I do not 
know the date of her work there. I am quite sure it was previous to her 
work in Lynn. 

The date of her going to Lynn Academy I am not able to give, but I 
know that from 1S32 to 1S35 she taught a girls' school in the old brick 
schoolhouse on Kent street, Newburvport ; and that in 1S43 she was 
teaching in Lynn. So it was between 1S35 and 18^3 that she went there- 
After leaving Lynn, the date of which I do not know, she opened a 
boarding school for girls on High street, Newburvport. 

After that she had private pupils some of whom she fitted for college. 
Her private teaching she continued till much later in life than many 
teachers are able to. 

I will speak of one thing which seemed to her family remarkable. 
She had great powers of committing to memory and a very retentive 
memory. As a child she would go home from church and repeat much of 
the sermon. Her Sunday School lessons consisted of Bible verses. She 
would learn so many that her teacher would not have time to hear her, 
and would appoint a day to hear her at her home. In that way she com- 
mitted to memory the ivhole of the Nexv Testament, which she retained 
in after life. 

Hoping this information may be of some use to you, 

I am sincerely yours, 

Annie B. Titcomb. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



8i 



I have sought in vain for any records of the school or 
for complete lists of pupils. The late Enoch S. Johnson, 
who was a pupil sometime in the forties, prepared from 
memor}^ long afterwards a list of the boys who attended 
while he was a member of the school. As Mr. Johnson's 
memory was singularly accurate and retentive, the list is 
probably quite complete and a few earlier names have been 
added : 



John B. Alley 
John Henry Alley 
Charles Babb 
Samuel Batcheller 
Alonzo W. Boardman 
A. B. Breed 
Edward A. Breed 
Frank P. Breed 
Henr}' Breed 
Henry A. Breed 
I. C. Breed 
William B. Breed 
Andrew Buffum 
Daniel C. Buffum 
William Bullard 
George H. Chase 
George S. Chase 
William A. Chase 
Charles Coolidge 
Rufus Cutter 
Charles Dalrymple 
John Davis 
Augustus B. Edmands 
William J. Emerton 
John Flagg 



Charles L. Gardiner 
Benj. Phillips Gardner 
Henry Gardner 
Edward W. Halliday 
Benjamin A. Hallowell 
Willard Harding, Jr. 
Henry S. Hill 
Stephen Holman ^ 
Ephraim A. Ingalls 
Samuel Edwin Ireson 
N. H. P. Ireson 
John Jameson 
Richard Jenness 
Charles A. Johnson 
Enoch S. Johnson 
George O. Johnson 
George R. Johnson 
Moses A. Johnson 
Samuel H. Johnson 
Samuel O. Johnson 
William Otis Johnson 
Benjamin F. Newhall 
Fales Henry Newhall 
George T. Newhall 
Henry Francis Newhall 



82 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Benjamin Phillips Isaac Story 

James Purinton Joseph Story 

Daniel Putnam Stephen Story 

Edward H. Rhodes William F. Story 

William H. Rhodes Amos P. Tapley 

Edward A. Rich Henry Taplev 

Charles Robinson Gardiner Tufts 

Charles Sprague Frederick Walden 

Phineas Sprague Wayland Weston 

Charles H. Stickney Timothy P. Whitney 

John B. Stickney "' Caleb W. Wiley 

Frederick Story Ephraim E. Wiley 

Stephen Holman, now living at 150 Atlantic Avenue, 
Swampscott was a pupil at the Academy from 1833 ^^ 
1836, preparing for Williams College from which he was 
graduated in 1S40, being the oldest alumnus of both insti- 
tutions, and still in such bodily and mental vigor as to 
enable him to attend to his business affairs and also to take 
extended journeys every summer either in this country or 
abroad, as well as an annual fishing trip in the Maine forest. 

The following program of exercises in the school in 
183 1 w^as printed in the Item, May 14, 1909. It shows 
that both boys and girls were then in attendance. The 
name of the preceptor does not appear, but probably Ripley 
P. Adams was then in service. 

LYNN ACADEMY 



Order of Exercises — August 19, 1831 



DECLAMATION 

1. Extract from a Speech of J. Randolph 

(Select) Augustus B. Edmands 

2. The Indians (Oiiginal) Edward H. Rhodes 

3. Extract (Select) Timothy P. Whitney 

4. The United States (Original) Amos P. Tapley 



.Mf. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 8;^ 

q. Extract from Grimke's Address on the Influence 

of the Bible William F. Story 

6. Dialogue (Original) Edward A. Rich 

Glutton Bill . . ! A. P. Tapley 

Buck N. H. P. Ireson 

Tom Prj Ephraim E. Wiley 

Mr. Hoard . .* E. H. Rhodes 

Farmer T. P. Whitney 

Sailor E. A. Rich 

Patrick William Bullard 

7. Extract from "Letters of Fabius on the Federal 

Constitution (Select) William J. Emerton 

8. Influence of the numerous publications of the 

day on Literature (Original) Ephraim E. Wiley 

9. Extract from Grimke's Address on Science 

(Select) Charles A. Johnson 

10. Character of Alexander of Russia (Original) . . . William Bullard 

11. Dialogue (Select)— Student E. A. Rich 

Farmer A. P. Tapley 

Farmer's Boy I. C. Breed 

Uncle Joe Ephraim E. Wiley 

12. Regulus (Select) Benj. Phillips Gardner 

13. Excellence of the Holy Scriptures (Original) . Willard Harding, Jun. 

14. True Excellence Dependent on Exertion (Original) . . Rufus Cutler 



ORIGINAL COMPOSITIONS. 

15. Female Heroism Mary J. Howard 

16. The Priceless Gem Sally Massey 

17.. Air Castles . Elizabeth Oliver 

18. Dangers of Youth . . • • . Lucy Ann Chase 

19. Instruction at the Present Day Lydia Maria Breed 

20. Reading Adeline Ruth Alley 

21. Vacation ■ . . Eunice Ann Tapley 

22. Moral Philosophy Betsy Johnson Alley 

23. A Walk Abigail E. Emerton 

24. Various Fortunes of Mankind Eilen Augusta Brimblecom 

25. Sorrows of the Strong V/arrior Sally Massey 

26. Learning Preferable to Wealth Lucretia D. Smith 

With the opening of the free public high school the 
mission of the xVcademy was ended. The property was 
sold in 1852 and the building removed to Western Avenue 
where the General Electric building now stands. Later it 



84 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

was moved to the corner of Western Avenue and Centre 
Streets, where it still stands shorn of its piazza and belfry 
and gilded eagle and doing duty as a paint shop. 

The Academy building served the public by being used 
as a meeting house by an Episcopal Church from 181 9 to 
1823, and by the First Church while the Old Tunnel was 
being remodeled in 1827. 

I have used the phrase, " the mission of the Academy." 
That mission was to keep alive the lamp of the higher 
learning in the town of Lynn. Whether their fathers 
could afford to pay their tuition or not, the boys and girls 
knew^ that the opportunity awaited them, and though few 
of them went to college many found the means to spend a 
term or two at the Academy and get a glimpse into the 
world of books. 

Compared with the long terms of service of the 
famous teachers in some of the academies, it may seem as 
if little could have been accomplished by the young men 
who rapidly succeeded each other through all the earlier 
years of the Academy. 

Probably there was some loss in exact scholarship. 
But there w'ere some compensations. The value of a 
teacher's influence is not always proportional to the length of 
his service. It is easy to believe that those young men 
fresh from college with its enthusiasms, and hopeful in the 
thought of careers before them in law and medicine and 
theology for which they were studying while teaching, 
must have kindled some enthusiasm here and left some 
impulses toward study, must have opened some doors into 
literature and science which made the town richer for their 
sta}'. We must count the old Academy, therefore, though 
it never acquired wide fame, one of the effective forces in 
the social life of the communitv. 



:» 



LYXN HISTORICAL SOCII^TY 



THE EVERETT DEBATING SOCIETY. 

The Everett Debating Society had an active existence 
of about thirteen years following its organization, June 15, 
1871. It held a strong influence in the development of the 
culture of its members, and was also a source of a great 
many social affairs during its active life of thirteen 3'ears 
as an organization, and the members also went upon 
numerous excursions, from informal rambles to extended 
vacation trips. 

During the year 1874, it published a newspaper enti- 
tled The Everett Alontkly^ whose circulation of over one 
thousand, probably exceeded that of any other Lynn paper 
at the time, but the duties were so onerous upon the mem- 
bers, that it was sold ; but differences in methods of the 
new management caused it to continue only through the 
second year. 

The conclusions from the perspective of thirty-seven 
years show that the associations of the society were for 
the good of its members, and have established the basis of 
friendships which have lasted to this day, and that the 
members have confirmed the promises of their boyhood. 

The reception to the former members of this Society 
w^as prefaced by exercises somewhat similar in their gen- 
eral arrangement to the entertainments of years gone by. 

C. J. H. Woodbury, in presiding, gave some general 
reminiscenses of the organization, after which Howard 
Mudge Newhall related the origin of the Society in the 
trustee's room of the Lynn Free Public Library, which was 
kindly placed at their service by Jacob Batchelder, the 
Librarian. 



86 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Those present at the preliminary meeting in 187 1, and 
as prime movers in the organization, all of whom main- 
tained their interest throughout its career were : Albert 
W. Edgerly, Henry B. Goodridge, Frederick B. Graves, 
George F. Lord, Jr. and Howard Mudge Newhall. 

At the anniversary meeting, Henry B. Goodridge 
gave reminiscences of the old times which were placed in 
rhyme. Charles E. Todd of Melrose Highlands spoke 
upon the professional members of the Society, giving an 
account in some detail of the careers of those in professional 
life which are indicated in the list of members following 
this article. 

Henry B. Sprague described the dramatics which 
were given at several meetings of the organization. 

Hon. Arthur B. Breed related of the experiences of 
the members in public life, the Society having contributed 
two mayors, John R. Baldwin and Eugene A. Bessom, 
Mr. Breed himself as a member of the Governor's council, 
Eugene A. Bessom and W. A. Clark, Jr. as Senators, 
Henry L. Chase, William H. Gove, Daniel R. Pinkham 
and Horace A. Roberts as members of the House of Rep- 
resentatives, and a number of others as members of the 
city government, school committee and town governments 
of Lynn, Swampscott, Nahant and Westboro. 

Charles S. Goodridge described T/ie Everett MontJiIy 
and read extracts from a bound copy in his possession. 
Alfred M. xAttwill read the last paper on the members who 
became business men in after life. 

At the close of the meeting a resolution was adopted 
to the effect that as the Everett Debating Society had term- 
inated its existence as an active organization, all of the 
members were requested to give to the custody of the Lynn 
Historical Society for safe keeping all books, records or 
other property formerly belonging to the organization. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



87 



It is believed that a great deal of this propert}' was 
destroyed in the building at the corner of Miinroe and 
Market streets when it was burned a number of }'ears ago. 

During the meeting ■Mrs. Seville Davis Hopkins and 
Mrs. Lucy Chandler Pillsbury sang songs which had been 
given at entertainments of the Society. 

In connection with this meeting the following list of 
members and their present addresses was prepared by the 
committee : 

©muium IRevum IReGina Oratio 




This motto, selected by p'rederick B. Graves and the monogram made by 
Henry B. Prentiss servt-d as a seal of the Society 



MEMBERS OF THE EVERETT DEBATING SOCIETY 
Organized June 15, 1871 



Corrected to June 



1 90S 



Rev. Charles Howard Atkins, Pastor, Saratoga Street Methodist 
Episcopal Church, 85 Lexington Street, East Boston, Mass. 

Alfred M. Attwill, Real Estate and Insurance, 19 Kensington Square. 
Lynn, Mass. 



88 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Alfred L. Baker, Broker, 209 La Salle Street, Chicago, 111. 

Hugh J. Baldw ix, Siiperintenent of Schools, San Diego, Cal. 

Hon. John R. Bai.dwix,* 

Fred A. Ballard, Woolens, no West 126th Street, New York City. 

Hon. Edward C. Battis, Judge, Counselor at Law, 81 Washington 
Street, Salem, Mass. 

Hox. Eugene A. Bessom, Ph. G., Apothecary, 239 Eastern Avenue, 
Lynn, Mass. 

William E. Blaxey.* 

Hox. Arthur B. Breed, Grocer, 29 Beacon Hill Avenue, Lynn, Mass. 

Joseph E. Brown, Dry Goods, Watertown, Mass. 

Charles W. Buhier, Dry Goods, 26 South Angell Street. Providence, R. I. 

James Carruthers, Life Insurance, SS West 6th Street, Lowell, Mass. 

Herman S. Chaffin.* 

Henry L. Chase, Real Estate and Insurance, Westboro, Mass. 

Augustus T. Clark, Treasurer and Managing Director, American Cir- 
cular Loom Company, 47 Hancock Avenue, Newton Centre, Mass. 

Frank Clark, Leather Dealer, Main Street, Andover, Mass. 

Hon. William A. Clark, Mining and Gas Works, Hotel Shirley, 
Denver, Col. 

N. D. A. Clarke, Counselor at Law, 59 Exchange Street, Lynn, Mass. 

Edward B. Cushman, 221 Magnolia xVvenue, Long Beach, Cal. 

Wilbur H. Davis, 34 Baltimore Street, Lynn, Mass. 

Augustus R. Dillon, Principal Ward School, 6296 Yale Avenue, 
Chicago, 111. 

John P. Donovan, Wyoma, Lynn, Mass. 

Charles E. Dupar, Jr., Foreman, Shoe Manufactory, Nahant, Mass. 

Edwin Earp, Architect, 333 Union Street, Lynn, Mass. 

Albert Webster Edgerly, President, Ralston Company, 1327 Fifteenth 
Street, Washington, D. C, summer residence, Hopewell, N. J. 

Frank D. Felch.* 

Wendell P. Flanders, Advertising Contractor, 41 Washington Square, 
York City. 

James B. Ford.* 

Edward E. Foye, Boston & Maine R. R., 16 Prescott Street, Maiden, 
Mass. 

Charles S. Fuller.* 

George A. Fuller, Treasurer, Essex Machine Company, 21 Herbert 
Street, Lynn, Mass. 

Francis E. Galloupe, Real Estate, Boston, Mass. 

W. Bloomfield Gc3ate, Musical Supervisor Public Schools, 459 Tomp- 
kins Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Frederick P. Goldthwait, Pequaket, N. H. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 89 

Charles S. Goodridge, President The News Publishing Company, 

County District Asjent Employers' Liability Assurance Corporation, 

79 Johnson Street, Lynn, Mass. 
Henry B. Goodridge, Journalist, 20 Graves Place, Lynn, Mass. 
Hon. William H. Gove, Counselor at Law, Pres. and Gen. Mgr. Lydia 

E. Pinkham Medicine Co., 254 Lafayette Street, Salem, Mass. 
Rev. Frederick B. Graves.* 
George ^L Harrington.* 
William C. Harris.* 
William Hayes. + 
Edward N. Hills.* 
Nathaniel Holder, Jr.* 

Edward ^L Ingalls, Bookkeeper, 43 Whiting Street, Lynn, Mass. 
Edwin Eaton Ingalls, Poultry, Ossipee, R. F. D. No. i, N. H. 
William R. Ingalls, Grocer, 489 Summer Street, Lynn, ISIass. 
William H. Jarvis, Jr.* 
T. Dexter Johnson.* 
Henry B. Kimball.* 

Philip Coombs Knapp, M. D., 535 Beacon Street, Boston, Mass. 
Walter M. Lamkin, D. D. S., 41 Nahant Street, Lynn, Mass. 
Frank E. Larrabee.* 

Charles E. Lewis, Salesman, 64 Verona Street, Lynn, Mass. 
Frederick C. Lewis, Grocer, 95 Lewis Street, Lynn, Mass. 
Charles H. Libbey, Collector, Winthrop, Mass. 
George F. Lord, Secretary, Boston Stock Exchange, 18 Wave Street, 

Lynn, Mass. 
John F. Mahon.* 

Edward B. Martin, Broker, 15 State Street, Boston, Mass. 
Edward H. Meader.* 
Gilbert F. O. Mockett.* 
Benjamin C. Mudge, Consulting Engineer, Oxford Linen Mills, North 

Brookfield, Mass. 
William L. Neagles.* 
George NEAL.t 
William E. Neal, V. S. National Bank Examiner 127 Nahant Street, 

Lynn, Mass. 
Benjamin L. Newhall.* 

Freeman H. Newhall, Bookkeeper, 39 Commercial Street, Lynn, Mass. 
Howard Mudge Newhall, Real Estate and Insurance, L'. S. Attorney, 

Baxter's Leather Company of London, 5 Prescott Place, Lynn, Mass. 
James W. Oliver Shoe Manufacturer, 69 High Rock Street, Lynn, Mass, 
Frank W. Pevear, Department Manager, John Wanamaker, 4th Avenue, 

and 9th Street, New York City. 



90 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

George Irving Pevear, Morocco, 477 Beacon Street, Boston, Mass. 

Frederick Piiinney, Director, Phinnev's United States Band, 940 P^ine 
Arts Building, Chicago, 111. 

Daniel R. Pinkham.* 

William H. Pinkham.* 

John A. Piper, Farmer, Ashby, Mass. 

Harding D. Porter, Grocer, 155 Ocean Street, Ljnn, Mass. 

Henry B. Prentiss.* 

C. Frank Rice, Counselor at Law, 143 Summer Street, Somerville, Mass. 

Rev. Horace A. Roberts, D. D., Pastor First Baptist Church, Block 
Island, R. I. 

Benjamin H. Rogers, Salesman, 107 Richmond Street, Dorchester, Mass. 

William R. Russell.* 

George W. Sawyer.* 

Daniel H. Shillaber, Shoe Manufacturer, 12 Portland Street, Lynn, 
Mass. 

Hon. James H. Sisk, Judge, Counselor at Law, 95 Green Street, Lynn, 
Mass. 

Charles R. Smith, Manager Shoe Manufactory, 10 Summit Avenue, 
Lynn, Mass. 

Eben F. p. Smith, Counselor at Law, 519 Essex Street, Lynn, Mass. 

Frank Solle, Bookkeeper, 21 West Baltimore Street, Lynn, Mass. 

Henry B. Sprague, President Central National Bank, President, Sprague 
& Breed Coal Company, Treasurer, Boston Woven Hose and Rubber 
Company, 33 Walker Road, Swampscott, Mass. 

Samuel M. Stocker.* 

Edgar Swan, Towels, 34 Bassett Street, Lynn, Mass. 

Lewis G. Swett, Jr.* 

Arthur L. Sweetser, Broker, 219 Warren Street, Roxbury, Mass. 

Charles A. Taylor.* 

Joseph E. Taylor, Shoe Salesman, Watertown, N. Y. 

George E. Tebbetts, Jeweller, 474 Washington Street, Boston, Mass. 

Charles E. Todd, Counsellor at Law, 51 Walton Park, Melrose High- 
lands, Mass. 

Warren T. Tucker, President, The Interstate Townsite and Land Com- 
pany, 14 Masonic Temple, Denver, Colo. 

Calvin B. Tuttle.* 

Charles S. Viall, Real Estate and Insurance, 39 Bloomlield Street, 
Lynn, Mass. 

John D. Walsh. t 

Frederick E. Wells, Wells & Coverly, Clothing, Troy, N. Y. 

Charles S. Wethkrell, General Electric Company, 17 North Franklin 
Street, Lynn, Mass. 



LYNN IIISTORICAI. SOCIETY 



91 



HoLMAX K. Wheeler, Architect, 59 Exchange Street, Ljnn, Mass. 

George Winn.* 

C. J. H. WoODBiRY, Sc. D., Consulting Engineer, Secretary, The National 
Association of Cotton Manufacturers, 51 Baltimore Street, Lynn, 
Mass. 

Frank G. Woodbury, Counselor at Law, 39 Court Street, Boston, Mass. 

John Woodblry, Counselor at Law, Secretary, Metropolitan Park Com- 
mission, 14 Beacon Street, Boston, Mass. 



Honorary Members. 



Capt. John Henry Alley* 
T. Harlan Breed 
Asa Bushby* 
Charles B. Clough* 
Walter X. Dole* 
Capt. Edwin Earp, Sr.* 
Zachx\riach Graves* 
Hon. Nathan M. Hawkes 
Prof. Nathaniel Hills* 
Charles T. Howard* 
James M. Hunt* 
David N. Johnson* 
Prof. Edward Johnson* 

♦Deceased. 
fUn known. 



Hon. William F. Johnson* 
John T. Moulton* 
Edwin Patch* 
John Pillsbury* 
William D. Pool* 
Peter M, Sanborn* 
Prof. Edwin L. Sargent* 
Benjamin F. Spinney 
Charles Allen Taber 
Charles H. Trask 
Hon. Roland G. Usher* 
Hon. George D. Whittle* 
J. Porter Woodbury* 



92 I.YNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



REMINISCENCES OF A BUSINESS LIFE IN LYNN 

By Charles Blffum. 
October S, 190S 

The Puritans came here and dispossessed and exter- 
minated the Indians ; who had held full sway over these 
hunting and fishing grounds, for unnumbered centuries. 
They had used them in common with no metes, bounds, 
bonds or papers. 

Picture, in your mind's eye, the many different tribes of 
Indians living in New England, Massachusetts and Lynn ; 
and the sagamore of the tribe here ; living in their wigwam 
homes on Sagamore Hill — overlooking the harbor, the 
beach, Nahant and the ocean. Here it was, that the 
Indian families from near and far, from other tribes came, 
in summer, to camp on Long Beach, or at Nahant, or on 
the main land, to have their games, sports and contests on 
the beach. 

I was born in Lynn in 1824, and in the shoe business 
on my owm account from 1849 to 1889, and have since that 
time kept in close touch with the progress of affairs in my 
native town. The first water supply here was, of course, 
the natural springs. Then wells were dug and stoned 
up and buckets of water drawn out by pole and hook. 
Next, they had the well sweeps, with the old oaken bucket, 
always ready for use. ' Later, town pumps were placed at 
the intersections of main streets and at the squares, where 
they generally had a liberty pole ; so the squares were 
quite a feature of the town. I can remember 29 town 
pumps — located from Dye House V^illage to Swampscott 
and through the Town to Tower Hill. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 93 

I remember the willow trees around the Frog Pond, 
and the dwelling house among them — and the Town House 
on the middle of the Common, just below Pleasant Street. 
The Old Tunnel Meeting House stood on the Common 
below the Frog Pond, and was moved off in 1827. The 
topography and streets of Lynn changed but little during 
the first half of the last century, until the building of the 
Eastern Railroad in 1838. Before that dme there was not 
a single house on what is now called the Highlands, from 
Essex Street to the Turnpike. It was then known as 
Rocks Pasture. It was owned by what were called cow 
leases, by various persons, who pastured their cows there, 
and sold the same privilege to others. There were many 
other small pastures, fields, orchards and gardens in the 
centre of the town. Cows were also pastured at Nahant, 
under cow leases, in the same way. x\t the foot of Nahant 
Street, was a red gate, which w^as opened at morning and 
night, and kept closed during the da}' ; as was also the gate 
to Rocks Pasture, on Essex Street, where Lawton Avenue 
now is. There were no milk routes in those days. Some 
well-to-do man, kept a cow, and his neighbors came daily 
to get their quart of milk, paying four cents in summer and 
five cents in winter. The cows were turned out on the 
street, every morning after milking, and they all wended 
their way, each to its own pasture. A new cow might go 
astray, at first ; but there was a small enclosure, on Essex- 
Street, called the towm pound, wath a pound keeper, to whom 
stray cows were reported, who kept them until the owner 
came and paid the charges. The cows w^atered them- 
selves at the troughs at the town pumps, and from tubs set 
in the brooks. Somd good housewife in each neighbor- 
hood supplied her neighbors w^ith yeast for one cent a 
measure ; a cup full. 



94 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIKTY 



Within my time, there was not a snigle house between 
the shore and Lewis and Broad Streets, from Swanipscott 
to Market Street, excepting on Xahant Street. It was all 
farm land. In old times, there were mostly main streets, 
onl}' a few cross streets. Boston Street was probably our 
first street, as it was an old Indian trail, skirting the hills, 
and was continued as a trail by the Puritans, until it became 
an established roadway for them to travel betweem Salem 
and Boston, from w^hat is now^ Peabody. Then, as now, 
it was from Wyoma to Saugus, as we now call them. 
Boston Street w^as called Mansfield's End as we had 
Gravesend, Woodend, Breedsend, all named from prominent 
residents in those localities. 

In 1803, the Boston and Salem Turnpike was built, 
and tolls w^ere collected between Lynn and Salem, Lynn 
and Chelsea, and one at Chelsea bridge. Also a toll over 
Charlestown Bridge, to get to Boston. 

Then, the Winnesimmet ferry from Chelsea, landed 
at the foot of Hanover Street in Boston. In 1825 the 
Forest River Road to Salem was opened. It branched 
off from the old road to ^^larblehead, at Vinel's Hill, to go 
to South Fields, in Salem. The Farm Road from Swamp- 
scott through the Marblehead Farms, was opened as a pub- 
lic highway later on. 

Sagamore Hill was all farm land, from Nahant and 
Broad Streets. Salt marsh extended from the foot of 
Sagamore Hill to Broad Street. Where the power house 
nov/ is on Washinorton Street, was a bank of marsh called 
Swimming Point where the men and boys went in 
swimming, at high tide. In the salt marsh near Broad 
Street, were salt works till about 1825. Large wind mills 
pumped the water into large tanks, raised on posts, to be 
evaporated for the salt. They were owned by a company 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 95 

but at last James Breed owned them, but gave up the 
business and built on the largest creek a small plank wharf, 
where he carried on a small lumber business, which was 
continued by his son, Stephen N. Breed, and became the 
largest retail lumber business in New England — for we 
were a growing wooden tow^n and supplied other towns. 
Originally, the salt marsh continued from w^hat is now 
Washington Street to Market Street, thence to Pleasant 
Street ; excepting a nice little Beach about 200 feet long, 
at Liberty Square, where little children went to play. 
Lewis records, that a small ship yard w^as parried on there 
from 1726 to 1741, where tw^o brigs and sixteen schooners 
were built. 

And now^ a word picture of Central Lynn as it w^as 
seventy-five years ago. Where the railroad track now^ is, 
in Central Square, was a triangular grass plot, where little 
children played. There was a narrow^ roadway on its three 
sides, just wide enough for teams to pass. Where the rail- 
road yard and station now are, was a hill about forty feet 
high, on w^hich was an old weather worn two story house, 
where Nathan Alley lived and raised a large family. 
Three of his sons lived in their houses at the foot of the 
hill, on Pine Street (as Exchange Street was then called), 
Joseph, Nathan and Jacob, and Peter was married and lived 
in the old house. 

From the old house, a narrow^ foot-path, about a foot 
wide, led down the hill, and through the garden of Nathan 
Jr., where was his shoemaker's shop and house. Half 
way down the path, w^as a well, with a well sweep and 
the old oaken bucket hung in the well. It was exactly 
over the spot where the tracks now^ are, and the bottom of 
the well must have been many feet above the present level 
of the tracks. Where Mount Vernon Street now is, was 



96 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

a cartway, leading to a gravel pit at the foot of the hill, 
called Uncle Joe's Holler Hole, from which he sold 
gravel. On the Union street side of the hill, for about 
100 feet, was a hea\w stone well, extending to an old barn 
set in the ciravel bank. Next was the farm land where 
Silsbee Street now is. Next, on Union Street was the one 
story house, garden, shop and well of George Todd, with 
two large walnut trees, set well out into the street, opposite 
Pearl Street. From thence, almost to the Woodend Meet- 
ing House, with the exception of two houses at Estes' Hill, 
was a continuous stone wall, as there was no Silsbee or 
Green Streets. It was all farm land from Exchange Street 
to Chestnut Street and from Union to Broad Streets. 
Where Ireson Street now is, extending about 300 feet west, 
was known as Quaker Pasture running back to Essex 
Street with stone w^alls on each street. A brook came 
down from the pastures to springs on Essex Street which 
overflowed and run across Qj.iaker Pasture to Union Street 
and across it, where it made a muddy, grassy brook, where 
lived plenty of bullfrogs and tadpoles. It crossed Union 
Street again at the foot of Pearl Street into a garden and 
across the fields to ^Market Street and the salt marsh 
creeks, opposite Harrison Court. Eels came up this brook, 
to this garden, and were caught in eel pots. Where Buf- 
fum Street now is, was Israel Buffum's garden and house 
and shoemaker's shop. The house was an old lean to 
house, which had belonged to old Master Ben Oliver, his 
wife's father. Where the Sagamore House is and Mul- 
berr}^ Street was a stone wall and a nursery for fruit and 
shade streets. Next, on Union Street was the two-story 
house and a garden of Benajah Purinton. Next, a one-story 
and a two-story house, and on what is now called Bergen- 
gren's corner, was a large two-storied house of Avis Keene, 



:^<' 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 97 

the Qiiaker preacher and the mother of George W. Keene. 
On the corner, where the sidewalk now is, was her flower 
garden, with a big willow tree : from which Willow Street 
w^as named. Where Willow Street and Central Avenue 
now are, was Jonathan Conner's cow pasture, extending 
nearly to what is now Liberty street. xV slat fence, with a 
gate, extended across where the railroad track now is seen. 
What is now called Earl's corner, w'as a vacant lot, with a 
heavy stone wall on Union and Pine Streets (now Exchange 
Street). This vacant lot, about lOO feet square, 10,000 
feet, about 1S30, was bought by Isaiah Breed, for $60 — 
onl}' six mills a foot. A part of it is now^ taxed $15 per 
square foot. About fifty feet from the corner, down Union 
Street, water came out from under a culvert and made a 
muddy, grassy brook, where a tub was sunk for the cows 
and horses and boys to drink. It ran down the street about 
100 feet and under a plank in the sidewalk, through two 
gardens, to the creek in the salt marsh. The stride from 
those times to our present water supply, with faucets in 
every house, is very great. Those were the days of small 
things. Every one had to do his own errands. There 
was no express. The owner of a wheelbarrow^ loaned it to 
his neighbors, who often forgot to return it promptly ; but 
it was always so ! 

In 1840, there w^ere no depot carriages. Old Abner 
Austin was our only penny post. He w-as lame and used 
a horse and buggy. He was the first to go to the railroad 
station for passengers. He had a rack put on the back of 
his buggy for luggage. If he had two passengers, he sat 
on the dasher, with his feet on the w^hitHetree bar. This 
continued for some time. The trains were only a few, and 
passengers with trunks very few. 

An interesting incident of those times is that in 1836 



98 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

those who projected the building of the Eastern raih-oad 
from Boston to Salem, came to Lynn to get the concensus 
of opinion of our leading citizens, as to what they might 
count on, for average daily patronage. The Union store 
on Broad Street, was a great resort for business men in the 
evening, so it was discussed there, and the report was, that 
they might average thirty-eight passengers a day. The 
next day, it w^as told to old Jonathan Conner, who said — 
"Never — never, in the world, world, world, will they have 
so many as that." 

The road w^as opened in 1838, in August. A record 
was kept for the first three months, and the daily average 
between Boston and Salem, was 243. Of course man}' 
went for their first ride on a railroad. 

The cars were short and small and carried only twxnty- 
four passengers. Also the engines were so small, that in 
a very high wind, in going over the Lynn marshes, they 
had to stop to get up more steam before they could go on. 
And in extreme cold weather, the boiler was so unprotected 
that they lost their head of steam and had to stop to get up 
more steam to go on. The fare to Boston was thirty-five 
cents. Before the opening of the railroad, the fare by 
stage was fifty cents. The four-horse stage coach for 
Boston, left the Lynn hotel every morning at nine o'clock, 
but not on Sunday. 

Every day, from eight to nine o'clock, the stage went 
around town to different stores where slates were kept, to 
see who had put down their names the day before to be 
called for to go to Boston. Other stages over long stage 
routes, went over the turnpike during the day. Now our 
three railroads take passengers 250 times a day to I^oston 
or more. Our shoe manufacturers generally went to 
Boston once a week in their wagons, to carry shoes and 



.m-: 



1.YNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 99 

bring home stock. Teams went daily to Boston, called 
baggage wagons. Micajah Alley, the father of aunt 
Miriam Johnson, whom many of you remember who 
passed away in May, 18S7, aged ninety-six, lived on the 
corner of Union and what is now Washington Street. He 
was the teamer to Boston, and during our War of 181 2, 
when the British cut off all our coast transportation, he 
hauled flour from Baltimore to Boston, regularly, and once 
he went as far as Savannah. Those were "Tinder Box 
Times," and large fire places, and brick ovens, and baked 
beans ; till stoves came slowly into use, about 1830 to burn 
wood. Coal stoves came later. The first coal that came 
to Lynn, was a few loads carted here from Salem, by 
Stephen Smith, about 1830. He dumped it on the middle 
of his wharf, at Liberty Square. People went there to 
look at it as a curiosity and made much talk over it ; some 
of them thought it would burn in the tire place like char- 
coal. Before the coming of stoves, all houses had to have 
fire places, so they had large chimney stacks, with a large 
brick oven, from three to four feet deep, and two and one- 
half to three feet wide, opening into one side of the fire 
place. 

This was put in use every Saturday night. In the mid- 
dle of the afternoon an arm full of hard wood was broucrht 
in from the wood shed or w^ood pile in the yard and the 
fire started in the oven and kept burning briskly till supper 
time. After supper, the coals and ashes were cleared out 
into the fire-place, with what was called a slice, a broad, 
thin, flat iron shovel, w^th a long iron handle. The same 
slice served to place things in the oven, and take them 
out. The pot of beans, brown bread and Indian pudding 
were shoved to the rear, as the}^ were to remain over 
night. Then the white bread, pies, ginger bread, cake, 



lOO LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

cookies and other things were put in and tlie oven closed 
up with a sheet iron front. During the evening, these things 
were taken out each in due time, when done, as it was called. 
The beans, brown bread and Indian pudding remained till 
the Sunday morning breakfast time, and the Indian pud- 
ding till dinner time. Sometimes they had a few things 
more than the bottom of the oven w^ould hold ; which were 
placed in mugs or cups in the spaces between other things, 
or perched on them. The Puritan custom and rule, of no 
house work on Sundays, prevailed in good degree, till 
nearly the middle of the last century. 

The variety of life was very limited. The good 
housew^ives exchanged afternoon visits — the hostess being 
sure to say : Come early and bring your work ; which 
meant their sewing, knitting or binding shoes. Frequently, 
several would be invited and have their husbands come to 
supper for a pleasant evening, all going home at 9 
o'clock. 

Amusements were few. They looked forward to 
Town Meeting Day in March, Fast Day in April, Fourth 
of July, Fall Muster in Salem, and Thanksgiving Day in 
November. They also had pleasure in anticipating their 
family gatherings and parties every summer, in fishing and 
cooking on the rocks at Nahant, to which they went in 
wagons, carrying poles and lines and digging their clams 
for bait, on the harbor side of the beach. They took with 
them pots, pans, dishes, etc., and much provender to be 
spread out with the fried fish and potatoes and fish chowder. 
And they had tea, coffee and lemonade. x^lso, they 
promised themselves summer outings as they called berry 
parties, several families going in wagons to the woods, in 
berry time. They camped for the al'ternoon at the place 
selected ; when the children scattered to till their pails and 



1 

I 






LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIKTY lOI 

baskets with berries to take home. They all returned to 
camp at six o'clock for supper, from the table cloths spread 
on the grass or on the pine needles under the pine trees. 
They had tea and lemonade and a feast of good things, 
before they harnessed up to go home at seven o'clock. 
Another thing they looked forward to for the winter, was 
the course of lyceum lectures, which was commenced in 
1828 and spread over New England and the West. They 
had a course of tw^elve lectures, one each week during the 
w^inter. The price for the course was only fifty cents. 
The price paid the lecturers was only $10.00, yet they had 
the best; such men as Emerson, Phillips, Pierpont, Parker, 
John Qiiincy Adams, Henry Ward Beecher, John B. 
Gough, Murdock, Henry Giles, and many others. It was 
before higher prices came. Later on, Beecher had $100 
for going West. The lecturer in Lynn was always enter- 
tained over night by some prominent citizen, so his expense 
was light. 

Another feature of those times was, those who could, 
had a garden, which was a pleasure and quite a help. 
Many had a pigsty and a pig, to be fatted and killed in the 
fall, to fill the pork barrel, for the pork barrel in the cellar 
was of prime importance as it was constantly drawn upon, 
and furnish an amazing number of economical picked up 
dinners. I remember, old Sylvanus Xewhall, one of our 
well known citizens, said to me in 1852, w^ith a little 
chuckle : I find it works first rate, not to go to market till 
after dinner. We never go hungry. My wife's picked up 
dinners are first rate. He was an economist. 

I have lived in tinder box times and used them in 
my home. As a boy, I made brimstone matches and sold 
them, ohe cent a bunch of twenty-five. The first friction 
matches that came, to supplant brimstone matches, wa< 



I02 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

about 1830. Thev were called a liicifer match. They 
were flat and dipped at one end ; and the little box that 
held fifty of them, had a small bit of sand-paper folded, 
through which the match was drawn to ignite it. x\bout 
1833, came the present friction match, in card form, 104 in 
a bunch. The box and the bunch were each sold for ten 
cents. 

Several years ao;o, I read, that the French Academy 
of Science, called the most learned body in the w^orld, in 
1899, had exhaustively discussed the question. What has 
been the most useful, and important discovery ever given 
to humanity?"' and they decided that it was the little friction 
match. 

The following are other incidents of our old times. 
Mr. Edward I. Goldsmith of Woodend, now nearly ninety- 
six years old, was married in 183 1, and bought a tinder 
box of Deacon Samuel Rust, on Liberty square, for one of 
his housekeeping articles ; the Lynn Historical Society 
now owns that tinder box. 

Deacon James N. Buffum and John B. Tolman were 
also married in 183 1 and happened to meet in my office on 
Union Street in 1885. They had both set up housekeeping 
almost on the spot w^here they were then sitting ; Tolman 
within fifty feet and Buffum, within 250 feet. They both 
occupied chambers. Buffum said he paid $36 a year for 
rent. Tolman exclaimed : " You beat me, for I had to 
pay $40 a year." They both became very active, success- 
ful business men. Both became Octogenarians and left 
large belongings, for they were workers, and had their 
reward. 

Our schools developed slowly. When I was a boy, I 
heard one of our prominent, worthy citizens, say my school 
days ended in 1805, and I never saw any girls in any 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY IO3 

school room, except when three or four girls, occasionally 
came in to learn how to write/' Abigail x\dams, the wife 
of John Adams and the mother of John Qj,iincy Adams, 
was called a very remarkable woman, because she had 
an excellent education. Until about 1830, we had no 
Primary schools. All we had, was one school in each 
ward or district, as they were called, seven of them, as the 
wards are now. In this Ward Four, Horace Spaulding 
taught the District school on Pine Street now Exchange 
Street and his wife, Elvira Spaulding taught the first 
Primar}^, I attended them each in turn. 

I remember a little incident in the primary school, 
Mrs. Spaulding desired to treat all her scholars to a reward 
of merit. She bought a pound or half-pound of box 
raisins, to give each child one, but the supply didn't hold 
out, so she bit some of the largest in two pieces, and had 
enough. Afterward, iVlonzo Lewis and his wife taught 
the same schools. I also attended Master Lewis' school. 
I have in my possession, two receipted bills of theirs, for 
teaching three months. Mr. Lewis is for one hundred and 
fifty dollars, and that of r^Irs. Lewis is for thirty-six dollars. 
Infant schools had loner been carried on bv w^omen in their 
homes. 

But to return briefly, to the topography of our streets. 
The main streets were intersected by very few cross streets. 
They were Mason, Olive, Nahant, Pine, Spring, Pearl, 
High, Spruce, Liberty, Sea, Pleasant, Shepard, Elm, 
South, Federal, Centre and Mall Streets. Lynn had no 
paved street until Munroe Street was paved in 1882. 

Almost every town has its unique, queer characters. 
The Puritans had them. Lynn has had them. Moll 
Pitcher came to us from Marblehead. Her lather was a 
kind of fortune teller, so she inherited the tendency. 



I04 LYNN HISTORIC AT. SOCIETY 

Although an humble person, she became widely famous as 
a fortune teller. She was a remarkably strong minded 
person. She was quiet, shrewd, observing, and played 
success/ulh' on human credulity. She and her husband 
lived on Essex Street nearly under the shadow of High 
Rock. She was born in 1738 and died x\pril 9, 18 13 at 
the age of seventv-hve. 

Ebenezer Breed, a native citizen here, was born 1765 
and died December 23, 1839, '^^ ^^^^ ^g^ ^^ seventy-four. 
He was a smart, ambitious, enterprising young man of 
much promise. He did a great deal for Lvnn, in many 
wa^^s. He went to Philadelphia when quite a young man, 
and soon became a merchant, but he ahvays urged and 
worked for the development of Lynn. 

Another character that w^e had here, was George Gray, 
the old hermit, as he was called. His origin and history 
have always remained a mystery. He was called a Scotch- 
man, but he never would utter a syllable about himself. 
He lived a lonely life for man}' years and died in February, 
1848, aged 78. He lived in a small, one-room, rough build- 
ing mostly constructed by himself in the woods on Boston 
Street, by Strawberrv Brook, opposite what is now the 
entrance to Pine Grove Cemetery. He received no visitors ; 
wanted none, yet he liked to go around town and converse 
with the people ; and they all respected him, because of his 
dignity, intelligence and strength of mind. He was greatly 
interested in mechanics, art and scientific things ; was a 
good mechanic himself, and made various things for sale, 
and also several inventions. He was peculiar in many 
w^ays. He thought he had a spinal trouble, so to keep 
himself erect, he invented a hat, something like a snow- 
shoe. It projected behind, with a weight to keep him erect. 
He always attended all the lectures in Lyceum Hall, every 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY IO5 

winter, but he left his hat in the store below. No surmise 
about his early life could ever be veritied. Some thought 
he fled his country because of some crime. Others sur- 
mised he was self-expatriated, from some high family; but 
his secret died with him. 

One other character is a more pleasant memory, 
James Edward Oliver, a Lynn prodigy, so to call him ; 
for he was probably, the greatest mathmatician in this 
country. At middle age, he became Professor of mathe- 
matics at Cornell University, where he died. Like Zerah 
Colburn, he had a quick, intuitive process of working out 
his problems. He went through Harvard, and then worked 
on the Nautical Almanac for the Government, some years, 
until he went to Cornell. He was a great favorite of Pro- 
fessor Pierce of Harvard ; who used to tell his classes that 
there were two mathematicians in Europe, w^ho could read 
each other's problems, and that no others could ; but there 
was a young man in Lynn, who could read both, and an}- 
and all of them. ' He used to send visitors from Europe to 
Lynn to call on him. On one occasion, two called on 
him, and one asked him how he arrived at results in solving 
a certain problem. The other caller remarked to him that 
he must remember that Mr. Oliver wasn't always able to 
tell how. The questioner replied — "Ah, yes, I forgot 
that." He had a very lovable, attractive personalitv, though 
like all geniuses, was a little peculiar, though never ofien- 
sively so ; for he was careful, considerate, conscientious in 
all his acts and ways. He was so pure minded, that he 
seemed to be without guile. It is singular, that we had 
in Lynn, at the same time, another Ofiver, William B., 
who lived on Market Street of another family, who was 
also a very fine mathematician. 

The two most active, enterprising men, early in the last 



I06 LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

century were Henry A. Breed and James N. Buflum. 
Mr. Breed's career was the earlier of the two, and he was 
a most energetic, methodical man, yet he was not so 
successful in seeking wealth : but he accomplished much 
in many directions, both here and in San Francisco, where 
he went in the excitement of 1850. He built the lirst wharf 
in San Francisco. He was a very agreeable, genial, 
gentlemanly man, courteous to all, and liyed to be eighty- 
seven. Mr. Breed was fond of reading and always had a 
library. 

Mr. Buffum was very active and enterprising and left 
a quarter of a million dollars. He lived to be eighty. 

Another successful business man was the Hon. John 
B. Alley born in 1817. At thirteen he w^as apprenticed to 
an old Quaker gentleman, Peletiah Purinton, who lived 
next to his father, on Market Street, as a shoemaker. As 
soon as he could make a shoe alone, the kind old man 
gave him an easy stint, and he was to have all he could 
earn over it. He worked, early and late, and in due 
course, bought his time, as it was called, went to Lynn 
Academy for a little more schooling for a short time, and 
at nineteen he had earned and saved money enough to go 
to Cincinnati, where he bought a flat boat ; stocked it w^ith 
assorted merchandise, hired some men, and floated down 
the Ohio and the Mississippi rivers to New Orleans, selling 
and trading his cargo at the different river towns. He 
came out about square, without loss, but he had his expe- 
rience account for future use. He returned to his shoe- 
maker's seat in Lynn, earned more money and became a 
successful shoe manufacturer, and then a leather merchant 
in Boston after that an investor and operator, and in time, 
was worth $3,000,000. He was our member of Congress 
for eight years, four of them during our Civil War. It was 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY IO7 

said that our district had never been so well represented. 
He knew Lincoln very well, who said to him, "Alley, 
what 3'ou don't know about finances isn't worth knowing." 
But his love of money prevented his being a good giver. 
He w^as well aware of the fact, for he said of himself : 
"My love of accumulation is such, that it deprives me of 
the pleasure of giving, for it is ver\^ true, that 'It is more 
blessed to give than to receive.' " Otherwise, he was one 
of our best citizens in every respect. 

Lynn has always taken a prominent lead in many 
other thincfs besides the shoe industrv. During the Puritan 
times, Qiiakerism gained a foothold here, and in time 
became the largest Friends' Society in New- England. In 
the Elias Hicks Schism, in Philadelphia and Pennsylvania, 
among the Qiiakers, in 1820, it spread to New^ England, 
and there were most unusual occurrences in Lynn. In 
1790, Jesse Lee, a Methodist minister from England, came 
to Lynn and held services in dwelling houses. The next 
year, 1791, they built a church and so increased in num- 
bers, that Lynn became the leading Methodist town in all 
the country. No other sect has ever had so many churches 
here. 

In 1830, the hated Abolitionists and Anti-Slavery men 
came to the front in Lynn, and w^e became the hotbed 
centre and was called the Banner Anti-Slavery Town of 
the whole countr}-. 

In 1840, was the presidential hard cider campaign 
of the Whigs. To make voters, they horsed up barrels of 
hard cider, at all the political hustings all over the country 
for free drinks to all comers. It made so many drunkards, 
that a temperance reaction came, and what was called the 
Washingtonian Movement sprung up all over the country, 
in which Lynn was very active. When Spiritualism, so 



lOS LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

called, came to Lynn in the 50's, it had many investiga- 
tors. Thus Lynn has always been alive to welcome new 
ideas for examination. Even Mrs. Eddv be^jan her 
wonderful career here in Lynn. 

Our first newspaper was the Lynn WceJcly Mirror^ 
printed by Charles F. Lummus in 1825. It had a circula- 
tion of 250 to 400 subscribers. It lived for several years. 
Lummus was proprietor, editor, typo and did most of his 
work. In 1830 the L\nn Record \\7\?> started by x\lonzo 
Lewis, but he had n.o capital and sold it out in a few weeks, 
to become an anti-slaver}- and anti-Masonic and temperance 
organ. It came to have a circulation of many hundreds 
and lived many years. Its pages w^ere 18 by 12 inches. 
The Mirrors pages w^ere only 11 by 9 inches. Both had 
four pages and were $2.00 a year. 

In the 40's the Record became the Washingtonian^ a 
full fledged temperance organ. We have also had about ten 
other weekly papers. Some' of them lived ten to fifteen 
years. 

Our first comers here, in 1629, found the Indians and 
a wilderness. 

Now, we have a population of nearly 80,000, with 
schools, churches, banks, City Hall, railroads, trolley cars, 
lighted streets, brick sidewalks, crossing stones, sprink- 
ling carts, aiid water in every house, not to name steam 
fire engines. We have great factory structures, some of 
them six, seven and eight stories high, full of machines 
which are run by steam and electric power. Also, we 
now have the telegraph and telephone to connect us with 
the outside w^orld. 

•It is not fair to claim that our record for industry, skill 
and success is a credit to our communitv. 



LYNN HISTORICAT. SOCIETY IO9 



ABOLITIONISM IN LYNN AND ESSEX COUNTY 



BY DR. BENJA>[IN PERCIVAL 

November 12, 190S 



The word slave comes from the term Sliives (slahves) 
that great race of eastern Europe. So man}^ were captured 
and held to servitude, that the term came to hold its pres- 
ent meaning. Curiously enough, it really means glory. 

In the ancient woiid slavery was universal. All work- 
ing people were slaves. If a Roman father turned his 
back on his new born babe it was either exposed or sold. 
He had the power of life or death over his children. 

After the landing of Columbus in 1492 the natives 
were to be made Chrisdans by the Spaniards and a good 
priest. Las Casas, was sent to help in this. But the 
Spanish so overworked and so tortured their victims that 
they made the most of them die, turned them into prema- 
ture angels, and sent them on to Heaven inside of two 
years. To check this too rapid triumph of holy zeal, the 
good priest persuaded Qiieen Isabella to permit the intro- 
duction of Africans. 

Negroes were first enslaved b}^ the Portuguese in the 
year 1442. In 1502 they began to come in numbers to 
the West Indies. In 1620, they came to Jamestown, Va. 
In 1790, Virginia alone held 200,000. 

In 1727, the Quakers were the first to condemn the 
trade. In 1761, they excluded from their membership all 
concerned in it. In 1774, in this country, they formed the 
first anti-slavery society. 

On account of the lenj^th of this paper, and the limit of space in this Reg^ister, the 
committee on publication have been oblit^ed to omit much which, althouijh interesting^, did 
not apply to (Occurrences in I.ynn and vicinity. The complete inaiiu.-crij)t is deposited in 
the archives of this Society. 



no LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

England resolved to end the trade, January i, 1796. 
In 1806, the bill was passed. In 181 1, it was made effect- 
ual. The United States was in the same position three 
years earlier in 1808. 

Slavery fought back. Louisiana, Kansas, and Arkan- 
sas, with Missouri, 1803, and Texas, 1845, made vast 
accessions, the Fugitive Slave Law supported bv Webster, 
1850, the Kansas-Nebraska Bill, 1854, ^^^ Dred Scott 
decision " That a negro has no rights which a white man 
is bound to respect " was delivered March 6, 1857. Cuban 
Filibusters, 1854, ^^^^ '^ determined effort to reopen the 
foreign slave trade right up to 1859 and i860 shows how 
impossible it was to avoid conflict. Uncle Tom's Cabin 
was first published 1852. On the twenty-second day of 
September, 1862, Lincoln gave the Emancipation Procla- 
mation to the world. The civil war closed the ninth of 
April, 1865. 

Slavery has not been w^holly without excuse. This, 
no student of history can deny. War and conquest has 
been the normal condition of man in the past. Slavery 
was simply the offer of life to the vanquished, and has been 
often gratefully accepted by the victims. 

Africans brought to our land were full}^ under this 
primal and remorseless law. The negro, in his fortunes 
as citizens of these United States, is higher today, has a 
better chance, than he could have had as a native of the 
dark continent. But no law primal or otherwise can ever 
justify injustice and cruelty to the enlightened heart of 
man. Nature has her laws but God guides the good man's 
heart and its throbs are controlled by a higher impulse. 

There is at all times as much God for man as there is 
God in man. No grander thought was ever uttered on this 
point than by Frederick Douglass, the mulatto, who fled 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY III 

first to this city as his altar of refuge from slavery, when 
he cried : '' One with God is a majority." 

Among the earliest words of Garrison you will find 
these w^ords : ''I am aware that many object to the severity 
of mv lanorua^e. But is there not cause for severitv? I 
will be as harsh as truth, and as uncompromising as jus- 
tice. On this subject I do not w^ish to think or speak or 
write with moderation. No I No ! Tell a man whose house 
is on fire to give a moderate alarm, tell him to moderatelv 
rescue his wife from the hands of the ravisher, tell the 
mother to gradually extricate her babe from the fire into 
which it has fallen, but urge me not to use moderation in a 
cause like the present. I am in earnest, I will not equivo- 
cate. I will not excuse. I w'ill not retreat a single inch. 
And I will be heard. The apathy of the people is enough 
to make every statue leap from its pedestal and to hasten 
the resurrection of the dead." 

This was his opening into the Liberator, the first num- 
ber Saturday, January i, 183 1. Oh, the unlimited cheek 
of this very young man. 

There w'as Daniel Webster, the God-like Daniel, and 
Rufus Choate and Edward Everett and how many, many 
others, wise men all, inoculated by Harvard with utmost 
respectability, buttered all over till they shown w^ith the oil 
or sanctimony from the churches, and — Garrison and 
Whittier. More daring than any in the whole broad land 
at that time. Yes, more than most men at any time ; for 
they dared to believe that their souls were their own. 

John L. Sullivan of eminent physical memory never 
dealt such blows as this mild mannered Quaker can give. 
I have read you Garrison, but if I call him a slugger I may 
be vulgar but I am surely mild. Why, even the entirely 
dignified British Encyclopedia says of this man " fire and 



112 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

steel could not have kindled iiercer resentment or left 
deeper wounds." 

Every week Garrison placed at the head of his paper, 
The Liheraior^ the unpatriotic assertion: "The constitu- 
tion is an ajireement with death and a covenant with hell." 
Flat treason ! and it tickled him to make the most of it, so 
he printed it over and over again, year after year. 

Hard hitter though he was, that might}' phrase was 
borrowed from the greatest of Bible prophets, Isaiah. So 
you have it: Cape Ann Garrison, Whittier, Isaiah, all in 
line working in body blows on Goliath. 

Parker Pillsbury, one of the very best of all these 
men, will tell you that George Washington himself pur- 
sued a slave mother and her child from the Potomac to the 
Piscataqua, as remorselessly as if they had been a sheep 
and a lamb. Fortunately they escaped him and lived and 
died in the old Granite State. 

Sturdy old John Adams, in his report of the great 
speech of John Otis, before the Superior Court writes : 
"Nor were the poor negroes forgotten." 

Not a Quaker in Philadelphia, or Mr. Jefferson in 
Virginia ever asserted the rights of man in stronger terms. 
Young as I was and ignorant as I was, I shuddered at the 
doctrine he taught and I have all my life shuddered and 
still shudder at the consequences that ma}^ be drawn from 
such premises. 

Yet, these are historical facts and this is an historical 
society. Political leaders thus bowed to the dust before the 
demon of slavery which has been described by John Wesley 
as the sum of all villanies. 

Shall we blame them? Not so. Let us love and 
reverence them for they bore burdens of which we know 
nothing. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY II3 

Nobly were concessions to slavery revoked in later 
days. Sumner and Lincoln remembered their country 
and would save it. Our two Essex boys forgot it, and 
remembered onh^-God and their oppressed fellow man. 
I was born in Philadelphia. My father went about 
that city in those early times, getting names on abolition 
petitions. He had his troubles in so doing, which he en- 
joyed very much indeed, for men of his kind glory in tribu- 
lation, like the ones of old. Onl}' once was he ashamed 
of his position. He borrowed a cane (not knowing its 
quality) from his brother, who was a man of sporting pro- 
clivities, and mingling with a mob drew attention to him- 
self as an orator advocating peace, when an energetic 
gesture of his cane, which, wholly unknown to him, was 
a sword cane, drew from its concealment a bright and 
deadh^ blade. He promptly vanished of course, followed 
by the laughter of the crowd. 

About these times, in May, 1838, the new Pennsyl- 
vania Hall was burned by rioters. The mayor made hi"s 
appearance, and addressing the mob, told them that he 
was going home and going to bed, and he advised them to 
do the same. The burning and destruction followed as a 
matter of course, and the flames drove out the abolitionists 
there assembled with Lucretia Mott and her friends, my own 
mother among them. Women were freel}" assaulted, Lucy 
Stone being very much struck at one time by a large 
prayer book hurled upon her head. The office of the faithful 
Whittier was in this building, and here he stood publishing 
the Pennsylvania Freeman until the other Pennsylvania 
Freemen roasted him out. 

My earliest knowledge of slavery was, however in 
this city. Lynn has a proud record. For some days the 
railroad train would not stop here. James N. Buffum and 



114 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

a friend of his who had a dark skin, got into an argument 
with the train officials as to the rights of man and when 
they were torn from the train and ejected, were so incon- 
siderate as to take their seats with them. So, the company 
was mad at Lynn as a nest of abolitionists. I will not 
repeat the whole story as it has been told and the trains 
stop now. 

Garrison, Thompson, Douglass, Sojurner Truth, and 
others, I have seen in my father's humble home on Silsbee 
Street. Opposite stood the much finer house of so-called 
"Aunt Miriam Johnson." No cotton or sugar to be found 
here. It was gained by oppressed labor and could find no 
entrance. Their cellar was a station of the underground 
railway. 

One day a tall negro stood in our low sitting room. 
He was selling photographs of his lacerated back. Twice 
he had escaped, twice caught and sent back, and his mas- 
ter had his will upon him. This was his third wild dash 
for freedom. Names were given him, from one friend to 
another, where he might safely apply for aid to Canada. 
And we were his friends. Horror struck at the picture, 
my father cried : " But, my man your back can't look like 
this?" The negro answered, with a pleasant smile: ''It 
looks fine now, suh, it is all healed up, but its jes like the 
picture, shuh enuff. Ef dey is no ladies roun I'd like to 
take off m}' shirt an show you, suh." He did so. Great 
incredible flaps of mangled flesh stretched in long furrows 
across the broad frame. As he bent and rose, all I could 
compare it to was the opening and shutting of a great 
accordion. And he was healed and well and smiling with 
his hope of freedom. It was my first view of American 
Slavery. The sight was too painful, his story too terrible 
to dwell upon at this late day. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY II5 

Fred Douglass, as I have said, came to Lynn, lived 
on Newhall Street, and found manv friends here. I 
always thouorht him a handsome man, and when he mar- 
ried his white wife, in his later and most prosperous years, 
I said to my barber who was a fine Nubian black man : 
What do vou think of the marria<je of Mr. Dou<flass? He 
answered: "I think Mr. Douglass will no lonirer be 
received in good society." At first I could not understand 
this, educated even as I had been, but I soon tound that 
the self-respecting black society of Boston was what was 
meant and that Mr. Douglass had lost caste in this direc- 
tion. That negroes possessed pride of race, strange as it 
may seem to our conceited minds and my feeble excuse 
for Mr. Douglass, that he was at least as much white as 
black, found no weifjrht with the barber's indi^^nant man- 
hood. Mr. Douglass had surely lowered himself. 

I heard Douglass speak after the death of John Brown. 
Wonderful orator as he was, after telling the story, he 
folded his hands penitently before him, hung his head 
humbly, and in the saddest of yoices, said: "and I, my 
friends, was not there." It was a confession that he had not 
been courageous enough to join Brown's daring band, that 
he failed to meet the occasion. He was doing penance as 
best he migrht for his weakness. He thrilled us all and it 
was impossible not to grant him absolution. 

This was not the only time of depression for Douglass. 
Once when another dark day shrouded his soul, and his 
gloomy words were addressed to his friends, and all hearts 
were sinking lower and lower under his magic spell, gaunt 
old Sojourner Truth, a self-named negro woman, very old 
and very tall, rose to her height and earnestly asked : 
*' Frederick, is God dead?" And the clouds lifted and the 
bright sun of righteousness once more broke through. 



Il6 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Another notable negro was Box Brown, often in Lynn 
resident for a time as Garrison also was, so-called because 
he was nailed in a box and shipped to Boston as merchan- 
dise. He got along fairly well, save when some careless 
handler stood him on his head when his situation became 
most trying. Brown was I think a Charleston man. lie 
had a good kind master, was well respected, and some 
of his master's w^hite friends sought an interview with 
him filled with curiosity to learn w^hy he ran away 
from so desirable a situation, promising not to betray him. 
The interview took place. Brown was delighted to meet 
them, and to hear from his old associates. They expressed 
their amazement at his flight and asked what could be the 
reason for his conduct. Brown hung his head and said : 
"what you kind gentlemen has said is all true, but sahs, 
ef you knows of ennvbody thet wants my place down there 
will you please tell 'em I'se w^illing they should have it, 
the position is vacant." 

When I was about twelve years of age, I was told b}^ 
my father to go to the house of Mr. George F. Lord, on 
Essex Street, and there I would find a young man dressed 
as an old woman with the large hoop skirts of those days, 
and that I must take her on my arm and escort her down 
to our cellar until she should be shipped to Maine. I was 
told the police w^ere stationed in the neighborhood and 
were watchful, as a complaint had been made to the 
authorities. All good citizens, just before the war, w^ere 
very anxious not to offend in any way the southern people, 
'and the police w^ere much more active in consequence. 
My charge, veiled and bonneted, was safely delivered 
according to orders, but when we neared the policeman 
towards whom I walked her, I had great difficulty in keep- 
ing her coarse brogan shoes out of sight, even under the 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY II 7 

immense skirts, as her strides from utter fear, were much 
too long and vigorous for an old woman. I, however, 
never had foro-otten the accordion back of the slave and 
felt mighty glad in my boy heart that my father was one 
of the bad citizens. 

Those of you who come of Qiiaker stock or know of 
Quaker historv are more or less familiar with the, at times, 
movings of the untrammeled spirit. 

Mary Dyer was hung (not burnt) on Boston Com- 
mon. The dreadful fact is bad enough as it was for those 
horrible Puritans, without lying about it. But it gives 
pause when we realize that Mary Dyer, the Quakeress, 
was determined to be sacrificed, and got what she sought. 
Most anybody could get those kind of things in those kind 
of days wdth as a rule but little effort. It does seem brutal 
to say Mary got what she wanted but read the full history 
and you wiU be inclined to agree with me. 

Now some of these reformers thought somewhat 
along these lines. The women would go into a church 
and take their knitting with them, as a hint, I suppose to 
the preacher, that they did not consider his words worth 
wasting time upon. But they did not do this wdth impunity. 
Mrs. Swett of Georgetown was arrested for contempt of 
worship, and they sent her down to Ipswich where the 
jailer told the officers to take her back for he just wouldn't 
confine her and what do you think he said to them ? He 
said " those who sent her there deserved jailing far more 
than she did." 

Stephen Foster and Thomas Beach were sure they 
were right in going to church meetings and interrupting 
the services by telling parson and people w^hat very poor 
Christians they were. The poor church goers knew this 
already, and they did not enjoy being twitted with the 



Il8 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

facts. They asked Parsons Cook for tlie use of his church, 
and he said, " Xo I"' They asked the same of Nathan Breed, 
the greatest Qiiaker of all, and he said, " No !" They told 
him he would hear them nevertheless speaking out in his 
meeting. Upon which Nathan answered mildly, "Thee 
will find us a peaceable people." 

So Stephen Foster and Thomas Parnell Beach (who 
was no ignoramus, but a graduate of Bowdoin College), 
went church-going in Lvnn. Stephen to Cook's Congre- 
gational, where they turned him face down, a little man 
got hold of his legs like a wheelbarrow and they ran him 
out belly bunk. Then he got up on his feet again and 
started off to see the Qjiakers, the peaceable people, and 
he came away with a portion of his coat collar gone. 
Why they wanted it, who can tell? Then, the undaunted 
man went to see the Baptists, and they wanted one of his 
cuffs and so took it. While he was thus enjoying tribula- 
tion, Thomas Beach, who, of. course, was equally sandy, 
called on the Methodists, and in the frolicsome welcome 
he met, received what they called at the time a "Methodist's 
dislocation of the thumb." 

As both these men were non-resistant, passive in the 
presence of physical force, a carnal minded man, like my- 
self can but wonder what would have happened if such a 
good chance for a "shindy" had been fully honored. If, 
however, the reformers were satisfied, the Baptists and 
" the peaceable people," the Quakers of Lynn were not. 
Thomas Beach went to Newburyport jail on indictments 
from these two societies. 

Our James N. Buflum was disgusted by such action 
and came out from the Qiuiker society in consequence. 
When he did so, it pleased some of the reformers, and one 
of them wrote: "I can crladden friend Ilarriman's heart 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY II9 

by the fact that James Buflutn has already or is about doing 
it, renounced the broad-hatted type of sectarianism and 
given it over to Satan." So those of you who pass through 
Silsbee Street in the future will look out sharph' for the 
devil, for he must be lurking about Friends Meeting House 
ever since this time. 

Wouldn't you all like to go into Lynn Qiiaker meeting 
with me in these times of 1841 and 1842? It won't be 
dull. It won't be as it often was, a wholly silent meeting. 
There will be something doing. 

Parker Pillsbury says : " At noon we decided to hold 
a meeting in Lyceum hall at six o'clock, and issued notices 
to that effect." 

Mr. Rogers, never having seen a Friends meeting, in 
the afternoon attended their regular service, at three o'clock. 
He found there both Beach and Foster. I did not go near. 
All was still for a considerable time. Beach was the first to 
break the silence. He said he had a testimony to bear, 
and proceeded in his usual serious and moderate man- 
ner, ten or fifteen minutes, and gradually drew into the 
then inactive and very indifferent course of the Friends 
societies towards the anti-slavery enterprise in particular, 
but also on the great evils of war, intemperance, and their 
like, when a high seat Friend rose and said to him : "Thy 
speaking is an interruption of our worship." 

Beach responded that he thought speech was free in 
Friends meetings, and proceeded. Then another voice 
came down from the high seat, desiring the friend to be 
quiet. But Beach kept on, till a third elder rose and asked 
to be heard. Beach then said, " If anything is revealed to 
thee, I will hold my peace." ''I have" said the high seat 
voice, and Beach sat down. Then the revealed was 
uttered thus : '*We request thee not to disturb our meeting 



I20 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

any longer by thy speaking." Beach then resumed, upon 
which high-seat members began shaking hands, the sign 
for closincr meetincr. 

As the elders and some others passed down the aisles, 
William Basset, then an esteemed and much respected 
3^oung member, called to them to remain and hear the 
truth, and not run away from it. Just then, his motlier, a 
venerable and highly honored member of the society, 
rushed forward, and in great and apparent grief besought 
him, in piteous and pleading tones, to desist and be quiet. 
But he answered her tenderly and affectionately, though 
firmly, "Mother, I am about my heavenly Father's busi- 
ness, and cannot hear thee now." 

When I was quite young I discovered what was meant 
by Lynn " New^ Lighters" but w'ho and what were the 
"Come Outers" took me much longer to understand. This 
was it : The churches did not help the Abolitionists as they 
thought they should. So, man}^ earnest ones '^ came out." 

They formed congregations, and we had a remark- 
able one in Lynn led by that fine and learned man. Rev. 
Samuel Johnson of Salem, and \vhose place of meeting 
was, before a church was built on Oxford Street, in Saga- 
more Hall, on the site' of the Fabens ■ building, Central 
Square. 

I doubt if man}' of you know^ the honor due to James 
N. BufTum, in these matters. Of course, there are many 
others of our Lynn men who did their best in opposing 
this great evil, but to name them all would turn this paper 
into a rather lengthy record of names. 

He was the man, as I have told you, who bestowed 
upon Lynn the honor of the train stopping. But he did 
very much more. He dropped his business and all his 
home interests, and sailed away to far off Scotland in 1845, 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 121 

to tell them things there, hoping, somehow, in this way to 
help the cause of freedom. Now, a little before this time, 
Scotch Christians had come over here begging and they had 
gathered about fifteen thousand dollars, and some of the 
money came from the South, and some of the money came 
from southern Christians, who were slaves, who were per- 
suaded to give their scanty mites. 

Now, of course, the men who collected those dollars 
did not see the blood on them. It takes the man who has 
no interest in the money to see that. And so it happened 
that Mr. Buffum showed the Scotchmen that the money 
dripped blood. Robert Burns never got so drunk as not 
to be able to plainly see that, "A man's a man for a that, 
and a that." And Scotchmen all see as Burns saw, when it 
comes to questions of manhood and freedom. 

James N. BufTum gained great influence in Scotland ; 
he set it in a blaze of moral indignation. Pillsbury says 
that when he visited Scotland, although many years had 
passed, that Mr. Buffum was greatly inquired after by the 
people. As Beecher turned the popular tide of feeling of 
England in our favor during the Civil War, so Mr. Buffum 
won sympathy for Abolitionism, from this brave and gal- 
lant race. It should not be forgotten. 

Mr. Buffum w^as as I have said a " Come Outer." 
Now, opinions differ in religious matters as, perhaps some 
of you ma}^ have noticed, and is a bit difficult for me, 
although brought up in the midst of them, to give you their 
central idea. I have noted the noble thought on the power 
of God voiced by Frederick Douglass, and yet perhaps, 
other words of his, apparently far from reverent, best 
described the attitude of the "Come Outers." Douglass 
said : "I prayed to heaven over and over to save me, till I 
had to give up. At last the thought came, pray to your 



122 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

legs. And I prayed : ' O legs, O my good legs. I do pray 
you to save me from slavery !' So, at last, I pra3'ed rightly, 
my legs ran with me and here I am." ''Come Outers " 
would see nothing irreverent in this. They would heartily 
endorse it. To use all your means at all times, with full 
strencTth, for fjood, was riorhteousness. 

It was in the Sagamore Hall, on one dark and stormy 
night that I saw John Brown. I remember little, but that 
little with great plainness. I knew something of bleeding 
Kansas. I had been told of relatives toiling peacefully on 
their prairie farms, being ambushed and shot to death, by pro- 
slavery scoundrels. I had heard too, of men, much dearer 
to my boy soul, than the flabby non-resistant Foster and his 
like. I saw here a man who wore no sweet smile of seren- 
ity such as lit the faces of Garrison and Emerson. There 
was something there which later I saw in the face of 
General Grant. Was it the face of those who accept the 
responsibility for many deaths? Who have deeply thought 
of the gravest burdens that heart and conscience know, and 
calmy shouldered them all? 

I cannot say, but, the audience gone, three men stood 
close together in a corner of the dark hall, around a hot 
stove, one small light burning overhead, and one small 
unoticedboy, with them, paying rapt attention to talk he did 
not understand, and of which he does not remember a single 
word. What he did understand was, '' that this rough look- 
ing man had killed 'em. Yes, Sir. He was no chump. He 
was Ossawotamie Brown." " He don't do any laying down 
while they cut him up into little bits. There's clubs, 
and swords and rifles and hangmen's ropes, for tliem 
devils, and this one ain't a mite scared to use em all." 
Yes, the small boy did understand, after all. He did not 
know, but he now thinks that the two " Come Outers " with 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 1 23 

Brown that niirht had come out far enou<^h to reach the 
guns that cracked Later in the insanity at Harper's Ferry. 
And he, also, did not know, that the gloom, and the wild 
winter storm raging outside was fitting forerunner of the 
woeful clouds soon to lower over the devoted head of the 
grim, fanatic warrior. Not long after this the country was 
aroused as never before. 

I wrote, many 3^ears ago, the following lines for my 
little bo}^ It relates to the church standing on Union 
Street near Silsbee, now in the possession of, I think, the 
Baptists. 

Grandfather Buffum 

A story mv boy? Yes, I'll tell you the way 
That a bell was rung in our Grandpa's day. 
Those days 'ere the south had learned to feel 
The fatal thrust of the northern steel, 
And before her gallant sons grew pale 
In the arms of Death 'neath the leaden hail. 
. Cowards and mud-sills they deemed us then, 
Soon, they were willing to call us men. 
Those times to you far away must seem, 
And the tale I tell like an idle dream. 
Twas in '59, on a winter's day 
That far to the south, a convict lay 
Wounded and chained and doomed to die 
' Ere another sun should mount the sky. 
Such felons are rare since the world began, 
For his crime was loving his fellow man, 
And the wrongs of the slaves so stung his soul 
That his brain was maddened beyond control. 
And murder seemed right, and treason red 
Left law no ruth for his stricken head. 
Now the day was come and the hour was nigh, 
By the might of the law, John Brown must die, 
With never a protest of voice or hand 
From the watching people throughout the land. 
Some kind hearts whispered ; — '* God rest his soul." 
Our Grandfather thought that the bells should toll. 
So, away he sped to the old church door. 



124 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

(Seldom, indeed, was he there before 

For Quaker blood filled the veins alone, 

And no steepled house would his fathers own.) 

Closed was its porch. Not a bolt must draw, 

And the sexton, firm in his rights of law, 

(With a small soul's care for the outward peace), 

Bade him begone, and his clamor cease. 

Free and wild blew the wintry air, 

Tossing the locks of his thin white hair. 

But his eye flashed bright with the spirits rage, 

And the blood ran hot in the veins of age 

As over and over, again and again. 

He strove at the locks, but all in vain. 

How well I remember the jeering crowd, 

How ashamed I was then, but now how proud 

Of the dear old man, who at least gave way 

And fell back baffled, so pale and gray. 

" I helped buy that bell, its a shameful thing," 
He cried aloud, " that it cannot ring." 
And he stood alone in his weak despair 
While the crowd was silenced around him there. 
Then the Sexton spoke in a milder way, 
" 'Tis only Justice that's done to-day, 

We know but little, God know^s the whole." 

Said Grandfather : " Yes, but the bell should toll, 

Little enough is that," cried he, 

** For a man who dies to make man free." 
Are there not some in our town of Lynn 
Will help me to break this church door in ? " 
Thank God for the brave word, fitly spoken. 
The bonds of the unjust law was broken, 
And help was eager, and hearts were kind, 
And eyes saw truth that late were blind. 

"Mine be the blame and mine the deed, 
Smash in that door."' Like a rotten reed 
The bolt gave way, and with clattering crash 
The bars went down 'neath the rapid dash 
Of Youth's strong limbs, and hearts not cold 
Under weight of years, or of sordid gold. 
Men who, thereafter, on many a field 
Forced the proud Southern to flee or yield, 
Swift to the idle bell rope win 
To save from shame the name of Lynn. 



I.YNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 1 25 

An instant more and the great bell swings, 
An instant more and the bell, — it rings, 
Slowly — solemnly — steadily toll, 
God in Heaven, receive his soul. 
Far and wide its music swells, 
From the sounding sea to the woodland dells, 
You shall sutfer for this cried the sexton grim, 
But the bell's deep tones were answering him. 
*' Boy, when old tales to your boy you tell. 
Our Grandfather Buttum remembers well." 

Some years ago there lived in Hamilton a very bright 
woman named xVbigail Dodge. And she took the pen 
name of Gail Hamilton, and among many other bright 
things she said was : '^ When you are telling the truth 
you don't have to bother, the thing — is." On looking over 
m}^ paper I noticed the name Buffum seems unduly prom- 
inent. But I can't help it, the thing — is. 

Arnold Buffum was one of the earliest presidents of 
the National Anti-Slavery Society. Jonathan Buffum, the 
father of Charles Buffum, one of 3^our honored members, 
was the first president of the Lynn Society. 

James N. and Jonathan lived opposite each other on 
lower Union Street, but were not related and I think that 
Arnold was not related to either of these. I have a copy 
of the Liberator of i860. In it appears the name of 
James N. Buffum as vice-president, so you see he was at 
the front to the last. His mental attitude of necessity kept 
him there. It is said of him that, being asked by an 
orthodox friend, ''What if he should be mistaken in his> 
liberal belief, and wake at last in Hell?" He answered, 
seriously: "He thought he shouldn't mind, there would 
be such splendid chances for reform." He possessed the 
same mental poise as the good deacon, who said if that 
happened to him " He should try to start a prayer meeting, 
right off." 



126 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIKTY 

But Jonathan Buffiim was by no means second in 
these matters. His latch string was out for all progress : 
Temperance, Spiritualism, Anti-slavery, Anti-masonry 
and so on. He printed the Lynn Record from 1830 to 
1836. His son says, the office, which was on the third 
floor of the Rail Road House, at the head of Market 
street, was mobbed and the two flights of stairs torn away. 
Armed men stayed in his house nights to protect his fam- 
ily. Bottles of tar were thrown through his windows and 
ruined his parlor. Henry B. Sprague read to you a flne 
paper on the "New Lights". In this movement Jonathan 
Buffum was prominent. He was a moral dynamiter, and 
nothing delighted him more than the blowing up of an 
ossified mind. 

The L^^nn Anti-slavery Society held many young 
men. William Basset, James P. Boyce, Wendell New- 
hall, George W. Keene, Daniel and Ezra Baker, Oliver 
Mudge, Perry Newhall, and I must leave out many others. 
The women, also, had their society, and bound shoes to 
help the cause, getting together evenings, but, altogether, 
earning less than a dollar a night. "They got only three 
cents for binding a woman's kid buskin, with three seams 
on one shoe, closed with a double linen thread, well waxed, 
and the top was leather bound," so says one who knows. 

I wonder if any one present remembers with me the 
solid, sturdy form of Sam Silsbee? 

The story is told of him, that after the passage of the 
fugitive slave law, when the slave hunters scoured the 
country, they found one had come to Lynn. 

In the words of my informant, Mr. Buffum : "They 
were so keen on the scent that they found Sam was to take 
a load of hay to Salem, with the man buried in the ha}^ 
They watched for him and came up with him on his way. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 127 

They told him he had a nigger under the hay. Sam, in 
his slow, matter of fact way, parleyed with them for a 
while, when he said to them : 'Well, if you think I have 
a man in the ha}^ the only way you can know about it is 
to unload; but, as sure as you are alive, you shall load it 
again, as it is now.' Thev looked at the height. It was 
too much. They concluded there was 'no nigger in that 
wood-pile,' and so he bluffed them and the man got safely 
to Salem." 

Sometimes the Abolitionists did get a church to speak 
in. Once they got the Baptist Church on North Common 
Street. One indignant pro-slavery member was so mad, 
that with all the strength of a protesting right arm, a big 
hammer and stout nails, he fastened up his pew, that the 
ungodly should not desecrate it by their presence. 

But it cost the young reformers only a hop, skip and 
a jump to pack the pew full, squeeze all the sanctity out 
of it, and leave the dull owner an object of laughter down 
to the present da}'. 

In 1835, th^ English lecturer, George Thompson, 
invited to this country by Garrison, tried to speak in the 
First Methodist Church at the head of the Common. 

A mob gathered, smashed the windows and demanded 
Thompson. They really meant business. Lynn Antis 
did not have it all their own way, by an}' means. So 
Isaiah Parrot of Gravesend, swapped coat and hat with 
him and they crossed over to Daniel Henshaw's, who was 
then editor of the Record. They got him away to the 
Erastus Ware farm at Marblehead. Horace and Benjamin 
Ware some of you must remember. The section is now 
called Beach Bluff. 

But even there was not safe, and so they sent the poor 
man to row himself all alone, with provisions, over to Ram 
Island, to stay there until they should signal to him. 



128 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

So turbulent were the times, that in 1835, William 
Chadwell, Deputy Sheriff, read the riot act to a Lynn 
crowd commanding them to disperse. 

When Hemy Clay, on his visit to Lynn, passed with 
a procession up Union Street, " we boys," as one good old 
man tells me, bought fifteen yards of heavy white drill, 
a yard wide, and got Thomas J. Bowder to cover it with the 
words: "Tariff or no tariff, no union with slave holders." 
These children were " Black Mashers " as Ward Four boys 
were called in my school days, and the sentiment was a 
good secession sentiment from the northern side. It was, 
indeed, a common phrase from the Abolition camp : " Let 
the erring sisters depart in peace." Fortunately the Nation 
never agreed with them on this point. 

England freed all her slaves by purchase ; using for 
this purpose twenty million pounds, one hundred million 
dollars. A big sum but a trifle compared with our own 
bills in this matter. 

The first of August, 1838, entire English Emancipation 
was effected, and Lynn, of course, celebrated the event by 
a procession and jubilee up to Shadrach Ramsdell's grove, 
which was where the Isaac Newhall house now stands on 
Chatham Street. 

Whittier was well acquainted here in Lynn. It will 
pay you to look up, when you go home, a lovelv gem of 
his, addressed to A. K. This meant Avis Keene, who 
lived in Central Square, where the Bergengren Building 
now stands. A garden was there and a fine willow tree, 
from which Willow street took its name. As to the poem, 
they used to press sea mosses in those old days and make 
beautiful work of them and she had sent him a basket of 
them. Had he sent me such a gift in return, I fear I 
should have sent him a two horse load of sea weed as soon 
as possible. 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 1 29 

Avis Keene was an accepted preacher of the Friends 
Society and bore faithful testimony against slackened pro- 
test ot' Friends against Slavery. She was a great aunt of 
mine, and most worthy in all things, and I beg you to 
notice t/i/'s name is not Buffum. 

Sumner and Phillips kept on. Sumner's last words 
were: "Take care of my civil rights Bill.'' A measure 
of doubtful utility ; kept on and proposed the return of 
captured war banners, disgusting the true warriors of 
both North and South, with such cheap sentimentalism. 
And Phillips went on into the mire of Butlerism and 
Greenbackerv. The last I saw of this ijreat orator was 
in Lynn in the old Music Hall on Central Avenue. It 
was a drizzling, miserable night, but I said I must go, 
as there could be but few more opportunities of hearing 
him. But it was all rather sad. The man was there, the 
same fine gladiator as of old. But the crowded audience 
was not there ; the occasion was not there ; and the subject 
of the lecture so trivial that I cannot recall what it was. 
The musical voice, the balanced periods, the flowing 
thought ; — all there, in the same delightful way ; but it 
was Hercules tossing straws. 

I w^as taught to despise Webster, as I have shown you. 
But the mists of conflict are clearing. Out of them looms 
a gigantic form, with large, sad eyes ; and a voice sounds : 
"The Federal Union, — it must and shall be preserved — 
now and forever — one and inseparable !" and the voice is 
the voice of Webster. Not love of God or man, but love 
of country, did the work, and here we find Webster 
appearing once more as the God-like Daniel. Webster 
had more to do with the practical freeing of the slaves 
than the Abolitionists. They, truly, were always ready 
to brandish the torch of Freedom, but Webster furnished 



130 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

the fuel; the steady, unquenchable fire of the Union men 
of all parties. 

To whom shall we give the highest and final honors? 

To none of whom I have -been speaking. To the 
writers, to the orators, to the generals? Oh no! To our 
country's common working man. To him who starved on 
the loner marches ; who saw his own mancrled flesh blown 
afar from his tortured body ; who roasted alive in the burn- 
ing forests of the Wilderness ; who died unnoticed and 
alone on countless stricken fields ; to the common working 
man, to the true hearts who subsist on a few hundred 
dollars a year, bring up their families nobly on that, and 
are thankful to get it; To these be the highest — and may 
God, forever bless them ! 



LYNN HISTORICAI. SOCIETY 



BOOK-PLATES; THEIR STORY AND THEIR CHARM 



BY CHARLES E. CLARK, A. M., M. D. 

December lo, 190S. 



Having occasion one day some 25 years ago to see the 
proprietor of a book shop on Cornhill, Boston, and after 
climbing to the loft I found him dressed in a long linen 
duster, straw hat and old gloves, tearing the covers oti' old 
books. The pile of old covers attracted my attention for 
inside one I found an engraved label signed by the artist, 
who was Paul Revere. We wondered at this and jokingly, 
I said, 'Til look for another," and to my surprise there it 
was. The two book covers were given to me with the 
remark that I mitfhthave any of the others if I desired, for 
nearly every cover contained a similar label, but they occa- 
sioned no interest on my part so I left them and went my 
way. I soaked off these two labels and laid them awa}- 
in a drawer of my desk where they remained some years. 
I read in the Nezv York Sun an article on the prevalence 
of the new fad of collecting book-plates, when I awoke to 
the fact that I was an unsuspecting collector with two 
plates by Paul Revere for a collection. 

The thought comes to me now and then of what trea- 
ures I left behind on those old book covers through igno- 
rance of what they were or of their possible interest or 
value. Now as collections have multiplied and book 
plates have become so universally used, it hardly seems 
possible that there could be any persons who were ignorant 
of what they are — of their use or something of their history. 



132 l.YNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

So having in mind my own experience I am presuming 
that there may be some in this audience tonight who are 
unfamiliar with my subject so I am going to tell you some- 
thing of the story of the book-plate — what it is — its origin 
and use, illustrating by a few chosen examples the differ- 
ent varieties, styles, nationalities represented and other 
points incidental to a proper understanding of the subject. 

What is a book-plate ? 

In general, it may be defined as any engraved, printed 
or mechanically produced label attached to the inner cover 
of a book or upon one of its fly leaves denoting ownership. 

The more universal name of ex libris is however used 
and if standing merely for possession mark, being wider 
in its scope, including stamps on the covers of books or 
devices engraved on the metal clasps of the covers, as was 
the vogue at one time in Rostock in German}^ in the i6th 
century, though the fashion does not appear to have spread 
beyond this city. The stamps on the covers of books are 
called super-ex-libris or super libros and are usually of 
heraldic or other design of a personal character stamped 
in gold, color or blind tooling on the outside of a binding. 

The use of a book-plate is obvious. In the first place 
it is a safeguard — it is documentary evidence of ownership 
and a useful reminder to the borrower to return to the 
rightful owner the volume in hand. Then again the 
book-plate may serve to display the artistic taste or foibles 
of the owner and an especially designed plate will reflect 
the taste and character of the owner and associate him 
closely with his books. 

In order that we may more easily comprehend the 
conditions giving rise to the use of book-plates let us go 
back in our minds' to the beginning of the 15th Century, a 
period teeming with interest to the student of literature and 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETV 1 33 

the allied arts, for it was in the early part of this century — 
in 1423 we tind the first dated example of engraving on 
wood, only a little later was discovered the art of making 
paper from rags, and in 1440 the art of engraving on 
copper, the earliest dated print bearing the date of 1446. 

The state of learning was at very low ebb Univer- 
sities were few, the Feudal System in full sway and the 
Church of Rome dominating Europe. The literature of 
the world w^as contained in manuscript books written on 
vellum and reposing in the libraries of the universities, 
churches or monastaries. Libraries were few and access 
to books was limited owing to the value and jealous care 
of the manuscripts, and in many instances the volumes 
open to public use were bound in iron and chained to the 
desks. In many instances these priceless manuscripts 
were not properlv cared for and in frequent cases many 
a gem of classic author was lost to the world by the erasure 
of the writing from the vellum by the monks that it might 
be used again for some doctrinal or controversial tract. It 
is curious however that in several conspicuous instances 
these palimpsests are giving back the original marks of 
the pen to the great delight of scholars. The whole lives 
of Italian scholars at the time of which we speak, were 
devoted to the recovery and preservation of manuscripts 
and the revival of philology. The recovery of an unknown 
manuscript was regarded almost as the conquest of a king- 
dom. This work led them to search the monastaries as 
well as other libraries, for hidden gems, and the copying 
was done by skilled scribes, it having become a branch of 
.trade. 

But in the middle of the century the light of a new 
era dawned and through the invention of the art of print- 
ing the world was to see a revival of learning through its 



134 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

medium far beyond the dreams of human imagination. 
Presses were established rapidly in various parts of the 
world and books multiplied and as the cost was so greatly 
reduced they circulated freely. Royal authority to print 
was necessary and was a matter of expense as well as 
taking time, so unscrupulous men would pirate the works 
of reputable prmters and to prevent this practice Printers' 
Marks were adopted. These were trade marks practically 
and served largely the purpose which gave them origin, 
for they were generally adopted. The first printers' mark 
was used by Fust and Schoeffer in the famous Psalter 
printed in 1457 and is shown in red ink in the volume before 
us. The almost universal adoption of the printers' mark 
had a great influence later when the book-plate came into 
use as a mark of ownership and in my judgment was its 
prototype or forerunner. 

The book-plate primarily is a mark of possession and 
before it came into use as such, personal marks of possession 
first occur in the later part of the 15th century, about 1482. 
In these not only was the name of the owmer written in a 
Codex but his coat of arms was also painted by hand on 
one of the opening pages. This was not a difficult matter 
in those days when libraries were small and when all the 
volumes themselves were written by hand and ornamented 
by miniatures. The book-plate as w^e know it had its 
origin soon after the invention of printing by Guttenberg 
1440-1450. 

The oldest German book-plates (and the first ones 
used were of German origin) of which we know^ which 
were mechanically reproduced, are three woodcuts and 
are those of Hildebrand Brandenburg of Biberach, monk 
of the Carthusian monastery of Buxheim in Bavaria ; 
Domicellus Wilhelm von Zell of a Bavarian family and 



LYNN HISTORIC AT. SOCIETY 1 35 

Hans Igler also a Bavarian. The approximate date of 
these plates is about 1470 and much has been written to 
determine the priority in time of each but the first — that of 
Hildebrand Brandenburg is, I believe, by nearly common 
consent, considered the first to be used in a book. This 
3^oung monk having completed the copy of a work on 
vellum after untiring effort, which he desired to present to 
the monastery as evidence of his love for the brethren, de- 
signed and cut on wood a device which should mark it as 
his work and gilt. An impression from this block was 
pasted inside the cover of the book with the proper inscrip- 
tion added in writing. The monastery afterwards used 
impressions from this same block in all the books of its 
library. It is a curious fact that the von Zell plate was 
also found in a volume presented to this same monastery. 
. From this time to the year 1500 there w^ere but few book- 
plates used and they were mostly of heraldic design. In 
fact a very large proportion of German book-plates from the 
15th century to the present time display armorial bearings. 
Heraldry probably had its origin in France but it 
flourished widely in Germany and England, and though 
the underlying principles are the same, each country had 
its own peculiar modifications, but this is not the time or 
place to speak of these. The w^hole subject of Heraldry 
is so intimately associated with book-plates and is of so 
great interest, it requires more time than there is at my 
disposal to attempt more than a mere allusion to the subject 
except to say that the arms bourne by a family being so 
largely used in decoration, floating over ramparts on the 
banners, and blazoned on the shields, were so intimately 
personal and recognizable, that men who had the right to 
bear arms, naturally adopted them on their book-plates as 
evidences of ownership. 



136 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

The earlier book-plates were printed from wood blocks 
and designed by the best artists of the day ; conspicuous 
among these was Albert Durer, whose best known plate 
was the fine wood cut designed for his friend, Bibaldus 
Perkheimer, the Nuremburg jurist, of whom he also 
engraved a portrait on copper dated 1524. The book-plate 
of Hector Pomer Provost of the Church of St. Lawrence 
at Nuremburg, is also attributed to Diirer, though probably 
cut by R. A., who signs it. It seems pretty certain now 
that Diirer only made the designs for the woodcuts known 
as his. The more mechanical operation of cutting was 
handed over to subsidiary assistants. 

The book-plates of monasteries and divines are of 
extraordinar}' interest from the historical point of view, 
though they are not in ail cases of great artistic merit. 
The main reason which made the monasteries of the 
middle ages the centers of intellectual life and the distrib- 
utors of learning, was their possession of libraries. Every 
institution possessed rare illuminated manuscripts of which 
it was justly proud and which were jealously guarded, 
often being chained to their places to insure against theft. 
Such treasures would not be willingly lent. They must be 
studied where they lay, and the only exception to this riile 
would be when a volume was lent to a scribe to be labori- 
ously copied, a work lasting for months or even years. 
This was the only way books could be multiplied, and it is 
to the patience and industry of scribes and monkish 
cop3'ists that we owe the preservation of numerous literarv 
masterpieces. In those days the name of the monastery 
would be written inside the cover or on the fly leaf of the 
volume, and often the arms of the founder or the abbot 
would be added. 

But after the invention of printing and the rapid in- 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 1 37 

crease in the size of the libraries, this method gave way to 
the use of book-phites. The use of armorial bearings by 
ecclesiastics dates from a very early period, and lieraldic 
decorations were used so frequently for church purposes 
that nothing was more natural than that the coat of arms 
should form the principal ornaments on book-plates of 
church dignitaries. The plate of the monastery of the 
Dominican or preaching friars (Domini Canes — hounds of 
the Lord) is very interesting as a type of the monastic 
plate of the period. There were many other interesting 
types of plates used where mythological subjects and 
scenes were delineated, rococo plates, landscapes and so 
on, but we must pass them by and speak for a moment of 
the modern plates. The foundation of the modern German 
empire which had so great an influence on all branches of 
intellectual activity was not without its results in the 
domain of Art. The coldnesss and formality of the pre- 
ceding period gave way before the health and vigor of 
the new movement. So through the impulse of a truly 
national feeling there was the formation of a new style in 
Art, but was based on the works of the old German artists. 
And so Prof. Ilildebrandt, Josef Satder, George Barlosius, 
Stassen, Orlik, Pankok, Bernard Wenig, Eduard Lorenz 
Mayer, Emil Doepler and many of the most original of the 
younger artists of the day are showing through the medium 
of the modest book-plate what the modern style really is. 
The Germans have always had a peculiar love for color in 
decoration as their old costumes, painted houses, etc., etc., 
will w^itness, and this is being displayed in the great number 
of ex libris printed in colors and as there is no country- where 
the art of lithography has flourished as in Germany, so 
this process is largely used in the wonderful color products 
of the modern German ex libris. The earliest French 



138 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

book-plate known, is a plain printed label of the date i574* 
It may be however that this was not actually the first ex 
libris employed in France, for there exist in collections of 
old engravings many nameless coats of arms, emblazoned 
by French artists in the i6th century, the origin and use of 
which are doubtful and may remain unrecognized forever. 
There is a long interval between 1574 and the next dated 
plate which is an ex libris of folio size and dated 161 1. 
After this there is a lapse of nearly 40 years before we 
come to the next dated plate. Some excellent examples 
are known which prove that between 1574 and 1650 book- 
plates were engraved and coming into general use but as 
they are not dated their age can only be approximated. 
The French gentlemen of the 15th, i6th and 17th centuries 
who loved books, and formed large libraries, adopted the 
fashion of having their treasures sumptuoush' bound and 
the arms of the owner stamped on the covers. The library 
of Jean Grolier is a notable example, when his books num- 
bering about 3,000 volumes (an enormous number in those 
early days of printing), were all sumptuoush^ bound with 
the Grolier arms richlv emblazoned on the sides. Later 
the Court beauties who held influence over the kings were 
collectors of books, and volumes from their collections are 
eagerly sought, partly from their associations and partly 
on account of the eletrance of their bindincrs. The names 
of three or four of these will suffice. First comes Diana 
de Poitiers whose mono^jram interlaced with that of her 
royal lover, Henry II., is found on many of her exquisitely 
bound books. The Marquise de Maintenon, widow of the 
deformed jester Scarron, who became the mistress of Louis 
XIV., was a woman of crreat intellij^ence and. formed a val- 
uable library with her arms stamped on the richly bound 
covers. The Marquise de Pompadour, whose books were 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 1 39 

bound b}- the best binders of the day, were decorated with 
her arms stamped in gold upon the covers. Next comes 
the Countess du Barry, the last favorite of Louis XV., who, 
ignorant as she was, being unable to read, formed a small 
but valuable collection of books, all bound in red morocco 
and richlv <rilt and ornamented on the sides with her arms. 

The earlier book-plates of France, like those of Ger- 
many, were armorial in design, but the rapid multiplication 
of books and libraries, with the progress of education and 
philosophical speculation in France, caused men of taste 
and learning to use other devices, and so we see cupids, 
angels, cherubim, mythological deities serving the fashion 
of the time. Then we have dated plates ^more frequently 
where the names and long lists of titles and distinctions set 
forth the offices held by the owners of these elaborate 
plates. 

A decree was proposed by Lameth on June 20, 1790, 
that the titles of Duke, Count, Marquis, Viscount, Baron, 
Chevalier should be suppressed and was carried by a large 
majority in the French assembly, and all armorial bear- 
ings were abolished. When all around was in a state of 
revolution and turmoil, armorial book-plates became 
dangerous to their owners. Many were torn out and 
destroyed, others were concealed or altered and adapted 
to the feelings of the time. The short rule of Napoleon 
left little lasting mark upon the heraldry of France and 
the few innovations introduced by him were rescinded at 
the restoration of the Bourbons. 

When we turn to the book-plates of Great Britain we 
open a subject full of interest to the student and collector, 
for while armorial bearings form the basis of by far the 
greater number, still there are styles which mark periods 
of time and show there were distinctive fashions in the 
forms used. 



140 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 

There are but two known book-plates of the i6th 
century, one is dated 15 16, the other 1574. The latter is 
the plate of Nicholas Bacon. It is difficult to believe that 
the early English printers, who as a rule had such very 
excellent personal marks of their own, singularly Teutonic 
in character, should not in some manner or other have 
adopted the wide-spread German use of movable ex libris ; 
but the i6th century has produced these two specimens 
only, which belong to the latter half of Elizabeth's reign. 
These plates are of a style which is called Tudoresque or 
Early English, and remained in favor until the early days 
of the restoration. Then there comes a deviation from 
this type which is found in plates of the period between 
1625-1660 to which the name of Carolinean is given. No 
doubt the Parliamentary wars caused the destruction of 
mail}' books and thus of many book-plates, and the days 
of the Commonwealth were hardly propitious to book 
collection or ex libris devising. But the Restoration 
brought back the old order of things, and a very abundant 
sprouting of personal devices among the leaves of English 
books suggest a general revival of interest in library 
matters. Plates of this period are known in large numbers 
and present very definite characteristics. The very heavy 
mantling, w^hich almost completely enveloped the shield, 
was one of the chief fashions of this period. Man}' of 
these plates were dated, and dated plates are of great 
interest, for the period is always easily discernable and its 
relative position is tixed. The next style of plate is 
described as Jacobean, w^hich showing several minor difter- 
ences, is the form in vogue after the end of the reign of 
James II. and continuing down to the time of the Georges. 
The characteristic of these plates w^as a certain form of 
frame which was placed around the escutcheon and bore 



LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY I41 

a considerable amount of ornamentation, the shield seem- 
ing to be set into the frame but with a sort of lining which 
was usually imbricated into a pattern of fish scales one 
upon the other. Next come the Qiieen Anne and early 
Georgian styles and they partake of the style of the times 
as displayed in architecture and decoration. The style 
might well be named the Grinling Gibbons, after the 
carver and designer of those celebrated frames, mantels 
and wall panels so well appreciated by Sir Christopher 
Wren. 

The centralized splendor of the French courts gave 
rise to the style of decoration called Rococo, and it was 
but natural that this style of ornamentation should be seen 
in the book-plate design, w^hich, as long as it w^as dealt 
with by tactful hands, has never been excelled for deco- 
rative purposes. This form of plate came into use at the 
same time Thomas Chippendale was giving to the English 
people those charming examples of furniture which had 
revolutionized the old forms, so it took the name which at 
this period stood for the great freedom from convention 
for which both the furniture and book-plate were distin- 
guished. These plates were extremely popular for a time, 
but the fashions in ex libris change as surely as the fash- 
ions in dress, so we find the Chippendale form giving way 
to the graceful Ribbon and Wreath. With this comes 
the spade shaped shield, gracefully decorated with sprays 
and vines as well as garlands of flowers. 

Of the literary plates, so called, the book pile is a 
very distinctive English production and consists, as the 
name implies, of piles of books as accessory to the heraldic 
shield or device. Library interiors, or books show^n in 
varied positions, mark this style of ex libris. The portrait 
plates are comparatively few ; trophy plates with arms or 



142 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

munitions of war are found, and we have landscape plates in 
infinite variety. Thomas Bewick, who brought about a re- 
vival of wood engraving, has given us many of these land- 
scape plates in vignette form. Of the plain armorial plates 
there are thousands, but they have little interest for us as far 
as design or workmanship may be concerned. The modern 
plates are varied in form and design and partake of the 
styles of the different designers of the day, notabh' among 
whom are C. W. Sherborn, George W. Eve, H. Stacy 
Marks, Walter Crane, William Bell Scott, R. Anning 
Bell, Will Foster, Thomas Moring, Miss C. llelard and 
others. 

The plates of North America are essentially English 
up to the time of the American Revolution, and the 
style of the English plate was here adhered to. The 
plates south of Pennsylvania were mostly engraved in 
England and were of better workmanship than those made 
in the states northw^ard, where the designers and engravers 
were mostly self taught. The earliest known dated 
plate of American origin is that of "Johannes Williams," 
probably the first minister of Deerfield, Mass., whose 
house was raided by the Indians and he taken into 
captivit}^. It is a printed label and bears the date 
1679. Next to this is the type label of John Han- 
cock, the minister at Lexington, Mass., and grandfather 
of Governor John Hancock. It is dated 1687, and 
beyond its relative antiquity it is of peculiar interest 
because it was printed at the first press established in 
America, at Cambridge, and the type border is the same 
as that used in printing the second edition of Eliot's Indian 
Bible. This label was printed by Samuel Green and pre- 
sumably on the first printing press brought to this country. 
The type labels of Samuel Phillips of Andover dated 1707 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 1 43 

and Thomas Prince, pastor of the Old South Church, 
Boston, 1701, are of interest on account of the early dates. 
Boston had a town library, the first in x\merica, and its 
volumes had stamped' on the outside of the cover, " Belong- 
ing to Ye library of Boston in New England." This 
librar}' was kept in the Town House and was burned with 
it in 1711. It stood on the site of the Old State House. 
A few books escaped, most of which repose in the library 
of the Boston Athenreum ; but one copy has come into m}- 
possession and is shown here tonight. The most interest- 
ing plates, from a collector's standpoint, are those signed 
by the engraver and so they point with pride to the plates 
they possess engraved by Turner, Hurd, Revere, Dawkins, 
Doolittle, Maverick, Alexander Anderson, Callender, 
Furness, Rollinson, Smithers, Trenchard, Hill and so on. 
There were eight Presidents of the United States who had 
bookplates: Washington, John and John Q^ Adams, Mon- 
roe, Tyler, Van Buren, Fillmore and Roosevelt, and at 
least 12 signers of the Declaration of Independence. One 
ma}^ see in the list of Virginia, Mar^'land, North and South 
Carolina and Georgia plates the names of the first families, 
and in the New England States, New York, New Jersey 
and Pennsylvania are found the names of the men most 
distinguished in the professions and science and the fore- 
most men of affairs of the day. Many of these plates are 
poorly executed both in design and engraving, but they 
were the the best the region around afforded, and stood for 
as much as the more ornate work of more favored sections. 
The work of our modern ex libris artists, who have 
given us the charming book-plates of today, will stand as 
models of refinement and taste as long as ex libris exist. 
Edwin Davis French of New York, Sidney L. Smith and 
J. Winfred Spenceley of Boston have produced, each in 



144 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

his own peculiar style, plates which are unexcelled in con- 
ception and treatment. Besides these three there are many 
excellent draughtsmen who have made most charming- and 
interesting plates, so the field is wide in choice of style or 
desitjn in the makinc^ of one's ex libris, so that today if one 
feels drawn to possessing a private, personal mark of 
ownership, the opportunity is easily offered. On the cir- 
cular announcing this meeting, four names of Americans 
were mentioned as possessing these marks of ownership, 
and of these I will speak briefly, though I might take a 
considerable time in relating interesting anecdotes of men 
w^hose plates we possess, though I am not at liberty to do 
so at this time, such as Anthon}' Stewart of Annapolis, 
Maryland, who set fire to his vessel in the harbor loaded 
with tea, rather than pay the tax, or of William Henry 
Drayton of South Carolina, who, after having been 
appointed to the bench by King George III., in making 
his first charge to the ]ury, concluded his remarks by 
saying, ^'that some might think his charge inconsistent with 
his duty to the King who had just placed him on the bench," 
"but for my part," he said, "in my judicial character I 
know" no master but the law ; I am a servant, not of the 
King', but to the Constitution ; and in my estimation shall 
best discharge my duty as a good servant to the King and 
a trusty officer under the Constitution when I boldly 
declare the laws to the people and instruct them in their 
civil rights." 

I hold in my hand a volume once possessed and 
handled by George Washington with his name written by 
his own hand on the title page and with his book-plate on 
the inside of the cover. This plate was made in England 
and bears the arms of his family. In later years, when 
pursuant to an act of Congress then held in the city of 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY I45 

Philadelphia, he consulted with Spinster Betsey Ross 
about the makinc^ a tlacr which would be the national 
emblem, it may be that the tlrst suggestion ot' the stars and 
stripes came from the family arms engraved on his book- 
plate, and in the discussion which followed as to whether 
the star should have 5 or 7 points, it was settled by having 
5 as are seen on the stars in his plate. All the memorials 
of this noble as well as notable person are highly prized, 
and justh' so, by every patriotic American citizen, and so 
this volume stands as the corner stone of my collection, 
one of the objects in which I take greatest pride. 

It is curious at first sight that the son of a candle maker 
should use such an elaborate book-plate as does John 
Franklin, but he and his brother Benjamin were proud of 
their lineage and John used the family coat of arms as his 
ex libris. Benjamin showed his family pride when he 
would not allow the family arms to be stamped on the 
cakes of soap made by his father. When Benjamin 
Franklin was Deputy Postmaster General he made his 
brother John Postmaster of Boston, he having not made a 
success of candle making. This plate is of extreme inter- 
est and great rarity, this being the second copy known at 
the present time. It was executed by one of our earliest 
engravers, J. Turner, of w^hom very little is know^n. He 
lived one time in Boston but removed later to Philadelphia. 
Besides the Franklin, he engraved two other plates, Sir 
John St. Clair and Isaac Norris of Philadelphia. Of Paul 
Revere it is needless for me to speak except to say that all 
honor is due him for his many acts of patriotism and he is 
justly endeared to our hearts, whether or not he took the 
midnight ride as sung by our poet Longfellow, and his 
fame will never be dimmed by those iconoclasts who 
would rob our childhood of Santa Claus, our boyhood of 
the cherry tree story of Washington, or our youth of the 



146 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Midnight Ride of Paul Revere. Paul Revere engraved 
four book-plates that he signed, besides his own, and 
though the artistic merit of these plates is inferior to many 
others, still they stand today as the most sought for plates 
next to that of George Washington. 

William Penn has come down to us in history as a 
man revered by all who read the English language, and 
the associations of a book from his library containing his 
book-plate give us the keenest delight, and I can best sum 
up his life work in the words of one of his latest 
biographers : 

" Born in stormy times, William Penn walked amid 
troubled waters all his days. In an age of bitter persecu- 
tion and unbridled wickedness, he never wronged his 
conscience. A favored member of a court where states- 
l manship w^as intrigue and trickery, where the highest 

I morality was corruption, he never stained his hands with a 

I bribe. Living under a government at war with the people, 

f and educated in a school that taught the doctrine of passive 

obedience, his life-long dream was of popular government, 
of a state where the people ruled. 

In his early manhood, at the bidding of conscience, 
against the advice of his dearest friends, in opposition to 
stern paternal commands, against every dictate of w'orldly 
wisdom and human prudence, in spite of all the dazzling 
temptations of ambition so alluring to the heart of a young 
man, he turned away from the broad, fair highw^ay to 
wealth, position and distinction, that the hands of a king 
opened before him, and, casting his lot with the sect weakest 
and most unpopular in England, through paths that were 
tangled with trouble and lined with pitiless thorns ot' per- 
secution, he walked into honor and fame and the reverence 
of the world, such as royalty could not promise and could 
not give him. 



LYNN HISTORICAL S0CIF:TY 1 47 

In the land where he planted his model state, today, 
no descendant bears his name. In the religious society for 
which he suffered banishment from home, persecution and 
the prison, today, no child of his blood and name walks in 
Christian fellowship, nor stands covered in worship. His 
name has faded out of the living meetings of the Friends, 
out of the land that crowns his memory with sincerest 
reverence. Even the uncertain stone that would mark his 
grave stands doubtingly among the kindred ashes that 
hallow the ground where he sleeps. 

But his monument, grander than storied column of 
granite, or noble shapes of bronze, is set in the glittering 
brilliants of mighty states between the seas. His noblest 
epitaph is written in the state that bears his honored name. 
The little town he planned to be his capital has become a 
city, larger in area than any European capital he knew. 
Beyond his fondest dreams has grown the state he planted 
in the wilderness by '' deeds of peace." Out of the gloomy 
mines, that slept in rayless mystery beneath its mountains 
while he lived, the measureless wealth of his model state 
sparkles and glows on millions of hearthstones. From its 
forests of derricks and miles of creeping pipe lines, the 
world is lighted from the state of Penn with a radiance to 
which the sons of the founders sons w^ere blind. Roaring 
blast and smoky forge and ringing hammer are tearing and 
breaking the wealth of princes from his mines, that the 
founder never knew. 

Clasping the continent from sea to sea, stretches a 
chain of states as free as his own. From sunrise to sunset 
reaches a land where the will of the people is the supreme 
law, a land that never felt the pressure of a throne, and 
never saw a sceptre. And in the heart of the city that 
was his capital, in old historic halls, still stands the 



I4S I.YNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

bell that first, in the name of the doctrines he taught his 
colonists, proclaimed liberty throughout the land, and to 
all the inhabitants thereof. This is his monument, and 
every noble charity gracing this state is his epitaph." 

I have tried to tell you in a brief way the story of the 
book-plate but alas, have left unsaid so much that I feel I 
have fallen far short of the possibilities of the subject, but 
if I have given you the slightest hint of what was intended 
in my address, I shall be more than satisiied, and if I have 
awakened the smouldering tires of enthusiasm in one of 
you over the hidden treasures contained in the study of 
these marks of possession and association, I feel that the 
evening has not been misspent. 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY I49 

INDEX OF THE REGISTER 

Of the Ljnn Historical Society from 1S97 to 190S inclusive 



The papers cited in italics, although read at meetings of the Society, have not yet 
been printed in the Register. 

The Society has copies of such unpublished papers marked *, and desires for its 
archives copies of papers, in italics but not marked with an asterisk. 

The list of necrologies and a reference to the genealogies follow this index. 



Abolitionism in Ljnn and Essex County, Dr. Benjamin 

Percival 1908-109 

Afternoon Teas . . . • 189S-16 

*Aga'ivam River ^ aji Essex County Waaler- Way^ George 

Francis Doxv ......... igo4-ig 

Agreement of Association, of the Society .... 1897-12 

*Albree, Jo/in, Colo7iial Tijne-Kee^ing ..... igoj-/j 

*Albree, John^ the Communion Service at the First Church arid 

its Donors igoj-ij 

Albree,John, Cotton Mather and his Sermon on Ye Plague 

of Quakerism ......... igoj-i6 

Albree, John, the Swampscott Beaches . . • . . 1904-9 

Alley P'amily, Reception to , . . . . . . . 1908-12 

Anti-Slavery Days in Dynn, JVilliam D. Thompson . . igo6-i4 

Apology for Antiquarian Research, Robert S Rantoul . . igob-S 

Appleton Pulpit Tablet 189S-22 

*■ Arnold's March from Cambridge to .Quebec, Ezra D. Hines, igoi-14 

Athenian Club, Merrill F. Delnow 1907-44 

AttAvill Family, reception to 1907-14 

* Baker Dr., Charles, May L. Sheldon ..... igo4-jS 

* Barker, Dr. Charles O., May L. Sheldon .... igo4-i8 
Barney, Charles Neal, the Last Ten Tears in the History 

of Lynti .......... jgo6-S 

Barney, Charles Neal, the Laws and Judicial System of the 

Massachusetts Bay Colony ....... igoo-12 

Bartholomew's Pond, excursion to . . . . . . 1902-12 

* Bartlett, Mary Andrews, Dr. Daniel Perley . . . igo^-i6 

Basset, William, some Descendants of, John Breed New hall, 1906-S5 



I50 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



Baj State Historical League, Boston meeting May 20 

Bay State Historical League, Boston meeting Feb. 18 

Bay State Historical League, Boston meeting April 30 

Bay State Historical League, Boston meeting Feb. 25 

Bay State Historical League, Boston meeting Feb. 17 

Bay State Historical League, Brookline meeting April i8 

Bay State Historical League, Concord meeting June 3 . 

Bay State Historical League, Haverhill meeting Sept. 21 

Bay State Historical League, Hyde Park meeting April 19 

Bay State Historical League, Lexington meeting June 4 

Bay State Historical League, Lynn meeting Dec. 5 

Bay State Historical League, Ipswich meeting June 2 

Bay State Historical League, ^L'l^blehead meeting July 20 

Bay State Historical League, >redford meeting Nov. 24 

Bay State Historical League, Qiiincy meeting June 6 

Bay State Historical League, Salem meetinig Dec. 7 

Bay State Historical League, membership of Lynn Historical 

Society in 

Beard, Dajiiel B., the Place of the Iitn in early Nevj Eng- 

land L, if e ......... 

Bennett Fratik P., the Bennett Faintly of Saugiis, LynJi 

Groton ......... 

*Befinett, Mary C. P., Dr. James Gardner . 

Bible Family Records 

Billy Gray House Tablet 

* Birds of Lynn a fid Vici?iity, Isabel J/. Breed 

Black, Miss B. J., How Francis Rolfe, the Town Clerk, Saved 
the Lynn Regis Charters 

Blind, Books for at Lynn Free Public Library 

Bliss, George S., Lantern Slides and Historical Houses i 
Lynn .......... 

Blue Hill, excursion to 

Blue Hill, excursion to ...... . 

Books for the Blind, Elihu B. Hayes .... 

Book Plates, their Story and their Charm, 
Clark 

Boston, North End of , William E. Dorman 

Breakheart-Hill Camp, excursion to 

* Breed, Dr. Bozvman B., Annie R. Phillifs 

* Breed, Ebenezcr, Isabel M. Breed 
Breed Family, reception to . , . 

* Breed, Isabel M., Birds of Lynn and vicinity 

* Pi reed, Isabel M.. Ebenezcr Breed , . . 



Dr. Charles E 



1903 
1904 
1904 

1905 

1906 

1908-12 

1905-19 

1907 

1907-15 

1904-16 

190S-15 

1906-16 

1907-16 

1906-16 

190S-13 

1907-16 

1903-16 

1903-13 

jgoy-i2 
igo^-iS 
1905-32 
1S98-22 
igo4-i8 

1908-52 



1899-13 

1903-15 
1904-16 
1902-11 

190S-131 

1903-^3 
189S-12 
jgoj-i6 
jgo2-io 
1906-15 
I go 4- 1 S 
I go 2- 10 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCILTY I5I 

* Breed, Isabel M., Front Street, nov: Broad Street . . /<poj-/6 

* Breed, Isabel A/., Lynn Harbor jgo3-ij 

Breed, Isabel J/., Prudence Wright and the \Voine7i xv/to 

Guarded the Bridge ........ igo^-ig 

Brookline meeting, Bay State Historical League . . . 190S-12 

Brown Family, reception to ...... . 1907-14 

Bubier Family, reception to 1908-12 

Biiffuvi, Charles, Aspects of Lynn fifty to one hundred Tears 

ago ........... iSgg-i^ 

Bujfum, Charles, Customs of the People of Lynn Early in 

the Last Century igoi-12 

Buffum, Charles, Reminiscences of a Business Life in Lynn, 1908-92 

Bunker Hill, excursion to ....... 1903-13 

* Bunker Hill, Guy Neivhall igoj-ij 

*Burchsted, Dr. John Henry, May Z,. Sheldon . . - igo4-i8 

Burial Ground Tablet, West Lj'nn . . . . . ' . 1898-21 

Burrill, Ellen Mudge, the Burrill Family of Lynn . . . 1907-64 
*Burrill, Elle7i Mudge, Our Church {First Univ.) and the 

People zvho made it ....... . igo8-i2 

*Burrill, Ellen Mudge, the Communion Service at the First 

Church and its Donors ....... igoy-ij 

Burrill Family, reception to . . . . . . . 1907-14 

Burrill Hill, excursion to . . . . . . . 1902-12 

Buttonwoods, invitation to . . . . . . ■ . 1904-20 

By-laws, amendment to .....*. . 1904-20 

By-laws, original 1897-15 

By-laws, with amendments . . . . . ... 1908-8 

Call for preliminary meeting of the Lynn Historical Society, 1S97-7 

Canobie Lake, excursion to ...... . 190S-14 

Castle Hill, excursion to 1899-14 

* Cemeteries Past and Present., William Stone . . . igo^-iS 
*Cefitral Square in Early Days, William Stone . . . fgo6-/j 
Chapter in the Story of the Iron Works, Nathan M. Hawkes, 1902-46 
Charter of the Lynn Historical Society ..... 1897-17 

Charier Members ......... 1897-32 

Chase, Philip Augustus Resolutions upon .... 1903-37 

Church of Massachusetts, the Established, Henry T.Lummus, 1901-34 

City Hall Grounds Tablet ....... 1898-21 

Clark, Charles E., Book Plates, their Story and their Charm, 190S-131 

Clergymen of Lynn, reception to 1904-18 

Clergymen of Lynn, reception to . . , . . . 1906-15 

Clergymen of Lynn, reception to ..... . 1907-14 



152 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



Clinton, Dedication of Holder Memorial Building . . . 1905-15 

Cobb, Bessie B., Persofial Treasures of Colonial Times . . /goj-/6 

* Cobb J Carolus M., The Medieal Aspeet of Salem Witchcraft, igoj-17 

* Coffin, Dr. Edward L. Lticiuda M. Lnnimus . . . /go^-/8 
Colonial Communion Set of the First Congregational Church 

Frontispiece, igoj 

* Colonial Land Titles, Nathan M. Hawkes (/st paper before 

the Society) ......... iSgy-21 

* Colonial Time-Keeping., John Albree ..... igo^-ij 

* Communion Service at First Church and its Donors, John 

Albree and Ellen Mudg-c Burrill ..... igoy-ij 

Concord, excursion to . . . . , . . . 1905-19 

Concord, excursion to ....... . 1904-16 

*Covell, Arthur J. Old Boston and Lynn Regis . . . igo>-ij 

Curiosities, collection of . . . . . . . . 1S97-24 

Custodians, appointment of ...... . 1900-14 

Customs of Lynn Early in the last Century, Charles Buffum, igoi-12 

Dagvr, John Adam, Memorial stone to . . . . . 1903-17 

Danvers, excursion to , . ...... 1902-12 

Dean, John Ward, Resolutions upon . . ... 1902-14 

Delnow, Merrill F., the rVthenian Club ..... 1907-44 

* Doctors of the Toxvn of Lynti, May L. Sheldo?i . . . igo^-iS 
Dor man, William E.., the North end of Bosto?i . . . igoj-ij 
Dow, George Francis, the River Agav.-am, an Essex County 

Water- Way ..'...... igo4~ig 

Dummer Academy, excursion to . . . . . . 1900-12 

Dungeon Rock, excursion to . . . . . . . 1900-13 

Dzvyer, Elmer F., the Geological Story of Lyun . . . i goo- 11 

Early Lewis, Broad and Nahant Streets, John Breed Ne\vhall, 1906-59 
*East Lynji or Woodend in the Early Part of the Century, 

Margaret E. Porter ........ igoo-12 

* Emerson, Philip, the Geography of Lyuft .... igoj-is 

* English Parish to Nevj England Toxvn, George H. Martin, iSgg-i^ 
Established Church of Massachusetts, Henry T. Lummus, 1901-34 

* Evening xi'ith some Former I^ynn Physicians, May L. Sheldon, igoj-id 
Everett Debating Society Reunion ...... 1908-S5 

Evolution of the Town from the Parish, Nathan >L Ilawkes, 1S9S-37 

Exploring Circle, Wilbur F. Newhall ..... 1907-56 



Family Records, in Bibles 1905-32 

I'lrrar, Thomas, some Descendants of, John Breed Xewhall . 1906-85 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



153 



Fav Estate, excursion to ..... 

Fiftieth Anniversary of Lvnn as a City . 

* Firsf Church of Christy -73ih Anniversary 

First Church of Christ in Lynn, George H. Martin 

First Congregational Meeting-house, Revoluiionary Com 

memoration services in .... . 
First meeting of Lynn Historical Society, notice of 
First Methodist Meeting-house, Howard Mudge Newhall 
* Flagg, Dr. John^ ]\Iay L. Sheldon 
Flag Gray House, Nathan >L Hawkes 

* Floating Bridge at Lynn, C. J. H. Woodbury 
Folly Hill, Danvers, excursion to . 
Formation of the Lynn Historical Society 

* Flora of Lynn, Louis A. Wcnt'vorth 
From Stage-coach to Railroads, Charles E. Mann 

* Front Street nozv Broad Street, Isabel J/. Breed . 

* Gardner, Dr. James, Mary C. P. Bennett . 
Genealogical Records of members .... 

* Genealogy , John L. Parker ..... 

* Geography of Lyym, Philip Emerson 
Geological Story of I^yn7i, Ehner F. Dvjyer . 

* Glacial Geology of Lynn, James Walter Goldtlnvaite 
Glimpses of Every Day Life in Colonial Times, Rev. T. F. 

Waters ........ 

Gloucester, dedication of tablet at . 
Gloucester, excursion to . 

* Goldthtvaite, James Walter, Glacial Geology of Ly?in 
Goodcll, Abner C, .Quakers, the Authors of Religious Liberty 

* Gould, Dr. Abram, George //. i\Iarti)i 
Graves, Isaiah, the Old Village Inn in Woodend . 
Greenfield, 250th anniversary, invitation to . 

* Hacker, Sally II., Lazvs and Social Customs of the d^iiakers 
*Harbor of Lynn, Isabel M. Breed .... 

* Harris, Isaac K., Old Mills in Lynn .... 
*Hart House, The Old, Charles E. Mann 

Haverhill and Amesbury Excursion ..... 

Haverhill Historical Society, excursion to . . . 
Haverhill Historical Society, invitation to . • . 

Haw'kes, Nathan >L, A Chapter in the Story of the Saugus 
Iron Works ....... 

^Havjkcs, Nathan M., Colonial Land Titles . 



1902-12 
1900-12 

1905-9 

1904-20 

1897-14 

1903-9 

igo4-i8 

1900-9 

i8g8-i2 

1905-13 

1897-7 

igo4-i8 

igo7-i2 

igoj-i6 

igo4-i8 
1903-32 
igoi-13 
igoy-i2 
I goo- 1 1 
igo4-ig 

igo^-id 
1907-15 
1902-13 
I go 4- 1 g 

1903-^3 
rgoj-id 
igo3-is 
1903-16 

iSgg-13 
igo2-J3 
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1905-15 
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1902-46 
iSgj-2i 



154 LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

Hawkes, Nathan NL, Evolution of the Town from the Parish, 1S98-37 

Hawkes, Nathan M., the Flag Gray House .... 1900-9 

Hawkes, Nathan M., Lynn Woods 1903-14 

Hawkes, Nathan >L, the Meeting-house of the Second Church 

of Lynn 1899-9 

Hawkes, Nathan ^L, the Meeting-house of the Third Parish, 1901-9 
*Haxvkes, Nathan M., the Parting of the Ways betxvcen 

Toxvn Xind Parish 1907-13 

Hayes, Elihu B., Books for the Blind 1901-11 

*Hazcltine, Dr. Richard, May L. Sheldon .... 1904-18 

*Hill, Susa?i T., Old-time Schools afid Schooihoiises, . . 1901-13 

*Hines, Ezra D., the March of Arnold from Cambridge to 

Quebec igoi-14 

Hingham, excursion to . . . . . . . . 1908-14 

Hyde Park, Bay State Historical League meeting . . . 1907-15 

Holder, Caroline //., Pine Hill igo3-i3 

* Holder , Charles Frederick, Early Quakers of Ne-v England, 1902-11 
Hood, Richard, some Descendants of, John Breed Newhall . 1906-S5 
How Francis Rolfe, the Town Clerk saved the Lynn Regis 

Charters, Miss B. J. Black 1908-52 

How to Study Local History, Sidney Perlcy .... 1906-14 

* Indian Wars, Lynn in the Early, George H. Martin . . 190^-17 
* Ingalls, Edzvin W., The Ingalls Family ifi Reminiscences . 1906-14 
Inn, Place of, iti Early Neiv England Life, Daniel B. Beard, 1^03-13 
Iron Works, Saugus, a Chapter in the Story of, Nathan ^L 

Hawkes 1902-46 

Iron Works Tablet, at Saugus 1898-21 

Johnson, Anna L., the Lynn Hotel ...... 1903-14 

Johnson, Boijamin N., Description of Lantern Slides of Lynn 

and Saugus viezvs ........ i8gg-i3 

Joh?ison, Benjamin N., Extracts from the vjritings of B enj- 
oin in F. Nevjhall . . . . . . . . i8gj-22 

Johnson, Benjamin N., Kings s Lynn as it Wasa?id as it Is . igo8-ii 

Johnson, Benjamin N., The Old Anchor Tavern . . . 1903-14 

Johnson, Benjamin N., Orator at Fiftieth Anniversary of Lynn 

as a City 1900-12 

* Johnson, Bejjamiii N., Saugus River ..... 1906-13 
Johnson, David N., Life a)id Writings of Cyrus Mason 

Tracy iSgj-22 

Johnson, David N., What is History . . ... . igo2-i3 

Johnson Family, reception to . . . . . . . 1906-15 

*Johnson, Rev. Samuel, Samuel B. Stezvart .... igo6-i4 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCILTY 



155 



Keene, Frank, Precedents of History made in Lynn 

A7//^'-\v Lynn as il JTas and as it /s, Benjamin X. Johnson 

King's Lynni Kngland, James II. Van Bnrcn 

King's Lynn, How Francis Rolfe Saved the Charters, Miss 

B.J. Black • 

(Also see Lynn Regis.) 
*Kittredirc^ Dr. Edward A., Katkerinc M. Pinkham 
*Kittredgc^ Dr. Edxvard A.^ May L. Sheldon 

*L,abaree, John, Parson Robie of Saugus 
*L,and Titles^ Colonial, Nathan M. Ilaxvkes . 
East Ten Years in the History of E\7in, Charles Neal Barney 
Eaxus and Judicial Syste/n of the Massachusetts Bay Colony 
Charles Neal Barney ...... 

* Legal Asfcct of Salctn Witchcraft, Guy Neva hall 
Lexington excursion to . 

Library for the Blind, accounts of, Maria B. Woodbury 
Library of Lynn Historical Society, Commencement of 
Loan exhibition in Proctor Building 
Loan exhibition at 90 Exchange street . 
*Luvimus, Dr. Aaron., Lucinda M. Lummus . 
Lummus, Henry T., the Established Church of Massachusetts 

* Lummus, Dr. John, I^ucinda M. Lummus 

* Lummus, Lucinda M., Dr. Edruard L. Cofin 
*I^Hmmus, Lucinda M., Dr. Aaron Lummus . 
*Licmmus, Lucinda M., Dr. Joh7i Lummus 
Lynn Academy, George H. Martin 
Lyuji Early in this Ceiitury, Charles Bujfum . 
Lynn Farms, Trip to, Mary A. Parsons . 
*Lynn, Flora of, Louis A. Wenthivorth . 
Lynn Fifty to 0?ic Hundred Years ago, Charles Buffum 

Lynn Fire Tablet 1S89 

*Lynn, Geography of , Philip Einersoti 
Lynn, Geological Story of, Elmer F. Divyer 
*L^ynn, Glacial Geology of , Jajues Walter Goldthzvaite 
*Lynn Harbor, Isabel M. Breed .... 
Lynn Historical Society, purpose of . . . 
L^ynn Hotel. Anna L. Johnso)i ..... 
*Lynn in the Early Indian JVars, George H. Martin 
Lynn Meeting, Bay State Historical League . 
*Lynn, Old Time Physician^ of , May L. Shcldoti . 

* Lynn and its Old Time Shoemakers Shops, William Stone 
Lynn, Precedents of History made in, Frank Keene 



1902-15 
/QoS-// 
iSg-j-22 

190S-52 

igoj-i6 
i()04-i8 

jgo^-17 
i8g7-2i 
igo6-S 

I goo- 1 2 
igOj-17 
1904-16 
1903-23 
1897-23 
1898-10 
1905-17 
igo4-i8 
1901-34 
igo4-i8 
igo4-i8 
I go 4- 1 8 
igo4-i8 
190S-58 
igoo-j2 

1905-52 
igo4-i8 
iSgg-13 
1898-22 
igo7-i2 
igoo-ji 
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1907-3 
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1908-15 
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1902-15 



156 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



*L.ynn Soldiers in the Revolution^ Hoivcird K. Sanderson 
Lvnn Woman's Club, invitation to ... 

Lvnn Woods, Nathan >L Hawkes .... 

Ljnn Woods, Botani-cal excursion to 

Lynn Woods, excursion to .... . 

Lynnfield Centre, excursion to .... 

Lynnfield, Dedication of Revolutionary Monuments 
Lynnfield Meeting-house, Nathan ^L Hawkes 
Lynnfield, Trip to Mary A. Parsons 
*Lynn Regis^ and Old Boston, Arthur J. Covell 
Lynn Regis, How Francis Rolfe Saved the Charters 
B.J. Black . . . ... 

(See King's Lynn.) 



Miss 



I(p2-IO 
1904-20 
1903-14 
1904-17 
I9OI-I3 
1897-21 

1905-13 
1899-9 

1905-52 

igo2-is 
1908-52 



*]\Iangan, John J., Rev. Jeremiah Shcpard, the Third Minis- 
ter of Lynn, 16S0-1730 ....... igoyib 

* Mann, Charles E., The Old Hart House . • . . 1901-13 
Mann, Charles E., Stage-Coach to Railroads . . , igoy-12 

Marblehead, excursion to 1899-14 

Martin George H., the First Church of Christ in Lynn . 1905-9 

*Martin George H,, From English Parish to Ne-M England 

toxvn i8gg-i3 

* Martin, George H., Dr. Abram Gould ..... igo^-i6 
Martin, George H., the Lynn Academy 1908-58 

* Martin, George H., Lynn in the Early Indian Wars . . igo^-iy 
Martin George H., Public services of Strawberry Brook . 1902-11 
Martin, George H., Public services of Strawberry Brook . 1904-58 
Massachusetts Bay Colony, Laxvs and Judicial System of, 

Charles Neal Barney ....... i goo- 12 

Mather, Cotton, Sermon on Ye Plague of Quakerism, John 

Albree igoyib 

Medford, Bay State Historical League meeting . . . 1906-16 

* Medical Aspect of Salem Witchcraft, Carolus M. Cobb. . igo^-ij 
Meeting-house of the Second Church of Lynn, Nathan M. 

Hawkes 1899-9 

Members calling first meeting of Lynn Historical Society, 1S97-8 

Merrimac River, excursion to . . . ... . . 1903-15 

Merrimac River, excursion to . . . . . . . 1904-17 

Merrimac River, excursion to 1906-16 

Methuen, excursion to . 1900-12 

* Mills, Old at Lynn, Isaac K. Harris ..... iSgg-12 

Milton, Blue Hill, excursion to 1903-15 

Mineral Spring Hotel, Eugene A, Putnam .... ^903-13 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIT^TY 



:>/ 



Mudge Family, reception to 
Mushroom Walk, excursion 



Nahant, Geological outing at . 

NaJiaut, Sketches of Helen Louise Sfetson 

New Hampshire People, reception to . .* . 

Nc7v Light Movement of 1S22, Henry B. S/>rag'ue 

Newburjport, excursion to . . . • . 

Newhall, Asa T'.'s House, excursion to . 

Newhall Family, reception to . . . . 

*Ne-.vhaU, Guy, Bunker Hill 

*Ne-i'hall Guy^ Legal Aspect of Salem Witchcraft, 
Newhall, John Breed, Early Lewis, Broad and Nahant Streets 
Newhall, Howard Mudge, the First Methodist Meeting-House 
Ne-i-vhalf Hoxvard Aluda^e, the Old Tavern on North Com 

mon Street ........ 

Newhall, Howard Mudge, Ten Years of the Lynn Historical 

Society 

Nexvhall, Hozvard JMudge, Views of Lynn 
Newhall, Wilbur F., the Exploring Circle 
North End of Boston, William E. Dornian . 
North End of Boston, excursion to . . . . 

North Shore Club, invitation to ... . 

Notice of First Meeting, Lynn Historical Society . 
*Nye, Dr. James M., May L. Sheldon 



Old Anchor Tavern, Benjamin N. Johnson 

* Old Boston and Lynn RegiSy Arthur J. Covell 
Old Garrison House, excursion to . 

* Old Hart House, Charles E. Manyi 

Old Home Week at Lynn 

* Old Mills at Lynn, Isaac K. Harris 

Old Planters' Society, invitation to ... 

Old Planters' Society, meeting at Salem . 
Old School Reading Books, Eugene A. Putnam 
Old Songs, concert of ..... . 

Old Tavern on North Cotnmon Street, Howard 
Newhall 

* Old Time Schools and School-houses, Susan T. Hill 
Old Town Records, committee on . 

Old Town Records, publication of . 

Old Tavern Tablet ....... 

Old Tunnel, plan of ...... 



Mudgi 



1907-14 
1904-17 

1904-17 
igo2-io 
1902-13 
iSgS-// 
1902-12 
1901-14 
1906-15 
igos-ij 
1903-17 
1906-59 
1903-9 

1903-14 

1906-10 

1900-13 

1907-56 
1903-13 
1903.13 
1902-13 
1897-X4 
1903-16 

1903-14 
1902-13 
1904-17 
190J-13 
1907-13 
1899-/2 
1904-20 
1903-16 
1900-12 
1907-12 



1903-14 
1901-13 

1905-32 
1904-30 
1S9S-21 
Frontispiece, 1S9S 



iS8 



L^NN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



Old Villa oc Inn in Wooclcnd, haiah Graves .... jgoj-ij 

Organization of Lynn Historical Society .... 1897-11 

*Parker, John L., Genealogy ........ 1901-13 

* Parson Robie of Saugus, John Labarce .... igOj-17 

Parsons, Mary A., Trip to Lynn Farms 1905-52 

*Parting of the Ways bctzvecn Tozvn and Parish, Nathan M. 

Ha-Mkes 1907- J 3 

Peabody, excursion to ....... • 1899-14 

Peabody, excursion to ....... • 1901-14 

Percival D. Benjamin, Abolitionism in Lynn and Essex 

County • . 190S-109 

*Perkins,Dr.John,MayL. Sheldon . . . . . 1904-18 

*Perley, Dr. Daniel, Mary Andrezvs Bartlett , . . 190^-16 

Perley, Sidney, Hoiv to Study Local History .... 1906-14 

Personal Treasures of Colonial Times, Bessie B. Cobb . . 190^-ib 

* Phillips, Annie R., Dr. Bo-vman B. Breed .... 190 j- 16 
Place of the Imn in Early Ne-M England Life, Daniel B. 

Beard 1903-13 

Plymouth, excursion to I9^5"i3 

Pine Hill, Caroline H. LI older 1903-13 

*Pinkham, Katherine M., Dr. Edzvard A. Kittredge . . 190^16 

Pirates' Glen, excursion to 1904-17 

*Porter, Margaret E.^ East Lynn, or Woodend in the Early 

Part of tiie century 1900-12 

Preliminary meeting, Lynn Historical Society, called for . 1897-7 

Preliminary meeting, record of ..... . 1897-9 

*Prescott, Dr. William, May Z. Sheldon .... 1904-18 

Province Laws, petition for publication 1899-15 

Prudence Wright and the Women xvho guarded the Bridge, 

Lsabel M. Breed 1904-19 

Public Services of Strawberry Brook, George H. Martin . 1904-58 

Publication of Old Town Records 1904-30 

Putnam, Eugene A., Mineral Spring Hotel .... 1903-13 

Putnam, Eugene A.., Old School Reading Books . . . 1900-12 



Quakers, the Authors of Religious Liberty, Abner C. Goodell, 1903-13 

*^uakers, Laivs and Social Customs of, Sallie H. Hacker . 189(^-13 

* Quakers of Nezv England, Charles Frederick Holder . . 1902-11 

Quakerism, Te Plague of Cotton Mather, John Albree . . igoji-id 

* J^uebec, Arnold's March fromCambridge to, Ezra D. Hines, 1901-14 

Queries on Historical Subjects ...... 1897-22 

Quincy meeting. Bay State Historical League . . . 1908-13 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



159 



Rand House Tablet . . . 

Rantoul^ Robert 6"., Af>olo:^y for Anliiiuarian Research 

*Reci(f, Dr. Philip, May L. Sheldon 

Reading Books in Old Schools, Eugene A. Putnam 
Reminiscences of a Business Life in Lynn, Charles Buffum, 
Removal to Gas Otlice Building ...... 

Revolutionary Monuments at Lynnfield, Dedication of . 
Revolutionary Soldiers, Dedication of Monuments to at Lynn, 
Revolutionary Soldiers, Dedication of Monuments to at 
Saugus ......... 

Revolutionary Soldiers, Headstones to . 

*Rcz'olutionary Soldiers from Lynn, Hojvard K. Sanderson 

*Robbins, Dr. Peter G., May L. Sheldon 

*Robie, Parson, of Saugus, John Labaree . . . . 

Rockport excursion to 

Royall House and its People., Helen Tilde n Wild, . 

Salem, Bay State Historical League meeting . . . . 
Salem Meeting of Historical Societies .... 
*Salem Witchcraft, Legal Aspect of, Guy Ne-vhall 

* Salem Witchcraft, Medical Aspect of, Carolus M. Cobb 
*Sanderson, Ho-vard K., Revolutionary Soldiers from Lynn 
Saugus Iron Works, Nathan ^L Hawkes 
Saugus Iron Works, excursion to . 

Saugus Iron Works Tablet 

Saugus Meeting house, Nathan M. Hawkes . 

* Saugus River, Be7ijami)i N. Johnson 
School, Old Reading Books, Eugene y\. Putnatn 
*Sckools and Schoolhouses, Old Time, Susan T. Hill 
School Teachers, reception to .... 
Seal of the Lynn Historical Society 
Second Universalist Church, Historical Services . 

* Separation of Tov:n and Parish, Nathan M. Haiukcs 
*Shackford. Rev. Charles C, Safnuel B. Stexvart 

* Sheldon, Chaunccy C, Rev. Samuel Whiting, D. D. 

* Sheldon, May L., Dr. Charles Baker . 

* Sheldon, May L., Dr. Charles O. Barker . 

* Sheldon, May L., Dr. John Henry Burchsted 
*Sheldon, May L., Dr. John Flagg . 

* Sheldon, May L., Dr. Richard Hazeltine 

* Sheldon, I\Iay L., Dr. Edvjard A. Kittredgc 

* Sheldon, May L., Dr. James M. Nye . 

* Sheldon, May L., Dr. John Perkins 



189S-22 
jgo6-S 
igo4-iS 
igoo-i2 
1908-92 
1901-14 

1905-13 
1904-20 

1906-14 
1903-17 
J go 2- 10 
igo4-iS 
igoj-17 
1902-11 
igoS-ii 

1907-16 

1908-14 

igos-17 

igoj-17 

igo2-io 

1902-46 

1S98-12 

189S-21 

1901-9 

jgod-jj 

I goo- J 2 

igoi-13 

1907-14 

1S97-19 

1902-13 

igoj-jj 

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igo4-iS 



i6o 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



*S/ieldo?i, May L., Dr. William Prc^cott ... 

* Sheldon, May L , Dr. Phillip Read 

* Sheldon, May L., Dr. Peter G. Rob I) ins 

* Shepard, Rev. Jeremiahs the Third Minister of JLynn 
i6So-i'/30, John J. Mangan ..... 

Shoemakers' shop 

*Shoe)nak€rs' Shops, William Stone .... 

Signers to call for First meeting Lynn Historical Society 
Six Hundred Acres, excursion to . 

* Social Lazvs and Customs of the .Quakers, Sally FI. Hacker 
Spottord, Harriet Prescott, Visit to . 

Sprague, Henry B., The Xezv Light Moronent 0/1822 
Stage Coach to Railroads, Charles E. Mann . 
Stetson, Helen Louise, Sketches of Nahant 
*Stevjart, Samuel B., Rev. Samuel Johnson . . 

*Ste7vart, Samuel B.. Rev. Charles C. Shackford . 

* Stone, William, Cemeteries Past a7id Present 

* Stone, William, Central Square in Early Days 

* Stone, William, Lytin a7id its Old Time Shoemakers shops 
Strawberry Brook, Public Services of, George H. Martin 
Strawberry Brook. Public Services of, George H. Martin 
Swampscott Beaches, John Albree ..... 

Tablets erected by the Lynn Historical Society 
Ten Years of the Lynn Historical Society, Howard Mudg 
Newhall ......... 

Tenth Anniversary Programme ..... 

Third Parish Meeting house, Nathan ^l. Hawkes . 
Thompso7i, William D., Anti-slavery Days in Ly7i7i 
Tracy. Cyrus M., Life a7id Writings of, David N. Johnso7i 



igo4-iS 
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igoj-i6 

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1904-9 

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1906-10 

1906-8 

1901-9 

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Universalist Parish, First, Seventy-fifth Anniversary 



1908-12 



Van Bure7i, Rev. Ja7nes H., King's Lynn, England 

Viexvs of Lynn, Hozvard Mudge Newhall .... 

Vital Records, committee on ...... . 

Vital Records, committee on 

Waters, Rev. T. F., Gli7npses of Every day Life 771 Colonial 
Times .......... 

Waverly Oaks, excursion to ...... , 

* Wentxvorth, Louis A., Flora of Ly7in . . . . . 



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1904-30 
1905-32 



igo3-i6 
1904-17 
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LYNX HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



i6i 



West Lynn Burial Ground Tablet ...... 1S98-21 

Welleslej, excursion to ....... . 1905-19 

What is Hisiojy^ David X, Johnson igo2-i^ 

* Whiting, Rev. Samuel, D. D. Chaiincey C. Sheldon . . jgo4-ig 
Whittier Homestead, excursion to . . . . . . 1S99-14 

Wild, Helen Tilden, The Roy all House a Jid its People . . igo8-ii 

*Witehcraft, Salem, Legal Aspect of , Guy Xe-^vhall . . igoj-iy 

* Witchcraft, Salem, 3fedical Aspect of, Carolus J/. Cobb . igoyij 
Wolf Pits, excursion to ....... . 1900-13 

* Woodbury^ C. J. H., the Floating Bridge at Lynn . . i8gS-i2 
*Woodend in the Early Part of the Century, Margaret E. 

Porter igoo-12 

Woodend, Old Village Inn, Isaiah Graves . . . , igo^-ij 



l62 



LYNN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



NECROLOGIES OF FORMER MEMBERS 



Aborn, Charles Henrj . . 1904-35 
Allen, Lucv Rhodes . . . 1904-52 
Alley, Emma Rhodes . . .1903-51 
Amorv, Augustine Heard . 1904-37 

Beard, Cordelia Mary Eliza- 
beth 1904-49 

Beede, Charles Otis .... 1S9S-27 
Berry, John Wesley .... 1907-26 
Breed, Amos Franklin . . . 1900-33 
Breed, Caroline Augusta . . 1907-28 
Bodwell, Geotge Allen . . 190S-23 
Breed, James Albert .... 1897-30 

Breed, Richard 1907-30 

Brigham, Frank F 1993-43 

Brown, Joseph Goold . . . 1901-30 
Burrows, Joseph Egbert . . 1906-46 

Chase, Philip Augustus . . 1903-54 
Clough, Charles Bartlett . 1903-38 

Cross, Alfred 1906-44 

Currier, Benjamin Willis . 1908-24 
Currier, George Burrill . . 1899-30 



Dow, Charles Louis 



. 1902-32 



Earle, Julia Ann 1899-31 

Fenton, Michael Angelo . . 1907-33 
Flanders, George Washing- 
ton 1900-39 

Fogg, Ebenezer Knowlton . 1900-30 
Fry, Charles Coffin .... 1901-27 
Fuller, Charles .Sylvester. . 1906-57 



Galloupe, Lydia Ellis . . . 1905-42 
Gerry, Gelia Luella . . . 1903-63 
Goodell, Jonathan Wood- 
ward 190^-33 

Goodridge,Micajah Newhall 1902-33 
Green, Samuel Henderson . 1900-35 
Guilford, Samuel Augustus 1902-34 

Halliday, Marion 1908-29 

Hallowell. Caroline Augusta 

Gowen 190S-29 

Harney, Elizabeth .... 1902-40 
Harris, Isaac Kingman . . 1906-47 
Hawks, Esther Hill .... 1906-^0 
Hawkes, Samuel ... . 1903-43 
Hayes, Elihu Burrilt . . . 1903-46 
Henderson, Abbie M. . . . 1903-53 
Hill, Susan Thayer .... 1904-50 
Hill, William Francis . . . 1900-42 
Hood, Anna Amelia . . . 1900-32 
Hood, Martin Herrick . . . 1899-26 
Holmes, Lucy Towne . . . 1902-42 
Houghton, John Clarkson . 1905-47 
Houghton, Susan Ellen . . 1904-44 
Hudson, John Elbridge . . 1900-36 
Huntington, Alice Buxton 

Osborne . , 1905-51 

Ireson, Samuel Stillman . 1905-50 

Johnson, Catherine Lloyd . 1900-23 
Johnson, David Xewhall . . 1906-55 
Johnson, Enoch Stafford . 1904-45 

Keene, Frank 1903-39 



I.YXN HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



163 



Lamper, Sarah Elizabeth 
Lewis. Jacob Meek . . . 
Loring,J6hn Lewis . . . 

Mansfield, Jane Goodridge 
Martin, Augustus Bailey 
Moore, Arthur Scudder . 
Moulton, Daniel Brown . 
Moulton, James Thompson 



Neal, Lydia Cobb .... 
Neal, Peter Morrell . . . 
Xewhall, Charles Henrj . 

Xewhall, Clara A 

Xewhall, Edward Sylvan us 
Xewhall, Howard Mudge 
X'ewhall, Lucian .... 
Xewhall, Martha Louise . 
Xewhall, Stephen Cyrus . 
Xewhall, William Oliver 
Xorton, Sarah Samantha 



1902-39 
1904-56 
1903-4S 

1906-53 
1907-34 
1902-3S 
1903-66 
1903-65 

1902-43 
190S-31 
190S-34 
1905-49 

1903-51 
190S-37 
1S9S-24 
1900-39 

^904-35 
190S-43 
1902-37 



Parker, Amelia Jane .... 1904-41 
Parsons, Charles Edward . 1S97-2S 
Pease, Lucilla Preston Breed, 

1906-54 
Perley, Howard 1S99-2S 



Rich, George Henry . 
Richards, James Henry 
Robinson, John Lewis 



1697-29 
1906-35 
1S99-32 



Robinson, William Pitt . . 1907-36 
Rogers, Abraham Lincoln . 1905-45 
Russell, Edward Maury . . 1900-41 

Sanderson, Howard Ken- 
dall 1904-4S 

Sanger, Jane Kendall . . . 190S-44 
Sheldon, Lucinda Pierce . 1907-37 
Spinney, Zephaniah Hack . 190S-46 

Stone, William 1907-3S 

Sweetser, Charles Smith . iSijS-2^ 
Sweetser, David Herbert . 1900-27 
Sweetser, Mary Anna . . . 190S-47 
Sweetser, Moses ..... 1903-41 
Symonds, Anna Maria . . 1901-32 
Symonds, Walter Everett . 1906-3S 

Tapley, Amos Preston . . . 1905-40 
Tebbetts, Charles Barker . 1900-25 
Tebbetts, Georgiana Beau- 
mont 1906-36 

Thompson, Charles An- 
drew ... 1904-57 

Thompson, Fredd Orestes . 1904-41 
Tozzer, Samuel Clarence . 190S-49 

Walter, Mary Evelina . . . 1907-41 
Watters, Dr. William . . . 1902-2S 
Witherell, Eunice Smith . 1903-64 
Witherell, Ivers Lincoln . . 1906-37 



GENEALOGIES 

The Committee on Genealogy has on file, about two 
hundred manuscript genealogies of Lynn people, and a 
card index of names. 

Blanks will be furnished to those who will supply their 
family records.